Published on March 7, 2014
INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT WITH STAKEHOLDERS’ PARTICIPATION A.GURUNATHAN Chief Executive DHAN Vayalagam (TANK) Foundation
What is IWRM? • It is a process that promotes coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximise equitable economic and social welfare without compromising Vital ecosystems.
The Dublin-Rio principles 1992 - the underpinning of IWRM - 1. Fresh water as a finite and vulnerable resource. 2. Water development and management based on a participatory approach 3. Women playing a central part 4. Water as an economic good with an economic value in competing uses
IWRM: the triple top/bottom line! Economic Efficiency Structure Management Instruments Assessment Information Allocation Instruments Equity Enabling Environment Policies Legislation Environmental Sustainability Institutional Framework Central Local River Basin Public Private Balance “water for livelihood” and “water as a resource” The three “E”s The three “pillars” of IWRM
Horizontal integration : Managing competing uses, across sectors Cross-sectoral integration • Enabling environment • Institutions • Management tools Water for people Water for food Water for nature Water for energy and other uses
TN - Water supply and demand (2025) • Total water resources = 46,540 Mcm Surface: 24,160 Mcm Within the state: 16,769 Mcm From neighbouring states:7,391 Mcm (30%) Groundwater: 22,380 Mcm • Total demand = 57,725 Mcm Agriculture = 49978 Mcm (86%) Non- Agriculture = 7747 Mcm • Supply-Demand Gap = 11,185 Mcm (24%)
River Basin Organisations for Better Governance • Large Dam Centric Institutional structure • Damodar Valley Authority (Tennesse Valley Authority) • Lack Vision to think comprehensive governance and management aspects
Key Challenges • Establishing River Basin Organisation – Bottom Up Approach ( Interfacing new institutional frame work with constitutional frame work) • Active involvement of Key Stake holders (Area Water Partnership) • River basin level IWRM Plan • Effective Demand side management
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