Info Systems

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Information about Info Systems

Published on January 8, 2008

Author: Sever


romanian space agency:  romanian space agency Information Systems Infrastructure in Eastern Europe Workshop The European Space Agency with the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania Towards a New Partnership Budapest, 27-29 October,1999 Marius-Ioan PISO, Romania Contents:  Contents Short presentation of the Romanian Space Agency Regional Network Information exchange infrastructure Satellite vs. cable communications Project proposal Speakers:  Speakers Marius-Ioan Piso, Chief Executive Officer of ROSA Born on January 7, 1954, graduated in 1981 - Nuclear Physics, Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics. Graduate of the National Defense College (1999) Since 1983 - Research scientist and Head (1988) in the Gravitational Res. Laboratory - Institute of Space Science Bucharest Scientific papers (90) and patents (17) in gravitation theory and inertial sensors with magnetic fluids Counselor of the Minister of Research and Technology (1998) Since 1993 - Executive Secretary and 1996 Chief Executive Officer of ROSA romanian space agency:  romanian space agency Established in 1991, by the Government Decision no. 923/ 20 Nov 1995, ROSA is an independent public institution The mission of the Agency: to coordinate the national space research and applications programs to promote space development to be the Government representative in the international space cooperation to develop specific project oriented research ROSA is authorized to establish research and development centres oriented on specific objectives of the Romanian Space Programme ROSA Organization:  ROSA Organization Staff: 14 professionals, 6 administrative; average age 33,6 ROSA INFRASTRUCTURE:  ROSA INFRASTRUCTURE ROSA Headquarters in the centre of Bucharest Offices Computers network and office utilities 512 K Internet permanent connection ROSA Research Centre Shared building and some facilities with INCAS, the Institute of Space Science and CRUTA Laboratories Amphitheatre and offices Computers network and 128 k Internet permanent connection Library Ground station for NOAA satellites ROSA RESEARCH CENTRE:  ROSA RESEARCH CENTRE ROSA Projects Microsatellite mission National Centre for the Regional Network Magnetic fluids in microgravity ROSA Information System Space applications in hazard monitoring ROSA Contracts National Space Program Budget Others - Consulting and management ROSA Budget:  ROSA Budget Projects Studies in space policy 134 Mio Lei Regional Network for Research and Education in Space Science and Technology 205 Mio Lei Microsatellite Mission 164 Mio Lei Applications of space technology in disaster management 105 Mio Lei ROSA Information system 137 Mio Lei Others (consulting, management) 280 Mio Lei Total budget 1999 = 1,825 Mio Lei (365,000 USD ppp) Romanian National Space Programme 1998:  Romanian National Space Programme 1998 Space policy and infrastructure Microsatellite, Regional Network, Space policy Space Science Basic space science, Microgravity and Life sciences Space Applications Communications, Earth Observation, Information systems Aerospace technology and spinoff Aerospace sciences, Onboard technology, Spin-offs National Space R&D Program Budget 1996-1999:  National Space R&D Program Budget 1996-1999 Advisory Board for Science, Technology and Innovation Science Council for Aeronautics and Space 2% of the total public funding for R&D National Space R&D Program Budget 1999:  National Space R&D Program Budget 1999 Total 5948 Mio Lei Number of projects = 37 Indicators 1997-1999:  Indicators 1997-1999 Number of projects 49 Personnel involved 280 Published papers 248 Communications 230 Agreements of international co-operation between institutions and groups 78 UK 3, Canada 2, France 10, Germany 3, Italy 9, Japan 1, Russia 6, Sweden 4, USA 4, European Space Agency 6 ROSA International Co-operation:  ROSA International Co-operation European Space Agency representative of Romanian Govt. for the Agreement of co-operation for the exploration and use of outer space with ESA (1992, 1999 October) UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space representative to the COPUOS and the Subcommittees sessions (since 1993) National representative to COSPAR (since 1994) Network of Research and Education Centers in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Turkey) Member of the Space Agencies Forum (1997) Agreements of bilateral Co-operation with Italy (1996), Bulgaria (1997), Hungary (1998) Slide14:  Regional Network for Research and Education in Space Science and Technology Central Eastern and South-Eastern European Countries Involved in the Project (1997-1998):  Central Eastern and South-Eastern European Countries Involved in the Project (1997-1998) Bulgaria Czech Republic (invited) Greece Hungary Poland Slovak Republic Romania Turkey . . . Information synthesized from the UN Composite document, some National Space Activities Reports, ESA and other sources. Slide16:  Central Eastern and South-Eastern Europe Network History:  History 1993 - 1996 - Greece, Romania and other Member States offered to host or to serve as a node for a Center on Space Science and Technology Education” covering the