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IPHC 2007 10 HFT RDO LG

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Information about IPHC 2007 10 HFT RDO LG
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Published on November 13, 2007

Author: Alexan

Source: authorstream.com

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Readout for the PIXEL detector for the Heavy Flavor Tracker upgrade at STAR:  Readout for the PIXEL detector for the Heavy Flavor Tracker upgrade at STAR Talk Structure:  Talk Structure Review of Sensor development and coupled RDO development System design Detailed system structure Data Rates Ultimate sensor system discussion IPHC Functional Sensor Development:  IPHC Functional Sensor Development Data Processing in RDO and on chip by generation of sensor. The RDO system design evolves with the sensor generation. 30 x 30 µm pixels CMOS technology Full Reticule = 640 x 640 pixel array Mimostar 2 => full functionality 1/25 reticule, 1.7 ms integration time (1 frame@50 MHz clk), analog output. (in hand and tested) All sensor families: Phase-1 and Ultimate sensors => digital output (in development) System Design – PIXEL Structure:  System Design – PIXEL Structure Current Conceptual Design ALICE Style Structure – carbon fiber box beam 10 sensors / ladder 4 ladders / carrier unit 10 carrier units in the detector -1 < eta < 1 Inner radius ~ 2.5 cm Outer radius ~ 8.0 cm System Design – System Blocks:  System Design – System Blocks This is a highly parallel system – a schematic representation is shown below. System Design – Physical Layout:  1 m – Low mass twisted pair 3 m - twisted pair System Design – Physical Layout Magnet Pole Face (Low Rad Area) DAQ Room Power Supplies Platform 30 m 100 m - Fiber optic cables Detailed System Structure – Sensors and Cables:  Detailed System Structure – Sensors and Cables Early prototype cable with 40 differential pair output, clock and control routed under sensor area. 4 LVDS outputs / sensor Cable 4 layer - 150 micron thickness Aluminum Conductor Radiation Length ~ 0.1 % 40 LVDS pair signal traces Clock, JTAG, sync, marker Fine twisted pair cables 125 micron diameter wire Soldered directly to cable Low stiffness / mass Detailed System Structure – LU Protection and Mass Termination:  Detailed System Structure – LU Protection and Mass Termination 1 Main Board per carrier 10 carriers in the PIXEL detector Detailed System Structure – RDO Board(s):  Detailed System Structure – RDO Board(s) New motherboard Two board System – Virtex-5 Development board mated to a new HFT motherboard Xilinx Virtex-5 Development Board Digital I/O LVDS Drivers 4 X >80 MHz ADCs PMC connectors for SIU Cypress USB chipset SODIMM Memory slot Serial interface Trigger / Control input FF1760 Package 800 – 1200 I/O pins 4.6 – 10.4 Mb block RAM 550 MHz internal clock Note – This board is designed for development and testing. Not all features will be loaded for production. Detailed System Structure – RDO Functional Data Path – Phase 1:  Detailed System Structure – RDO Functional Data Path – Phase 1 Detailed System Structure – RDO Function Data Path – Ultimate:  Detailed System Structure – RDO Function Data Path – Ultimate Assumptions – Data sparsification with rolling shutter architecture. Output from sensor is a series of addresses – BUT – processing / readout time varies with event occupancy. Addition of a trigger input and a frame marker flag that strobes one frame after receipt of a trigger input. But this needs to be pipelined as well. Other simpler methods are also possible. Detailed System Structure – RDO Functional Data Path – Ultimate:  Detailed System Structure – RDO Functional Data Path – Ultimate Detailed System Structure – System Level Functioning:  Detailed System Structure – System Level Functioning Data Rates - Parameters:  Data Rates - Parameters Rates as per Jim Thomas, L = 3 x 1027 for Phase-1, L = 8 x 1027 for Ultimate. 2.5 hits / cluster. 1 kHz average event rate. 10 inner ladders, 30 outer ladders. Factor of 1.6 for event format overhead (can be lowered). No run length encoding. R = 2.5 R = 8.0 200 us 640 us Hits / Sensor at L = 8 x 1027. Integration Time Radius Data Rates:  Data Rates Ultimate => 49.7 MB / s raw addresses. => 79.5 MB / s data rate. Phase–1 => 59.6 MB / s raw addresses => 95.4 MB / s data rate. The dead-time is primarily limited by the number of externally allocated readout buffers! Data Rates – Dead time and Latencies:  Data Rates – Dead time and Latencies Average Ultimate inner sensor event size is 3.1 kb. RDO at 160MHz on 1 LVDS link / sensor takes 19.4 us (< 200 us integration time) What is the latency for data sparsification? If the system were dead during the integration time (after trigger) and one serial RDO time we would be 21.9% dead at 1 kHz. Look for ways to improve, earlier method is just one. Ultimate Sensor System Discussion:  Ultimate Sensor System Discussion The design of the Ultimate SYSTEM should be an integrated design with the sensor and RDO designed to complement each other's capabilities. Question – is it advantageous to use the processing capabilities inherent in an FPGA based RDO system to offload some of the functionality of the sensor? Would this help the overall system design? Slide18:  fin

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