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IsiorhoChildrenWomen WaterHawaii04

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Published on September 3, 2007

Author: Naples

Source: authorstream.com

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Children, Women, and Water in the Sahel region of Africa:  Children, Women, and Water in the Sahel region of Africa Solomon A Isiorho Dept. of Geosciences Indiana – Purdue University Ft. Wayne (IPFW) andamp; Edna O Isiorho, RN Allen Superior Court Allen County Juvenile Center Fort Wayne, Indiana IntroductionLocation:  Introduction Location Hydrologic Cycle:  Hydrologic Cycle Presentation outline:  Presentation outline Introduction Problem(s) Nature of Lake Chad Sources of water Diseases Solution Conclusion Problems:  Problems Global climatic change Problems:  Problems Global climatic change Population growth Problems:  Problems Global climatic change Population growth Irrigation Problems:  Problems Global climatic change Population growth Irrigation Education Problems:  Problems Global climatic change Population growth Irrigation Education One major source of water…Lake Nature of Lake Chad:  Nature of Lake Chad Watershed Productivity Size Depth Shoreline Lake Chad Basin:  Lake Chad Basin Productivity:  Productivity Fish andamp; Others Nature of Lake ChadSize & depth:  Nature of Lake Chad Size andamp; depth Shoreline (Dec. 2002):  Shoreline (Dec. 2002) Water:  Water 'Water is indispensable for life, not only for drinking water, but also for raising crops for food. Fishing provides a major source of protein for much of the world's population. Throughout history, cities and villages have grown up near sources of water, for drinking, sustenance, and transportation. … Water-bourne diseases remain a significant source of mortality in many developing countries.' Health Crisis :  Health Crisis 'Advances in health, sanitation, and nutrition have more than doubled longevity worldwide. The major causes of death throughout history -- smallpox, flu, cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, plagues, and measles -- have been virtually eliminated as serious threats in industrialized nations. Yet, influenza, HIV-AIDS, diarrhea diseases, tuberculosis, measles, and malaria remain primary killers in Africa and other developing regions. Many of these diseases are related to poor environmental practices, including land and water use. Water-bourne diseases are estimated to cause 5 million deaths a year, particularly affecting children and the elderly. Schistosomiasis is believed to have arisen in the last few decades because of irrigation practices in hot climates.' Environmental Literacy Council Health Crisis Contd:  Health Crisis Contd 'Sub-Saharan Africa is undergoing a serious health crisis. It is currently one of only two regions in the world in which longevity is declining (the other is Russia). One million people die of malaria each year; ninety percent of these deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. In fact, five percent of all children in this region die of malaria. Seventy percent of all cases of HIV-AIDS occur in Sub-Saharan Africa.' Environmental Literacy Council Water:  Water Who does the water fetching? Water:  Water Who does the water fetching? Distance Several kilometers (~5 miles…up to 5hrs Load/work 50 lbs of water Water:  Water Who does the water fetching? Distance Several kilometers (~5 miles…up to 5hrs Load/work 50 lbs of water Nature of water Safety Sources of Water:  Sources of Water Surface Rain …May to September Rivers…Chari/Lagone, ElBeid Lakes…Lake Chad Ponds… Groundwater Shallow Deep Hydrograph:  Hydrograph Hydrograph:  Hydrograph Discussions:  Discussions Drought condition:  Drought condition Drought condition:  Drought condition Lake serves as political boundary:  Lake serves as political boundary Conflict?:  Conflict? Wasting Water:  Wasting Water Water testing:  Water testing Education?:  Education? Education:  Education Management strategy interpretation and dissemination of information eliminate water wasting projects involve stakeholders conjunctive surface andamp; ground water use Conclusions:  Conclusions Water borne diseases still continue to plaque developing nations with children and women bearing the brunt of the procurement problem Education and involvement of all stakeholders necessary to address the issues of children, women and water in the Sahel region of Africa

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