Published on December 18, 2013
Private Sector Development Center مركز تنمية القطاع الخاص Khalid Mahdi
Iraq’s Private Sector’s Perspective about Prospective Investment Zones in Iraq
Agenda What is the PDSC? Snapshot from the ICA Report 2012 Lessons Learned from Post Conflict Countries Examples on Obstacles faced by an IZ Private and Public Sector Zones Examples of PPP
What is the PSDC? The Center is a joint private sector body in Iraq focused on economic reform. Its mission is to contribute to: – Business Development – Investment – Economic Growth – Entrepreneurship The Center will achieve the above by: – Identifying barriers to reform – Working with the Government to implement tangible solutions
PSDC structure er Steer Ste g ing in Com Come t mitte mit e e The Secretariat provides support to the steering committee and the working groups. The Center is led by the Steering Committee. Secretaria Secretaria t t Regular discussions on reform issues will take place through Working Groups. Working Groups Working Groups
Labour Productivity & Unit Labour Cost by Firm Size
Annual Subsidies for SOEs
Innovation Indicators by Firm Size
Definition of SEZ A ‘Special Economic Zone’ is defined as geographically delimited areas administered by a single body, offering certain incentives.
Lessons learned from Croatia and Mozambique 1. There is no need to wait until the conflict is resolved to start preparing an FDI-friendly environment 2. Anchor the country’s FDI-related laws to international standard 3. GFDI attraction efforts should primarily focus on source countries with an advantage in understanding local host country conditions 4. Generous, targeted incentives may be necessary to secure and extract additional benefits from FDI projectsn Source: UN Conference on Trade and
Lessons learned from Croatia and Mozambique 5. Special economic zones are simple ways of creating ideal regulatory environments for FDI in the presence of weak overall business climates. 6. Privatization can benefit public finances and attract FDI early on 7. The employment impact of FDI differs by sector and mode of entry. It may be desirable to offer incentives to encourage investment in labour-intensive sectors, or to limit privatizations and sales of domestic firms to foreign investors, especially in the immediate post-conflict period. However, long-run considerations of efficient labour allocation should not be ignored Source: UN Conference on Trade and
Lessons learned from Croatia and Mozambique 8. FDI cannot be expected to alleviate regional inequalities, but it still has a role play in improving conditions in disadvantaged regions 9. Backbone infrastructure may not benefit from substantial FDI for several years after the conflict is resolved. During these years, ODA is a more important external source of funding for these projects. Over time, FDA can come to play a more direct role 10. FDI can be successful in raising and diversifying exports
Lessons learned from Croatia and Mozambique 11. Weak business climates for local firms may hinder their ability to spontaneously link with FDI and create valuable spillover effects. This necessitates either strong reform efforts at the local level or government action to improve the capacity of SMEs to coordinate with FDI 12. FDI helps improve tax revenues in absolute terms…
Obstacles Faced by the Dakar EPZ Excessive bureaucracy involving different institutions in the country, especially customs; Unnecessarily long delays in obtaining necessary permits (often more than one year); Unrealistic goals imposed on potential investors, both with regard to jobs to be created and initial investment; Poor reputation of the local workforce, which was labeled unproductive and overly expensive; Elevated cost of other factors of production (energy, water, communications); Rigid and constraining labor regulations; employment contracts were permanent and employers did not have complete freedom to recruit the people they wanted. Source: Cling and letilly, 2001
Private & Public Sector Zones in Developing & Transition Economies Sources: BearingPoint; Il database; WEPZa (2007); FIAS research. Region Americas Asia and the Pacific Africa (subsahara) MENA Central & Eastern Europe and Central Asia Public 146 435 Private 394 556 Total 540 991 49 65 114 173 69 40 374 213 443
Examples of PPP in Zone Development Country/Zone Role of Public Sector Role of Private Sector Gaza Indust. Est. West Bank & Gaza Financing all external infrastructure as well as factory shells, provision of land on long-term lease Financing internal infrastructure and management of zones Aqaba Ind. Est. Jordan Financing all external infrastructure, provision of land on long-term lease Financing internal infrastructure and management of zones Subic Indust. Est. Financing all external Philippines infrastructure as well as factory shells, equity stake in industrial estate Financing internal infrastructure and management of zones Tan Thuan EPZ Vietnam Financing of all internal and external infrastructure and management of Provision of land on longterm basis, right of way development rights on access roads
Questions 1. 3. 4. Do we need (now) to be sector specific? How can investment zones help to develop Iraq's private sector? What does the Iraqi private sector need from the government to effectively engage with foreign companies working in investment zones?
Thank you... info@psdc-Iraq.org
Iraq's economic reforms in perspective: ... This paper considers the positions of the public and private sectors in key economic activities in Iraq ...
The examples and perspective in this article may not ... Private sector development in ... to promote a specific economic sector and ...
Iraq Economy 2015, CIA World ... to constrain growth of private, nonoil sectors. Iraq is considering a package of laws to ... developing the private sector ...
Private markets drive economic growth, ... About Domestic credit to private sector refers to financial resources provided to the private sector by ...
Economic sectors; Three-sector theory; Primary sector: raw materials Secondary sector: ... Private sector; Further reading. Bernhard Schäfers: ...
Jobs growth in the technology sector is beating the rest of the economy by ... three times faster than the private sector as a whole and has proved ...
Examines the role of the energy sector in the Iraqi economy ... a realist’s perspective” on the development of Iraq ... Iraq Energy Outlook ...
... Iraq’s economy grew by ... and spur growth in the foreign and domestic private sector in Iraq. ... Free Zone is on the Iraqi ...
... to gain a broad-based perspective on the WBG ... Private Sector. The private sector in Ethiopia has remained small ... economic and sector ...