John JoslinBroadband applications sangonet 2006 5

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Information about John JoslinBroadband applications sangonet 2006 5

Published on March 28, 2008

Author: Pravez


Broadband Applications:  Broadband Applications Sangonet Conference 2006 John Joslin 082-969-2497 Contents:  Contents What is broadband ? The last ten years-narrowband The next ten years-broadband Why is broadband spreading? Old and new architectures The new global IP networks Broadband access networks Bandwidth of access networks Deployment of broadband Broadband applications Video and IPTV Communications Broadband applications Education Health Entertainment Gaming Telework Gaming and gambling Advertising Business Home networking Google applications Broadband applications deployment What is Broadband ?:  What is Broadband ? What is Broadband?:  What is Broadband? Narrowband The highest speed modem used with a traditional telephone line, known as a 56K modem, offers a maximum data transmission rate of about 45,000 bits per second (bps). For example, using a 56K modem connection to download a 10-minute video or a large software file can be a lengthy and frustrating exercise. Broadband By using a broadband high-speed Internet connection, with data transmission rates many times faster than a 56K modem, users can view video or download software and other data-rich files in a matter of seconds. In addition to offering speed, broadband access provides a continuous “always on” connection (no need to “dial-up”) and a “two-way” capability — that is, the ability to both receive (download) and transmit (upload) data at high speeds. What is Broadband ?:  What is Broadband ? What is broadband ?:  What is broadband ? What is Broadband ?:  What is Broadband ? Broadband or high-speed Internet access is provided by a series of technologies that give users the ability to send and receive data at volumes and speeds far greater than current Internet access over traditional telephone lines. In addition to offering speed, broadband access provides a continuous, “always on” connection (no need to dial-up) and a “two-way” capability, that is, the ability to both receive (download) and transmit (upload) data at high speeds. Last ten years narrowband:  Last ten years narrowband The last ten years - narrowband:  The last ten years - narrowband Remarkable Completely unexpected The “best” expert forecasts were way too low. The Internet World has 800 million users South Africa about 3-4 million Mobile Cellular networks World has 2 billion users South Africa about 20 million The last ten years- narrowband :  The last ten years- narrowband Both the Internet and the mobile cellular networks in the first ten years were mainly narrowband networks From 5kbps to 128kbps This restricted the use to mainly text material, newspapers magazines, white papers and billions of pages of text. The next ten years will be the era of broadband Internet. 1Mbps to 10 mbps to 100mbps at the end of the ten years. This will allow the distribution of video, TV, Movies, music, online grid computing or computing on demand, and millions of other applications. Major challenge to traditional TV broadcasters The last ten years-narrowband:  The last ten years-narrowband The narrowband Internet and mobiles were dramatically disruptive technologies Many traditional telcos went bankrupt- Worldcom and many others. The Internet was a complete winner – both the fixed and mobile networks are moving to IP protocols The traditional telcos are writing off and replacing R3 trillion of plant worldwide. BT closing down all old TDM/circuit switched and ATM networks and replacing it with all-IP 80% of old telcos are doing the same. Next ten years - broadband:  Next ten years - broadband The next ten years- broadband:  The next ten years- broadband “Everybody” gets next generation Internet access Internet with improved quality and security All the networks become the new Internet Cellular phones become wireless Internet access providers ( WIAP) Telcos become high quality and more expensive Internet access providers (IAPs) The richness of the services improves and the coverage grows to 3 billion The next ten years - broadband:  The next ten years - broadband The world is moving to Ubiquitous communications based on Internet protocol (IP) as a seamless transport. SIP ( Session Initiation Protocol) for session setup and management. These protocols will allow for seamless interoperation between Mobile cellular networks Fixed line operators The Internet Internal enterprise networks This will enable converged, seamless, rich communications between mobiles, fixed, Internet and enterprises. The next ten years- broadband:  The next ten years- broadband Richer, integrated and more valuable communications. Voice, video and data on the same network Much more value carried on lower cost networks At a lower cost to the operator and price to the consumer. New technology Competition Standardization Open layered architecture Globalization and mass production PC type economics It comes as a surprise that none of this applied to traditional telephone networks. The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband The NGN Internet will carry real-time telephony and other rich applications as well as the world wide web. The transport or connectivity (electronic pipes) suppliers will be separate businesses from the Service providers and content providers Sentech is the “wireless pipe” vs SABC is the Service and Content provider. The next ten years - broadband:  The next ten years - broadband The NGN Internet will transmit a variety of services and content from anywhere in the world. Telephony Instant messaging IPTV SMS Email Video on demand Newspapers Unicast, broadcast and multicast Etc.etc.etc. The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband Person to person communication Searching and finding the person, business Service or content provider Google like. Get public ID, email address, telephone number, IP address. The system will find the person whether on mobile or fixed line. Initiate telephony ( VoIP), instant messaging or video call. Could be peer to peer with no telco company needed other than as a “pipe” The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband Person to business If you do not know the number search like Google Call the business. Use email, SMS, instant messaging or telephony. Interaction is between handheld ( client) and Enterprise server. If customer access contact centre If remote worker access company and internal data. No telco needed other than pipe. Network operators ( telcos) Internet access servers only provide connectivity. Licensed network operator The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband Customer has choice of what “pipe” to choose. Choice of Telkom, SNO, TNO, mobiles like Vodacom, MTN, Sentech, etc and ISA ( Internet access providers) Other sources of revenue for ex-telcos will have to be in fair competition to all other service and content providers. Telkom –SP and CP will need license ( class license) to feed SABC content using multicast to DSL users. Sentech broadcast and Sentech ISP could also sell TV feed from SABC.. The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband All the 3 billion users of the world will access the global NGN ( Internet) via their local “pipes” .Mostly ex-Telcos and Ex-cellular operators and ISPs. These are the access networks. Many ex-telcos and now Network operators will own the global core network, which will be mainly fibre optic cable but also Satellite. There must be interconnection between the Core networks. Could be peering like the Internet. They swop traffic