JID44 Of God and Mountains PowerPoint

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Published on March 11, 2008

Author: Viviana

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North American Baptist Conference 48th Triennial “Awesome God, Amazing Place”:  North American Baptist Conference 48th Triennial “Awesome God, Amazing Place” Bible Study Sessions: “Of God and Mountains” Prepared by Jerry Shepherd Associate Professor of Old Testament Taylor Seminary jerry.shepherd@taylor-edu.ca “Of God and Mountains”:  “Of God and Mountains” Thursday: Session One “Majesty and Mystery” Friday: Session Two: “Paradise and Paradox” Saturday: Session Three: “Redemption and Relocation” “Of God and Mountains”:  “Of God and Mountains” Session One “Majesty and Mystery” I. Majesty:  I. Majesty 1. God Existed before the Mountains Psalm 90:2 “Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God” 2. God Created the Mountains:  2. God Created the Mountains Psalm 65:6 “by your strength you established the mountains” (NRSV) Psalm 95:4 “the heights of the mountains belong to him” Amos 4:13 “the one who forms the mountains” 3. The Mountains Are Immeasurable – How Much More So Is God!:  3. The Mountains Are Immeasurable – How Much More So Is God! Isaiah 40:12 “Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, or with the breadth of his hand marked off the heavens? Who has held the dust of the earth in a basket, or weighed the mountains on the scales and the hills in a balance?” 4. God Terrifies the Mountains:  4. God Terrifies the Mountains Deuteronomy 32:22 “sets on fire the foundation of the mountains” (NRSV) Judges 5:5 “The mountains quaked before the LORD, the One of Sinai, before the LORD, the God of Israel.” Slide8:  Job 9:5 “He moves mountains without their knowing it and overturns them in his anger.” Psalm 18:7 “The earth trembled and quaked, and the foundations of the mountains shook; they trembled because he was angry” Slide9:  Psalm 97:5 “The mountains melt like wax before the LORD, before the Lord of all the earth” Psalm 104:32 The Lord is the one “who looks at the earth, and it trembles, who touches the mountains, and they smoke” Slide10:  Micah 1:3-4 “Look! The LORD is coming from his dwelling place; he comes down and treads the high places of the earth. The mountains melt beneath him and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like water rushing down a slope.” Slide11:  Nahum 1:5 “The mountains quake before him        and the hills melt away.  The earth trembles at his presence,        the world and all who live in it.” Slide12:  Habakkuk 3:6, 10 “He stood, and shook the earth;        he looked, and made the nations tremble.        The ancient mountains crumbled        and the age-old hills collapsed.        His ways are eternal.” “The mountains saw you, and writhed” 5. The Mountains Stand as Symbols of God’s Power and Protection:  5. The Mountains Stand as Symbols of God’s Power and Protection Psalm 121:1-2 “I lift up my eyes to the hills—where does my help come from? My help comes from the LORD, the Maker of heaven and earth” Psalm 125:2 “As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people both now and forevermore” 6. The Mountains Stand as Symbols of God’s Sovereignty, Awesomeness, Righteousness, and Judgment:  6. The Mountains Stand as Symbols of God’s Sovereignty, Awesomeness, Righteousness, and Judgment Mount Sinai and the giving of the Law Psalm 36:6 “Your righteousness is like the mighty mountains” Slide15:  Jesus: Temptation on the pinnacle of the Temple and on a high mountain Sermon on the Mount Teaching from the Mount of Olives Goes up on a mountain and calls and his twelve Apostles to him Mount of Transfiguration Ascension and Great Commission 7. The Mountains Join in the Praise of God:  7. The Mountains Join in the Praise of God Psalm 98:8 “Let the mountains sing together for joy” Psalm 148:7-9 “Praise the LORD from the earth . . . you mountains and all hills” Slide17:  Isaiah 44:23 “Burst into song, you mountains” Isaiah 55:12 “You will go out in joy        and be led forth in peace;        the mountains and hills        will burst into song before you,        and all the trees of the field        will clap their hands” 8. The Mountain of the Last Days:  8. The Mountain of the Last Days Isaiah 2:1-3 “In the last days        the mountain of the LORD's temple will be established        as chief among the mountains;   it will be raised above the hills,        and all nations will stream to it.”     