region of the UN Economic Commission for Europe 1996 - Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Turkey reiterated the agreement to establish a Network of space science and technology institutions, devoted primarily to capacity building 1998 - A technical study mission has been performed by OOSA and with the support of Italy to undertake study on the technical requirements, design, operation mechanism and funding of the network 1999 - UNISPACE III Regional Preparatory Conference for Eastern Europe in Bucharest, Romania Goals:  Goals Human resources building to meet the space science and technology development for the 21st Century Access of the Countries of the Region to the permanent renewing of the space technologies Promote the full integration of the Central Eastern and South-Eastern European Countries potential in the space endeavor for peaceful uses of outer space Contribute, by approaching to the requirements of the space programs developed by powerful space organizations as the European Space Agency, to the technological development and welfare of the region Objectives:  Objectives A Network of Space Research and Education Institutions in Central Eastern and South Eastern European Countries Promote, by space specific multi- and inter-disciplinary methods, higher level capacity building in the region Develop future specific regional space education, research and applications projects Develop joint space scientific and operational programs and benefit of them at the regional level Connect and integrate the Network to significant international and national space organizations UNISPACE III Regional Preparatory Conference in Bucharest:  UNISPACE III Regional Preparatory Conference in Bucharest 25-29 January 1999 21 countries and 8 international organizations All the countries participant in the Network attended the meeting Recommendations were given for the strengthening of the regional cooperation Several future common projects were proposed, as: Microsatellite for hazard monitoring in the region Satellite information-communication system for the Network countries Recommendations of the U3 Bucharest Information, Education, Cooperation:  Recommendations of the U3 Bucharest Information, Education, Cooperation The Conference recognizes the importance of science and technology as a tool for socio-economic development in the region as the next century approaches. Rapid advances in space science and technology will continue and the countries of the region must make every effort to take part in this human endeavour, so that the attendant benefits can enhance the quality of life in the region. Research, education and training are the cornerstones for furthering knowledge and are part of the overall capacity-building process. The Conference declares that the access to information and education are key issues for effective participation in space activities at the present moment in time Information infrastructure is an essential tool for development, which can be utilized in areas such as monitoring events, research and applications, education and training and decision-making; and space technology as a crucial tool for gathering information and for communicating rapidly and efficiently over wide and remote areas The core institutions of the Network should develop a satellite communications infrastructure, including appropriate terminals located in each country at the core institution, for distance learning and the on-line exchange of information of regional interest. Space applications:  Space applications Telecommunications Earth Observation Global navigation and positioning SPACE APPLICATIONS Global Information Systems Infrastructure Telecommunications - key infrastructure for the Exchange of Information ! Key indicators for the World Telecommunications:  Key indicators for the World Telecommunications Internet statistics - Eastern Europe:  Internet statistics - Eastern Europe "Hosts counted(RIPE August)" "Average People/Host(RIPE August)”/Country population "Hosts Counted(Internet Software Consortium July)" "Average People/Host(Internet Software Consortium July)”/Country population Internet statistics - World:  Internet statistics - World Worldwide 1999 201.05 mil. 4.8% Worldwide 1998 147 mil. 3.6% Worldwide 1997 74 mil. 1.8% Worldwide 1996 55 mil. 1.3% U.S. 1999 109 mil. 39.9% Europe 1999 40 mil. 8% Internet statistics - Europe:  Internet statistics - Europe European Research and Education Networks:  European Research and Education Networks AEARN - Austria 1990 NORDUNET in the Nordic Countries TERENA - Trans-European Research and Education Networkings Association DANTE Project - DG XIII - EC - FP4 and FP5 Trans European Networks - TEN TEN - 34 - 1995 TEN - 155 - 1998 European National Research Networks:  European National Research Networks ACOnet in Austria ARNES in Slovenia BELNET in Belgium CESnet in the Czech Republic CYNET in Cyprus DFN in Germany EENet in Estonia GARR in Italy GRNET in Greece HEAnet in Ireland HUNGARNET in Hungary IUCC in Israel LATNET in Latvia LITNET in Lithuania NASK in Poland NORDUnet in the Nordic countries DENet (Denmark), FUNET (Finland), ISnet (Iceland), UNINETT (Norway), SUNET (Sweden) POL-34 in Poland RCCN in Portugal RESTENA in Luxembourg RedIRIS in Spain RENATER in France RNC-ROEDUNET in Romania SANET