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India-Unity in Diversity

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Information about India-Unity in Diversity
Education

Published on February 23, 2014

Author: Aksharshilp99

Source: authorstream.com

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International Workshop: International Workshop Telemark University, Norway & Tilak College of Education, Pune , India 8 th February 2014 Indian Culture: Unity in Diversity Namita S. Sahare Asst. Professor Tilak College of Education, Pune guidance.18@gmail.com India: India Pressing hands together with a smile to greet Namaste / Namaskar a common cultural practice in India Indian Cultural Diversity: Indian Cultural Diversity Indian culture is one of the oldest and unique. Few countries in the world have such an ancient and diverse culture as India's. In India, there is an amazing cultural diversity throughout the country. The South, North, and Northeast have their own distinct cultures and almost every state has carved its own cultural niche. Its physical, religious and racial variety is as immense as its linguistic diversity. Underneath this diversity lies the continuity of Indian civilization and social structure from the very earliest times until the present day. India is a vast country with a variety of geographical features and climatic conditions. India, a place of infinite variety, is fascinating with its ancient and complex culture, dazzling contrasts and breathtaking physical beauty. Multiculturalism: Most tourists who come to India are amazed by personally observing the Indian culture. Since India is vastly populated, its perpetual cultural diversity is amazingly spread out. Still one thing that is common in these millions of people their love for the culture. India is the world’s largest democracy. Multiculturalism relates to communities containing multiple cultures. What makes Indian multiculturalism and multicultural education unique is the fact that diversity is considered a defining feature of both Indian identity and Indian democracy. Multiculturalism Indian Cultural Diversity: Indian Cultural Diversity The Indian culture has never been rigid and that's why it's surviving with pride in the modern era. It timely imbibes the qualities of various other cultures and comes out as a contemporary and acceptable tradition. On the world stage, either through international film festivals or through beauty pageants, India regularly displays its talent and culture. The flexibility and movement with time has made Indian Culture fashionable and acceptable too. Multicultural education: Multicultural education Multicultural education is a philosophical concept built on the ideals of freedom, justice, equality, equity, and human dignity Multicultural education is a process that permeates all aspects of school practices, policies and organization as a means to ensure the highest level of academic achievement for all students. It helps students develop a positive self-concept by providing knowledge about the histories, cultures, and contributions of diverse groups….Let’s have glimpses of history & culture India is the second richest centre of architectural heritage in the world after Europe and may be no single country of the world can match it in this respect.: India is the second richest centre of architectural heritage in the world after Europe and may be no single country of the world can match it in this respect. Ajanta & ElloraCaves: Chaitya griha, kailasnath & Sanctuary  - Maharashtra. One of the most impressive rock-cut architectural monuments in the world, built between 550 - 1000 AD. 34 caves contain Buddhist, Hindu and Jain sanctuaries - possibly the most splendid rock-cut cave in world. : Ajanta & ElloraCaves : Chaitya griha , kailasnath & Sanctuary  - Maharashtra. One of the most impressive rock-cut architectural monuments in the world, built between 550 - 1000 AD. 34 caves contain Buddhist, Hindu and Jain sanctuaries - possibly the most splendid rock-cut cave in world. Languages of India: Languages of India According to Ethnologue, India is considered to be the home to 398 languages out of which 11 have been reported extinct.  