Slide19:  “Many peoples will come and say,        ‘Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,        to the house of the God of Jacob.        He will teach us his ways,        so that we may walk in his paths.’        The law will go out from Zion,        the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.” Slide20:  Isaiah 25:6-8 “On this mountain the LORD Almighty will prepare        a feast of rich food for all peoples,        a banquet of aged wine—        the best of meats and the finest of wines.  Slide21:  On this mountain he will destroy        the shroud that enfolds all peoples,        the sheet that covers all nations; he will swallow up death forever. The Sovereign LORD will wipe away the tears from all faces;   he will remove the disgrace of his people from all the earth.        The LORD has spoken.” II. Mystery:  II. Mystery Alan Hovhaness, composer of Mysterious Mountain: “Mountains are symbols, like pyramids, of man’s attempt to know God. Mountains are symbolic meeting places between the mundane and spiritual worlds.” In the Ancient Near East, gods were thought to live on mountains:  In the Ancient Near East, gods were thought to live on mountains Several passages in the Old Testament suggest that both Israelites and foreigners believed this was also the case with Israel’s God Slide24:  Exodus 3:1 – “the mountain of God” Deuteronomy 33:2 – “the LORD came from Sinai Judges 5:5 – “the LORD, the One of Sinai” 1 Kings 20:28 – Israel’s God was believed to be “a god of the hills” Sacrifices typically offered on mountains:  Sacrifices typically offered on mountains Noah – Genesis 9 Abraham – Genesis 22 Elijah – 1 Kings 18 Numerous references to high places Plans for Tabernacle/Temple Given on Mountains:  Plans for Tabernacle/Temple Given on Mountains Moses – Exodus 25:40; 26:30; 27:8; Hebrews 8:5 Ezekiel – Ezekiel 40:2 John – Revelation 21:10 Death/Suffering Ordeals on the Mountain:  Death/Suffering Ordeals on the Mountain Aaron – Numbers 20:27-28 Moses – Numbers 27:12; Deuteronomy 34 Jephthah’s Daughter – Judges 11 Saul – 1 Samuel 31 David on the Mount of Olives – 2 Samuel 15 Jesus on the Mount of Olives Jesus on Calvary Mountains Are Places to Meet God:  Mountains Are Places to Meet God Moses Elijah Jesus Exodus 33:18—34:8:  Exodus 33:18—34:8 18Then Moses said, “Now show me your glory.”  19And the LORD said, “I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim my name, the LORD, in your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. 20But, “he said,” you cannot see my face, for no one may see me and live.” Slide30:  21Then the LORD said, “There is a place near me where you may stand on a rock. 22When my glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft in the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by. 23Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back; but my face must not be seen.” Slide31:  1The LORD said to Moses, “Chisel out two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on them the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke. 2Be ready in the morning, and then come up on Mount Sinai. Present yourself to me there on top of the mountain. 3No one is to come with you or be seen anywhere on the mountain; not even the flocks and herds may graze in front of the mountain.” Slide32:  4So Moses chiseled out two stone tablets like the first ones and went up Mount Sinai early in the morning, as the LORD had commanded him; and he carried the two stone tablets in his hands. 5Then the LORD came down in the cloud and stood there with him and proclaimed his name, the LORD. 6And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, Slide33:  “The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness, 7maintaining love to thousands, and forgiving wickedness, rebellion and sin. Yet he does not leave the guilty unpunished; he punishes the children and their children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation.” 8 Moses bowed to the ground at once and worshiped. Exodus 20:4-6:  Exodus 20:4-6 4“You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. 