Integrated Water Resources Management - Importance of stakeholder participation

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Information about Integrated Water Resources Management - Importance of stakeholder...

Published on March 7, 2014

Author: indiawaterportal



This presentation by A. Gurunathan from the DHAN Tank (Vayalagam) Foundation made at the Madurai Symposium 2013 lists out the basics of ensuring stakeholder participation in water resources management.


What is IWRM? • It is a process that promotes coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources in order to maximise equitable economic and social welfare without compromising Vital ecosystems.

The Dublin-Rio principles 1992 - the underpinning of IWRM - 1. Fresh water as a finite and vulnerable resource. 2. Water development and management based on a participatory approach 3. Women playing a central part 4. Water as an economic good with an economic value in competing uses

IWRM: the triple top/bottom line! Economic Efficiency Structure Management Instruments  Assessment  Information  Allocation Instruments Equity Enabling Environment  Policies  Legislation Environmental Sustainability Institutional Framework  Central Local  River Basin  Public Private Balance “water for livelihood” and “water as a resource” The three “E”s The three “pillars” of IWRM

Horizontal integration : Managing competing uses, across sectors Cross-sectoral integration • Enabling environment • Institutions • Management tools Water for people Water for food Water for nature Water for energy and other uses

TN - Water supply and demand (2025) • Total water resources = 46,540 Mcm Surface: 24,160 Mcm Within the state: 16,769 Mcm From neighbouring states:7,391 Mcm (30%) Groundwater: 22,380 Mcm • Total demand = 57,725 Mcm Agriculture = 49978 Mcm (86%) Non- Agriculture = 7747 Mcm • Supply-Demand Gap = 11,185 Mcm (24%)

River Basin Organisations for Better Governance • Large Dam Centric Institutional structure • Damodar Valley Authority (Tennesse Valley Authority) • Lack Vision to think comprehensive governance and management aspects

Key Challenges • Establishing River Basin Organisation – Bottom Up Approach ( Interfacing new institutional frame work with constitutional frame work) • Active involvement of Key Stake holders (Area Water Partnership) • River basin level IWRM Plan • Effective Demand side management

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