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Industrialization power point(1)

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Information about Industrialization power point(1)

Published on March 7, 2014

Author: msgilmore

Source: slideshare.net

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Industrial Revolution

New Major Industries  Railroads  1862 - Congress approves the Transcontinental Railroad  Union & Central Pacific  Tracks joined in 1869  Changed commerce  Sears Roebuck Co.  Steel  Grew due to railroads  Andrew Carnegie

New Industries and Inventions  Oil John D. Rockefellar  Standard Oil Company  John D. Rockefellar  Telephone  Alexander Graham Bell  Electric Light Bulb  Thomas Edison Henry Ford And his Model T  Automobile  Henry Ford  Assembly line to increase production

Industry and Reform  Huge population growth in cities  Immigrants from other countries  Farm kids  Poor Working Conditions  Long working hours  Dangerous conditions in factories  Labor Unions Women working in a book factory

City Life at the Turn of the Century  Many people moved to cities  Factory workers  Tenements housed many workers  Often run down, dirty, and overcrowded  New buildings constructed  Multiple stories  Cities started public water and transportation systems An Italian Neighborhood in New York City  Public services also included fire and police depts.

Anti-Trusts  Monopoly - the complete control of an industry by one person or company The Sherman Anti-Trust law was aimed at men like Rockefeller and Carnegie, but it also affects modern businessmen like Bill Gates.  Does not allow competition between companies  Raises cost of products  Sherman Anti-Trust Act was passed in 1890  Made monopolies illegal

Women’s Suffrage  Fight for the vote and equal rights  Movement leaders included:  Susan B. Anthony  Carrie Chapman Catt  Elizabeth Cady Stanton  19th Amendment  Guarantees the right to vote for women  Passed in 1920

Environmental Conservation  John Muir  America’s first conservationist  Focus on California (Yosemite)  Founder of the Sierra Club  National Parks  Established by Teddy Roosevelt after a camping trip with Muir  1st park: Yellowstone (WY) Teddy Roosevelt and John Muir at Yosemite

African-American Rights  Wilmington, 1898  Violence between white and African-American citizens  Started after a series of newspaper articles  Ended Republican rule in NC  Begins segregation in NC Burned newspaper office following violence in Wilmington, 1898  Jim Crow laws Sets up segregation Division based on race School, public places (water fountains, transportation, ect.)

African-American Rights, continued  Plessy vs. Ferguson  US Supreme Court legalizes segregation  “separate but equal” is Constitutional  Citizens could be separated based on race as long as they were given equal facilities  Voting limitations  Poll tax  Pay fee to vote  Higher fee for African-Americans  Literacy test  Pass reading test to vote  Grandfather clause  If your grandfather could not vote, you could not vote

Turn of the Century NC

New Industry in North Carolina  Mills and Towns built  Textiles  By 1900, NC was 2nd largest producer of cotton textiles  Tobacco  American Tobacco Company  James B. Duke  Furniture  High Point Furniture Manufacturing Company

North Carolina Reformers  Thomas Day  Cabinetmaker  Harriet Morehead Berry  “Good Roads State”  suffragist Chapel Hill Road, circa 1900  Dorothea Dix Harriet Morehead Berry Dorothea Dix  Educational reform  Mentally ill - hospital

Farm Changes in North Carolina  Nat’l Farmers Alliance  Many people did not own land  Sharecropping  Tenent Farming  New machinery  Too many products were produced  Populist or People’s party

Education Improvements in NC  4-month school term  Students age 6-21  New funding  Local taxes  Fund from Mass.  General Assembly  High schools started  New school districts  Help not given to schools for African-Americans  Schools fell behind

 Identify: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Upton Sinclair Susan B. Anthony John Muir James B. Duke Harriet Morehead Berry  Explain: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What problems existed related to the growth of industry? What poor working conditions did textile mill workers face? What was the impact of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act? What does the 19th Amendment guarantee? What did the Plessy case legalize? What does “separate but equal” mean? List the 3 major industries that grew in NC.

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