Published on January 18, 2009
INSIDE THE COCKPIT OF AN AIRPLANE Click on this box and edit text to add pilot or teacher name
The flight controls and instrument panel are in the front of the cockpit .
Flight controls and instrument panels vary, but have the same basic functions. FLIGHT CONTROLS
The control wheel or yoke is used to steer the airplane in different directions. Some airplanes have a stick rather than a wheel but it works the same. Turning Left Straight and Level Turning Right Side Stick FLIGHT CONTROLS
Moving the yoke LEFT or RIGHT moves the ailerons on the wings in opposite directions. One moves UP as the other goes DOWN. FLIGHT CONTROLS Turning Left Turning Right
Pulling back on the yoke moves the elevator on the tail UP, moving the airplane nose UP to climb. FLIGHT CONTROLS
Pushing forward moves the elevator DOWN, moves the nose DOWN to descend. FLIGHT CONTROLS
Pilots use rudder pedals on the floor to move the rudder LEFT or RIGHT to help the airplane turn. FLIGHT CONTROLS Brakes are located at the top or “toe” of the pedal
The airspeed indicator shows speed through the air --- not over the ground. The pitot tube on the wing catches on-rushing air. This “ram air” is compared to “static” air to determine air speed. The static port measures static or still air – air that is not affected by the airplane’s speed through the air BASIC INSTRUMENTS
The attitude indicator provides an artificial horizon to show the pilot the airplane’s position in relation to the ground. Here, the airplane is banking left with its nose on the horizon —where brown “ground” meets blue “sky.” BASIC INSTRUMENTS
The altimeter measures air pressure outside the airplane and compares it to air pressure at sea level to determine altitude. Like the hands of a clock, the long hand shows smaller increments (100s of feet) while the shorter hand shows larger increments (1,000s of feet). This altimeter is reading 1720 feet. BASIC INSTRUMENTS
The turn coordinator shows if the wings are level or banked. The position of the ball indicates if the airplane is turning properly. The ball is centered when the turn is balanced by rudder Turn Coordinator BASIC INSTRUMENTS
The heading indicator displays the direction of flight. BASIC INSTRUMENTS This airplane is heading south at 175 degrees.
The vertical speed indicator uses changes in air pressure to indicate rate of climb or descent. Airplane is descending at 190 feet per minute BASIC INSTRUMENTS
Pilots use radios to communicate with air traffic control and other pilots. Other radios also are used to navigate using ground stations or satellites. COMMUNICATION
Most airplanes have a radar transponder that shows their location, speed and altitude to air traffic controllers An assigned four-digit code helps identify a particular airplane on a controller’s radar screen COMMUNICATION
Pilots increasingly use GPS satellite navigation to display position and ground speed, locate nearby airports, and plot course, distance and time to any destination Top: GPS can be small, handheld and portable. Bottom: Flat-panel GPS moving maps and flight displays are just the ones in airliners and some cars.
There are plenty of things to learn INSIDE THE COCKPIT OF AN AIRPLANE
TO LEARN MORE GO TO WWW.AOPA.ORG/PATH 12/2005
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