Jerry Velasquez National Action Programmes Present

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Information about Jerry Velasquez National Action Programmes Present

Published on November 26, 2007

Author: Talya


Linkages among National Action Programmes:  Linkages among National Action Programmes Jerry Velasquez United Nations University Rio Conventions National Action Programmes:  Rio Conventions National Action Programmes UNFCCC - National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) UNCCD - National Action Programme (NAP) UNCBD - National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) Objectives:  Objectives NAPA - Serve as simplified and direct channels of communication of information relating to the urgent and immediate adaptation needs of LDCs. Support LDCs, not having the capacity to prepare and submit national communications, or to convey their urgent needs in respect of their vulnerability and adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change NAP - Identify factors contributing to desertification and practical measures necessary to combat it and/or mitigate the effects of drought. NBSAP - Develop national strategies, plans or programs for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity or adapt for this purpose existing strategies, plans or programs which shall reflect the measures set out Characteristics:  Characteristics NAPA - Easy to understand, action-oriented and with clear priorities for immediate activities. Build upon existing plans and sectoral policies; NAP - Key operational mechanism to implement the CCD at the national level. Not focused solely on report production. Institutionalization of dynamic framework for participatory policy-making, planning and programme design. Integration into national policies for sustainable development; NBSAP - Integrate, as far as possible and as appropriate, the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity into relevant sectoral or cross-sectoral plans, programs and policies Guiding Elements:  Guiding Elements NAPA – Participatory process down to local communities, multidisciplinary approach, complementary approach, building upon existing plans (CCD, CBD) and sectoral policies, sustainable development, gender equality, country driven, sound environmental management, cost effectiveness, simplicity, flexible procedures NAP - Continuous iterative process with review and readjustment, focus on consultation, multi-stakeholder-participation, harmonization with existing policies and frameworks, cross-sectoral, country driven, no single blueprint NBSAP - Strategies for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use of resources, benefit sharing, agricultural biodiversity and biosafety, development of integrated national strategies, including social dimensions and poverty reduction, cross-sectoral, involvement of local and indigenous people, human resource development and capacity development Process:  Process NAPA National NAPA team Participatory, multidisciplinary assessment on vulnerabilities; identification of adaptation measures; prioritization of activities Proposal for priority activities: national consultative process; identification of activities integrated into sectoral and other policies Development of NAPA document: public review/revision; government endorsement; publication/dissemination NAP Phase I: Launching of NAP National coordinating body (decision making) and/or FP (operational arm) Identification of stakeholders; consensus building. Sensitizing, awareness and training; Identification of key issues Establishment of National Forum Phase II: Implementing first agreements Consolidating forum outcomes; initiating programme development; data assessment Phase III: Implementation and monitoring Operationalizing coordination mechanism Indicators and benchmarks Further forum meetings NBSAP Steering committee and team for planning Stocktaking and assessment: threats to bio-D and causes; socio-economic data, sustainability /equitability related factors, legal, institutional and policy framework analysis National workshop/stakeholder forum Definition of priorities and objectives Participatory analysis of options National workshop/stakeholder forum Drafting of national strategy with priority actions Preparation of NBSAP, including resources needed, roles and mandates of stakeholders, timeframe, monitoring and evaluation plan Adoption through government Reporting Structure:  Reporting Structure NAPA Introduction and Setting: Environmental characteristics, CC effects on environment and key sectors Framework: overview of climate variability; projected effects; relationship between NAPA and national development goals, other plans and MEAs Key adaptation needs: Past and current practices addressing specific vulnerabilities; identification of options (e.g. cap. dev., policy reform or integration) Criteria for selection of activities: e.g. level of adverse effects, poverty