freely. Or Interconnection monitoring and payments. Like Telcos now. The core network will accept any type of access network. The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband Services and content from anywhere in the world. Search and find persons newspapers TV programs Video Movies Business Books Software Now on Google, search for videos on demand via the Internet.Content from Time Warner. Find and see streaming TV, or download and pay $0.50 per movie. ( streaming too slow now). The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband The world will have 3 billion users with mobile wireless Internet access 1 billion broadband mobile wireless Internet access South Africa could have 30 million mobile wireless Internet access users South Africa 15 million broadband mobile wireless Internet access The world could have 1.5 billion fixed line Internet access South Africa could have 10 million fixed line internet access The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband TV SABC is a content provider Moving to digital video origination World Cup want HDTV But most of the population will not be able to afford new TV sets SABC could multicast digital IPTV to the country via Sentech, Telkom, SNO, Mweb, Internet solutions and Vodacom and MTN etc Could multicast digital TV to Telkom, SNO and Internet. Could multicast TV to 3G mobiles The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband The viewer will be able to receive TV, video and movies on Home and office (?) PC Notebook TV with set top box 3G mobile computer phone. Wireless office phone Sufficient should be in place by 2010 to have a real pilot or launch. The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband SABC could broadcast to the world with IPTV BT, DT, FT and many of the South American Internet operators and those in Europe Asia will have IPTV. SABC could provide Football feed, in realtime or delayed to all these Internet IPTV operators This will be wonderful test. Who could want better than a World Cup.!! Advertising revenue Work with Google to get targetted advertising to soccer fans. The next ten years-broadband:  The next ten years-broadband South Africa viewer will have access to the world TV. Videos and movies cheaply Just as SABC could multicast TV to the world using IPTV so the world could sell TV and video to South Africans. As we roll out the NGN ( Next generation Network) and broadband Telkom, SNO, ISPs, and mobile cellphone networks will be able to deliver any TV, or Video or Movie or Music from the world. Google has a video search and stream and download. Google charge $0.50 for most downloadable movies. In future access any TV channel? Subscribe or pay per view. My son tested it on his ADSL line and flatscreen TV set. Why is Broadband spreading?:  Why is Broadband spreading? Competition and technology:  Competition and technology Why is broadband spreading? Technology Cable modems DSL 3G WCDMA 3G HSDPA WiFi WiMAX PLC Competition Internet vs Telcos vs Mobiles vs Utilities vs Digital Cities Competition and technology:  Competition and technology Technology and new standards 3G upgrades specifies broadband WCDMA HSDPA ITU-T and ETSI new standards for fixed line ( Telcos) require broadband. Support of broadband access networks Metro ethernet, DSL WCDMA, WiMAX etc Internet needs broadband for VoIP and video streaming. Competition and technology:  Competition and technology Competition Cable TV started the broadband explosion Offered telephony and Internet access with broadcast TV Telcos answered with xDSL-triple play Telephony, video and Internet Mobile cellulars followed Broadband wireless in 3G specification Internet with WiFi and WiMAX If none of these deploy broadband “digital cities” will. Many cities deploying fibre and WiFi and soon WiMAX Competition between networks:  Competition between networks Internet – Improving performance “Internet performance is improving each year with packet losses typically improving by 40-50% per year and Round Trip Times (RTTs) by 10-20% and, for some regions such as S. E. Europe, even more. Geosynchronous satellite connections are still important to countries with poor telecommunications infrastructure. In general for HEP countries satellite links are being replaced with land-line links with improved performance (in particular for RTT)..” [1] [1] . January 2005 Report of the ICFA-SCIC Monitoring Working Group. Competition between networks:  Competition between networks Internet - Quality improving every year Of all the sites pinged the percentage of those that are good to acceptable for packet loss and RTT for the purpose of VoIP increased from “about 55% to about 77% in the 7 years displayed..” from 1998 to 2004 [1] RTT ( round trip time) 1.RTT less than 100ms in North America. 2. Europe, South Korea and Japan have RTT 100 to 250ms. Less than 250ms roundtrip time is Ok for telephony. 3. 250 -600ms. Includes South Africa, Russia China, India and Mexico. [2] [1] . January 2005 Report of the ICFA-SCIC Monitoring Working Group. [2] . January 2005 Report of the ICFA-SCIC Monitoring Working Group. Old and New Architectures:  Old and New Architectures Old and new architectures:  Old and new architectures Old architecture One product, one network and one license Telephony TV broadcasting Radio broadcasting Data transmission Frame relay X.25 ATM GSM 3G or UMTN Old and new architectures:  Old and new architectures Old architecture In telephony the telephone service was built by the hardware The hardware and service was one The terminal device ( telephone) was only used by the network. For each network there was a unique terminal You could with the old technology not provide telephony without the hardware TV a license for different frequency spectrum for each channel No sharing of channels ( pipes) TV set was designed to accept only TV signals. Could not accept Frame relay or Internet signals. TV only Same with radio. Old and new architectures:  Old and new architectures New Architecture One pipe can carry many different services and content. On broadband Internet you can buy books from Kalahari or Amazon, auction goods on eBay, telephone free on Skype, search the world for holiday resorts and a million other things. Content can be radio 702 in China, one of 8000 newspapers online, or individual telephone conversations. A million different contents. Common pipe or network The infrastructure of the network is separated from the services or content. New Global IP networks:  New Global IP networks New Global networks:  New Global networks Global Core networks Fibre optic cable Satellite Fibre IP/MPLS/DWDM Access networks Cable xDSL fixed line Ethernet ATM FTTP 3G GSM,WCDMA, HSDPA WiFi, WiMAX PLC, BPL Satellite Broadband Access networks:  Broadband Access networks Broadband access networks:  Broadband access networks Wireline Cable modems xDSL Metro ethernet FTTP PLC ( Power-line Communications-BPL) Wireless WiFi and WiMAX 3G WCDMA and HSDPA Satellite Broadband:  Broadband Ultrafast broadband services from phone and cable companies could speed up your downloads to 15 megabits per second or more. A new generation of superfast broadband Internet access promises to do more than accelerate Web browsing and file downloads. Five to thirty times as fast as DSL, these new--and surprisingly affordable--wide pipes can in some cases enable new video, voice, and data services Broadband access:  Broadband access These include cable, an enhanced telephone service called digital subscriber line (DSL), satellite technology, terrestrial (or fixed) wireless technologies, and others. Cable and DSL are currently the most widely used technologies for providing broadband access. Both require