Published on March 4, 2014
Grammar for PET: Infinitive or –ing form? Katie Dirksmeier
Infinitives and gerunds: One, the other, or both? What is an infinitive? What is a gerund? Gerunds can also be called… When do we use each of them? Example sentences?
Infinitive or gerund? (verb + verb) You decide whether to use the infinitive or the gerund depending on: The first verb that you used What you want to say In this presentation: Verbs that are always/only followed by the infinitive Verbs that are always/only followed by the gerund Verbs that can be followed by either the gerund or infinitive without a change in meaning Verbs that can be followed by either the gerund or infinitive with a change in meaning depending on which is used
Verbs that are followed by the infinitive Discussion Verbs Optimistic Verbs Hope Expect* Plan Agree Wish Want Promise Would like* Would love* Help* Offer Intend Aim Ask* Remind** Pretend Appear Convince** Tell** Teach** Invite** Warn** Order** Instruct** Urge** >We promise to do our chores after dinner. Hypothetical Verbs Persuade** >My mom reminded me to take out the trash on my way out. Unfulfilled Verbs Fail Need* Seem Refuse >She pretended to be asleep. >Sam refuses to eat anything that isn’t green. Think of some example sentences with the starred verbs: What do you notice? Why do you think they are starred?
Verbs (+ object) + infinitive form Followed by infinitive and sometimes have object: Ask Expect >meaning w/object? Help Want Would like Would love Would hate Would prefer When do you use an object pronoun? Example? Followed by infinitive and ALWAYS have object: Force Instruct Invite Order Persuade Remind Teach Tell Warn The object can be in the form of the passive voice…
Verb + Infinitive: Negative form They agreed to leave. Change stay.” the sentence so it means “They agreed to In the negative, the form becomes: OR verb1 + not + infinitive verb1 + object + not + infinitive (if there is an object)
Expressions with the Infinitive To be about Peter was about to start his homework when the phone rang. To do (one’s) best I did my best to arrive on time, but somehow I was late again. To make up (one’s) mind Sally made up her mind to do whatever necessary to win the contest. To set out Gary packed his things and set out to make the long journey back to the campsite.
Gerund (-ing form) Pessimistic Verbs Other Discussion Verbs Avoid Consider Dislike Discuss Deny Recommend Miss Suggest Quit Insist on Regret Other Verbs That Are Followed by the Gerund Form Admit Imagine Delay Involve Enjoy Keep Feel like Mind/Not Mind Finish
Verb + Gerund: Negative form I dislike having a lot of homework. Can you make this sentence negative so that it means you enjoy having lots of assignments? In the negative, the form becomes: verb1 + not + gerund
Expressions with the Gerund Form To be against Michael was against cheating of any kind. To be interested in Over the summer, Erica became very interested in knitting and sewing. Can’t stand Alex can’t stand talking during movies and always tries to silence anyone chatting in the cinema. To look forward to I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Verbs Followed by Infinitive or Gerund We can use either the infinitive or the gerund with little or no change in meaning: Begin Continue Like Love Prefer These verbs MUST have an object when used with the infinitive…Why? •Advise •Allow •Encourage •Forbid Hate •Permit Start •Recommend
Verbs with Meaning Changes: Remember to: Remember to lock the door. = an action that is necessary. Remember –ing: I remember locking the door. = an action in the past.
Verbs with Meaning Changes: Forget to: Don’t forget to phone me. = an action that is necessary. Forget –ing: I’ll never forget meeting her. = an action in the past.
Verbs with Meaning Changes: Try to: Try to get to the concert as soon as possible so you get a seat. = if you can, something you should do Try –ing: Try adding a bit more salt to make the spinach taste better. = an experiment, suggestion
Verbs with Meaning Changes: Stop to: She stopped to eat some chocolate. = she stopped because she wanted to eat some chocolate Stop –ing: She stopped eating chocolate. = she no longer eats chocolate; an activity that is no longer occurring, finished, or paused
Der Infinitiv im Deutschen. Infinitive erscheinen im Deutschen: in Verbindung mit infinitivregierenden Verben (Beispiel: Sie muss bleiben. Er scheint zu ...
Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a grammatical term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs.
Gerund, Gerundium, Infinitiv - englische Grammatik - kostenlos Englisch Lernen im Internet
die Infinitive: Genitiv: des Infinitivs: der Infinitive: Dativ: dem Infinitiv: den Infinitiven: Akkusativ: den Infinitiv: die Infinitive: Blättern
Der 'to-infinitive' mit Adverben. Der 'to-infinitive' wird häufig mit den Adverben too und enough verwandt, um einen Gedankengang über unsere ...
Infinitive, Gerund, (Infinitiv, Gerundium), Kurzerläuterung und Übungen ... Übungen und Tests zum Infinitiv und Gerundium. Infinitiv und Gerundium sind ...
› Lernen › Grammatik › Infinitive, Gerund › Übung. Übungen zum Infinitiv und Gerundium. Infinitivkonstruktionen.
Übersetzung für infinitive im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch dict.cc.
Examples with the infinitive with to in English Grammar. Menu. Englisch-hilfen.de/ ... Gerund/Infinitive (Summary) Infinitive with to – English Grammar;
The Infinitive Recognize an infinitive when you see one. To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurp —all ...