5You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, 6but showing love to a thousand {generations} of those who love me and keep my commandments. “Of God and Mountains”:  “Of God and Mountains” Session Two “Paradise and Paradox” I. Paradise:  I. Paradise There is a very interesting Garden of Eden/Mount Zion connection established by several Old Testament texts Ezekiel 28:13-14:  Ezekiel 28:13-14 13You were in Eden,        the garden of God;        every precious stone adorned you:        ruby, topaz and emerald,        chrysolite, onyx and jasper,        sapphire, turquoise and beryl.        Your settings and mountings were made of gold;        on the day you were created they were prepared. Slide38:  14You were anointed as (or “with”) a guardian cherub,        for so I ordained you.        You were on the holy mount of God;        you walked among the fiery stones. Note the two location references: “Eden, the garden of God” “the holy Mount of God” Genesis 2:10-14:  Genesis 2:10-14 10A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. 11The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12(The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.) 13The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush. 14The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Asshur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates. The Gihon:  The Gihon 1 Kings 1:33, 38, 45 2 Chronicles 32:30 2 Chronicles 33:14 “A River Runs Through It”:  “A River Runs Through It” Psalm 46:4 Ezekiel 47:1-12 Zechariah 14:8 Joel 3:18 The Center of the Whole Earth:  The Center of the Whole Earth Ezekiel 38:12 “I will plunder and loot and turn my hand against the resettled ruins and the people gathered from the nations, rich in livestock and goods, living at the center [tabbur] of the land.” Judges 9:37 “But Gaal spoke up again: ‘Look, people are coming down from the center [tabbur] of the land, and a company is coming from the direction of the soothsayers’ tree.’” What does [tabbur] mean?:  What does [tabbur] mean? [tabbur] = “navel” of the earth In other words, if any people have ever had the right to be a society of navel-gazers, belly-button inspectors, it was the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Mount Zion. Zion, God’s Holy Hill, the Place Where God Dwells:  Zion, God’s Holy Hill, the Place Where God Dwells Psalm 2:6 – “Zion, my holy hill” Psalm 3:4 – “his holy hill” Psalm 9:11 – “Sing praises to the LORD, enthroned in Zion” Psalm 43:3 – “your holy mountain . . . the place where you dwell” Psalm 48:1 – “the city of our God, his holy mountain” Slide45:  Ezekiel 20:40 – “my holy mountain” Joel 2:1 – “my holy mountain” Psalm 74:2 – “Mount Zion where you came to dwell” Isaiah 8:18 – “the LORD who dwells on Mount Zion” Joel 3:17 – “I, the LORD your God, dwell in Zion, my holy mountain” Psalm 78:54 – “And he brought them to his holy hill, to the mountain that his right hand had won” Slide46:  Psalm 78:68 – “Mount Zion which he loves” Psalm 87:2 – “The LORD loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob” Psalm 125:1 – “Mount Zion which cannot be moved, but abides forever” Exodus 15:17 – “the mountain of his inheritance” Jeremiah 31:23 – “The LORD bless you, O righteous dwelling, O sacred mountain” Slide47:  Psalm 68:16 – “Why gaze in envy, O rugged mountains, at the place where God chooses to reign, where the LORD will dwell forever?” Psalm 132:13 – “For the LORD has chosen Zion, he has desired it for his dwelling” Psalm 48:2 – “It is beautiful in its loftiness, the joy of the whole earth” Psalm 50:2 – “Zion, perfect in beauty” Aliyah:  Aliyah Psalms 120-134 – The Songs of Ascents Mossad Le’Aliyah Bet II. Paradox:  II. Paradox Why does Isaiah say in Isaiah 2:2 that the “mountain of the LORD’s house will be established as chief among the mountains,” and that it “will be raised above the hills”? Slide50:  At barely 2400 feet above sea level, Mount Zion hardly qualifies as a mountain. It’s more like a glorified hill. There are many mountains in Israel that are taller than Mount Zion -- remember again Psalm 125:2 “As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people both now and forevermore” Ancient Empires (area in sq. miles):  Ancient Empires (area in sq. miles) Hittites 260,000 Egyptians 360,000? Assyrians 400,000? Babylonians 750,000? Persians 2,400,000 Greeks 1,000,000 Romans 2,400,000 Israelites 9,500 Psalm 87:  Psalm 87 1He has set his foundation on the holy mountain; 2the LORD loves the gates of Zion        more than all the dwellings of Jacob. 