Published on November 18, 2013
Walk the walk Talk the talk LEADERSHIP LEGACY OF JFK
J F K Some Credits via Slide Share: Anna-Liisa Kuslap
•Member of the Democratic party •The 35th president of the united states •1961-1963 •Defeated Richard Nixon in the 1960 U.S. presidential election •Only practicing Roman Catholic to be president •Second youngest president •The youngest elected to the office
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1960
1960 ELECTION NOTES 5
JACK Former Democrat Senator from Global Leader know by his first name... Massachusetts Presidential Terms known as Camelot Presidency known for 3 crises. Bay of Pigs Invasion Berlin Wall Crisis Cuban Missile Crisis
"There'll be great Presidents again," she added, "but there'll never be another Camelot again … it will never be that way again." Elliott Jackie Kennedy, Arlington, © Elliott Erwitt/MAGNUM PHOTOS Virginia, Erwitt 1963.
Leadership Challenges JFK Faced • The Bay of Pigs invasion • The Cuban Missile crisis • The building of the Berlin Wall
BAY OF PIGS – APRIL 1961 The Bay of Pigs is a small, southern inlet on the island of Cuba. (Bay of Triggerfish) It was a failed invasion in attempt to overthrow the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. Eisenhower’s Idea Headed by the CIA (approved by JFK) Main force was Cuban exiles trained by the CIA. 14
BAY OF PIGS – APRIL 1961 Immediate Outcome: Totally unsuccessful. 115 Killed/1,189 Captured Embarrassment for the U.S. 15
BAY OF PIGS U.S. “looked like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies, and incompetents to the rest.” - Cyrus Sulzberger, New York Times Long Term Effects: More Soviet weapons for Cuba. Increased hostility between the 2 nations. Helped pave the way for the Cuban Missile Crisis. 16
CUBAN MISSLE CRISIS 17
CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS – OCTOBER 1962 The U.S. confronted Cuba and the Soviet Union about nuclear weapons that had been placed 90 miles from the U.S. Kennedy issued a “quarantine” to restrict more ships with weapons from going to Cuba. Kарибский кризис 18
War Fear : Both Kennedy and Khrushchev feared the start of a nuclear war. They successfully negotiated an agreement to end the stand-off. Soviet Union had to remove missiles from Cuba U.S. had to remove missiles from Turkey (secretly). 22
CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS Outcome: The world was saved. Khrushchev loses power. 23
CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS Long Term Effects: Hot-Line Created: a direct line between the White House and the Kremlin for communication between the two. Limited Test Ban Treaty: barred nuclear testing in the atmosphere. 25
BERLIN WALL 26
BERLIN WALL CRISIS – 1961-1989 Conflict: Too many East Germans are defecting to West Berlin for freedom. Khrushchev’s Response : Wall around West Berlin The Berlin Wall created many tense moments: Checkpoint Charlie 133 People killed trying to cross the wall. 27
THE BERLIN WALL 29
Outcome: Demonstrated the divide between Communism and Democracy. Example of the powerful will’s by both superpowers. Tearing down of the wall in 1989 signaled the coming end of Communism in Europe...
Clarion calls Issued by JFK
Your Leadership Style Who will you follow?
The Leadership Legacy of JFK. Note could also add to this Viet Nam era. Updated Powerpoint that originally was a Keynote. Typo Corrections.