Insect, vector and rodent control

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Information about Insect, vector and rodent control
Health & Medicine

Published on March 11, 2014

Author: mdnomanihasan



INSECT, VECTOR AND RODENT CONTROL GOAL • To educate the public and minimize the potential for human disease caused by vectors. VECTOR • Vectors are insects, ticks, rodents, some birds and other animals that can transmit disease and cause discomfort in humans. Control of these pests reduces the incidence of disease in the public.

SPIDER  Spiders are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom.  An eight-legged predatory arachnid with an unsegmented body consisting of a fused head and thorax and a rounded abdomen. Spiders have fangs which inject poison into their prey, and most kinds spin webs in which to capture insects. DISEASES • Muscle pain or cramping • Reddish to purplish color or blister • Increased sweating • Difficulty breathing • High blood pressure

Contnd… • Headache • Nausea and vomiting • Fever • Chills • Anxiety or restlessness

CONTROL • Inspect or shake out any clothing, shoes, towels, or equipment before use. • Wear protective clothing such as a long-sleeved shirt and long pants, hat, gloves, and boots when handling stacked or undisturbed piles of materials. • Minimize the empty spaces between stacked materials. • Remove and reduce debris and rubble from around the outdoor work areas. • Trim or eliminate tall grasses from around outdoor work areas. • Store apparel and outdoor equipment in tightly closed plastic bags. • Keep your tetanus boosters up-to-date (every 10 years). Spider bites can become infected with tetanus spores.

FLIES • House flies are the commonest and most familiar of all insects which live close to man. • The common housefly (domestic) is mouse gray in color. The body is divided in to a head, thorax and abdomen. • The housefly does not bite. It is attracted to food by its sense of smell.

DISEASES The diseases causes by the flies are mainly 1. Diahhorea 2. Cholera 3. Tubercolosis 4. Loose motions  Communicable disease are spread by flies.

DISEASES CONTROL Environmental Control  The elimination of the breeding places and overall improvement in the environ-mental sanitation on a community-wide basis is the best way to control houseflies. A’ clean house with clean surroundings is the best answer to the fly problem. Insecticidal Control  Insecticides such as, D.D.T. B. H. C. Parricides, Baits etc. should be applied to control the houseflies. D.D.T. or B.H.C. may be applied indoors or outdoors using hand or power sprayers.

Contd… Fly Papers  In certain cases sticky fly papers are used to control the house flies. Protection against flies  Screening of houses, food markets, restaurants and all other similar establishments will give considerable relief from houseflies. But this, is expensive for general use. Health Education  It is difficult to achieve fly control without the willing co-operation of the people.

TICKS  These small, parasitic creatures feed off the blood of animals and humans and, more importantly, spread diseases  Ticks don’t fly, and they don’t blow in the wind. They live in tall grass and either crawl up or fall onto their hosts. DISEASES 1. Lyme Disease 2. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever 3. Babesiosis 4. Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis

CONTROL  Removing ticks promptly  Applying pesticides,  Reducing ticks Habitat  Avoid getting infected

MITE  On a person, mites can live for as long as 1-2 months. Off a person, scabies mites usually do not survive more than 48-72 hours. Scabies mites will die if exposed to a temperature of 50 C (122 F) for 10 minutes. DISEASE  Allergic asthma,  Eczema  Conjunctivitis  Hay fever CONTROL Avoid contact with infected person.

LICE An infestation of body lice occurs when a certain type of lice invade the body and clothing. Lice are parasitic insects that feed on human blood and can infect the head, body, and pubic area. There are three types of lice that infect humans: • Head louse(Pediculus humanus capitis) • Body louse(Pediculus humanus corporis) • Plouse (Pthirus pubis) DISEASES • Intense itching (pruritus). • Rash caused by an allergic reaction to body lice bites. • Red bumps on the skin. • Thickened or darkened skin, usually near the waist or groin, if the lice have been there for a long time.

FLEAS Fleas are small biting, jumping insects that live in the fur of many different animals. Cat and dog fleas are the most likely fleas to affect humans DISEASES • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever • Sharp needles like pain on skin. • Small pink spots on body • Body aches • Weakness

CONTROL  Pets, yards, and homes should be kept free of fleas.  Eliminate places where wild animals can find shelter.  Take personal precautions.  Do Not Relocate Animals  Eliminate all food sources.

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