3Glorious things are said of you,        O city of God: Slide53:  4“I will record Rahab and Babylon        among those who acknowledge me—        Philistia too, and Tyre, along with Cush—        and will say, ‘This one was born in Zion.’” 5Indeed, of Zion it will be said,        “This one and that one were born in her,        and the Most High himself will establish her.” Slide54:  6The LORD will write in the register of the peoples:        “This one was born in Zion” 7As they make music they will sing,        “All my fountains are in you.” “Of God and Mountains”:  “Of God and Mountains” Session Three “Redemption and Relocation” Matthew 2:1-6:  Matthew 2:1-6 1After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem 2and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him.” 3When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. 4When he had called together all the people’s chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Christ was to be born. Slide57:  ”In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written: 6 “‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,       are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;     for out of you will come a ruler       who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.’” Question::  Question: Why was Jesus born in Bethlehem? Answer: Because he wasn’t born in Jerusalem Micah 3:9-12:  Micah 3:9-12 9Hear this, you leaders of the house of Jacob,        you rulers of the house of Israel,        who despise justice        and distort all that is right; 10who build Zion with bloodshed,        and Jerusalem with wickedness. Slide60:  11 Her leaders judge for a bribe,        her priests teach for a price,        and her prophets tell fortunes for money.        Yet they lean upon the LORD and say,        “Is not the LORD among us?        No disaster will come upon us.” 12Therefore because of you,        Zion will be plowed like a field,        Jerusalem will become a heap of rubble,        the temple hill a mound overgrown with thickets. Correspondences between Exodus 1-2 and Matthew 1-2:  Correspondences between Exodus 1-2 and Matthew 1-2 Pharaoh attempts to kill all the Hebrew boy babies in Egypt. But Moses, the one who will lead the Israelites out of Egypt, is rescued Herod attempts to kill all the boy babies in Bethlehem. But Jesus, the one who will redeem his people from their sins, is rescued Slide62:  As an adult, Moses flees from Egypt in order to escape the wrath of Pharaoh Jesus escapes the wrath of King Herod when his family flees and takes Jesus down to Egypt Of course, the irony in all this is that Moses flees away from Egypt; Jesus flees to Egypt Furthermore, Moses flees from an Egyptian king; Jesus flees from an Israelite king Galatians 4:21-26:  Galatians 4:21-26 21Tell me, you who want to be under the law, are you not aware of what the law says? 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and the other by the free woman. 23His son by the slave woman was born in the ordinary way; but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a promise. Slide64:  24These things may be taken figuratively, for the women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar. 25Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children. 26But the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother. Revelation 11:8:  Revelation 11:8 “Their bodies will lie in the street of the great city, which is figuratively called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified.” Two Jerusalems:  Two Jerusalems The present city of Jerusalem In slavery Mt. Sinai in Arabia A different Jerusalem Above Is free John 4:19-24:  John 4:19-24 19”Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet. 20Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.” 21Jesus declared, “Believe me, woman, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 22You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. Slide68:  23Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in spirit and in truth.” Hebrews 12:18-24:  Hebrews 12:18-24 18You have not come to a mountain that can be touched and that is burning with fire; to darkness, gloom and storm; 19to a trumpet blast or to such a voice speaking words that those who heard it begged that no further word be spoken to them, 20because they could not bear what was commanded: “If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be stoned.” 