the modification of an existing physical infrastructure that is already connected to the home (i.e., cable television and telephone lines). Broadband access networks:  Broadband access networks DSL is a modem technology that converts existing copper telephone lines into two-way high speed data conduits. Data transmission speeds via range up to 7 Mbps for downloading and 1 Mbps for uploading. Speeds can depend on the condition of the telephone wire and the distance between the home and the telephone company’s central office (i.e., the building that houses telephone switching equipment). Broadband access - DSL:  Broadband access - DSL DSL 25mbps up to 5000 feet . In contrast, SBC Communications and BellSouth have adopted a less expensive solution by leaving the copper line in place as a last-mile DSL connection. The success of active networks depends on getting the fiber close enough for DSL, the speed of which is sensitive to distance. The latest DSL technology can achieve 25 megabits for homes less than 5,000 feet from the network node, making it comparable to Verizon's all-fiber offering. Improvements could boost the rate to 100 megabits for those no more than 500 feet from the node, notes Jay Fausch, a marketing director at Alcatel, the Paris-based telecom giant. Broadband access-ADSL:  Broadband access-ADSL ADSL uses frequencies much higher than those used for voice communication, both voice and data can be sent over the same telephone line. Thus, customers can talk on their telephone while they are online, and voice service will continue even if the ADSL service goes down. Like cable broadband technology, an ADSL line is “always on” with no dial-up required. Unlike cable, however, ADSL has the advantage of being unshared between the customer and the central office. Thus, data transmission speeds will not necessarily decrease during periods of heavy local Internet use. Broadband access-ADSL:  Broadband access-ADSL ADSL A disadvantage relative to cable is that ADSL deployment is constrained by the distance between the subscriber and the central office. ADSL technology over a copper wire only works within 18,000 feet (about three miles) of a central office facility. However, DSL providers are deploying technology to further increase deployment range. One option is to install “remote terminals” which can serve areas farther than three miles from the central office. Broadband access-Satellite:  Broadband access-Satellite Satellite Like cable, satellite is a shared medium, meaning that privacy may be compromised and performance speeds may vary depending upon the volume of simultaneous use. Another disadvantage of Internet –over satellite is its susceptibility to disruption in bad weather. On the other hand, the big advantage of satellite is its universal availability. Whereas DSL is not available to many South Africans, satellite connections can be accessed by anyone with a satellite dish facing the This makes satellite Internet access a possible solution for rural or remote areas not served by other technologies. Broadband access - satellite:  Broadband access - satellite Satellite: Like wireless, satellite access uses radio waves instead of wires to deliver access. In many cases it may be the only technology that works in remote settings. Broadband access-fixed wireless:  Broadband access-fixed wireless Fixed Wireless Though mostly used for businesses, fixed wireless Internet is beginning to be deployed for residential broadband service. Advantages are the flexibility and lower cost of deployment to the customer’s home (as opposed to laying or upgrading cable or telephone lines). Disadvantages are line-of-sight restrictions (in some cases), the susceptibility of some technologies to adverse weather conditions, and the scarcity of available spectrum. Broadband access -WiFi:  Broadband access -WiFi WiFi ( IEEE 802.11) Additionally, unlicensed spectrum is being increasingly used to provide high-speed shortdistance wireless access (popularly called “wi-fi”) to local area networks, particularly in urban areas where wired broadband connections already exist Broadband access-WiFi:  Broadband access-WiFi Wi-Fi Workings Wi-Fi networks comprise Wi-Fi-equipped mobile computers (laptops or handhelds) or special Wi-Fi telephone handsets, as well as access points (APs). APs are base stations that communicate by radio and by wire with both mobile systems and the networks that ultimately provide entrée to the Internet. Each AP can send and receive signals within a limited range, typically 20 to 50 meters inside a building. The coverage area of an AP forms a three-dimensional spherelike cell (analogous to a mobile telephone cell but much smaller) that can serve many mobile devices within it simultaneously. Access networks - WiFi:  Access networks - WiFi Skype and Google fund WiFi Spanish Wi-Fi startup FON, a day after gaining more than $21 million in funding from heavyweights Google and Skype, today is backpedaling from claims that every ISP supports its idea of shared wireless connections. Taking a page from peer-to-peer networking, FON hopes to expand its current 3,000 members (or "foneros") and build 1 million shared Wi-Fi hotspots worldwide by 2010. Borrowing a lesson from investor Skype, FON will gain revenue through multi-leveled subscriptions with names "Bill," "Linus" and "Alien." Broadband access-WiMAX:  Broadband access-WiMAX Fixed WiMAX lthough mobile WiMax has captured most of the headlines, and a series of trials by mobile carriers highlights the future of wireless broadband, fixed WiMax “remains the technology’s bread and butter through 2009,” according to a report from Visant Strategies. WiMAX While 802.16e, the mobile WiMax standard, could reportedly be ratified as early as the end of the month, “the market for cable modem and digital subscriber line replacement  is expanding today, while WiMax in the mobile network remains two to four years away,” says Andy Fuertes, author of the Visant report entitled “802.16 / WiMax – Assessment of Fixed and Mobile Opportunities.” . Broadband access -WiMAX:  Broadband access -WiMAX Italian WiMAX trials Airspan recently announced a WiMax trial in three Italian regions around Piedmont and Sicily. The trial is intended to demonstrate that Airspan customers can upgrade from fixed to mobile WiMax. Testing 802.16e Sprint Nextel also announced a similar test of 802.16e with Samsung. The lab and field trials will “validate requirements for future wireless offerings,” according to Barry West, Sprint’s chief technology officer. Broadband access-WiMAX:  Broadband access-WiMAX AT&T AT&T has also announced plans to conducts WiMax tests. The first, in Middletown, New Jersey, concentrates on data transfer; a second trial will focus on VoIP. Verizon Verizon said earlier this month that it has no plans to deploy WiMax, according to an Associated Press article. A Verizon spokesperson called WiMax “a step beyond a twinkle in an engineer’s eye.” Broadband access-WiMAX mobile:  Broadband access-WiMAX mobile 802.16e will eclipse 802.16 2004 What happens to the demarcation line between fixed and mobile WiMax after 2010? “We believe that the lines between fixed and mobile gear will blur,” says Fuertes. 