Industry Expectations Presentation

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Information about Industry Expectations Presentation

Published on November 5, 2007

Author: Miguel


Slide1:  Industry Expectations 2007 Strategic Planning Retreat March 17 – 18,2007 Agenda:  Agenda Purpose Where do Webb Graduates Go? Peter Noble: A Ship Owner’s View Greg Matzat: A Yacht Designer’s View Bob Keane: A Naval Engineer’s View Jay Carson: A Shipbuilder’s View Wrap-up Purpose:  Purpose Question 1: Assignment from the Strategic Planning Retreat organizers “What does the industry expect of Webb?” Question 2: From the authors of this presentation “Why do we need to know what the industry expects, and what will we do with this information?” Answer: Webb students are in demand, we don’t seek more jobs, just better and broader opportunities as careers move forward Answer: Meeting industry expectations builds a base of support for long-term financial support for Webb Institute Answer: Knowing what is expected, we can tailor curriculum, non-academic programs, facilities and faculty assignments to meet the expected outcomes Where do Webb Graduates Go?:  Where do Webb Graduates Go? Most go to the Navy, grad school or design firms But our industry is chronically short of skilled engineers in many key sectors A Ship Owner/Operator’s View:  Peter G. Noble Chief Naval Architect, ConocoPhillips Regional Vice President, SNAME The views set forth here are the personal, sometimes biased, opinions of the author based on 40+ years as a practicing naval architect A Ship Owner/Operator’s View Naval Architecture – Ship Design:  Naval Architecture – Ship Design “A designer is an emerging synthesis of artist, inventor, mechanic, objective economist and evolutionary strategist.” R. Buckminster Fuller Our current system of educating naval architects appears focused fairly narrowly on “mechanics” , largely ignoring art, invention, economy and strategy. This leads to an education system for naval architects which seems to concentrate on designing the ships right rather than designing the right ships. Designing the Right Ships versus Designing the Ships Right:  Designing the Right Ships versus Designing the Ships Right Naval architects who work with detailed design agents and shipyards require expertise in designing ships right – based on pre-determined “Owners Requirements”. The most important decisions however, are made during the “front-end design” stage of development - designing the right ships. This is where the benefits of innovation can be determined, where major economics are established and where the US continues to excel in many fields including ship and offshore design. The naval architects working in this area create the “Owners Requirements”, for others to follow This is where we can get the best return for our investment in educating naval architects and where we should concentrate our efforts in providing tools and best practices. A Naval Engineer’s View:  A Naval Engineer’s View Robert G. Keane, Jr. Consultant Former Chief Naval Architect of the Navy Chair, SNAME-ASNE Joint Ship Design Committee The views set forth here are the personal opinions of the author “Designing the Right Ships” & “Designing Ships Right” require an experienced design workforce :  “Designing the Right Ships” & “Designing Ships Right” require an experienced design workforce Engineering is core of what makes companies successful, and is by far the function most constrained by supply - NA&ME critical to maritime organizations Need to basically generate a new workforce of knowledge workers to replace those experienced engineers who are going out the door Tasks of retirees fall to younger, less-experienced design engineers Maritime organizations need new generation of large scale project leaders who can effectively manage in a complex engineering business environment Looking for ability to think globally & enterprise-wide, with systems perspective, excellent communication & interpersonal skills Completion of a Capstone Ship Design Team Project highly desired - “You don’t learn to design, you design to learn” (Corky Graham) NA&ME colleges individually lack resources to meet all needs of all maritime organizations Academia looks to Government & Industry to fund any education & training initiatives NAVSEA-ONR investing in Education & Training of Ship Designers, but lack a strategic investment plan as Shipbuilders have done with NSRP “Need to jump start young graduates to cover the experience gap at a faster pace than would occur through normal work practices” – Peter Noble, Chief Naval Architect, ConocoPhillips  Slide10:  The Role of Educational Institutions Undergraduate Level Continue to provide firm educational foundation in basics, e.g. Mathematics Engineering Disciplines Physical Sciences Computer Skills Principles of Naval Architecture and Marine Engrg Communication Skills Continue to include in the curriculum a Professional Work Experience within a marine industry or ship engineering organization. Require all students to complete a Capstone Ship Design Team Project with senior industry & government personnel participating throughout Emphasis must be on the entire ship development process: requirements, concepts, design, production, validation and operations Students must acquire leadership and teamwork skills for leading teams of diverse professionals from across the whole enterprise Facilitate professors working in marine industry or ship engineering organizations to gain current ship design experience (emphasis on systems engineering) Slide11:  The Role of Industry Must be more pro-active and involved at all levels of undergraduate and graduate education, e.g. Participate in students’ ship design projects Provide students meaningful professional work experiences Involve professors in specific projects to gain current ship design experience Share approaches and experiences through seminars, lessons-learned databases and actual “case studies.” Sponsor interdisciplinary R&D , including company based projects and collaboration with other R&D programs (NSRP). Must value and nurture product development as a core corporate competency. Become partners with academia and government to define new forms of research and scholarship and to establish new models of collaborative learning. Slide12:  The Role of the Government Sponsor strong university research program in science and engrg. disciplines ONR National Naval Responsibility in Naval Engineering (NNRNE) Initiative Provide forum/opportunity for enterprise-wide collaboration NAVSEA-ONR Center for Innovation in Ship Design (CISD) at Carderock Lab Delegate greater responsibility to Industry, e.g. Early stage (Basic) warship