Published on March 7, 2014
New Major Industries Railroads 1862 - Congress approves the Transcontinental Railroad Union & Central Pacific Tracks joined in 1869 Changed commerce Sears Roebuck Co. Steel Grew due to railroads Andrew Carnegie
New Industries and Inventions Oil John D. Rockefellar Standard Oil Company John D. Rockefellar Telephone Alexander Graham Bell Electric Light Bulb Thomas Edison Henry Ford And his Model T Automobile Henry Ford Assembly line to increase production
Industry and Reform Huge population growth in cities Immigrants from other countries Farm kids Poor Working Conditions Long working hours Dangerous conditions in factories Labor Unions Women working in a book factory
City Life at the Turn of the Century Many people moved to cities Factory workers Tenements housed many workers Often run down, dirty, and overcrowded New buildings constructed Multiple stories Cities started public water and transportation systems An Italian Neighborhood in New York City Public services also included fire and police depts.
Anti-Trusts Monopoly - the complete control of an industry by one person or company The Sherman Anti-Trust law was aimed at men like Rockefeller and Carnegie, but it also affects modern businessmen like Bill Gates. Does not allow competition between companies Raises cost of products Sherman Anti-Trust Act was passed in 1890 Made monopolies illegal
Women’s Suffrage Fight for the vote and equal rights Movement leaders included: Susan B. Anthony Carrie Chapman Catt Elizabeth Cady Stanton 19th Amendment Guarantees the right to vote for women Passed in 1920
Environmental Conservation John Muir America’s first conservationist Focus on California (Yosemite) Founder of the Sierra Club National Parks Established by Teddy Roosevelt after a camping trip with Muir 1st park: Yellowstone (WY) Teddy Roosevelt and John Muir at Yosemite
African-American Rights Wilmington, 1898 Violence between white and African-American citizens Started after a series of newspaper articles Ended Republican rule in NC Begins segregation in NC Burned newspaper office following violence in Wilmington, 1898 Jim Crow laws Sets up segregation Division based on race School, public places (water fountains, transportation, ect.)
African-American Rights, continued Plessy vs. Ferguson US Supreme Court legalizes segregation “separate but equal” is Constitutional Citizens could be separated based on race as long as they were given equal facilities Voting limitations Poll tax Pay fee to vote Higher fee for African-Americans Literacy test Pass reading test to vote Grandfather clause If your grandfather could not vote, you could not vote
Turn of the Century NC
New Industry in North Carolina Mills and Towns built Textiles By 1900, NC was 2nd largest producer of cotton textiles Tobacco American Tobacco Company James B. Duke Furniture High Point Furniture Manufacturing Company
North Carolina Reformers Thomas Day Cabinetmaker Harriet Morehead Berry “Good Roads State” suffragist Chapel Hill Road, circa 1900 Dorothea Dix Harriet Morehead Berry Dorothea Dix Educational reform Mentally ill - hospital
Farm Changes in North Carolina Nat’l Farmers Alliance Many people did not own land Sharecropping Tenent Farming New machinery Too many products were produced Populist or People’s party
Education Improvements in NC 4-month school term Students age 6-21 New funding Local taxes Fund from Mass. General Assembly High schools started New school districts Help not given to schools for African-Americans Schools fell behind
Identify: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Upton Sinclair Susan B. Anthony John Muir James B. Duke Harriet Morehead Berry Explain: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What problems existed related to the growth of industry? What poor working conditions did textile mill workers face? What was the impact of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act? What does the 19th Amendment guarantee? What did the Plessy case legalize? What does “separate but equal” mean? List the 3 major industries that grew in NC.
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