802.16e will quickly eclipse 802.16.2004 products, due to improved performance. Broadband access-FTTH:  Broadband access-FTTH FTTH Another broadband technology is optical fiber to the home (FTTH). Optical fiber cable, already used by businesses as high speed links for long distance voice and data traffic, has tremendous data capacity, with rates in excess of one gigabit per second (1000 Mbps). The high cost of installing optical fiber in users’ homes is the major barrier to FTTH. Several Broadband access-FTTH:  Broadband access-FTTH Fiber to the home: FTTH is the latest offering of residential broadband and is being rolled out in many metropolitan areas. It uses very thin glass fibers that transmit signals in the form of light pulses. It offers speeds similar to Cable or DSL, but has the potential for far greater speeds. Access networks -FTTN:  Access networks -FTTN FTTN FTTN entails installing fiber from the central office to a neighborhood node that is within 3,000 to 5,000 feet of all 300 to 500 customers served out of that node. From the node, customers will receive voice, video and data service over traditional copper wire. Broadband access- PLC:  Broadband access- PLC PLC ANASSAS, Va. -- Just one year after the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved rules for the deployment of broadband over power lines (BPL), the technology made its commercial debut in this Washington suburb. Broadband communications via electrical grid In a public-private partnership with Communications Technologies (ComTek) that Waldron said cost his taxpayers "not a penny," the city is now offering a $30-per-month broadband service through its electrical grid. Both Comcast and Verizon already offer broadband in Manassas. Broadband access-PLC:  Broadband access-PLC PLC equals DSL and cable modems With speeds that rival DSL and cable modems, the service is available to all 12,500 households and 2,500 businesses in Manassas. With the city receiving a share of every subscription to the service, Waldron said Manassas currently has 700 paying customers with another 500 signed up. "Make no mistake about it: what we are announcing today…is something that we could be rolling out in a year or two from now in literally scores of communities across the United States," CEO Joseph E. Fergus of ComTek said. Broadband access- PLC:  Broadband access- PLC 20 PLC trials in USA alone. 250000 homes access According to a report by the New Millennium Research Council last year, there were more than 20 BPL trials underway in the United States in 2004 with roughly a quarter million homes already having access to BPL. Many more trials and deployments in Europe Broadband access – 3G:  Broadband access – 3G 2G Radio access networks GSM GPRS EDGE 3G radio access networks WCDMA HSDPA 3G cdma2000 (USA) EV-DO (USA) Broadband access- 3G:  Broadband access- 3G EV-DO But not anymore. Gradually, and with relatively little fanfare, Verizon Wireless has deployed a nationwide cellular data network in the United States that blows away the fastest widely deployed networks in Europe, the so-called 3G networks that have been rolled out there to huge publicity. And Sprint is starting its own rollout of a similar speedy network based on the same technology Verizon uses. Broadband access – EV-DO:  Broadband access – EV-DO 400 to 700 kbps How fast is EV-DO? Verizon is predicting average speeds of between 400 and 700 kilobits per second. That's up to 10 times its previous fastest data speed, on an older network called 1X. In my tests, Verizon's promise proved realistic, and I often topped 700 kbps. Broadband access – Wireless and wireline:  Broadband access – Wireless and wireline Wireless cannot beat DSL or Fibre for mbps Radio signals cannot hope to match the transmission speeds that copper wires or fiber-optic cables make possible. Nor can Wi-Fi, or other wireless technologies that rely on radio, supply the same degree of security; the transmissions can be intercepted by nearby radio receivers. Broadband access- EV-DO:  Broadband access- EV-DO EV-DO That technology is called EV-DO, for Evolution-Data Only, or Evolution-Data Optimized. It is the first wireless technology deployed over a wide area that matches the speed of home broadband — at least the slower reaches of that wired service. Unlike the most common form of wireless broadband, Wi-Fi, the new EV-DO service doesn't rely on hot spots. It's available all over a metro area, wherever there is cellphone service — even in a moving car. Broadband digital cities:  Broadband digital cities Broadband digital cities Danville is on the leading edge of what is quickly becoming a broadband revolution. Frustrated by the slow speed of broadband rollouts in their towns, local governments across the USA are building their own networks. Their common goal: to secure a bright future by building a business-quality network now. “This is about three things,” says Jerry Gwaltney, Danville's city manager. “Jobs, jobs and jobs.” Bandwidth of Access networks:  Bandwidth of Access networks Bandwidth of access networks:  Bandwidth of access networks 1) Dialup    ~ 64 Kbps  (2) DSL/Cable 0.1 ~ 40 Mbps       Cable  1~10 Mbps(shared)       ADSL  1~10  Mbps(dedicated)       VDSL    20~50 Mbps or more (dedicated)   (3) Ethernet   100 Mbps ~ 10 Gbps (dedicated) Bandwidth of access networks:  Bandwidth of access networks ) Wireless LAN          802.11b 11 Mbps(shared)         802.11a         54 Mbps(shared) 802.11g 54 Mbps(shared) 802.16 50 Mbps(shared) 802.20 2 Mbps with mobility(shared) (2) Mobile Phone 2.5~3G   0.1~2 Mbps (dedicated)          4G   20~50 Mbps (dedicated) Bandwidth of access networks:  Bandwidth of access networks Why 1000Mbps?:  Why 1000Mbps? or Why do we need 100~1,000 Mbps? ) (1) Higher Definition Video (HDV, HDTV) Streaming Down loading (2) High Definition Video Conferencing and Class (3) High Definition Video Education (4) High Definition Online Game (5) Bulk File Transfer Why 1000Mbps:  Why 1000Mbps (1) Broadband Is Fully Deployed     - 80% of household     - Dialup has become "horse carriage"     - Broadband is social infrastructure like       telephone or automobile or television (2) Looking for Next Generation Broadband     - VDSL(>10 Mbps) vs FTTH/FTTB(100 Mbps~)     - LAN(~FTTB) deployment at 10~15% Deployment of broadband:  Deployment of broadband Broadband in 2003:  Broadband in 2003 Economy       Subscribers Per Capita Per Household   Growth Rate Korea      11 million   24% 80% < 10% Hong Kong 1.2 million 17% ~ 30% Taiwan  3.1 million       13% ~ 30% Canada   2.5 million       11% 36% ~ 20% Japan      13 million    10% 35% ~ 80% USA        21.5 million     8% 20% ~ 20% Singapore 0.3 million 7% ~ 20% China 10 million 1% ~100% Remark:  China is catching up, in particular among big cities.    Korea, Japan, Canada and Sweden are leading in FTTH/FTTB/LAN. Source : WSJ (2003.10.13), ITU (2003.4.7), Frost & Sullivan and,, Broadband - Europe:  Broadband - Europe Broadband in Europe-2005 90% urban BB The decision to open the spectrum also coincides with the EC's open debate on bringing high-speed Internet access to more areas of Europe—another item considered vital for the i2010 initiative. Members of the EU are facing a digital divide between urban and rural areas. As of January 2005, 90 percent of the urban population of the EU could get broadband, while only 62 percent of rural residents could do so. Broadband - Europe:  Broadband - Europe 114000 hotspots in EU in 2009 The EC says, based on information from Pyramid Research, that Europe will have 26,000 hotspots in 2006, going to 114,000 by 2009. Broadband - Europe:  Broadband - Europe 44 million BB users-EU The besotted Englishman is just one of the more than 14 million Western Europeans who have signed up for broadband access in the last year alone, bringing the total number of subscribers to 44 million, says consultant Pricewaterhouse-Coopers. That's more users than in the U.S. Some 25% of European households now have high-speed Net access -- enough to qualify as a mass-market phenom. "Broadband has become mainstream" in Europe, says Charlotte Davies, an analyst with London-based telecom researcher Ovum Ltd Broadband in Japan:  Broadband in Japan Japan (1) Fast Growth in 2002~2004.      