intoducing to textile idustry

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Information about intoducing to textile idustry

Published on August 22, 2011

Author: siv_pat007


INTRODUCING TO TEXTILE INDUSTRY : INTRODUCING TO TEXTILE INDUSTRY T. Umapathy Sivam 14.07.2011 What is textiles? : The first literary information about textiles is available in RIG VEDA which refers to weaving "Textile" has traditionally meant, "a woven fabric" The term comes from the Latin word texere, meaning to weave. What is textiles? Slide 3: Stages in Textiles History of textiles : Hindu epics, depicts a variety of garments worn by aristocrats, commoners, ascetics Indus valley civilization used homespun for weaving their garments around 13th century Textiles were evacuated from Indian soil around 13th century, Roman Empire made a good part for development of textiles History of textiles Textiles during industrial revolution : The First Industrial Revolution between 1750 and 1850 The second phase or Second Industrial Revolution between 1860 and 1900 The three key drivers in these changes were textile manufacturing, iron founding and steam power Textiles during industrial revolution Reasons for revolutions in textiles : Before 17th century, people manufacture goods in their home They are transported throughout the country through river or by horses Need for more goods led to the industrial revolution in early 18th century Reasons for revolutions in textiles Early inventions : The only surviving example of a Spinning Mule built by the inventor Samuel Crompton Textiles – Cotton spinning using Richard Arkwright's water frame, James Hargreaves's Spinning Jenny and Samuel Crompton's Spinning Mule This was patented in 1769 and so came out of patent in 1783 Early inventions Early inventions : The end of the patent was rapidly followed by the erection of many cotton mills Similar technology was subsequently applied to spinning worsted yarn for various textiles and flax for linen Early inventions Modern developments : Ring spinning technology had successfully replaced the spinning mule, with mills having been converted mules to rings In the 1970s, the depleted industry was challenged by a new technology open-end or break spinning 1978 Carrington Viyella opened a factory to do open-end spinning in Atherton Modern developments Modern developments : This was the first new textile production facility in Lancashire since 1929 Modern developments Global textiles –Fact sheet : Global textiles –Fact sheet Top 5 cotton bale producers Major cotton producers : Major cotton producers Global production and consumption of fiber : Global production and consumption of fiber Global focus : Global focus Part of Asian counties in textiles : Asian countries are major producers of fiber, yarn, fabrics and garments EU, USA and other countries depend mainly on south Asian nations especially China and India Part of Asian counties in textiles Slide 16: Indian textile industry Indian textiles - Quotes : Indian textiles - Quotes "It is difficult to find such a large-scale industry in the country that is so disorganized as the Indian textile industry"Arvind Singhal, Chairman, KSA Technopak, in 2004 "We have acted, but very late. The industry is back loaded with the technological obsolescence and sub-scale of operations"S P Oswal, Chairman, Vardhman Group, in 2005 Indian textiles – earlier years : It is revealed that the spinning and weaving of cotton was known to the Harrappans, nearly five thousand years ago The foundations of the Indian textile trade with other countries began as early as the 2nd century BC Indian textiles – earlier years Indian textiles – earlier years : The block printed and resist-dyed fabrics mainly of Guajarati origin was exported to Egypt This is the proof of large scale Indian export of cotton textiles to the Egypt in medieval times In the 13th century, Indian silk was used as barter for spices from the western countries Indian textiles – earlier years Indian textiles – earlier years : Before the introduction of mechanized means of spinning in the early 19th century, Indian cotton and silk were hand spun and hand woven, a highly popular fabric, called the khadi Fabrics that use mill- spun yarn but which are hand-woven are known as handloom Indian textiles – earlier years Indian textiles - Fact sheet : Largest industry in the country 14% of the total industry production from textiles The Indian Textile Industry is growing at 20% and accounts for 4% of India’s GDP 60% of yarn and fabrics produced from Tamilnadu Contributes about 30% to total exports 2nd largest employment generator after agriculture Indian textiles - Fact sheet Indian textiles - Fact sheet : Employs about 38 million people Expected to generate 12 million new jobs by 2011 18% employment of industrial sector is in textiles It accounts for 30 % of India’s Gross Export Earning In the production of fabrics the decentralized sector accounts for roughly 94 percent while the