Published on June 28, 2008
Web Censorship and Public Awareness:The case of Internet regulation in Japan Chris Salzberg
To censor:to examine in order to suppress or delete anything considered objectionable (MerriamWebster)
What does “Web Censorship” mean? Different meanings in different contexts: Censorship by governments against freedom of expression and free access to information Filtering of content seen as “harmful” to society Violation of privacy rights: web monitoring, eavesdropping “Censorship” against file sharing (copyrighted content) What is “anticensorship”?
“The Age of Net Regulation is Coming” In the last year, moves toward net regulation: 1.Internet content (transmission + broadcasting = ?) 2.Copyright legislation (file sharing) 3.Mobile web access (filtering, “harmful” content) Fears about: “deai” (dating) sites, obscene/voilent content, child porn, “adult” anime, net bullying, death threats (Akihabara massacre), etc. etc. etc.
Filtering of “harmful” content Bill by LDP/DPJ passed into law on June 11th Included in the bill: Obligation on PC makers to preinstall national standardsbased filtering software on PCs/mobile phones Filtering on mobile phones for users under age 18 ISPs required to eliminate harmful content/services Government decides what is “harmful”
Support for Regulation A survey on regulation of “harmful content” (2007): 67.8% said the Internet should be regulated 22.7% said they lean toward regulation 3.1% said they lean toward nonregulation 1.4% said the Internet should not be regulated 76% support web filtering, 51% want police to strengthen monitoring, 87% support manga porn regulation
Opposition to Regulation Some of the greatest opposition from companies: DENA, Yahoo, Microsoft, Rakuten, Net Star Emphasizing positives of an open Internet
Opposition strategies More so than free access to information, opposition strategies emphasize economic considerations: Regulation will stop innovation/creativity Japan will be left behind, outcompeted Also emphasizes knowledge issues: Many proposals are technologically contradictory Lack of transparency in legislation
The “people” are killing the Internet Oppression of the people by governments and corporations is not seen as a major concern Conern is about other citizens: Bullying, death threats, dating sites, obscene content, copyright violation, etc. etc. Conclusion: it is the people who are killing the Internet, govt needs to step in and regulate
The future is now Citizen media coverage of Akihabara killings: Instantaneous through Ustream, 20003000 viewers No editing or censorship of footage Large public backlash, criticism
Summary “Web censorship” means different things to different people/groups/nations Different opposition strategies: Technological problems with censorship Lack of transparency in process Economic considerations, innovation/creativity Awareness and literacy are key
Japan toughens up on Internet regulation by Chris Salzberg. Jan 16, 2008 Article history. Online: Jan 16, 2008; Print: Jan 16, 2008;
In a country with one of the world's most vibrant Internet cultures, rumblings of change in the way that online information is managed ...
At the end of last year, Japan's Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications released a report outlining recommendations for the control of Internet ...
International Seminar on Promoting Freedom of Expression With the Three Specialised International Mandates London, United Kingdom 19-20 November 2001
Japan | Law and Regulation Building a Sound Material-Cycle Society. Fundamental Law for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society English [PDF 47.1KB] ...
Regulation of the Internet: The How’s and Why’s of 1 . Regulation of the Internet: The How’s and Why’s of Telecommunications Reform . John
View Chris Salzberg's business profile as Translator at Global Voices Online and see work history, affiliations and more.
Family of Wen Jiabao Holds Hidden Fortune A New York Times investigation into business dealings by the family of prime minister Wen Jiabao has prompted ...