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Japan: Feudalism and Tokugawa

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Information about Japan: Feudalism and Tokugawa

Published on May 7, 2007

Author: dmcdowell

Source: slideshare.net

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Japan Feudalism and Tokugawa

Rise of Feudalism Land became consolidated into Shoens - controlled by a few powerful families

Land became consolidated into Shoens - controlled by a few powerful families

Decentralization of government - emperor becomes figurehead Military leaders (Shoguns) hold real power Samurai emerged Bushido code Rise of Feudalism

Decentralization of government - emperor becomes figurehead

Military leaders (Shoguns) hold real power

Samurai emerged

Bushido code

Power shifted into the hands of those in charge of the shoens —the daimyo Daimyo fight for dominance. independence Control local justice, taxes Rise of Feudalism

Power shifted into the hands of those in charge of the shoens —the daimyo

Daimyo fight for dominance. independence

Control local justice, taxes

 

FRANCE H.R. EMPIRE

Economic Development Tax burden on the peasants Trade Economic advancements Merchants considered lowest class

Tax burden on the peasants

Trade

Economic advancements

Merchants considered lowest class

Europeans Reach Japan Portuguese traders arrived in 1543 As the Portuguese began to trade regularly, Jesuit priests also arrived to spread Christianity in 1549

Portuguese traders arrived in 1543

As the Portuguese began to trade regularly, Jesuit priests also arrived to spread Christianity in 1549

Daimyo of Edo; proclaimed shogun in 1603 Installed his son as shogun in order to strengthen Tokugawa control and eliminate problems of succession Political unity Tokugawa Ieyasu

Daimyo of Edo; proclaimed shogun in 1603

Installed his son as shogun in order to strengthen Tokugawa control and eliminate problems of succession

Political unity

The Tokugawa Shogunate 1603 – 1869 Relied on the feudal system Appointed daimyo leaders to help administer governmental duties Emphasized maintaining order and control Maintained both a public and secret police

1603 – 1869

Relied on the feudal system

Appointed daimyo leaders to help administer governmental duties

Emphasized maintaining order and control

Maintained both a public and secret police

Social Class During the Tokugawa Shogunate Warrior-administrators Peasants Craftsmen Merchants

The Samurai During the Tokugawa Shogunate Samurai began to follow the bushido code In charge of Japan’s military Gradually shifted to governmental and administrative roles

Samurai began to follow the bushido code

In charge of Japan’s military

Gradually shifted to governmental and administrative roles

Christianity and the Tokugawa Catholic missionaries attempted to convert the elites, but had little success More success in the countryside Shimabara Rebellion Persecution of Japanese Christians, expulsion of missionaries

Catholic missionaries attempted to convert the elites, but had little success

More success in the countryside

Shimabara Rebellion

Persecution of Japanese Christians, expulsion of missionaries

The Closing of Japan Shimabara Rebellion heightened fear of foreign influences Tokugawa “closed” Japan beginning in 1649 Allowed limited contact with the Dutch, Chinese, Koreans Trade significantly limited and controlled Some daimyos ignored the closing

Shimabara Rebellion heightened fear of foreign influences

Tokugawa “closed” Japan beginning in 1649

Allowed limited contact with the Dutch, Chinese, Koreans

Trade significantly limited and controlled

Some daimyos ignored the closing

Less need for warriors The samurai slowly lost power, status The warrior ethic seemed to lose its relevance Decline of the Samurai

Less need for warriors

The samurai slowly lost power, status

The warrior ethic seemed to lose its relevance

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