IVY GOURD-2(coccinia)

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Information about IVY GOURD-2(coccinia)
Science-Technology

Published on March 11, 2014

Author: csreddyhorticult

Source: authorstream.com

IVY GOURD: IVY GOURD (Cucurbitaceous) *Ivy gourd is a cucurbitaceous vegetable. * It’s scientific name is “Coccinia indica L”. *It is commonly called as little gourd,kundru,tondli,scarlet gourd,these are climbing perennial. *It has different names like Dondakaya(Telugu),Kunduri(Oriya),Kovakkai(Malayalm),Tondli(Marathi). *It is most commonly used as vegetable in southern and central India. *Also grown in China,central America and other tropical countries. *The fruits are smooth , little green in colour with white stripes when immature and scarlet red when ripe. : *Ivy gourd is a cucurbitaceous vegetable. * It’s scientific name is “ Coccinia indica L”. *It is commonly called as little gourd,kundru,tondli,scarlet gourd,these are climbing perennial. *It has different names like Dondakaya (Telugu), Kunduri (Oriya), Kovakkai ( Malayalm ), Tondli (Marathi). *It is most commonly used as vegetable in southern and central India. *Also grown in China,central America and other tropical countries. *The fruits are smooth , little green in colour with white stripes when immature and scarlet red when ripe. ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION *T he fruits are rich source of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins A&C. *The leaves are also used in same parts of India for their medicinal value. *It is dioecious in nature(24),the genus is included in the sub family cucurbitoideae, has 30 species in the old world, most in Africa. One species is cultivated. *fruits are void & elliptic, about 4-5cm long and 1-2cm in diameter. : *T he fruits are rich source of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins A&C. *The leaves are also used in same parts of India for their medicinal value. *It is dioecious in nature(24),the genus is included in the sub family cucurbitoideae , has 30 species in the old world, most in Africa. One species is cultivated. *fruits are void & elliptic, about 4-5cm long and 1-2cm in diameter. Soil and Climate:-: *The ideal soil for this is well drained and fertile. *Sandy loam with perfect drainage and ample nutrient supply favour better growth. *It is a warm season vegetable and bears excellent crop during summer. *It also tolerate cold during winter months but produces few fruits. *For better growth,it needs a warm and moist-climate. *Due to severe cold few fruits are produced in the northern parts of India. *In southern India due to mild winter the fruits are produced in 2-3 flusher. *How ever there are two fruits peaks,i.e . in summer and rainy seasons. Soil and Climate:- Seeds and Sowing:-: *It is propagated through stem cuttings.(semi hard wood cutting) *The cutting of about 25cm long and pencil thickness taken from older shoots which root better producing early crop. *Planting is done during June-July and Feb-Mar. *Cuttings are taken from healthy plants during the rainy season. *Then planted in basins prepared after deep ploughing and harrowing. *Basins 60-75cm in diameter are made 2m apart on both sides. *Two cuttings are planted in each basin to obtain one plant. *to produce roots one bud should be kept below the soil. *Usually 10-15 days are required for cutting to sprout and start growing. *To get good yields,5-10% of the vines of the male type should be planted in the field. Seeds and Sowing:- Training and pruning:- : *Since the new shoots are delicate ,the young plants require support to keep their shoots growing up right. *For a commercial crop ,plants are trained on a bower system constructed to suit the growth the vine. *To grow straight and spread there branches to the bowers they are supported by stakes. *On the bower the branches are properly trained. *To encourage shoots on the bower the central shoots of the main stem below the bower are removed. *Dead and diseased shoots are removed. *When vines are established no regular pruning is needed Training and pruning:- Nutrient requirement:- : *The application of two baskets of well rotten fym per vine,3 times a year is adequate for providing nutrients. *In south Gujarat,45kg N/ha in the form of castor or groundnut cake or well rotten fym is applied at the time of fruiting. *In the second year, the same doses of manures and fertilizers are again applied Nutrient requirement:- Irrigation:-: *Crop should be irrigated and once a week during hot months. *During the rainy season irrigation is needed. *Water stagnation should be avoided at all times. *Proper moister should be supplied during flowering and fruit setting stages. *During rooting of the cuttings adequate soil-moister is necessary Irrigation:- Weeding:- : *Weed growth should be checked by regular hoeing and weeding. *Weeding with out disturbing the growth of vines. *shallow hoeing should be done so that the fedding roots are not disturbed Weeding:- Harvesting and Yield:-: *Ivy gourd fruits are produced almost through out the year. *The stage of harvesting is determined by change in colour from dark-green to bright or light –green. *The tender and fully grown fruits are harvested carefully so that no injury is caused to the vines. *Under ideal conditions ,approximately 8-10kg of fruits can be harvested per vine per year. *An average of 200-300 fruits weighing 3-4kg can be harvested per vine per year, *These can be stored for 4 weeks at room temperature. *About 10-12 tones yield can be otained from one hec area. Harvesting and Yield:- References: References Vegetables, tuber crops and spices. Vegetable science- D. singh. Thank you:  Thank you

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