Published on February 27, 2014
RELIGIONS IN MALAYSIA FIM 1123 ISLAM AND BUDDHISM IN MYANMAR
HISTORICAL STORY 1.HOW ISLAM CAME TO MYANMAR 2.HOW BUDDHISM CAME TO MYANMAR
HISTORY OF ISLAM IN MYANMAR •The first Muslims (9th century) had landed: 1.Myanmar (Burma's) Ayeyarwady River delta 2.Tanintharyi Coast 3. Rakhine •Prior to the establishment of the first Myanmar (Burmese) empire in 1055 AD by King Anawrahta of Bagan
• Propagation of Islam & Muslim settlements (9th century): 1. Arab 2. Persian 3. European 4. Chinese • The current population of Myanmar Muslims are the descendants of Arabs, Persians, Turks, Moors, IndianMuslims, sheikhs, Pakistanis, Pathans, Bengalis, C hinese Muslims and Malays who settled and intermarried with local Burmese and many ethnic Myanmar groups such as, Rakhine, Shan, Karen, Mon etc
HISTORY OF BUDDHISM IN MYANMAR • More than 2000 years • Sasana Vamsa (Pinyasami/1834) – summarizes Buddhism history in Burma. • Theravada Buddhism – first time implanted at Pagan (early 11th century) by Burmese King Anawratha (1044-1077 AD). • 1057 - Anawratha sent an army, conquer the Mon city of Thaton in order to obtain the Tipitaka Buddhist canon.
• During the British administration of Lower and Upper Burma (Burma Proper) government policies were secular - monks were not protected by law. • There was much opposition (including by the Irish monk U Dhammaloka) to the efforts by Christian missionaries to convert the Burmese people, Bamar, Shan, Mon, Rakhine and plains Karen, with one exception - the hill tribes. • 1948 - country gained its independence from Great Britain, both civil and military governments have supported Theravada Buddhism. • The Ministry of Religious Affairs (1948) - responsible for administering Buddhist affairs in Burma.
CURRENT ISSUES IN BURMA MUSLIMS IN BURMA Prologue The Massacre Mutual Trust
PROLOGUE 1- The Burmese king Bayintnaung (15501589 ) imposed restrictions upon his Muslim subjects. No Qurban , Eid Fitri 2- King Bodawpaya (1782-1819) arrested 4 Imams and killed (eat pork) 3- Riot & Racism 1930 (British Era) 4- Burma for Burmese Campaign 5- Inquiry Committee of British , promote equality 6- Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League ( AFPFL) by General Aung San & U Nu , Burmese Muslim Congres (BMC) joined AFPFL in 1948
CLIMAX Ne Win's coup d'état (1962) Expelled Muslim army Accused Muslim as Terrorist Anti-Muslim riots in Mandalay (1997) The Massacre
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