3 millions --> 8 millions (--> 11 millions in 2003)      Tough price competition (~ $20/month) (2) Looking for Killer Applications      VoIP      Video (3) Mobile Internet      50% penetration      2.5G/3G are taking off Broadband in China:  Broadband in China China (1) Internet is taking off in China      90 millions in 2003(2nd after USA)      Expected to take over USA in 2005~2006 (2) Broadband is taking off in major cities.      Broadband access- WiFi:  Broadband access- WiFi City of London Wi-Fi network operator The Cloud will install and manage the network, with most of the City's area covered by October. This follows The Cloud's announcement of plans to set up a string of public wireless local area networks in UK cities. It has already set up a Wi-Fi zone covering Canary Wharf in London's Docklands. The City of London, which is responsible for local government in the Square Mile, is paying nothing towards the project, said a spokesman. "It's free - we're just providing access. It's up to The Cloud to bear the costs.“ Th e City of London will give The Cloud access to lampposts, road signs and other "street furniture" to install the network infrastructure. Broadband – WiBRO - WiMAX:  Broadband – WiBRO - WiMAX WiBro for earthlink Additionally, a major Internet service provider without a physical network of its own, such as EarthLink or AOL Broadband, could go for WiBro. In January, for example, SK Telecom and EarthLink announced a partnership that could eventually bring WiBro service to EarthLink's 5 million U.S. customers. Broadband – Japan-DSL:  Broadband – Japan-DSL Japan-DSL-8mbps for $20 in 2001 In contrast, look at Japan. Consumers there could buy direct subscriber line (DSL) Internet connections (the broadband service sold by phone companies in America) with 8 Mbps download speeds for $20 to $40 -- back in late 2001. Today, standard packages operate in the 12 to 40 Mbps range. Better product for a lower price, naturally enough, turns out to be an excellent method of achieving the ostensible goal of American policy: getting people to sign up. By 2003, 15 million Japanese had broadband connections, compared with 30 million Americans (in a country whose population is 2.3 times larger and significantly younger). And Japan is ostensibly in the middle of an extremely prolonged economic slump. Broadband – Korea-FTTH:  Broadband – Korea-FTTH South Korea 50-100mbps in FTTH n South Korea, well over 20 percent of the population has broadband service, more than twice the U.S. figure. These connections typically operate at around 10 Mbps, and a collaborative project by businesses and the Korean government is prepared to start rolling out ultrafast fiber-to-the-home connections offering speeds of 50 to 100 Mbps (Japan currently leads in this field). Broadband – South Korea:  Broadband – South Korea WiBro promises much higher data rates than you can get even from a third-generation (3G) cellular system—an initial rate of 1 to 3 megabits per second, versus the 384 kilobits per second typical in advanced mobile phone networks today. And the WiBro download rate may eventually rise to about 18 Mb/s, fast enough for even high-definition television, as well as voice, video, and old-fashioned e-mail and Web traffic. Broadband Access – South Korea:  Broadband Access – South Korea WiBro data On the other hand, while even the most sophisticated mobile phone networks are still customized mainly for voice, WiBro handles strictly data. It can carry voice traffic, but only by chopping it up into data packets and using voice over Internet Protocol. (VoIP is increasingly seen in wire-line telephony but has yet to be deployed on cellular systems.) Broadband Access – South Korea:  Broadband Access – South Korea WiBro and 3G (WiMAX) Users, as they roam, will be able to toggle between WiBro and 3G, says Joo Sik Lee, vice president of the company's Network R&D Center, in Seoul. Thus, bored bus and subway commuters will be able to tune in to their favorite radio stations, watch on-demand movies, and play games online. Broadband access- South Korea:  Broadband access- South Korea WiBro or 802.16e till, there are two obstacles in WiBro's way before it can safely come into port. First, there is the matter of certification: WiBro's backers would very much like to get it recognized by the IEEE 802.16 committee as the mobile version of WiMax, which could happen as early as this fall. Support from Intel Corp., which lately has thrown its weight behind fixed WiMax, will probably be crucial Broadband – South Korea:  Broadband – South Korea South Korea Gov pushing WiBro (mobile WiMAX) t's hard to imagine South Korea needing even more connectivity. Yet the republic is making a collective bet that it does. Even as leading carriers like SK Telecom, in Seoul, are investing heavily to improve data rates on their cellular networks, which already are state of the art, the government—with the full support of the nation's wireless providers and equipment makers—has pushed a competing technology called "wireless broadband," or WiBro for short. Broadband – South Korea:  Broadband – South Korea Mobile rates of 1 to 3 mbps. Only VoIP . WiBro promises much higher data rates than you can get even from a third-generation (3G) cellular system—an initial rate of 1 to 3 megabits per second, versus the 384 kilobits per second typical in advanced mobile phone networks today. And the WiBro download rate may eventually rise to about 18 Mb/s, fast enough for even high-definition television, as well as voice, video, and old-fashioned e-mail and Web traffic. Broadband - USA:  Broadband - USA USA 45% households use broadband – 80% by 2010 ower broadband prices are partially responsible for increased high-speed adoption in the United States. More than 43 percent of online U.S. households now connect via broadband, according to a new report from JupiterResearch, an IT research firm owned by the same parent as this Web site. The figure is expected to jump to nearly 80 percent of online households by 2010, creating new opportunities for online portals to add users by offering customizable content such as entertainment, blogs and personal pages, analysts at the firm said. Broadband - USA:  Broadband - USA USA August 2005 43% homes BB Lower broadband prices are partially responsible for increased high-speed adoption in the United States. More than 43 percent of online U.S. households now connect via broadband, according to a new report from JupiterResearch, an IT research firm owned by the same parent as this Web site. Digital cities:  Digital cities Municipal WiFi private enterprise broadband providers ignoring the growing digital divide should expect competition from local municipalities. That's the role of local governments, says one of the nation's leading proponents of municipal Wi-Fi. Digital cities:  Digital cities Cities vs private enterprise As Philadelphia's chief information officer, Dianah Neff knows all about the contentious debate going on between cities wanting to offer broadband as just an utility among companies that don't think government should be in the business of competing against private enterprise Digital cities:  Digital cities Digital divide is local The digital divide is local. Spurring economic development is a local issue," Neff told a U.S. Chamber of Commerce luncheon in Washington earlier this week. "We believe that there is space in this marketplace. We're about open competition. We're not about exclusivity. We're not about setting special rules for anybody." Digital Cities:  Digital Cities 800 towns deploying broadband Danville and Provo are just two of about 800 communities