Islam (2 ESO)

40 %
60 %
Information about Islam (2 ESO)
Education

Published on February 19, 2014

Author: ana.bel

Source: slideshare.net

Description

2 ESO bilingual; Origin and Expansion of Islam. What is Islam? The five pillars of Islam

Islam What is Islam?

Islam • Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers. • The word 'Islam' in Arabic means submission to the will of God. • Followers of Islam are called Muslims. • Muslims believe there is one true God Allah (the Arabic word for God)

Islam • Muslims believe that Islam was revealed over 1400 years ago in Mecca, Arabia through a man called Muhammed. • Muhammed is believed by Muslims to be the last prophet sent by God (Allah).

The Origin of Islam • Islam originated on the Arabian Peninsula, a land which is mostly a huge desert.

At that time (the 6th century), the interior of the Arabian Peninsula was inhabited by tribes of polytheistic Arab nomads. Main tribes and settlements of Arabia in Muhammad's lifetime

The main cities of Yathrib (Medina) and Mecca were in the western part and they were crossroads for the merchant caravans coming for the Far East.

Muhammed • Muhammed, the Islamic prophet, was born in Mecca around the year 570. • Muhammed’s teachings were written down in the Koran, the Muslim’s sacred book, which contains Allah’s words to Muhammed. • The Koran has 114 chapters called suras, written in Arabic.

A folio from an early Koran, written in Kufic script (Abbasid period, 8th– 9th century). Typical glass and enamel mosque lamp with the Ayat an- Nur or "Verse of Light” 11th-century North African Koran in the British Museum Koran inscriptions on Bara Gumbad mosque wall, Lodhi Gardens, Delhi, India.

The five pillars of Islam • The Koran contains the five obligations of all Muslims believers, which are called the pillars of Islam. • They are as follows: – – – – – Belief (Shahada) Praying five times a day (Salat) Charity (Zakah) Fasting (Sawm) a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime(Hajj)

The five pillars of Islam • Belief (Shahada): the declaration of faith. Muslims believe that it’s only one God (Allah) and Muhammed is his prophet. • Praying five times a day (Salat). Muslims pray at dawn, mid-day, late afternoon, sunset and at night, just before bed.

The Mosque • Muslims worship in a building called a Mosque. • On Friday at noon, the most important of the weekly services is held. • When Muslims pray, they must always face Mecca.

The expansion of Islam Age of the Caliphs Expansion under the Prophet Muhammed, 622-632 Expansion during the Patriarchal Caliphate, 632-661 Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate, 661-750

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

2. C. SOCIALS 2n ESO | C.SOCIALS a SECUNDÀRIA

2. C. SOCIALS 2n ESO LA TERRA. UNITAT 1 1. La població al món UNITAT 2 2. Moviments naturals i migratoris UNITAT 3 3. ... L’Islam. Al-Àndalus
Read more

Islam (2 ESO) - Education - documents

2 ESO bilingual; Origin and Expansion of Islam. What is Islam? The five pillars of Islam
Read more

Al-Andalus - 2º ESO - Unidad 5 - YouTube

Explicación de la unidad 5 de 2º de ESO sobre Al Andalus, relacionado con la unidad 2: el Islam.
Read more

g L’ISLAM. AL ANDALUS | C.SOCIALS a SECUNDÀRIA

2. C. SOCIALS 2n ESO. ... 2. Video sobre l’Islam. http://www.artehistoria.jcyl.es/civilizaciones/videos/IM000469.wmv. 3.Presentació digital sobre l’Islam.
Read more

Ciències Socials: TEMA 1: L'ISLAM I AL-ÀNDALUS (2 ESO)

2.2. L’islam, un codi de conducta.-L’islam sosté alguns principis bàsics d’organització social, econòmica i política. El poder només pertany a ...
Read more

El Islam - Unidad 2 - 2º de ESO - YouTube

Explicación de la unidad 2 sobre el Islam para nivel 2º de ESO por la profesora Rosa Liarte Alcaine #leccionesdehistoria
Read more

1000+ images about 2°ESO:Islam on Pinterest | Islam ...

Explore Lupe Rodríguez's board "2°ESO:Islam" on Pinterest, the world's catalog of ideas. | See more about Islam, Muslim and Pillars of islam.
Read more

Ciències Socials Segon d'ESO: TEMA 2: L'ISLAM I LA SEVA ...

Ciències Socials Segon d'ESO: TEMA 2: L'ISLAM I LA SEVA ...
Read more