Japan's Plan for Dynamic Engagement of All Citizens (Summary)

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Information about Japan's Plan for Dynamic Engagement of All Citizens (Summary)

Published on July 12, 2016

Author: Structuralpolicyanalysis

Source: slideshare.net

1. Werealizeasocietyinwhichdiversityisacceptedandallcitizensareincluded,leadingtoclearerprospectsforthefuture,andaboostin consumptionandinvestment.Weencourageallcitizenstoshowtheirownvarioustalentsandabilities,andmakefulluseofthem, whichwillleadtotheenhancementoflaborparticipationratesandcreationofinnovation,thusacceleratingeconomicgrowth. ・FormerAbenomics:ThreeArrows (BoldMonetaryPolicy,FlexibleFiscalPolicy, andGrowthStrategyinvokingprivateinvestment) areintegratedandstrengthened. NominalGDPof600 Trillionyen ・ Supportchildcaretorealizeyouths‘desireto getmarriedandhavechildren. ・ Supportnursingcareforseniorstomake theirfamilymemberscontinuetheirjob. DesiredBirthRateof1.8 Nooneforcedtoleavetheirjobs forNursingCare InthesecondstageofAbenomics,wetackletheissueofthedecliningbirthrateandagingpopulation,whichisconsideredtobetheroot causeoftheobstaclesineconomicgrowth.Webuildanewsystemofeconomicsocietywhichchildcaresupportandsocialsecurityare strengthenedasabroadereconomicpolicy,whichwillleadtoamorerobusteconomy.Thisisthe“UltimateGrowthStrategy.” Support Childcare and Nursing Care for Seniors Increase Consumption and Investment Enhance Labor Participation and Create Innovation through Diversity Virtuous Cycle of Growth and Distribution PromotionEmployment amongtheElderly’s “Equalpayforequalwork”shouldberealizedurgently.Throughformulationofguidelines,weshow whatkindofdifferencesintreatmenttoworkersareunreasonableandtobecorrected. Tomakethe correctionoftreatmentsmoothly,wewillsubmittherelatedbillsasapackage. Working long hours makes it difficult for people to balance work and life and prevents career formation for women. We will strengthen the enforcement of legal regulations and reconsider the state of agreement in Article 36 of the Labor Standards Act. We provide support for businesses raising the retirement age to 65, and extending employment age beyond 65. Japan’s Plan for Dynamic Engagement of All Citizens (Summary) 1. Proposition: The Mechanism of a Virtuous Cycle of Growth and Distribution (Note) 500 tril. yen as of FY2015 2. Working Style Reforms Improvementin WorkingConditionsof Non-regularWorkers CorrectionofthePracticeof WorkingLongHours Takashi Yoshinaka (Cabinet Office, Government of Japan)

2. We prepare capacity needed for childcare from 400,000 to 500,000 children, including capacity in private companies, to be achieved by the end of FY2017. We newly introduce a pay raise equivalent to 2% (about 6,000 yen per month). With wages in the budget reflected appropriately in the childcare providers’ actual wages, we additionally improve wages for those who have enough skills and experiences, thus reducing a gap between childcare providers and female workers across all industries, which is currently around 40,000 yen per month. We also eliminate the wage gap between male and female workers across industries as a whole, promoting measures based on the Act of Promotion of Women's Participation and Advancement in the Workplace and achieving the concept of "equal pay for equal work." We further improve compensation for childcare providers as needed. We are preparing “After-school Kids’ Clubs” for an additional 300,000 children by the end of FY2019. While promoting improvement in wages for childcare providers and reduction in the labor burdens shouldered by them, we consider the way to bring forward additional arrangements of the club to satisfy the need by the end of FY2018. We are making efforts toward the expansion of a forgivable loan scheme and enhancement of productivity by utilizing ICT in a comprehensive manner. 3. Improving the Environment for Childcare 4. Improving the Environment for Nursing Care Additional“After-schoolKids’ Club”CapacityArrangement EnsuringandDeveloping VariousChildcareProviders ImprovementinWagesof NursingCareProviders EnsuringandDeveloping VariousNursingCareProviders ImprovementinWageof ChildcareProvidersand Non-regularWorkers AdditionalChildcare CapacityArrangement AdditionalNursingCare CapacityArrangement Weacceleratethepreparationofadditionalarrangementsformorethan380,000people(expected increaseinarrangementsinFY2015-FY2020).Furthermore,weraisedthistargettomorethan500,000 people,tobeaccomplishedbytheearly2020s. Toeliminatethewagegapbetweennursingcareprovidersandworkersincomparableindustries,we introduceacareerdevelopmentschemefromFY2017andimprovewagesby10,000yenpermonth onaverage. Wearemakingeffortstowardtheexpansionofaforgivableloanscheme,utilizationofseniorhuman resourcesandenhancementofproductivitybyutilizingnursingcarerobotsandICTinacomprehensive manner.