that are in some stage of municipal broadband deployment, estimates Michael Render, president of Render Vanderslice & Associates, which tracks fiber-optic deployments. According to Render, the trend is gaining steam as broadband becomes as much a part of a town's infrastructure as sidewalks, sewer lines, power lines and gas mains. Digital cities:  Digital cities Hundreds of towns world wide The trend is global. World Wide Packets, which also provided gear to Provo, says it is working with about 30 communities in such far-flung spots as Finland, New Zealand and Dubai. “All these communities believe they are being underserved by the incumbents — or not served or never-to-be-served,” says Dave Curry, president and chief executive of World Wide Packets. Digital cities:  Digital cities 1.5 5, and 10 mbps In July, the city started selling a 1.5-megabit-per-second package of voice, data and video services for $89.99 a month. (Five- and 10-megabit speeds are available for $109.99 and $129.99, respectively.) The rollout of iProvo, which can ramp up to 1 gigabit, is getting a good reception. So far, about 400 people have signed up. When it is fully deployed in about two years, it will pass every house, school, business and municipal building in Provo. Digital cities:  Digital cities Digital cities – 200 in USA Meanwhile about 200 U.S. towns have given up on the private sector and have installed their own fiber networks. Ultimately, fiber appears certain to prevail. Phone companies refurbish their lines at an average annual rate of about 3 percent, observes analyst Michael Howard of Infonetics Research in San Jose, Calif. So fiber should begin replacing copper at that rate at least. Digital cities:  Digital cities WiFi Mesh-Tropos and Belair All three Philly proposals include use of Wi-Fi mesh equipment from either Tropos Networks or BelAir Networks. Such self-configuring mesh equipment has become a favorite method of handling municipality-wide wireless networks. Broadband access - PLC:  Broadband access - PLC BB powerline-IBM Big Blue and CenterPoint Energy (Quote, Chart) have opened a BPL center in Houston to test the high-speed technology, appealing because the power grid already blankets the country. The companies also launched a pilot program serving an area of approximately 220 homes in southwest Houston. The trial, which will run through August, is using new BPL technology that is three times faster than previous iterations. Broadband access-PLC:  Broadband access-PLC Evaluating BPL IBM's contribution to the BPL center includes xSeries servers, PCs, wireless gear and kiosk technology. For the pilot program, IBM will provide project management and assessment of use. Following the trial, IBM will help evaluate customer satisfaction and assess the potential for BPL in that market. Broadband access-PLC/BPL:  Broadband access-PLC/BPL IBM and Google invest in BPL. With BPL they will be able to see every device on their network from the meter to the substation," Fine said. "They will be able to do automated meter reading, work load management, remote turn on and turn off, security and outage management and triangulation, to name a few applications." Broadband - WiFi:  Broadband - WiFi WiFi 271 million by 2008 Pyramid Research, a communications industry research firm, predicts the global number of Wi-Fi users could top 271 million by 2008, with 177 million of them in the U.S. Today's Wi-Fi community already supports a vibrant international business in Wi-Fi Broadband applications:  Broadband applications Broadband Applications:  Broadband Applications Broadband Applications:  Broadband Applications Broadband Video _ Video on Demand _ Pay Per View _ Audio on Demand _ Internet on TV _ Gaming _ Video Telephony _ Multimedia Messaging _ Personal Video Recorder _ Interactive Program Guide _ Walled Garden Our set-top box combines communications and entertainment services into a user-friendly, multifunctional, multimedia-based user experience. Broadband applications:  Broadband applications General Internet Access Browsing Messaging File Downloading Games Audio and Video Audio delivery Audio Delivery Internet Telephony Video Delivery Video Conference New Applications     - Peer-to-Peer Applications     - Distributed Work     - Distance Learning     - Home Content Killer Applications:  Killer Applications (1) Killer Applications - First Wave    - Heavy Internet users(always on) (2) Killer Applications – Second Wave      - Adult content      - Stock exchange (Day Trader)      - Online game (3) Killer Applications - Third Wave      - Broadband Portal      - Education      - Music      - Movie      - Television Program Broadband Internet Applications:  Broadband Internet Applications Transform the Internet Broadband access, along with the content and services it might enable, has the potential to transform the Internet — both what it offers and how it is used. For example, a two-way high speed connection could be used for interactive applications such as online classrooms online showrooms Online health clinics Broadband Internet Applications:  Broadband Internet Applications Broadband Internet An “always on” connection could be used to monitor home security, home automation, or even patient health remotely through the Web. Monitor home security Home automation Patient health Broadband Internet Applications:  Broadband Internet Applications Video applications The high speed and high volume that broadband offers could also be used for bundled service where, for example, cable television, video on demand, voice, data, and other services are all offered over a single line. Video Live TV VoD Broadband Applications:  Broadband Applications Broadband applications:  Broadband applications Multi-media While the opportunity is significant, the infrastructure issue is an obvious roadblock: the challenge with this entire category is that all of these services include a multimedia component—video, audio, animation—that will require broadband to ensure a quality end-user experience. Broadband:  Broadband The USA What is not purely dependent on the dynamics of competition is the need for ubiquitous broadband access. In this case, evidence of the need for forces beyond normal market dynamics is everywhere from the demise of CLECs to the still dismal penetration rates of broadband to the home. If we want to realize the $25 billion opportunity, we must have broadband access to the home; and as is, the current outlook for ubiquitous broadband access is still quite foggy. Broadband a must:  Broadband a must Broadband is critical to the customer experience, and ubiquity is critical to the business case. Consider the data gathered in this study: 1. The services with widest appeal are those that have multimedia components. A satisfactory customer experience demands that these multimedia components are experienced with excellence—which requires broadband. A less-than-satisfactory experience will derail the demand potential. Applications:  Applications Video, TV, movies Enabling technologies:  Enabling technologies Compression and chips make video over net feasible. Keith Nissen, senior analyst with research firm In-Stat MDR, said thanks to advances with video compression, video is ready for Internet phone calls. Also, chipsets have become so cheap that they can be incorporated into relatively inexpensive mobile phones, for example. Video streaming:  Video streaming Video streaming "From that perspective, mobile operators are looking at video streaming as a means to add to their services. There's no reason why ISPs cannot do the same. Skype, Vonage are coming out with their own branded wireless phones. If cellular operators can offer video, why