21The sight was so terrifying that Moses said, “I am trembling with fear.” Slide70:  22But you have come to Mount Zion, to the heavenly Jerusalem, the city of the living God. You have come to thousands upon thousands of angels in joyful assembly, 23to the church of the firstborn, whose names are written in heaven. You have come to God, the judge of all men, to the spirits of righteous men made perfect, 24to Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel. Slide71:  God has rejected the old Jerusalem He is building a new Jerusalem This new Jerusalem has no other designated location except that it is “from above” There is no longer any such place as the “holy land” Slide72:  We are building the new Jerusalem It is located every place in which the people of God meet together and do his will We do, however, still live in a world that would prefer that the new Jerusalem not be built We still live in the “already, but not yet” The task set before us is not an easy one 2 Corinthians 3:12-18:  2 Corinthians 3:12-18 12Therefore, since we have such a hope, we are very bold. 13We are not like Moses, who would put a veil over his face to keep the Israelites from gazing at it while the radiance was fading away. Slide74:  14But their minds were made dull, for to this day the same veil remains when the old covenant is read. It has not been removed, because only in Christ is it taken away. 15Even to this day when Moses is read, a veil covers their hearts. 16But whenever anyone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. Slide75:  17Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18And we, who with unveiled faces all reflect the Lord's glory, are being transformed into his likeness with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit. John 14:15-18:  John 14:15-18 15“If you love me, you will obey what I command. 16And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever— 17the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. 18I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.” The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ:  The Holy Spirit is the Spirit of Christ Acts 16:7 – “the Spirit of Jesus” Romans 8:2 – “the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus” (NRSV) Romans 8:9 – “the Spirit of Christ” 2 Corinthians 3:17 – “the Spirit of the Lord” Galatians 4:6 – “the Spirit of his Son” Philippians 1:19 – “the Spirit of Jesus Christ” 1 Peter 1:11 – “the Spirit of Christ” Lewis B. Smedes, Union with Christ (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983), pp. 44-45. :  Lewis B. Smedes, Union with Christ (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983), pp. 44-45. 1. We are sealed in Christ (Ephesians 1:13) We are sealed in the Spirit (Ephesians 4:30) 2. We are consecrated in Christ Jesus (1 Corinthians 1:2) We are consecrated in the Spirit (Romans 15:16) Slide79:  3. We are righteous in Christ (Philippians 3:8-9) We are righteous in the Holy Spirit (Romans 14:17) We are righteous in both (1 Corinthians 6:11) 4. We have life through Christ (Ephesians 2:5; Colossians 3:4) We have life through the Holy Spirit (Romans 8:11) Slide80:  5. We have hope grounded in Christ (1 Corinthians 15:19) We have hope grounded in the power of the Spirit (Romans 5:5; Galatians 5:5; 6:8) 6. Christ is the alternative to the law of sin and death (Romans 10:4) The Spirit is the alternative to the law of sin and death (Romans 8:2) Slide81:  7. We are commanded to stand fast in the Lord (Philippians 4:1) We are commanded to stand fast in one Spirit (Philippians 1:27) 8. We are told to rejoice in the Lord (Philippians 4:4) We are told to have joy in the Holy Spirit (Romans 14:17) Slide82:  9. We are told to live in Christ (Colossians 2:6) We are told to walk in the Spirit (Ephesians 4:3; Galatians 5:25) 10. Paul speaks the truth in Christ (Romans 9:1; 2 Corinthians 2:17) Paul speaks the truth in the Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:3) Slide83:  11. We are called into the fellowship of Christ (1 Corinthians 1:9) We are blessed with the fellowship of the Holy Spirit (2 Corinthians 13:14) The role of the Holy Spirit is to unite us to Christ and to reproduce the life of Christ in us. The Spirit-filled Christian, or the Spirit-filled Church, is the person or Church that reproduces the life of Christ.

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