Information Campaign Salvi

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Information about Information Campaign Salvi
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Published on January 15, 2008

Author: Marco1

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What does the information campaign need to achieve? Knowledge, attitude, behaviours Claudia Salvi Formez:  What does the information campaign need to achieve? Knowledge, attitude, behaviours Claudia Salvi Formez 9 May 2007 Information campaign general aims:  Information campaign general aims Information campaign General aims To explain the funding opportunities offered by the 2007-2013 Structural Funds To raise public awareness of how the Structural Funds will improve their daily life To raise public awareness of the role of the European Union in regional development in Bulgaria Information campaign specific objectives:  Information campaign specific objectives Information Campaign specific Objectives An example of specific objectives could be: To promote funding opportunities for beneficiaries offered by the EU by providing clear guidance and information about applying for the 2007-2013 Human Resources Development Programme To promote the use of European Structural Funds in helping Bulgaria contribute to the Lisbon and Gothenburg agendas for sustainable economic growth To explain how European Structural Fund Programmes will complement and add value to national policies. To emphasise the importance of strategic, high-impact projects aimed at boosting growth and employment further. What we need to start:  What we need to start Before starting an Information Campaign we should make sure that we have have done a carefully overview of the current situation in terms of general information and data on: the institution managing the programme (who is communicating and its mission); the territory and the population (whom we are communicating with); the programme itself (what kind of regional policy, what we are communicating). Other countries experiences in communicating Europe and the Structural Funds can be useful in this phase. Did we do a SWOT analysis:  Did we do a SWOT analysis If at the beginning we have done a SWOT analysis examining strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats we should have been able to identify potential areas where our information campaign should concentrate on. Strengths (i.e. a new innovative service, quality procedures for applicants, specific expertise) Weaknesses (i.e. lack of expertise, damaged reputation), Opportunities (i.e. a communication channel successful in a particular region, high education level in the identified target groups) Threats (i.e. people do not trust local press, most citizens are not familiar with Internet) should all have helped us in providing information that is helpful in matching institution’s resources and capabilities to the environment in which it operates. The first two are internal factors, whereas the last two are external. Exercise:  Exercise Did you use current researches stating public opinion on Europe, on Structural Funds and your institution available for your communication campaign? If yes name some Did you use information from current quantitative and/or qualitative researches on social trends in Bulgaria: individual attitudes, values, trends, and social behaviour, as well as socio-demographic, occupational, educational, and economic differentiation? If yes name some Can you take advantage from past experience in terms of people, know-how and tools realized during the enlargenment campaign? If yes make some example Which Offices you know who can provide you statistical and demographical information about your country, like for example the Representation of the European Commission in your country, economic and social partners, Internet etc. Could you please list some of them? The Target Group:  The Target Group According to the new rules on information and publicity about Structural Funds the Communication plan should identify the following key target groups: potential beneficiaries final beneficiaries general public The Target Group:  The Target Group The potential beneficiaries are identified in the programme, as they are the beneficiaries of the different measures. It is necessary also to use information coming from the context analysis for further segmentation. The final beneficiaries are the grant holders and cannot be identified in the initial phase of the drawing up of the communication plan. The segmentation of the public needs a detailed analysis. Part of this segmentation can be drawn out from the strategic objectives of the programme (i.e. women in order to reach equal opportunities) and from demographic and social-economic analysis. Most of the time the segmentation leads to the identification of a wide number of target groups. This is the reason why it is recommended to prioritise the target audiences, also in order to overwhelm budget constraints. Exercise:  Exercise Target audiences must be selected and prioritised. Be sure that you have co-shared your decision with your internal and external partners. How did you prioritise your target group? Be clear about your target audiences and user groups and prioritise them according to importance and influence related to your objectives. Which criteria did you use in order to do that? The strategy:  The strategy Choosing the strategy means defining how to reach aims and targets. The strategy adopted may be: formal informal detailed broad depending on the needs of the programme. The strategy:  The strategy We could choose, for example, between the adoption of integrated multimedia communication or networking with institutions and partners (defining different roles and information flows). A strategy is not given once for ever, but it should be updated according to experiences, results, mistakes, new events. In defining the strategy it