Introduction to Printing Methods

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Information about Introduction to Printing Methods
Education

Published on November 15, 2008

Author: mtentor

Source: authorstream.com

Printing Technologies in brief : Printing Technologies in brief Marty Tentor Ron Frisch Albert Basse Associates Printing Technologiesorganized by image carriers : Printing Technologiesorganized by image carriers Relief Printing • Letterpress • Letterset (Offset Letterpress) • Flexography • Foil Stamping • Thermography Relief Printing’s Image Carrier : Relief Printing’s Image Carrier Image area in physically raised from the non-image area. Raised image area receives ink. Plate transferred to substrate or to offset blanket in Letterset. Slide 4: Planography • Offset Lithography • Collotype • Xerography • E Print (Indigo) Image area is on the same plane as the non-image area. The entire plate receives ink. The ink is chemical/physically attracted to the image area only. Slide 5: Offset Lithography Slide 6: Intaglio • Gravure • Line Engraving • Pad Printing Image area is physically below the non-image area. The entire plate receives ink. The non-image area is then wipped clean of ink. Slide 7: Stencil Printing • Screenprinting Image area is mechanically porous and the non-image area is non-porous The entire screen receives ink. The ink only passes through the porous image area. Slide 8: Digital Print • Thermal Inkjet • Piezo Inkjet There is no image carrier. The image is store digitally and electronically sent to printing heads. The ink is only deposited where the image requires it. Slide 9: Printing Technologies Attributes Offset Lithography • High resolution reproduction • Fast printing speeds to 10000 iph • Able to print four color process or spot color • Ink film about 3 microns • Substrates to about .020” thick • Sheetfed or Web (roll fed) • Typical products: brochures, annual reports, magazines, credit cards, forms, catalogs, books, maps Slide 10: Printing Technologies Attributes Letterpress • Good resolution reproduction • Fast printing speeds to 6000 iph • Able to print four color process or spot color • Able to print highly textured substrates • Substrates to about .050”+ thick • Sheetfed or Web (roll fed) • Typical products: business card, invitations, books, newspapers consecutive numbering, forms Slide 11: Printing Technologies Attributes Flexography • Good resolution reproduction • Fast printing speeds, 300+ fpm • Able to print four color process or spot color • Able to print thick ink film • Substrates to about .050”+ thick • Web (roll fed) • Typical products: packaging, bread bags, tags, labels, newspaper wallpaper Slide 12: Printing Technologies Attributes Gravure • High quality reproduction • Fast printing speeds to 100??? fpm • Very long runs • Expensive prepress • Web (roll fed) • Typical products: packaging, gum wrappers, magazines, Formica laminates, flooring laminates, newspaper suppliments, Christmas wrapping paper Slide 13: Printing Technologies Attributes Screenprinting • Good resolution reproduction • Printing speeds to 80 to 4500 iph • Typically shorter runs • No limit to substrate thickness • Thickest ink film to 100 microns • Usually sheet fed, can be web • Typical products: roll textiles, garments decals, labels, circuit boards, instrument panels, rear window defoggers, metal signs, poster, mugs, ski poles, bottles, control panels, fleet graphics, displays, dinning ware Slide 14: Printing Technologies by Marketshare Offset Lithography 47% Gravure 20% Flexography 18% Letterpress 7% Screen and other Plate Systems 3% Electronic, Inkjet, Non-plate 5% (Data from 1995) Slide 15: A Printing Work Flow Design Concept Photography Film Imagesetting Electronic Image Assembly Proofing Printing Plate Making Post Press Finishing Distribution Scanning and Image Manipulation Planning : • Type of product • Budgets • Ad Agency • Quality • Quantity • Develop Specifications Planning Design : • Design Studio • In-House Designer • Number of Color • Substrate • Size • Pre Press File Type • Special Requirements • Copy Design Prepress : • Proofing • Trapping as required • Scanning • Image Imposition • Special Color Matching • Film Making • Plate Making Prepress Production : • Printing • Ink Preparation Production Distribution : • Newspaper Delivery • Packing with Other Items • USPS • Logistic Distribution Job Titles in Printing : • Sales • Customer Service Rep. • Estimating • Print Production • Prepress Operator • Color Matcher • Bindery Operator • Shipping/Receiving Job Titles in Printing

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