in Slovakia SURFnet in the Netherlands SWITCH in Switzerland UKERNA/JANET in the UK TEN - 34:  TEN - 34 TEN - 155:  TEN - 155 Most connections by terrestrial links Satellite vs. terrestrial connections:  Satellite vs. terrestrial connections Terrestrial network bypass Faster access time Distance insensitivity Higher net throughput Multicast Asymmetric links Satellite overcomes delays created by terrestrial congestion. The choice of satellite or cable transmission to the Internet backbone has no impact on the throughput performance for the user Higher-Speed Internet Transmissions Satellite links in TCP/IP connections are transparent Advanced Multimedia Applications Reduced International Network Costs Reliability Flexibility Scalability Satellite vs. cable:  Satellite vs. cable Present terrestrial services are essentially impractical the majority PC users connected to the Internet via a modem at 28.8 kbps to 56 kbps - BOTTLENECK! Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) with rate of 64 or 128 kbps, is only a partial solution. Cable operators have developed cable modems, and telephone companies have invested in high-bandwidth systems on twisted-pair telephone lines Solutions are not widely available - limited to point-to-point applications Satellite communications provide immediate point-to-multipoint and point-to-point networks over short and long distances and can play a critical role in helping to solve these problems and improve access to audio, video, and other emerging multimedia services Very Small Aperture Terminals networks :  Very Small Aperture Terminals networks Fastest growing sectors of the satellite communications Cost-Effective independent of distance/terrain expansion costs are predictable VSAT equipment can operate unattended and maintenance-free Hub facilities can be shared among multiple users and applications Flexibility and quality can be customized to the customers needs and applications provide a high degree of security and network management and control VSATs can be installed rapidly, and moved to new locations as needs change VSAT Applications:  VSAT Applications business networks for hotel reservations, banking, retailing and news distribution internet and intranets specialized networks for international organizations wideband mobile and off-shore communications remote/rural public telecommunications telemedicine and distance learning. environmental and pipeline operations (SCADA) monitoring research and education INTELSAT Applications:  INTELSAT Applications INTELSAT in Eastern Europe:  INTELSAT in Eastern Europe EUTELSAT Applications:  EUTELSAT Applications EUTELSAT Applications:  EUTELSAT Applications EUTELSAT in Eastern Europe:  EUTELSAT in Eastern Europe Project Proposal: Satellite Communication and Information Network:  Project Proposal: Satellite Communication and Information Network Objective: To install a satellite communication antenna (VSAT) at the locations of the National Core institutions of the Network Purpose By means of effective communication, to improve the exchange of information in the Network, with a view to a common database of space related information Costs (per node) $ 10.000-14.000 - infrastructure $ 9.000-15.000 / yr - a 384…512 k permanent satellite link Spin-off Internet services provider for others, teleconference, telemedicine Satellite Communication and Information Network:  Satellite Communication and Information Network Satellite Communication and Information Network Project Proposal: Satellite Communication and Information Network:  Project Proposal: Satellite Communication and Information Network Results distant learning and education online exchange of data for: meteorology, hazard monitoring, geographic information systems, scientific data, astronomy, geodynamics, environment a reliable support for an extended regional database on space information centres of excellence to facilitate the integration in the European and global information systems Possibilities of financial support National space programmes, ESA, EC DG XII and DG XIII in the Fifth Framework Programme Conclusions:  Conclusions It is important for the space research and academic institutions in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe to develop a reliable communications infrastructure, based on the netwoek of Sace Science and Technology research and Education Institutions; The Network develops both academic and research/development activities to ensure the production of professionals in renewing multi- and interdisciplinary space related fields with applications to regional development and capacity building The activity of the Network could rely in the first phase on information exchange a common regional space project data exchange for the use in hazard monitoring of the region regional datase of common information Benefits:  Benefits Developing of data processing facilities mission control centers educational space communication facilities education: masters and Ph.D. Thesis in space-related fields formation of new research and development groups devoted to a longer term project, the sustainability conferred by a regional cooperation being more significant that the one offered by each country in the region Commercial type benefits

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