must be indicated how to reach the aims previously identified. The overall strategy should be drawn out keeping in mind: What’s the message Where it is going Who needs it How aims and target are going to be reached The strategy:  The strategy It is always a good practice to operate in network involving for examples: internal staff and socio-economic-partners to inform potential and final beneficiaries about the opportunities and the rules to participate to call for tenders and about related eligibility criteria; the journalists to reach both potential/final beneficiaries and the general public. The communication with the public should imply some activities implemented at central level to give a uniform image of all the information activities with some differences at local level to underline the peculiarities of the territory. That helps to create a unique identity about the programme. Exercise:  Exercise Do you think that there is the will to build a network with institutional, economic and social partners for a better communication? Do you think that networking will improve your strategy? Which kind of activity is the most appropriate after a specific aim and target? Better a regular newsletter or occasional briefing? A significant national event or rather small local conferences? Please describe your strategy Think about both the actual and preferred channels your target audiences might use and think about whether you are planning to use the right ones for maximum impact. Make a list of the ones you are going to use Content and messages:  Content and messages To be successful in communicating we should make sure that the message is clear and relevant to the target audience, with complex messages broken down into a number of simple messages. It is helpful to stress the benefits of what it is proposed, and the call to action should be easy to remember and to do. The information and communication initiatives should illustrate: the basic aims of the Union’s structural policy as a co-shared policy with the member States which tasks the structural funds are trying to achieve programme aims and content opportunities for the territory and for citizens how to access those opportunities responsibilities and different roles of the institutions involved results how to get further information Content and messages:  Content and messages Activities and tools can be defined on the basis of the previously identified objectives, targets and contents. In choosing an activity and a tool it is advisable to compare it in terms of efficacy and effectiveness with other alternatives. In communicating the above mentioned concepts it is advisable to respect the following criteria for an effective communication: Simplicity - Remove messages from all secondary and less important information that you can afford to live without Consistency - Communication approaches key audiences in many different ways. If the different activities say different things the overall effect is weakened. If the message spread is always the same a multiply effect is guaranteed. Exercise:  Exercise Did you already choose the activities and tools to be implemented for your information campaign? If yes please mention the one you chose Did you already choose the content and message? If yes please describe which ones you chose Did you choose an image to be associated with the message? If yes please tell us which one. Tasks and timing :  Tasks and timing This part of the communications campaign involves mapping out the tasks to be done, their timelines, and who will be responsible for each. Choosing activities means that for each initiative it is necessary to specify: who will be responsible for implementing each activity When the activity must be implemented What are the costs associated with each activity Task and timing: GANTT CHART:  Task and timing: GANTT CHART To keep under control the implementing phases of our communication campaign we could use the GANTT Chart. A Gantt chart is a popular type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule. Gantt charts illustrate the start and finish dates of the terminal elements and summary elements of a project. Terminal elements and summary elements comprise the work breakdown structure of the project. Some Gantt charts also show the dependency (i.e., precedence network) relationships between activities. Task and timing: GANTT CHART:  Task and timing: GANTT CHART Exercise:  Exercise Setting up a schedule of tasks and timelines enables complex programs to be implemented with maximum effectiveness and minimal risk of omission, confusion and disagreement. Did you already make a schedule? If yes can you describe it? Did you share the task/timelines schedule in advance with all participants? Include a full list of all the relevant communications activities, developed into a working project plan with deadlines and responsibilities. Remember in doing that to keep it flexible but avoid being vague Budget:  Budget Similar to what happens with any type of activity, budget is a critical factor in communication plans. It is essential to ensure that the budget is adequate to achieve the desired objectives. Sometimes, however, the budget assigned to the Communication Plan is decided in advance and the staff in charge of information and communication activities must tailor the plan to fit within it. It is important that all parties of the plan are clear on what can realistically be delivered for the available budget. If the budget is inadequate but cannot be increased, then the plan objectives should be reviewed and brought back to an achievable level. Exercise:  Exercise Does your budget match with yours plan’s objectives? Ensure value for money by targeting communication effectively: prioritising the audiences and channels and focusing on high impact/low cost activity. Can you describe how you make ot intend to make the choice? Operational Phase:  Operational