Jew of Malta

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Published on March 12, 2014

Author: bidajavaid

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Jew Of MaltaJew Of Malta Christopher MarloweChristopher Marlowe

Christopher MarloweChristopher Marlowe

Christopher MarloweChristopher Marlowe born in 1564 in Canterbury, Englandborn in 1564 in Canterbury, England son of a shoemakerson of a shoemaker he gained a scholarship to Corpus Christihe gained a scholarship to Corpus Christi CollegeCollege Cambridge at the age of sixteenCambridge at the age of sixteen early interest in dramaearly interest in drama awarded his B.A. in 1584awarded his B.A. in 1584 Elizabeth I's Privy Council secured himElizabeth I's Privy Council secured him with an M.A in 1587with an M.A in 1587

MachiavelliMachiavelli  Marlowe based his prologue character, Machevill, on theMarlowe based his prologue character, Machevill, on the basis of a real philosopher, Machiavellibasis of a real philosopher, Machiavelli  Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy at a time whenMachiavelli was born in Florence, Italy at a time when the country was in political upheaval .the country was in political upheaval .  Machiavelli's greatest work is The Prince, written in 1513Machiavelli's greatest work is The Prince, written in 1513 and published after his death in 1532.and published after his death in 1532.  The work immediately provoked controversy and wasThe work immediately provoked controversy and was soon condemned by Pope Clement VIII.soon condemned by Pope Clement VIII.  Its main theme is that princes should retain absoluteIts main theme is that princes should retain absolute control of their territories, and they should use anycontrol of their territories, and they should use any means of expediency to accomplish this end, includingmeans of expediency to accomplish this end, including deceit.deceit.  Some readers initially saw The Prince as a satire onSome readers initially saw The Prince as a satire on absolute rulers such as Borgiaabsolute rulers such as Borgia

Jew of MaltaJew of Malta ..

StagingStaging Notice that this play actually has actorsNotice that this play actually has actors talking “aside” to the audiencetalking “aside” to the audience The Renaissance theater is dealing withThe Renaissance theater is dealing with the complexity of symbolic locations thatthe complexity of symbolic locations that would allow for the “crossing” ofwould allow for the “crossing” of imaginary boundaries ( extending outimaginary boundaries ( extending out from the nebula to the 'Platae' of the stagefrom the nebula to the 'Platae' of the stage area)area)  Notice the development of freshNotice the development of fresh interactive strategies for actorsinteractive strategies for actors (whispering and conspiracy)(whispering and conspiracy) We begin to dissect “inner qualities” in theWe begin to dissect “inner qualities” in the characters of this play.characters of this play.

BarabasBarabas

He is:He is: The protagonist of theThe protagonist of the play.play. He is a JewishHe is a Jewish merchant who onlymerchant who only cares for his daughtercares for his daughter Abigail and gold.Abigail and gold. His scheming forHis scheming for revenge lead to manyrevenge lead to many deaths includingdeaths including Abigail’s.Abigail’s.

He is marked as an outsider in MalteseHe is marked as an outsider in Maltese society because of his religion and attitudesociety because of his religion and attitude (seen as Machevallian).(seen as Machevallian). He is very honest about being the villainHe is very honest about being the villain and doing these terrible things. He neverand doing these terrible things. He never attempts to justify his actions by religiousattempts to justify his actions by religious doctrine. (Porrex- “Gorboduc”)doctrine. (Porrex- “Gorboduc”) Very driven by HATE!Very driven by HATE!

Remind us of anyoneRemind us of anyone from a famousfrom a famous Shakespeare HistoryShakespeare History Play???????????Play???????????

Richard IIIRichard III

Richard and BarabasRichard and Barabas Love to hate themLove to hate them Hate to love themHate to love them Vices who are simultaneously sympatheticVices who are simultaneously sympathetic and detestableand detestable Their characters are intriguing, and theTheir characters are intriguing, and the most interesting character to want tomost interesting character to want to follow…do we REALLY see him as such afollow…do we REALLY see him as such a villain?villain? In the end, they both send out the sameIn the end, they both send out the same message: “To be good…is boring!”message: “To be good…is boring!”

A Few Fun Facts!A Few Fun Facts! It is a TragicomedyIt is a Tragicomedy: satire of religious: satire of religious hypocrisy and Machiavellian scheminghypocrisy and Machiavellian scheming It was written inIt was written in 1589–1591, London1589–1591, London PublisherPublisher - Nicholas Vavafour, London- Nicholas Vavafour, London It was setIt was set during the 1565 Turkish siege ofduring the 1565 Turkish siege of Malta, an island in the MediterraneanMalta, an island in the Mediterranean Its themes areIts themes are Religion; vengeance andReligion; vengeance and retribution; and Machiavellian strategyretribution; and Machiavellian strategy The dramatic climaxThe dramatic climax was when Barabas'was when Barabas' plot to kill Calymath backfires, andplot to kill Calymath backfires, and Barabas dies in a cauldron.Barabas dies in a cauldron. AGREED?AGREED?

?My Final Ponderings??My Final Ponderings? Is Barabas trulyIs Barabas truly evil?evil? What role doesWhat role does Abigail playAbigail play within the text?within the text? (innocent?(innocent? Father’s pawn?)Father’s pawn?)

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