reduction to enhance adaptivity, synergies, cost-effectiveness. Application to livelihoods, health, food security, water, infrastructure, heritage, bio-D., land-use, forestry, other environment amenities List of priority activities with sets of profiles Preparation process description NAP Not focusing on a single report document NBSAP Strategy document summarizing Findings of stocktaking – bio-D resources, trends, problems and causes Statement of objectives and measures to achieve these Prioritization of activities Linkages and Support Mechanisms:  Linkages and Support Mechanisms NAPA Closely related to initial national communications Institutional coordination with other enabling activities including NCSA NAPA should contribute to formulation of national communication. LDC Expert Group (LEG) advises on preparation and implementation of NAPA NAP Supported by SRAP, RAP to harmonize, complement and increase the efficiency of the NAP Mobilization of political support for regional cooperation and the launch of Thematic Programme Networks (TPN), providing structural and scientific support to NAP and RAP on potential synergies NBSAP Links to GEF CDI/NCSA; strong recognition of CD needs assessment and country priorities definition Funding Mechanisms:  Funding Mechanisms NAPA Funded through GEF, first activity of LDC fund Outputs of GEF funded climate change enabling activities should be used for NAPA. NAP National Desertification Funds (NDF) to channel resources to the local level, small grants for local communities to implement activities  strengthening participation. Capitalization externally and domestically. GEF funding opportunities through supporting activities under its Operational Programme on Sustainable Land Management (3rd replenishment) NBSAP Funding available through enabling activities in biodiversity for assisting countries in their NBSAP and national reporting; max. 350,000 Eligibility and Timelines:  Eligibility and Timelines NAPA LDC’s only Since December 2001 (GEF Council decision) Completion of NAPA 12-18 months after receiving funds NAP All CCD Parties No timelines given, due to strong (long-term) process character NBSAP All CBD Parties No indication of timelines Status:  Status NAPA NAPA Launch Workshop Dhaka, 18 - 22 September 2002 NAPA training workshops (UNITAR) Apia, 5 - 7 March 2003 Addis Ababa, 25 - 27 June 2003 Thimpu, 9 -11 September 2003 Ouagadougou, NAP Asia: 17 NAP, 1 SRAP (West Asia, 5 SRAP under preparation, RAP framework, 6 TPN (4 established) Africa: 25 NAP, 4 SRAP (Maghreb, West, East, South), 6 TPN Latin America/Caribbean: 3 NAP Mediterranean: 3 NAP Central/Eastern Europe: 3 NAP NBSAP 84 NBSAP documents already completed 29 NBSAP documents in draft (Status as of March 2001) Common elements and linking opportunities :  Common elements and linking opportunities Examples:  Examples Capacity Building NCSA Information Core data sets Indicators Ex.1 – Integrated Capacity Building:  Ex.1 – Integrated Capacity Building NCSA – National Capacity-Needs Self Assessment Focuses on Rio Conventions Many of identified needs are common across 3 conventions Slide15:  Source: Synergies, UNDP, 1997 Ex.2 – SISEI Information sharing on the web! :  Ex.2 – SISEI Information sharing on the web! SISEI = Environmental Information Systems on the Internet a capacity development programme on integrated management of data and information jointly conceived by national and sub-regional entities (CILSS, UMA, IGAD) Answers to obligations of international legal instruments on environment (e.g. Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, RAMSAR, CITES …) on collection, exchange and distribution of environmental data and information are virtual clearing-house mechanisms for the Environmental Action Programs (EAP) at national and regional levels Developed partly under the NAP framework Slide20:  On-line portal for Benin: On-line portal for Morocco: Ex.3 - EIS-SSA – Environmental Information Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa  Ex.3 - EIS-SSA – Environmental Information Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa The EIS-SSA program aims at developing African capacity for the management of environmental information as an integral component of the sustainable development process An Example - GIS Based Indicators:  An Example - GIS Based Indicators EIS best practices - Working group 4 – Environmental Indicators and GIS human pressure - area of fragmented natural habitat adjacent to a protected area market access - proportion of rural population per administrative unit within a certain distance or time of a major market erosion risk - function of slope, land cover, rainfall, and management Obstacles to GIS-based Indicators •data and information demand data and information supply information infrastructure technical skills awareness and knowledge by policy makers to interpret and communicate data and indicators

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