3. Empowerment of women, enhancing support of marriage, supporting youths and families with small children, enabling three generations of a family to live together or nearby for supporting childcare in an easier manner, support of children or youths having difficulties in living social life smoothly, etc. Empowermentof Women Expansionof Scholarship Program 6. Other Measures for Achieving the Desired Birth Rate of 1.8 5. Improving the Environment in Which All Children Can Receive the Education They Desire Weincreaseschoolcounselorsandschoolsocialworkersandprovidesupportforchildrenstudying outsidetraditionalschools,suchasfreeschools.Wealsoincreasestudysupportteamsinlocalareaswhich arefreeofchargeinprinciple,alongwithcooperationoflocalresidentsaswellasutilizationofICT,to approximately5,000districts,byFY2019. Grant-type Interest-free ProvisionofOpportunities forStudytoEveryChild Interest bearing Repayment SupporttoYouthsand FamilieswithSmallChildren Weprovidechildrenandyouthshavingdifficultiesinlivingsmoothlywithaccompanying-typesupportssuch as“LocalSupportStation”incollaborationwithagenciesconcerned. Wesupportalifestyleofmutualassistanceinchildcareamonggenerationswithinalargefamily availabletothosewhowantit. Everymunicipalitynationwidewillestablisha“ComprehensiveSupportCentersforGenerations Taking CareofChildren”bytheendofFY2020.Wewillstrengthensupportfunctionbyplacinginfertility counselingcentersinalltheprefecturesandmajorcitiesbyFY2019. Basedonthewrap-upoftheCouncilonConsideringtheWayofChildren’sHealthcareSystem,wewill haveaconclusionafterconsideringthereviewofreducingthefinancialburdenunderthenational health-insurancesystembytheendof2016. SupporttoChildren,Youths etc. ThreeGenerationsLiving TogetherorNearby Weencouragebusinessestomakeregularworkerswhohaveoncelefttheirjobforchildcareworkagain asregularworkers.Wesupportsingleparentstoacquirequalifications,whichgivethemadvantagein findingtheirdesiredwork.Wepromoteleadershipprogramsforwomenwhoarecandidatesfor executivepositions. Weenablestudentswhoarequalifiedtoreceiveinterest-freescholarshipsbuthavenotyetreceived them.Wealsoenablestudentswhoarefromlow-incomefamiliestoreceiveinterest-free scholarshipbysignificantlyrelaxingscholasticrequirements. Wespreadthebenefitofcurrentlow-interestratestothosewhoborrowatfixedorvariable interestrates.Especiallyforborrowersatvariableinterestrates,weconsiderbuildingascheme thatinterestratesbecomealmostzero. Wefurtherdiscussfoundingthegrant-typescholarshipsystemintermsoffairnessamonga generationandrevenueresources,thusenhancingsupporttochildrenwhoareinfinancially difficultconditions. Weintroduceanewtypeofscholarshipthattheamountofmonthlypaymentislinkedtoapplicants’ incomeaftertheirgraduation. ItappliestostudentswhonewlyborrowfromFY2017.

4. (1)TheFourthIndustrialRevolution (2)TowardGlobalLeadershipinHealthCare (3)OvercomingEnvironmentalandEnergyConstraints andExpandingInvestments (4)ChangingSportsintoaGrowthIndustry (5)VisualizationProjectsfor2020TokyoOlympicand ParalympicGames (6)RevitalizingtheMarketforTransactionofExisting HousesandReform (7)ImprovingProductivityintheServiceIndustry (8)FacilitatingInnovationofLeadingMedium-sized Companies,SMEs,andSmallBusinesses (9)PromotingProactiveAgriculture,ForestryandFishery andReinforcingExports (10)RealizingJapanasanAdvancedCountryforTourism (11)FacilitatingRegionalReinvigoration (12)BuildingNationalResilienceandDevelopingSocial InfrastructureswithLargeStockEffects (13)VitalizationofConsumptionandInvestmentsbyTaking AdvantageoftheLowInterestRates (14)RegulatoryandInstitutionalReformstoAchievea ProductivityRevolution (15)CreatingInnovationandHumanResourcesWillingto TakeonChallenges (16)TakinginGrowingMarketsOverseas Extensionofhealthylives,supporttoactivitiesofpeoplewithdisabilities,fightingintractablediseasesandcancer,realizationofcohesivesocieties inlocalareas,etc. 7. Other Measures Toward “No One Forced to Leave Their Jobs for Nursing Care” 8. Measures Toward “The Largest Nominal GDP in Post-War History of 600 Trillion Yen Realizationof CohesiveSocieties inLocalAreas SupportforActivitiesof PeoplewithDisabilities, FightingIntractable DiseasesandCancer ExtensionofHealthyLives Wewillestablishanenvironmentinwhichpeoplewithdisabilities,peoplefightingintractablediseases, andthosewithcancercanplay fullyactiverolesaccordingtotheirwishesandabilitiesaswellas characteristicsofdisordersanddiseases,bypromotingsupportforjobhuntingandjobretention,and balancingtheirjobswithmedicaltreatments. Wepromotesports,andculturalandartisticactivitiesofpeoplewithdisabilities.Wewillalsoestablishan environmentinwhichchildrenwithdisabilitiescanstudytogetherwithanychildren. Wewillachieve“regionalcohesivesocieties”whereallpeople–children,theelderly,peoplewith disabilities,etc.–cancreatetheirlocalcommunities,theirwayoflivesandtheirmotivations alltogether, andmutuallyenhanceoneanother.Towardthisgoal,wepromotedevelopinglocalcommunitieswhere alltheresidentshavetheirownroles,supporteachother,andplayactiverolesastheywish. Wetakemeasuresfordiseasepreventionandhealthpromotionnotonlyafterretirementbutalsoduring activecareers.

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