can't they?" IPTV:  IPTV Internet Protocol TV “ video delivered over broadband—could completely transform the video viewing experience during the next decade, a new research report concludes.” Internet TV:  Internet TV On demand TV The recent study from Lovelace Consulting and infirmitv predicts that within the next 10 years, television will adapt to the Web and millions of shows will be available for viewers to download through their home broadband connections. Within just five years, the report foresees that most consumers will receive video programming through satellite, cable or other broadband connections. On-demand video will be available in standard and HDTV formats. TV changed forever:  TV changed forever "New players will exploit the disruptive power of the Internet and change the form and function of television forever," Dr. William Cooper, the report's co-author recently told the BBC Telco TV:  Telco TV These conclusions are being announced at a time when major U.S. service providers such as SBC, Verizon and BellSouth are pouring billions of dollars into fiber-optic networks designed to deliver robust video programming to tens of millions of U.S. households. The telcos are trying to compete more effectively against the cable companies, who currently dominate television service and have begun an aggressive move to undercut the telcos with inexpensive VoIP telephone service. Telco TV:  Telco TV Bi-directional Broadband technologies for providing value-added services such as video and music on demand, online gaming, video telephony and Internet on TV are now available for both residential and business markets. Being bi-directional in principle, telecommunications networks enable carriers to create entertainment and communications service bundles that cannot easily be reproduced by cable operators. Telco-TV:  Telco-TV Bi-directional TV With cable companies increasingly offering the "triple play" of voice, video and data services, telcos hope to one-up them by using a bi-directional communications infrastructure based on Internet protocol to offer unique capabilities not possible with conventional cable television networks. "We will bring services to market that leapfrog cable and do it at a reasonable cost," says a spokesman for SBC, the telco that has been the most forthcoming about its IPTV plan Telco TV:  Telco TV TV-centric TV-centric services are based on middleware offering various Multimedia over DSL services, so that subscribers can watch Digital TV, check program listings, pause live TV, rent movies, listen to digital music, check the weather, surf the Web and much more. Video Telephony completes the entertainment service bundle by contributing visually interactive communications to the TV-centric service offering Telco TV:  Telco TV TV and telephony Another television viewer is watching her favorite show when the phone rings, displaying the caller ID of her sister, who is nine months' pregnant, on the TV screen. The viewer uses her television remote control to answer the call. Telco TV:  Telco TV VoD TV Another video subscriber has realized that he has a free weekend to tile his bathroom. He remembers seeing this topic covered on a home improvement show and, after checking his service provider's archives, he selects that episode for on-demand viewing Servers for Video offer:  Servers for Video offer Headend To support an advanced video offering, telcos must build a series of video headends where content will be housed, they must upgrade their access infrastructure to deliver higher bandwidth and they must ensure that their routing and aggregation infrastructure can handle the unique characteristics of advanced video traffic IPTV:  IPTV IPTV 32 million subs by 2009 The Scottsdale, Ariz.-based market research firm predicts 32 million subscribers will be watching TV provided by telecommunications providers in 2009, up from 1.6 million at the end of 2004. IPTV:  IPTV Most IPTV subs from EU and Asia. According to Abraham, the North American region is expected to make the least significant contribution to the predicted 32 million subscribers by 2009. The lion's share of the subscribers will come from Europe and Asia, where the telco providers in those countries have already been providing the service. IPTV:  IPTV Leaders in IPTV are France, Italy, Japan and Taiwan. The leaders in the IPTV space, Abraham said, are companies like France's Free Telecom and France Telecom, Italy's FastWeb, Taiwan's Chunghwa Telecom and Japan's Yahoo BB. USA behind- SBC and Verizon Abraham said the North American telcos are definitely picking up the pace of their IPTV activities. Baby Bells like SBC (Quote, Chart) and Verizon (Quote, Chart) are rolling out miles of the fiber-optic cabling needed to provide the service, and are looking at the premium services that will help fund the initiative. IPTV vs DVB:  IPTV vs DVB IPTV vs broadcast DVB DSL uses different frequencies along the twisted pairs to deliver cs telephony and data in packets. Fibre optic cable can run many waves each dedicated to a different protpcol. Verizon uses a wave to deliver traditional CS telephony using the class 5 switches. It uses another wavelength within the fibre to deliver broadcast TV. The remaining waves are used for IP packets. Verizon uses old polant. IPTV:  IPTV IPTV BT said it would use Microsoft's IPTV in the United Kingdom as part of a triple-play service bundle of voice, high -speed data and video. "BT and Microsoft share a common vision for converged entertainment in the home," Gavin Patterson, group managing director of BT Retail, said in a statement. IPTV:  IPTV IPTV and Microsoft About a dozen large telecoms in North America, Western Europe and Asia-Pacific are participating in the trials, which advance from lab, to a limited number of test homes, and finally to 1,000 homes. Throughout the stages, Microsoft, the telecoms and other partners, such as set-top box makers, work at integrating front and back-end systems. In the United States, Microsoft's current high-profile IPTV relationship with SBC Communications (Quote, Chart) is a 10-year, $400 million deal to use Microsoft's IPTV software. IPTV:  IPTV Interactive IP TV But SBC has revealed an aggressive plan to pass 18 million homes with an enhanced local service infrastructure capable of supporting advanced video services as well as high-speed data by 2007. Although competitors have provided fewer specifics, IPTV clearly is an important initiative for them as well Multi-cast and unicast:  Multi-cast and unicast IPTV This content will include traditional cable programming, which will be delivered in a multicast fashion in which a single content stream feeds multiple customers up to a point close to the edge of the network, where the stream is replicated and directed to each customer requesting that content. As an alternative to conventional cable fare, customers also will be able to request on-demand programming which could theoretically include a virtually unlimited selection of video offerings. On-demand programming is unicast, with a single content stream dedicated to each customer end to end. Cable does not support VoD:  Cable does not support VoD Cable does not support VoD. video on demand (VOD) is one area where the telcos hope to outshine their cable competitors, as traditional cable infrastructure, which uses a broadcast architecture, doesn't support true video on demand. IPTV:  IPTV SBC’s Plan In SBC's plan, customers taking IPTV or high-speed data services or both will have that copper wire upgraded to VDSL2 — one of the highest bit-rate forms of DSL, which can support up to 25 Mbps downstream and 1 Mbps upstream. Triple Play:  Triple Play Triple play