design under Acquisition Reform NAVSEA National Shipbuilding Research Program (NSRP) Establish agreements with Academia for long-term support in critical areas MIT for Ocean Engineering graduate education of Navy Engineering Duty Officers Univ. of Mich. for NA&ME graduate education of USCG Officers NAVSEA Professorial Chairs: Ship Production at Univ. of Mich., Ship Design at Va. Tech. Masters of Engrg. power systems with Villanova on-site at NAVSSES, Philadelphia M.S. in Ocean Engrg. with VT via distance learning with sites at Carderock, Blacksburg & Newport News, VA, and Pascagoula, MS. ONR’s Visiting Professors Program Combine strengths and resources of individual community connections to form an Industry - Academia - Government partnership for collaborative research and education in multidisciplinary ship design. Perspectives of Industry: Recommendations:  Perspectives of Industry: Recommendations Webb & its diverse Board provide leadership to obtain sponsors for Capstone Ship Design Team Projects Initiate a Leadership Development Program Build alliances with other NA&ME schools Lead a coalition of NA&ME organizations to be the “NSRP” for Education & Training Create a new model of education, training, & career development that is exciting, provides engineering depth, and focuses on technical leadership, through team-building exercises, leadership training & hands-on experiences A Yacht Designer’s View:  A Yacht Designer’s View Greg Matzat President Sparkman & Stephens The views set forth here are the personal opinions of the author Perspectives of Industry Segments: Yacht Designers & Builders:  Familiarity with Small Craft and ability to review ones own work with common sense Ability to research a problem, solve it and present it in a clear, concise manner Ability to communicate and work with a team including designers, builders, sub-contractors, suppliers and classification societies Diversity in abilities due to typically small offices (hydrodynamics, structures…) Perspectives of Industry Segments: Yacht Designers & Builders Solid understanding of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering Hydrostatics, Stability, Resistance for Displacement and Planning Hulls, Wing Theory, Structures, Section Modulus… Perspectives of Industry Segments: Yacht Designers & Builders:  Drawing ability: Hand drawing and sketching (creativity is difficult on a computer) CAD, Lines Fairing and 3-D Modeling (accuracy, organization and presentation…drawings and files get distributed) Understanding of the next steps in process: nesting, numerical cutting and milling Perspectives of Industry Segments: Yacht Designers & Builders Structures Steel, Aluminum, Composites and Wood Familiarity with Small Craft and Yacht construction Familiarity with Yacht Rules and Regulations (ABS, MCA, ABYC…) Sailboats? A Shipbuilder’s View:  A Shipbuilder’s View Jay Carson Vice President, Engineering General Dynamics NASSCO The views set forth here are the personal opinions of the author Overview:  Overview All employers have similar expectations of new hires (Webb Institute’s primary product): Fit in and be effective in the near term Have the capability to learn and grow into more advanced tasks Both of these expectations are met through a combination of: Knowledge and skills from undergraduate and graduate-level course work and on-the-job training: no one graduates with a full set Personal characteristics However Webb can and should offer more to the industry: there may be unmet expectations as to “after sales” support: Seminars, symposia or on-line training in advanced topics Faculty research and industry consulting Contribution to the industry’s literature and new knowledge base Webb does a great job of undergraduate education. What other activities, realistically, could Webb undertake to extend its reach? Knowledge and Skills:  Knowledge and Skills What do we need to know, and when do we need to know it? How do we decide what are specialist skills and what are fundamentals that everyone should know? Who is expected to provide this knowledge and skill set? How do we assess people’s capabilities to learn and practice these skills? Does Webb Institute’s contribution to knowledge and skills necessarily end at graduation? The answer to these questions comes from a broad hierarchical map of knowledge and skills that covers all industry segments that Webb is intended to serve We also need to develop and maintain a clear understanding or the importance different industry sectors places on each element of knowledge and skill Webb can take the lead on developing and maintaining a tool for knowledge management in our industry Knowledge and Skills Hierarchy:  Knowledge and Skills Hierarchy Highlighted areas show perceived weaknesses, which includes areas that Webb regards as its core competencies Carson’s scoring: no others included Personal Characteristics:  Personal Characteristics Personal characteristics are often the differentiator between a good career and a great career Careful selection has resulted in excellent raw recruits coming to Webb – personal traits provide the foundation of our success But training, mentoring and alumni coaching, team and communications skills practice must be an essential element of today’s education The structured discipline of maritime academies instill stronger leadership and organization skills than sometimes observed in Webb graduates Development of personal characteristics is equally important to teaching hard skills Personal Characteristics Ratings:  Personal Characteristics Ratings This should be a prime focus of improvement for Webb: high value, relatively low cost; few barriers to implementation; improvement in perception of Webb graduate’s personal characteristics can have large payoffs for individuals and for the school “Bricks and mortar” projects not needed to improve Items 3-5 Structured interaction with fellow students, faculty and alumni mentors can improve skills without adding elements to the crowded curriculum Carson’s scoring: no others included Wrap-Up:  Wrap-Up William H. Webb would recognize these issues Designing right ships vs designing ships right Service to diverse industry: commercial cargo, naval, passengers Webb has comprehended and taken action on many of these issues in the past Dean Compton’s speech at Stevens Institute is thoughtful and thorough with regard to knowledge and skills Joe Cuneo’s Founder’s Day speech addresses personal knowledge and skills Ship design projects with industry involvement are part of a Webb education today Personal development including communication and team skills are also incorporated in Webb education today

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