Published on August 5, 2009
Japanese i-adjective conjugations
First things first ! Know that there are two types of adjectives, and two types of speech in Japanese (formal speech/informal speech) 1. i-adjectives 2. na-adjectives I will cover (informal) i-adjectives in this lesson
The rules for conjugating i-adjectives(Present affirmative (informal) This one is easy because you do absolutely nothing to change the adjective! Ex: ureshii stays ureshii Ex sentence: watashiwaureshii. (I am happy.)
Rules for conjugating i-adjectives (Present Negative(informal) 1. Drop the final ( i) from the adj. 2. Add kunai Ex: ureshii drop the final i ureshikunai add kunai Ex sentence: watashiwaureshikunai. ( I am not happy. )
Rules for conjugating i-adjectives(Past affirmative (informal) 1. Drop the final ( i ) from the adj. 2. Addkatta Ex: ureshiidrop the final i ureshikatta add katta Ex sentence: watashiwaureshikatta. ( I was happy. )
Rules for conjugating i-adjectives(Past Negative (informal) 1. Drop the final ( i) 2. Add kunakatta Ex: ureshii ureshikunakatta Ex sentence: watashiwaureshikunakatta. ( I was not happy.)
BRACE YOURSELF! Here come examples of common i-adjectives for you to practice with. They are written in all the 4 tenses we’ve covered. 1. Present Affirmative /2. Present Negative 3.Past Affirmative / 4. Past Negative
Takai= expensive Takai= is expensive Takakunai=not expensive Takakatta=was expensive Takakunakatta= was not expensive
Yasui=cheap Yasui= is cheap Yasukunai= is not cheap Yasukatta= was cheap Yasukunakatta= was not cheap
Ureshii=happy Ureshii= is happy Ureshikunai= is not happy Ureshikatta = was happy Ureshikunakatta= was not happy
Oishii = delicious(good tasting) Oishii = is delicious Oishikunai= is not delicious Oishikatta = was delicious Oishikunakatta = was not delicious
Mazui= bad tasting Mazui = is bad tasting Mazukunai = is not bad tasting Mazukatta = was bad tasting Mazukunakatta = was not bad tasting
Kanashii= sad Kanashii = is sad Kanashikunai= is not sad Kanashikatta= was sad Kanashikunakatta= was not sad
Atsui= hot Atsui = is hot Atsukunai = is not hot Atsukatta= was hot Atsukunakatta= was not hot
Samui= cold Samui= is cold Samukunai= is not cold Samukatta= was cold Samukunakatta= was not cold
Chiisai= small Chiisai= is small Chiisakunai= is not small Chiisakatta= was small Chiisakunakatta= was not small
Ookii = big Ookii = is big Ookikunai = is not big Ookikatta= was big Ookikunakatta = was not big
Akarui = bright Akarui= is bright Akarukunai = is not bright Akarukatta = was bright Akarukunakatta= was not bright
Kurai = dark Kurai = is dark Kurakunai = is not dark Kurakatta= was dark Kurakunakatta = was not bright
Isogashii= busy Isogashii = is busy Isogashikunai = is not busy Isogashikatta = was busy Isogashikunakatta = was not busy
Tanoshii = fun/pleasant Tanoshii = is fun Tanoshikunai = is not fun Tanoshikatta = was fun Tanoshikunakatta = was not fun
Hayai = fast Hayai = is fast Hayakunai = is not fast Hayakatta = was fast Hayakunakatta = was not fast
Osoi = slow Osoi = is slow Osokunai = is not slow Osokatta = was slow Osokunakatta= was not slow
ii= good ii= is good Yokunai= is not good Yokatta = was good Yokunakatta = was not good
Warui= bad Warui = is bad Warukunai = is not bad Warukatta = was bad Warukunakatta = was not bad
Atarashii= new Atarashii = is new Atarashikunai = is not new Atarashikatta= was new Atarashikunakatta = was not new
Furui= old Furui = is old Furukunai = is not old Furukatta = was old Furukunakatta= was not old
Yasashii = easy Yasashii= is easy Yasashikunai= is not easy Yasashikatta = was easy Yasashikunakatta = was not easy
Muzukashii= difficult Muzukashii= is difficult Muzukashikunai = is not difficult Muzukashikatta= was difficult Muzukashikunakatta = was not difficult
Omoshiroi = interesting Omoshiroi = is interesting Omoshirokunai= is not interesting Omoshirokatta= was interesting Omoshirokunakatta = was not interesting
tsumaranai= boring Tsumaranai = is boring Tsumaranakunai= is not boring Tsumaranakatta= was boring Tsumaranakunakatta= was not boring
Tooi= far/distant Tooi= is far Tookunai= is not far Tookatta = was far Tookunakatta = was not far
Chikai= close Chikai= is close Chikakunai = is not close Chikakatta = was close Chikakunakatta= was not close
Itai= painful Itai= is painful Itakunai= is not painful Itakatta = was painful Itakunakatta = was not painful
Amai=sweet Amai= is sweet Amakunai = is not sweet Amakatta= was sweet Amakunakatta= was not sweet
Suppai= sour Suppai= is sour Suppakunai= is not sour Suppakatta = was sour Suppakunakatta = was not sour
Omoi = heavy Omoi = is heavy Omokunai= is not heavy Omokatta = was heavy Omokunakatta = was not heavy
Karui = light (for weight) Karui= is light Karukunai = is not light Karukatta = was light Karukunakatta = was not light
Semai = narrow Semai = is narrow Semakunai= is not narrow Semakatta = was narrow Semakunakatta = was not narrow
hiroi= wide Hiroi = is wide Hirokunai = is not wide Hirokatta = was wide Hirokunakatta = was not wide
Translate the following words in ( informal )japanese with their proper conjugations. Ex: Is happy = ureshii Is far = Is cold = Is big = Is hot = Is fun = Is busy = Is bright = Is cheap = Is delicious = is good =
Translate the following words in ( informal )japanese with their
Translate the following words in ( informal )japanese with theirproper conjugations. Ex: Is not happy = ureshikunai Is not cold = Is not far = Is not busy = Is not big = Is not hot = Is not expensive= Is not good = *note, negative tense of yoi(good) must be used here, ii(good) can only be used in the present affirmative tense. Is not small = Is not new = Is not delicious =
Translate the following words in ( informal )japanese with their
Ex: Was far = tookatta Was happy = Was big = Was delicious = Was good = Was bad= Was busy = Was wide = Was fun = Was cheap= Was sweet =
Ex: Was not expensive = takakunakatta Was not far = Was not small = Was not heavy = Was not dark = Was not happy = Was not near = Was not busy = Was not delicious = Was not fun = Was not cheap = Presented byhttp://z3.invisionfree.com/a2u
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