Offers three services Television Telephony High speed Internet Telco strategy The bundling of entertainment and communications services is key in surpassing the traditional offerings of cable operators and boosting additional revenues. Triple Play:  Triple Play Different triple play technologies Traditional broadcast TV Traditional circuit switched telephony Internet ( IP) All IP triple play VoIP IPTV Internet ( IP) This allows “rich” communications and VoD Triple play all-IP :  Triple play all-IP All IP fibre more versatile and more cost effective. Alternatively waves could be used for IPTV, VoIP and Internet access. All carrying IP packets. With VoIP can integrate and use SIP, IM, P, PTT, VoIP, video, video conferencing. Telco triple play-Verizon:  Telco triple play-Verizon Verizon to use traditional broadcasting Holliday believes that Verizon, which has begun to use FTTP for both greenfield and overbuild deployments, is making the smarter move. Verizon, which aims to pass 3 million homes with FTTP by year-end 2005, is dedicating an individual downstream wavelength on its system to conventional cable programming, which will be delivered using a broadcast architecture. Verizon triple play-CS voice:  Verizon triple play-CS voice Traditional telephony on wave Still using class5 and a wavelength for CS voice. Few going VoIP in last mile now. Using Class 5 and 4 switches. Dedicated broadcast wavelength ( traditional cable)and dedicated CS telephony ( traditional telephony). High speed Internet access. ( 1.5mbps) Using existing class 5 switches and dial tone Although the access infrastructure telcos are building to support IPTV services will finally give them the ability to converge voice, video and data onto a single network, it may be many years before that vision becomes a full reality. Even though the ultimate goal is to carry voice in IP form over the new access infrastructure, none of the large telcos has made any specific plans to do so, instead preferring to leverage their existing investment in Class 5 switches. Traditional services in triple play:  Traditional services in triple play Inefficient and excludes rich services Within a few years, however, telcos may find it increasingly inefficient to operate separate ATM and Ethernet access infrastructure—with the former supporting earlier DSL deployments while the latter supports triple play. At that point, early deployment data traffic will likely migrate onto the Ethernet access infrastructure Triple play:  Triple play Triple play on DSL DSL also uses different frequencies and waves to deliver . It can use one for CS telephony and the others to deliver Internet IP packets. Also IPTV packets. Triple play on copper:  Triple play on copper Triple play on copper Urban Telephone offers the lineup of telecommunications services known as the triple play: cable TV, broadband Internet access, and Internet telephony. Customers can get 300 television channels, downstream data rates of up to 8 megabits per second, and Internet telephony with unlimited calling plans, and pay for it all on one bill. And these all-digital services come in on the same twisted copper pairs that once provided only plain old telephone service. Triple play -Movies:  Triple play -Movies Movies on demand “ said a third party is needed to push the technology because the Hollywood establishment is afraid to move too quickly in the direction of movies-on-demand at the risk of losing its traditional theater and DVD distribution revenue. There is also concern that encryption technology is far from rock solid leading to additional lost revenue from piracy.” Making movies for the Internet:  Making movies for the Internet Make distribute and get paid for movies ClickStar's strategy is to create an online service in which consumers can access, pay for and download first-run, pre-DVD-release films and artist-created entertainment channels in their homes. This new online destination will be designed to give filmmakers a vehicle to connect directly with fans and offer consumers a new way of experiencing home entertainment. Fastweb triple play:  Fastweb triple play Fastweb Italy One of the leaders in IPTV Already running for three years A leader in all-IP triple play Live TV- IPTV VoIP Runs on fibre and DSL. Joint venture between power utility and ISP Distributed on fibre cable and DSL copper Add video to many services:  Add video to many services Add video to many services "There's a lot of overlap between video and IM. It makes sense that it would become an add-on capability. Video will be incorporated into a lot and lot of services, everything from entertainment to traditional voice calls to your data communications." Internet video:  Internet video Internet video he rise of Internet video is also affecting television. VH1's broadband entertainment network, VSpot, launched in July and showed the first episode of The Surreal Life 5 three days before the program's premiere on VH1. Ziff Davis Media, parent of PC Magazine, has launched Digital Life TV ( ), an on-demand, Web-based video forum covering technology topics, including news and help. And, using free software from you can watch live TV from more than 300 global channels without paying a subscription fee (England-based Narrowstep offers similar services). Meanwhile, CBS News is expanding its entire radio- and TV-centric news operation to become a 24-hour Internet new VoD widely available:  VoD widely available In five years video and VoD widely available. The recent study from Lovelace Consulting and infirmitv predicts that within the next 10 years, television will adapt to the Web and millions of shows will be available for viewers to download through their home broadband connections. Within just five years, the report foresees that most consumers will receive video programming through satellite, cable or other broadband connections. On-demand video will be available in standard and HDTV formats. Demand for Video:  Demand for Video Worldwide demand for video soars The worldwide broadband video market is booming and set to explode over the next several years. As consumers continue to clamor for more content over the Internet, growth is expected to reach $16 billion through the end of the decade, according to ABI Research. 100% growth Both pay and advertising-supported broadband video markets exceeded 100 percent growth in 2005 over the previous year, according to ABI, and as consumer demand increases, content owners' demand for alternative outlets is expected to follow NBC using IPTV:  NBC using IPTV NBC going online with flagship nightnews Other announcements, such as NBC's decision to push its flagship nightly news online through an ad-supported model, are sure signs that content companies are reexamining their traditional distribution channels to see where broadband video can expand their overall reach," Wolf said in a statement. Video publishers:  Video publishers Video publishers small and large Video publishers ranging from small independent producers to major media companies continue to focus on building their businesses by distributing and monetizing their video programming through broadband channels Video Blogging:  Video Blogging Individual video bloggers The next wave could be even more disruptive. Broadband surfers are now starting to create their own rich media, from video blogs to podcasts. Within a few years, the entertainment and communications businesses could be dramatically transformed. And you can bet that Doug Clark will be along for the ride. Peer to peer traffic:  Peer to peer traffic Peer to peer video traffic is a major portion of traffic on the Internet It ca

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