istc301space

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Education

Published on January 22, 2008

Author: Paola

Source: authorstream.com

OUTER SPACE:  OUTER SPACE Click on the image of earth to always get back to the table of contents page. Click on the image of the space shuttle to always move to the next page Rachael Love Pick your Mission::  Pick your Mission: Our solar system The first man on the moon A teacher in space The moon Planets Our Sun Outer Space Vocabulary More vocabulary Assessment Resources Click the Earth to get back here. OUR SOLAR SYSTEM:  OUR SOLAR SYSTEM Our solar system is centered around our sun. There are nine planets and their moons Asteroids, comets, and meteors Everything orbits around the sun. Our solar system is the Milky Way galaxy- the galaxy is a part of our universe. FIRST MAN TO WALK ON THE MOON:  FIRST MAN TO WALK ON THE MOON "This is one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind" –Neil Armstrong July 20th, 1969 on Apollo 11 The first man was Neil Armstrong and the second was Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin Their footsteps will remain on the moon for millions of years. This mission proves man can walk on another world. The last mission to land on the moon was in 1972. Click here to see more pictures of the landing. Images of landing on the moon :  Images of landing on the moon Click here to see a video clip from NASA to see their future plans of landing on the Moon once again. Christa McAuliffe:  Christa McAuliffe Christa was a high school history and social studies teacher. She was chosen over 11,500 other applicants to teach two lessons in space She was aboard the Challenger on January 28th, 1986 when 73 seconds after take off it exploded in the air and she died with the rest of the 7 member crew. Her family, her students, and the rest of the world were watching from all across the nation. Today, Her college has named their education school after her, and there have been many scholarships given in her name. OUR MOON:  OUR MOON Second brightest object in the sky. It orbits around the Earth once per month. The moon has no atmosphere-which means no light or sound, if you spoke you wouldn’t be heard, and that is why there is a black sky around it. Most of the surface is covered with regolith, fine dust and rocky debris caused by meteor hits, the rest is called Maria which is smooth and young caused by craters that flooded with molten lava. It’s the only surface in our solar system besides Earth that man has walked on Moon Phases:  Moon Phases PLANETS-click on a planet to learn more!:  PLANETS-click on a planet to learn more! SATURN MARS MERCURY VENUS JUPITER URANUS NEPTUNE PLUTO CHARON Click here to get back to this planet page. SATURN:  SATURN Has a ring around it that’s made up of pieces of ice and rock that range from the size of a pebble to the size of a house. It is the sixth planet from the sun. It is the second largest planet in our solar system. Click to go back to planets page MARS:  MARS It is the farthest from the sun. It has red soil. 2002, the first rover landed on the surface of Mars and they concluded that open water once existed here. In 2005, the Renaissance orbiter will be launched to look under the surface of Mars to find water MERCURY:  MERCURY It is the closest planet to the sun. From day to night it can be one of the coldest or hottest places in our solar system. It can drop about 1,080F. It is the fastest planet in our solar system and speeds around the sun at 107,000 miles per hour. VENUS:  VENUS It is just about exactly the same size as Earth. It is the hottest planet in our solar system. The gasses around Venus trap the sun’s heat and makes it so hot that it could melt lead. It is the brightest planet in Earth’s night sky because it’s the closest. JUPITER:  JUPITER It is the largest of all planets. Ex. 1000 Earth’s could fit inside. It has a Great Rod Spot which is a storm around Jupiter. It is surrounded by Moons. URANUS:  URANUS First planet discovered in modern times. Composed of rocks, ices, and some hydrogen. It’s blue color is caused by the absorption of red light by methane in the atmosphere. It has 11 faint rings made up of particles. You could barely see it at night without a telescope. NEPTUNE:  NEPTUNE It has a blue coloring just like Uranus due to the red light by Methane in the atmosphere. It does have rings around it. It is made up of ices, rocks, and some hydrogen. It had a Great Dark Spot which has now disappeared. PLUTO AND CHARON:  PLUTO AND CHARON Pluto is the farthest planet from the sun and the smallest planet. It is the only planet that has not been visited by a space craft. Charon is Pluto’s satellite. Sometimes Pluto is closer to the Sun then Neptune, making Neptune the farthest away. Charon and Pluto rotate keeping the same face towards each other. OUR SUN:  OUR SUN It’s the largest object in our solar system Just like a star except it is about 9% bigger in mass size It is made up of 70% hydrogen, 28% helium, and 2% metals. At the sun’s core the temp. is about 15.6 million Kelvin, the surface is about 5800K. When the sun is totally blocked by the sun its called a total eclipse. A solar eclipse is when it doesn’t fully cover the sun. It’s about 4.5 billion years old and will live the same for another 5 billion where it will eventually run out of hydrogen and destroy the Earth. OUTER SPACE VOCABULARY:  OUTER SPACE VOCABULARY Core- the innermost layer of a planet or star. Constellation- a group of stars that make shape and is named after something mythological, an animal, or other things. Asteroid-A rocky space object which can be from a few hundred feet to several hundred km wide. Most asteroids in our solar system orbit the Sun in a belt between Mars and Jupiter. Atmosphere-The layers of gases which surround a star, like our Sun, or a planet, like our Earth. Comet- Frozen masses of gas and dust which have a definite orbit through the solar system. VOCABULARY:  VOCABULARY Galaxy- A cluster of stars, dust, and gas held together by gravity. Gravity- The force of attraction between two objects which is influenced by the mass of the two objects and the distance between the two objects. Kelvin- A scale for measuring temperature where 0 Kelvin is equal to -273.16 degrees Celsius. Zero Kelvin is referred to as absolute zero, the point at which all motion within molecules comes to a stop. Meteor- Meteoroids which burn up in the atmosphere of a space body, such as the Earth, prior to impacting on the surface. NASA- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration which oversees the space program in the United States ASSESSMENT:  ASSESSMENT You will answer three separate questions to test your knowledge. They are multiple choice and true false. Click the Rocket to get to the first question. Good Luck! Are you ready for take off???:  Are you ready for take off??? 1. Christa McAuliffe was a teacher aboard what space shuttle when it exploded 73 seconds after take off in 1986?? Apollo 11 The Challenger Apollo 13 The Voyager Your mission was cancelled:  Your mission was cancelled WRONG ANSWER PLEASE TRY AGAIN! CLICK THE QUESTION MARK TO GO BACK TO THE QUESTION Take off!!!:  Take off!!! GREAT JOB! CLICK THE ROCKET SHIP TO MOVE ON! NEXT MISSION…:  NEXT MISSION… 2. Pluto and Charon have been the only planet that hasn’t been visited by a spacecraft. True False Your mission was cancelled.:  Your mission was cancelled. Incorrect Please try again Click the question to go back Take off!:  Take off! Great Job Your right, Pluto and Charon are the only planet that have not been visited. Click the rocket ship to go to your last question. Last Mission…get ready for take off…:  Last Mission…get ready for take off… 3. Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the Moon in what year? 1969 1958 1970 1968 Your Mission was cancelled:  Your Mission was cancelled Incorrect Please try again Click on the question to go back Take off!!:  Take off!! Fantastic! Click the rocket ship to view my resources or you can end the show. Resources:  Resources http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a11/images11.html http://marsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/video/index.html#MROHighGain http://www.solarviews.com/eng/solarsys.htm http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/Anniversary_VisMar/index_noaccess.html http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/glossary_level2/glossary_text.html#solar_system http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/bobalien99/moonphase.htm

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