Islamic Civilization

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Information about Islamic Civilization

Published on March 26, 2008

Author: rhalter

Source: slideshare.net

Islamic Civilization

Background After the death of Muhammad, Islam spread across parts of three continents Muslim Empires ruled over parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia Islam experienced a golden age during the 700’s and 800’s A golden age is a time of unparalleled peace and prosperity when a civilization reaches its peak

After the death of Muhammad, Islam spread across parts of three continents

Muslim Empires ruled over parts of Europe, Africa, and Asia

Islam experienced a golden age during the 700’s and 800’s

A golden age is a time of unparalleled peace and prosperity when a civilization reaches its peak

The Spread of Islam Islam arose on the Arabian Peninsula in the early 600’s In 632 Muhammad died and Abu Bakr was elected the first caliph or successor to Muhammad The period when Muslims were ruled by caliphs was known as the caliphate, this is when the Islamic world expanded Abu Bakr was successful in uniting the Muslims. Through military conquests they conquered parts of the Byzantine Empire, Persia, Middle East, North Africa, Spain, Sicily, India, and southeast Asia

Islam arose on the Arabian Peninsula in the early 600’s

In 632 Muhammad died and Abu Bakr was elected the first caliph or successor to Muhammad

The period when Muslims were ruled by caliphs was known as the caliphate, this is when the Islamic world expanded

Abu Bakr was successful in uniting the Muslims. Through military conquests they conquered parts of the Byzantine Empire, Persia, Middle East, North Africa, Spain, Sicily, India, and southeast Asia

The Spread of Islam

Reasons for Muslim Success The Arabs were strong fighters The Byzantine and Persian Empires were weak from fighting wars United belief in Islam Muslim rulers treated conquered people fairly Non-Muslims were allowed to practice their own religions freely, as long as they paid a tax to the Muslim Empire Many conquered people will convert to Islam

The Arabs were strong fighters

The Byzantine and Persian Empires were weak from fighting wars

United belief in Islam

Muslim rulers treated conquered people fairly

Non-Muslims were allowed to practice their own religions freely, as long as they paid a tax to the Muslim Empire

Many conquered people will convert to Islam

Islamic Law As Islam spread, Islamic scholars developed a system of laws to help people interpret the Koran and apply it to everyday life The system of law developed is known as Sharia. It regulated moral behavior, family life, business, and government Basically, Sharia applied the Koran to all aspects of life, not just spiritual aspects

As Islam spread, Islamic scholars developed a system of laws to help people interpret the Koran and apply it to everyday life

The system of law developed is known as Sharia. It regulated moral behavior, family life, business, and government

Basically, Sharia applied the Koran to all aspects of life, not just spiritual aspects

Divisions within Islam Two different groups of Muslims emerged, Sunnis and Shiites Sunnis believed the caliph should be chosen by Muslim leaders Shiites believed that only the descendents of Muhammad should be his successor This split continues today and often results in violence

Two different groups of Muslims emerged, Sunnis and Shiites

Sunnis believed the caliph should be chosen by Muslim leaders

Shiites believed that only the descendents of Muhammad should be his successor

This split continues today and often results in violence

Islams Golden Age Muslims blended and absorbed customs and traditions from many of the peoples they ruled Preserved the Greco-Roman culture Muhammad stressed the importance of learning Arts and architecture – Muslims architects built mosques and beautiful palaces. Artists were excellent at calligraphy, which decorated artwork and buildings. Literature – adopted the ideas of Greek, Indian, and Chinese writers Math and Science – Muslims studied Indian and Greek mathematics, pioneered the study of algebra and geometry, and calculated the circumference of the earth to within a few thousand feet Muslim doctors had to pass very difficult tests before they could practice medicine

Muslims blended and absorbed customs and traditions from many of the peoples they ruled

Preserved the Greco-Roman culture

Muhammad stressed the importance of learning

Arts and architecture – Muslims architects built mosques and beautiful palaces. Artists were excellent at calligraphy, which decorated artwork and buildings.

Literature – adopted the ideas of Greek, Indian, and Chinese writers

Math and Science – Muslims studied Indian and Greek mathematics, pioneered the study of algebra and geometry, and calculated the circumference of the earth to within a few thousand feet

Muslim doctors had to pass very difficult tests before they could practice medicine

Arabic Painting of Socrates

Golden Age Examples

Economic Achievements Trade – Muslims developed an extensive trade network across their empire Manufacturing – organized manufacturing in the Muslim world produced steel swords, leather goods, and carpets Agriculture – farmers grew sugarcane, cotton, herbs, fruits, and vegetables

Trade – Muslims developed an extensive trade network across their empire

Manufacturing – organized manufacturing in the Muslim world produced steel swords, leather goods, and carpets

Agriculture – farmers grew sugarcane, cotton, herbs, fruits, and vegetables

Muslim Trade Routes

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