Phase The purpose of the operational phase is to: deliver the results, achieve the purpose(s) and contribute effectively to the overall objective of the project; manage the available resources efficiently; monitor and report on progress. Operational Phase:  Operational Phase The implementation phase foresees the carrying out of the different activities which will all contribute to the success of the information and communication campaign. News Events organisation Internet site Newsletter Publications Posters and leaflets Exercise:  Exercise Which kind of activities did you plan? How are you going to involve the audience? Have you foreseen to prepare good quality conference materials which will provide a longer-term resource, and establish clear channels for follow-up. How are you going to record the conclusions of an event so that they benefit the wider economic development community – e.g. on a web site or in a newsletter? How are you going to evaluate? How are you going to seek feedback from participants? Monitoring and evaluation:  Monitoring and evaluation According to the new rules on information and publicity about Structural Funds the communication plan must include: an indication of how the information and publicity measures are to be evaluated in terms of visibility and awareness of operational programmes and of the role played by the Community (based on Article 2, § 2 Regulation (EC) No 1828/2006) Monitoring and evaluation:  Monitoring and evaluation and states that the managing authority shall inform the monitoring committee for each operational programme of the following: (a) the communication plan and progress in its implementation; (b) information and publicity measures carried out; (c) the means of communication used. The managing authority shall provide the monitoring committee with examples of such measures. (based on Article 4, § 1 Regulation (EC) No 1828/2006) Monitoring and evaluation:  Monitoring and evaluation Information and communication activities therefore need to be evaluated before, during and after to check for effectiveness, cost-efficiency and relevance. Together with the communication action plan, the evaluation of information measures is one of the innovations brought by the Regulation. Evaluation establishes the quality and effectiveness of the measures. This is why it is first of all important to define the quality and effectiveness criteria. To fulfil the Regulation it is important to remember that monitoring and evaluation even if correlated are different activities implemented by different bodies in different phases of the plan’s implementation. Monitoring and evaluation:  Monitoring and evaluation Monitoring is a systematic and continuous collecting, analysis and using of information for the purpose of management and decision – making. Evaluation is a periodic assessment of the efficiency, effectiveness, impact, sustainability and relevance of a project in the context of stated objectives. It is usually undertaken as an independent examination with a view to drawing lessons that may guide future decision – making. Monitoring and evaluation:  Monitoring and evaluation To monitor and evaluate information and communication activities it is necessary to have a: description of the baseline position, a baseline information on the level of knowledge of different aspects of the Structural funds to date; monitoring system for data collection; commitment to carry out formal evaluations (annual and final). Monitoring and evaluation:  Monitoring and evaluation To evaluate means to measure. For this purpose, specific indicators must be identified and used: output indicators measure the direct outcomes of information and communication activities, such as newsletters or number of meetings taking place; result indicators measure the immediate effects of outputs on those in receipt or benefiting from them (e.g. number of people receiving newsletters or attending meetings); impact indicators measure the eventual direct or indirect consequences of information and communication activities, such as the awareness of, and attitude to, the programme by different audiences and their response in terms of good-quality project applications. Evaluation:  Evaluation When do we need to evaluate? The evaluation needs three phases ex ante: before the beginning of the activities in itinere: during the implementation phase ex post: at the end of our information campaign This timing allows us, in case of problems identification, to make changes and corrections to the initial plan. What to evaluate?:  What to evaluate? Evaluating transparency Transparency implies that information is available in the public domain and is accessible both in terms of its location and presentation – in a format and language that can be widely understood. Evaluating awareness Central of public awareness is the level of recognition and appreciation of the role and significance of EU funding in the region. Evaluation can be used to measure changing attitudes in the public. Exercise:  Exercise Monitoring the media Are you going to: Scan daily papers? Search news sites and news though engine search like Yahoo or Google? Pay monitoring service? Which other monitoring tools did you foresee? Exercise:  Exercise Did you plan the process of monitoring and evaluating? Have you got indicators? What kind of indicators are they? Do you collect quantitative data for communication actions? Do you have a data collection system? Do you collect qualitative data for communication actions? Do you cooperate with external experts? Are you going to use the results to improve your programme? Are you going to use the results to communicate on your programme? Do you simultaneously plan your communication actions and your evaluation actions? Are you going to involve the Monitoring Committee? Have you got a budget for evaluation actions?

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