IPStrategy mozambique

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Published on April 10, 2008

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Intellectual Property and Its Role in Economic Development :  Intellectual Property and Its Role in Economic Development Jared Nyagua IP and New Technologies Division, WIPO WIPO National Roving Workshop on IP Strategy Beira, Nampula and Maputo, Mozambique February 6 to 14, 2006 Topics to be Covered:  Topics to be Covered I. What is IP? II. Why is IP Important? III. What is IP Strategy? IV. Who will make IP Strategy? V. How to make IP Strategy? Slide3:  I. What is IP? PROPERTY Real Personal Capital Intellectual VALUE CREATION ACTIVITY Product Creation Investment Improvement Sale Rent or Licensing RESULTS Revenues/ Profits Employment Appreciation Solution of Needs Slide4:  Patents (inventions) Trademarks Industrial designs Geographical indications Copyright (works of authorship) Trade Secrets, etc. + What are “IP Assets”? II. Why is IP Important?:  II. Why is IP Important? Economies based on land, physical assets Trade in goods Cheap labor Nationally based trade Pre-Internet economy Old Economy New Economy Knowledge Based Economies Value-added goods /IP Licensing Productive Human Capital Regional/Global Markets Internet There is an IP Divide...:  There is an IP Divide... 91% of patents are from OECD countries. PCT filings and national patent filings in developing countries are by non-residents primarily. Why IP is Important? Slide7:  Cultural industries Trade in cultural goods has grown exponentially over the last two decades. Between 1980 and 1998, annual world trade of cultural goods surged from US$95.3 billion to US$387.9 billion. On a global scale, trade remains concentrated in a few countries: in 1998, thirteen countries were responsible for more than four-fifths of imports, and twelve countries for the same proportion of exports. Why IP is Important? World Trade of Cultural Goods (in millions of dollars, 1980-98) Source: Study on International Flows of Cultural Goods Between 1980-98, UNESCO 2000. Because of technology access... :  Because of technology access... Lack of IP assets is a disadvantage Royalty drain instead of royalty stream Owning IP assets is an advantage Why IP is Important? Because of IP Licensing... :  Because of IP Licensing... Worldwide licensing revenues In 2001, $US 100 billion estimated Pharmaceutical licensing In 1996 US$3.5bn In 2000 US$10.5bn IT licensing University and research center licensing In 2000 $US 1.3 billion by non-profits in North America New entrants--Singapore, Brazil, Korea Because IP Owners Use IP Assets to Make Money...:  Because IP Owners Use IP Assets to Make Money... Build valuable portfolios of IP as base for licensing revenues; Offensive: Monopoly power for price and products; Defensive: Avoid and defend against litigation; Enhance products, upgrades, higher revenues and margins; Promote brand value for advertising; Attracts Investments, Strategic alliances, joint ventures; Enhance corporate valuation. Why IP is Important? Slide11:  Because IP is in Every Sector... Slide12:  Can IP Assets be Developed? III. What is IP Strategy? Public IP Strategy:  Public IP Strategy What is happening here? The task is to identify what governmental and enterprise policies support such results, and to provide tools to Member States to implement such policies in a proactive way. Can IP Assets be Developed? Public IP Strategies Today:  Public IP Strategies Today Australia Canada Philippines Japan ASEAN Romania European Union Mexico Two Complementary Ways:  Two Complementary Ways IP Importation= TOT local creation Can IP Assets be Developed? Slide16:  Universities, public research centers; SME promotion and incentives; Targeting and protecting new technology; Recognizing local inventions in joint ventures, FDI, technical assistance projects; Modification, enhancement of traditional knowledge/folklore. Can IP Assets be Developed? IV. Who Will Make IP Strategy?:  Academia [Universities, Research Centers] Government Private Sector [large enterprises, SMEs, individual inventors, NGOs] IV. Who Will Make IP Strategy? V. How to Make IP Strategy?:  V. How to Make IP Strategy? The IP / Innovation Strategy House:  The IP / Innovation Strategy House Economic Growth Technological Development and Solutions Networks Laws and Policies IP Audit and Plan Clusters Funding/Valuation Policy Commitment • Marketing Incentives Education Slide20:  Expenditure in R&D as % of GDP (2001) Total Expenditures (1989-2000 average) in R&D as a % of World GDP: 2.12% Sources: 2002 World Development Indicators (World Bank) and UNESCO Institute for Statistics (March 2005). ¤ Data for 2000 # Data for 2001 Expenditure on R&D as % of GDP has been increasing in Uganda…:  Expenditure on R&D as % of GDP has been increasing in Uganda… Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics, March 2005 ...But the source of funds (%) for expenditure on R&D comes mainly from abroad:  ...But the source of funds (%) for expenditure on R&D comes mainly from abroad Source: UNESCO Statistics Institute, March 2005 Uganda has 14 Universities and at the National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) there are 9 Research Centers. Still, the average of researchers per million people (2001) is still low:  Uganda has 14 Universities and at the National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) there are 9 Research Centers. Still, the average of researchers per million people (2001) is still low Source: UNESCO Statistics Institute, March 2005 The Program:  The Program Theme One: Introduction Theme Two: Professional Training Theme Three: Policies and Incentives Theme Four: Funding Theme Five: IP Strategy Game (small groups) Theme Six: IP Audit Tool (small groups)

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