intro-humanities final

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Published on July 23, 2014

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HUMANITIES: INTRODUCTION TO ARTS: HUMANITIES: INTRODUCTION TO ARTS Humanities came from the word HUMANUS which means to be truly human In Latin Humanities means to show qualities of rationality, kindness and tenderness To be truly human is to be culturally enhanced and refined PowerPoint Presentation: Culture comes from the Latin terms Cultus-Colere, which means to cultivate, to develop. Culture is the general way of life of human society, including ways of thinking, beliefs, customs, language, art, and traditions. It is the cumulative creations of man, the totality of human heritage. It refers to all those things which men do towards the refining and developing of all man's powers and natural endowments. PowerPoint Presentation: In the renaissance period, colleges and universities coined the word humanities as art appreciation. Humanities is art itself. Humanities is the branch of learning which is concerned with the human thoughts, feelings and relations. (Human expressions) The word ART originally comes from:: The word ART originally comes from: The Aryan root AR meaning “join”, or “put together”. From this ancient etymon, two Greek verbs are derived: Artizein – to prepare Arkiskein – to put together The Latin terms ARS, ARTIS mean everything that is artificially made or composed by man Meaningful human actions are directed by the intellect and they are expressed in two activities:: Meaningful human actions are directed by the intellect and they are expressed in two activities: Actions to be done – these are in relation to man’s ultimate destiny and moral obligations and lead to VIRTUE Actions to be made – these are in relation to man’s practical needs and lead to ART PowerPoint Presentation: Art is therefore the making or composing of any object useful for human needs that is, for the contemplation and enjoyment of its meaning or beauty. Art is concerned with objects and human expressions as beautiful or not beautiful. Art is the skilful arrangement or composition of some common qualities of nature (colors, sounds, lines, movements, words, etc.) to express human feelings, emotions, or thoughts in a meaningful and enjoyable way ART is the subjective expressions of man’s thoughts and feelings; thus Humanities too.: ART is the subjective expressions of man’s thoughts and feelings; thus Humanities too. Why study humanities? – The study of humanities is essential as the world shrinks due to the explosion of information technology. Those who master the humanities and can “walk a mile in someone else’s moccasins” will be far more marketable than those who can’t. Those people who master cross-cultural understanding will be more successful than those who don’t. PowerPoint Presentation: But this is only the shell of humanities education. Humanities study brings us in contact with the best life has to offer – History, music, art, philosophy, and literature. It is the study and contact with these topics that enrich our existence. Moreover a solid grounding in the humanities tends to extend our consciousness making us better people. Whether politically conservative, liberal or independent, the study of humanities leads you through the development of thought and catapults ones understanding of why things are the way they are. PowerPoint Presentation: The Agent of Art is Man for Expression is an integral part of being human Art vs. Craft Art is for appreciation Craft is for utilization Combination: Functional Art The functions of Art: Why do Artists make Art: The functions of Art: Why do Artists make Art Obvious answers, “because they choose to, because they want to, because they need to, because they can”; these answers all point to the first function of art, an individual or personal function. Most artists produce work done specifically to satisfy their own desire to produce work. It can be that simple that an artist simply enjoys painting, drawing, or sculpting. They are pleased with their ability to represent the world and they derive joy in doing it. Other functions of Art:: Other functions of Art: Physical Function Utility Instructional Historical Representational PowerPoint Presentation: Social Function Influential Media Interaction / Communication PowerPoint Presentation: Psychological Function Inspirational Relaxation Gratification PowerPoint Presentation: Arts have also moral, educational and religious purposes/functions Art serve as an outlet of our slumbering passion. We find meaning in the fictitious representation of arts; the passions of drama, emotions of poetry, moods of music, fancies of painting, and sordid life of novels. Divisions of arts:: Divisions of arts: With respect to purpose: a. Practical arts –directed to produce artifacts and utensils which cope with human needs like basket, weaving, furniture making, agriculture etc… b. Liberal arts – intellectual efforts are considered like philosophy, psychology, social sciences… PowerPoint Presentation: c. Fine Arts – products of the human creativity in so far as they express beauty in different ways and different media like drawing, painting, sketching… d. Major arts – characterized by their actual and potential expressiveness like music, poetry, sculpture e. Minor arts – connected with practical uses and purposes like interior design, landscape, porcelain making … PowerPoint Presentation: 2. With respect to media and forms a. Plastic arts – perceived by sense of sight like painting, sculpture, architecture… b. Phonetic arts – based on sounds and words like music, drama, literature… c. Kinetic arts – rhythmic movement like the different kinds of dances… d. Pure arts – which take only one medium of expression as sound in music, color in painting… e. Mixed arts – which use two or more media like opera, a combination of music, poetry and drama Classification of Arts: : Classification of Arts: 1. Space arts – visual arts 