Published on May 19, 2016
1. Information Resource Discovery
2. the identification and representation of information needs Information need is defined as a state or process started when one perceives that there is a gap between the information and knowledge available to solve a problem. the actual solution of the problem. Information competencies are defined as the capabilities developed to reach the solution of a problem by searching for new information or knowledge that could fill the perceived gap
3. Define your information need cont. What key words do you think will appear on the site/article you want? What key concepts is it a part of or related to? Are there any synonyms for these keywords or concepts? Are there any alternative spellings for your keywords/concepts Are plurals or capitalisation involved?
4. Information need identified on 3 dimensions Cognitive (knowledge); Affective (attitudes); Situational (abilities). They correspond to knowing, know how and know how to act in work situations when one is dealing with information problems that need solving on a daily basis
5. Example: I want to find information about the health implications of water pollution Keywords –’water’ ‘pollution’ ‘health’ Concepts –‘environmental degradation’ or ‘agricultural management’ or ‘health’ Synonyms rivers, lakes, sea, coastal , ’domestic water’ ‘oil spills’, chemical, biological, Plurals: river(s), lake(s), disease(s) Capitals: maybe the name of a specific lake, disease, region
6. Planning a search strategy Define your information need Decide which sources to use Find out how they function Run your search Review and refine you search
7. Ethical issues Honesty : Strive for honesty in all scientific communications. Honestly report data, results, methods and procedures, and publication status. Do not fabricate, falsify, or misrepresent data Objectivity : Strive to avoid bias in experimental design, data analysis, data interpretation, peer review, personnel decisions, grant writing, expert testimony Integrity : Keep your promises and agreements; act with sincerity; strive for consistency of thought and action. Resource is : http://www.niehs.nih.gov/research/resources/bioethics/whatis/
8. Ethical issues cont. Carefulness : Avoid careless errors and negligence; carefully and critically examine your own work . Openness : Share data, results, ideas, tools, resources. Be open to criticism and new ideas. Respect for Intellectual Property :Honor patents, copyrights . Do not use unpublished data, methods, or results without permission. Confidentiality : Protect confidential communications, such as papers or grants submitted for publication, personnel records.
9. Ethical issues cont. Non-Discrimination :Avoid discrimination against colleagues or students on the basis of sex, race, ethnicity, or other factors not related to scientific competence and integrity. Competence : Maintain and improve your own professional competence and expertise through lifelong education and learning; take steps to promote competence in science as a whole. Legality : Know and obey relevant laws and institutional and governmental policies.
10. Evaluation Methods What is the purpose of your evaluation? An evaluation may be used to advance strategic learning, to refine project design and/ or implementation, or for accountability. Examples of purpose statements from community information evaluations include: • To improve the quality and usefulness of information and media content produced.
11. Evaluation Methods cont. To determine the composition and diversity of contributors and readers. To identify the strengths and weaknesses of a new outreach or engagement strategy in order to modify and refine the strategy. To assess the progress a project has made toward achieving its goals and intended outcomes.
12. For example, your evaluation can be used to Help project team members learn from one another and jointly improve the content, tools, or services being delivered. Inform decision making by program staff and management about changes that will improve their own, as well as, overall organizational performance.
13. • Engage your audience in the project’s progress and success. For example, if you are implementing a citizen journalism website, share findings with your contributors and seek their feedback and input on “what’s next.” • Influence external stakeholders or advocate for continued support or social change. • Build internal capacities through learning about the substantive issues and engaging in evaluation practice.
14. Services that facilitate information access Discovery interface : are one of the hottest new trends in the library Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) sphere Discovery interface provides a more intuitive and productive experience for users, whether searching a library catalogue, an article index, or any other data source. It is a layer of software that sits on top of any existing database or integrated library system (ILS),
15. Services that facilitate information access The open source discovery interfaces : give libraries a great deal of control in the appearance of their environment and with the information resources they want to present to their users. also incorporate search results from index based discovery services
16. Questions? What are the 3 dimensions that Information need identified on? Describe two services that facilitate information access? What are ethical issues in information need ?
17. Resources http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/download.php/14487/future_library_resour ce_discovery.pdf https://scholar.google.co.uk/scholar?q=information+resource+discovery++service s+that++facilitate+information+access http://www.acas.org.uk/media/pdf/t/j/Workplace-mediation-the-participant- experience.pdf University of Ottawa
18. Thanks for reading my presentation Mahmoud Muhammad Elasry. Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer. Contact me at : E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org LinkedIn: https://eg.linkedin.com/in/mahmoudelasry Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ProgElasry
Research Data Network CRC Resource Discovery Unit DSTC Pty Ltd Level 7, Gehrmann Laboratories University of Queensland, 4072, Australia
1 Web Information Resource Discovery: Past, Present, and Future Gultekin Ozsoyoglu, Abdullah Al-Hamdani Dept of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
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Jason Vaughan: Investigations into library web-scale discovery services, Information Technology and Libraries (Preprint), University of Nevada, ...