Published on March 5, 2014
Towards a connected world We are moving towards a more connected, instrumented and data driven world …
The Maha Kumbh Mela - 2013 Millions of cell phones will act as millions of sensors …
What is the Internet of Things? ITU-T report in 2005 titled “The Internet of Things.” A highly interconnected world that connects to large databases and to the “network of networks” or the Internet. Also known as M2M (Machine-to – Machine communication), pervasive computing or ubiquitous computing
Adding another dimension … This „Internet of Things‟ or M2M (machine-tomachine) network adds another dimension to the existing notions of networks. Anyone Anything Internet of Things Anytime Anywhere
Internet of Things/ M2M The „Internet of Things/M2M‟ is essentially millions of devices sending data for backend processing through the internet.
Everyday articles from tires to toasters will have these intelligent devices embedded in them.
Radio Frequency IDs (RFIDs) • Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) was the early and pivotal enabler of this technology, with a tiny tag responding in the presence of a receiver which emits a signal. • Originally used during World War II in British Spitfire airplanes to distinguish friend from foe
RFIDs in retail stores • Retailers keep track of the goods going out of warehouses to their stores with this technology. • In a typical scenario one can imagine a retail store in which all items are RFID tagged. A shopping cart fitted with a receiver can automatically track all items placed in the cart for immediate payment and checkout.
IOT & M2M in transport • Embed intelligent devices in the tires of automobiles. • Payment of highway tolls. • Insurance companies can give discounts to safe drivers.
Defining the Internet of Things When objects can both sense the environment and communicate, they become tools for understanding complexity and responding to it swiftly. McKinsey & Company - 2010
TEDxBNMIT Real time data available for processing Having a 4th dimension of intelligent devices enable us to capture data and take appropriate action Forecast events ahead of time Take intelligent action based on event
Pervasive, ubiquitous computing “The most profound technologies are those that disappear and weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life.” Mark Weiser, 1991
Internet of Things in the world today • • • • Smart City Smart Grids Smart Home M2M & Health
Smart City • Sensors attached to transport vehicles and signals • Forecast traffic congestion • Re-route traffic • Provide discounts on less crowded routes
Smart Grid • Conventional grid – a) Generation b) Transmission and c) Distribution • Losses, outages, blackouts (US 2003, India Jul 31,2012) • Millions of sensors along the grid. Benefits • Resiliency to failures • Automatic re-routing of energy • Ability to isolate the faults
Smart Home • Smart Homes will be equipped with smart meters with 2 way communication with your energy utility. • Monitor your energy usage and save money by utilizing in offpeak hours
M2M and health • Implantable device capable of remote monitoring of patients with heart problems. • Warn physicians when it detects an irregularity in the patient‟s heart rhythm. • Also used in sugar level monitoring in real time
Structural integrity • The „Internet of Things‟ can also be used to monitor the stress and the load on bridges and forewarn when the stress is too great and a collapse is imminent.
IOT in mines • In mines, the sensors can send real-time info on the toxicity of the air, the structural strength of the walls or forewarn the possibility of flooding.
What will we do with Internet of Things? Connect and Learn with Things
Search for Things
Play with Things www.layar.com
What will happen 20 years from now? Each person will be surrounded by 3,000 to 5,000 connected things everyday.
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