2 dimensional(seen only in one angle Painting, printing, photography, drawing, sketching 3 dimensional ( seen in several angles) sculpture, architecture 2. Time arts – auditory arts music, dance, combination-musical theater/opera Hierarchy of arts:: Hierarchy of arts: Immanuel Kant: Music is the lowest of all arts because it gives only sensible pleasure Schopenhauer: Music is the greatest because it is capable of freeing man from his fears and desires, from his anger and despair, and from other passions and anxieties Hegel: Poetry has the best qualities like immediate perception, creative imagination, development of thoughts and events Leibnitz: The fusion of poetry and music is the highest art Thus, there is no final manner by which a hierarchy of the arts may be established. Each has his own value Origin of the arts:: Origin of the arts: The dance was probably the first art cultivated by man. Dancing was the life of the primitive p[eople; they danced day and night, at peace and at war, during rituals and ceremonies, weddings and funerals, planting and harvesting Music and poetry accompanied dance performers. Poetry began as story-telling of the feats of their ancestors, and their race’s legendary origins allied to heroes and gods PowerPoint Presentation: Some scholars also traces the origin of painting and sculpture to dance as seen in many caves of the Neolithic Period wherein numerous charcoals and color designs of women dancing around idols of men Other authors believe that the origin of these arts is connected with sorcery and magic or their superstitious beliefs Religion and superstition, therefore are the two factors which greatly influenced the origin and evolution of arts Arts according to:: Arts according to: Plato: Art imitates nature. Art imitates life Aristotle: Art imitates men and nature in action Oscar Wilde, Irish author: It is life that imitates art Henri-Louis Bergson: It is not reason that enables us to imitate; art is not imitation; art is made from intuition(immediate sensation and intense feeling) G.E. Moore: Art is both imitation and intuition Sigmund Freud: Art is a wish-fulfillment; an excellent work of art results from frustration Leo Tolstoy: Art is communication; it infects our feelings PowerPoint Presentation: Jose Ortega Y Gaset: Art is a form of escape; escape from negative elements Benedetto Croce: Art is merely an expression regardless if it is understood or not Albert Camus: Art is rebellion John Dewey: Art is not limited in the gallery and museum Dante Leoncini: When man beautifies himself, he becomes a human art Margarette Macdonalds: Art is esoteric. It is mysterious. It is indefinable. It is transintelligible. It is only describable. PowerPoint Presentation: Is art an imitation or a creation? – Art tends to imitate, but to express nature with clarity and meaning. Art therefore is not mere copying of things and nature, but is a creative activity. PowerPoint Presentation: When do we say an art is BEAUTIFUL? - Beautiful is that which is a source of pleasure. Thus, if an art is the reason of our pleasure, it is then really beautiful PowerPoint Presentation: Where does beauty lie? Beauty is out there; it is objective. It is a primary quality that resides in the object. Beauty is not there. It is a secondary quality that resides in the perceiver. Beauty is neither primary nor secondary. It is tertiary in nature. It depends on the appropriate situational perspective. PowerPoint Presentation: Are there any criteria to determine the excellence of the works art? – Art depends on individual feelings and opinions; tastes are relative and personal. It may vary according to different periods and culture. If the appreciation of arts is subjective, can it be objective? Yes it can be objective as well PowerPoint Presentation: How do we form good standards for art appreciation and judgment? - Successive EXPERIENCES reveal to us insights of beauty and the meaning of art. PowerPoint Presentation: Through critical study of the properties of beauty: order, proportion, clarity, unity, balance, dominance. Through the general consensus of experts. The final arbiter in the judgment of the works of art is TIME. Good art lasts long, if not immortal. Bad art is ephemeral and transitory. Get rid of our prejudices and personal sentiments. PowerPoint Presentation: Is everything in nature and art beautiful? Why are certain things ugly? Everything in nature and art is beautiful for everything is created perfect according to its nature and form. All things are beautiful and perfect in themselves, but not in relation to us. The reasons: Objects which we see everyday tend to lose their significance to us. People who have been in the Banawe Rice Terraces for a long time will not see beauty of their mountains as in the eyes of a tourist. PowerPoint Presentation: Certain things are dangerous to our lives like snakes and other wild animals. Certain conditions in human life such as poverty and disease are referred to as ugly but once painted in a canvass or described in a novel, they become meaningful and beautiful Categories of beautiful:: Categories of beautiful: 1. The sublime – enjoyment is aroused by astonishment and awe like looking at the starry heavens, the majesty of mountain ranges, the heroic acts of heroes and saints. 2. The Nice – enjoyment is aroused by sympathy, love, benevolence, tenderness and modesty like children, flowers, flower arrangement, artifacts. 3. The Comic – enjoyment because it makes us laugh like satire and irony, the exaggerated, the repetitious, the ridiculous and the playful . The role of art criticism:: The role of art criticism: Criticism is a method of verifying or testing artistic works. It is a technique to stimulate the understanding of art and to develop artistic sensibility. Scope of Humanities: Scope of Humanities Visual arts: a. graphic ( flat or two dimensional) b. plastic ( three dimensional) Literature Music Drama and theater Dance

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