mill sector has a share of only 6 percent Indian textiles - Fact sheet Indian textiles - Fact sheet : India contributes 20% to world spindlage capacity the second highest spindlage in the world after China It contributes 6% to the world rotor and 62% to the world loomage 12% of the world production of textile fibres and yarns is from India Indian textiles - Fact sheet Indian textiles - Fact sheet : India is the largest producer of Jute, second largest producer of silk and cellulose fibre / yarn 2nd largest producer of cotton 5th largest producer of synthetic fibres / yarns Many worlds' leading brands like Wal-Mart, Marks & Spencer, Carrefour, Banana Republic, Tommy Hilfiger, Gap, Liz Claibome, Polo etc, are sourcing products from India Indian textiles - Fact sheet Indian textile markets : Indian textile markets The industry is highly localized in Ahmadabad and Mumbai in the western part of the country Though other centers exist including Kanpur, Kolkata, Indore, Coimbatore, and Sholapur Textile products in India : India has engaged in the production of 23 varieties cotton yarn and 15 varieties of synthetic yarn Around 7 varieties of silk fabrics are exported Textile products in India Textile products in India : India produces a wide range of home furnishings, household linen, curtain tapestry and yardage made with different textures and varying thickness The Handloom industry mainly exports fabrics, bed linen, table linen, toilet and kitchen linen, towels, curtains, cushions and pads, tapestries and upholstery's, carpets and floor coverings, etc Textile products in India India’s competitiors : Indian textile exporters are facing stiffer competition in the US market from countries like: China Indonesia Vietnam Bangladesh Turkey and Pakistan India’s competitiors Challenges ahead : Indian Textile Industry is highly fragmented Industry that is lead by several small-scale industries. Because of this, there is lack of Industry Leadership. These small companies do not have fiscal resources to invest in technological up-gradation and they are not able to generate economies of scale. This leads to inability to establish a world-class competitive player. Challenges ahead Challenges ahead : Despite many policies Industry is bound with historical regulations that are reason for Complex Industry Structure. Though Industry has cheap and skilled manpower but they are less productive. There is lack of technological up-gradation in various steps that affect the quality, cost and distribution. There are high Costs like, High Indirect Taxes, Power and Interest Rates. Inadequate Research & Development. There is less FDI in this industry that is hurdle to make industry more competitive on global basis. Challenges ahead Challenges ahead : Industry has unfavorable labor Laws. India has disadvantage in terms of Geographic Locations. Because of this there is Global Logistic Disadvantage as shipping cost is higher. India lacks in various trade memberships, which restrict to tap potential market. Inappropriate energy supplies to rural and sub-urban areas. Industry needs to compete on the basis of Price, Quality and Delivery for the different segments. Challenges ahead Slide 32: SWOT analysis on Indian Textiles Stengths : Stengths Abundant raw material availability Low cost skilled labor Presence across value chain Growing domestic markets Weakness : Weakness Fragmented industry Effect of government policies Low production and cost Technological obsolesce Opportunities : Opportunities Post 2005 challenges R&D and Product development Threats : Threats Competition in domestic markets Ecological and social awareness Regional alliances Slide 37: How will be our future? Future prospects : Future prospects The textile industry in India is one of the flourishing sectors of Indian economy In the year 2010 the industry is estimated to produce 12 million jobs with an investment of US$ 6 billion in the fields of textiles equipments and structure, and garment manufacturing by the end of 2015 Future prospects : The Synthetic and Rayon Textile Export Promotion Council has taken all the required steps to meet the target of doubling the synthetic textile exports in India to US$ 6.2 billion by seizing 4% of market share by FY 2011-12 Future prospects Slide 40: Our duties Our duties : Our duties Presently Indian textile products are sourced by larger international chains and being sold in different brand names This trend should be changed and India has to build a range of products that carry the zeal of Indian companies, feel many experts from the industry and the Government Closing notes : Indian textiles is one of the most valuable asset to the economy It is the oldest industry in the country Latest technologies modern infrastructural machineries coming up We have to equip ourselves in technology and handling pressure situations to make industry to world class level Closing notes Slide 43: Thank You

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