Dialects in India vary depending on demographic location. Although the constitution of India stipulates that the main language of the country is Hindi in Devanagari script, languages of native tongues are still very much alive. In India, some 1652 dialects were recorded in a census made in 1961. Another census was initiated way back 2001 and it showed that for more than half a million inhabitants, there are 29 languages being spoken. This is why Indian language translation is a tough one. Languages of India: Water (vann) = Paani, jal ,tani,neer,neeru,aab: Languages of India: Water ( vann ) = Paani , jal , tani,neer,neeru,aab Urdu Punjabi Rajasthani Sanskrit-Hindi Gujarati Marathi Konkani Kannada Telgu -Tamil Malayalam Oriya Bengali Assamese Manipuri Agriculture & Food Main crops: rice, wheat, Pulses, tea, sugar cane, spices :  Agriculture & Food Main crops: rice, wheat, Pulses, tea, sugar cane, spices Rice & chapatti Vegetables Seafood Meat Masala-spices Tea-common drink If all the world’s cultural heritage was contained in a time capsule, I would like to demonstrate my country’s legacy in the form of: If all the world’s cultural heritage was contained in a time capsule, I would like to demonstrate my country’s legacy in the form of ‘FESTIVALS’ India is undoubtedly, a land of festivals. There are festivals for every season, for every legend & myth, every region and every religious place. Festivals of India are characterized by colour, enthusiasm, feasts and a variety of prayers and rituals. Dance and music are essential ingredients.:  India is undoubtedly, a land of festivals. There are festivals for every season, for every legend & myth, every region and every religious place. Festivals of India are characterized by colour, enthusiasm, feasts and a variety of prayers and rituals. Dance and music are essential ingredients. Some are exclusive to certain communities & religions while others have a national & secular character about them. Indian festivals are celebrated according to the solar and lunar calendars. Consequently, dates & months may vary accordingly. In India, festivals are marked by a warmth of participation. Color and festivity also provide an occasion for shopping when overnight small markets appear from nowhere. Indian Festivals: Someone once remarked that in India, there is a festival on every day of the year. Kolkata is known as city of Celebrations. This is not surprising considering the innumerable gods, goddesses, saints, gurus and prophets who are worshipped in India. The numerous and varied festivals that are held throughout the year offer a unique way of seeing Indian culture at its best. Indian Festivals Some of the festivals celebrated in India….: Some of the festivals celebrated in India…. Makar Sankranti : 14th Jan.: Makar Sankranti : 14 th Jan. Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival. It marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Capricorn- Makara rashi on its celestial path. This festival also comes as Thanksgiving to Mother Nature for an abundance of crops, well being and prosperity. The festivities include sweets made of jaggery , green gram and sesame. The festival is known as Sukarat in MP, Bhogali Bihu in Assam and West Bengal, Pongal in Tamil Nadu , Sankranti in Andhra Maharastra and Karnataka and Uttarayan in Rajasthan and Gujarat. Holi: 16th, 21st March 2014: Holi : 16 th , 21 st March 2014 Holi is celebrated all over India with color, music, dance and bonfires. It marks the beginning of summer. It also celebrates the end of cold and hardship, and the successful harvest of the winter crop. People throw colored water and powders (gulal and kumkum) at each other and make merry. Singing and dancing add to the gaiety of the occasion. The exuberant display of colors symbolizes the advent of a colorful and prosperous spring season. Baisakhi: Baisakhi   Baisakhi is a festival celebrated across the northern Indian subcontinent, especially in the Punjab region by the Sikh Community. For the Sikh community this festival commemorates the establishment of the Khalsa. This is the time when harvest is gathered in and the farmer exults in the fulfillment of his year's hard work. The fields can be seen full of nature's bounty. Dressed in their typical folk attire, both men and women, celebrate the day with Bhangra and Gidda . On Baisakhi day, water is drawn from all the sacred rivers of India and poured in to the huge tank surrounding the golden temple. Ganesh Utsav: 29Aug-8 Sept: Ganesh Utsav : 29Aug-8 Sept   Ganesha is widely worshipped as the god of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune and traditionally invoked at the beginning of any new venture or at the start of travel. On the last day of worship the idol is taken out in a colourful and musical procession to be immersed traditionally at a beach. People bring home  idols  of Lord Ganesha and celebrate the festival by worshiping the Lord in a special way for a day and a half, 5 days, 7 days or 11 days Dussehra/ Durga Pooja: Dussehra / Durga Pooja The name Dussehra is derived from Sanskrit  Dasha-hara  literally means  removal of ten  referring to Lord Rama’s victory over the ten-headed demon king Ravana. The day also marks the victory of Goddess Durga over the demons . They also hold outdoor fairs (melas) and large parades with effigies of Ravana ( king of ancient Sri Lanka). The effigies are burnt on bonfires in the evening. Dussehra is the culmination of the  Navaratr i festival. PowerPoint Presentation: Diwali is certainly the biggest and the brightest of all Hindu festivals. Deepavali in Sanskrit is ‘a row of lamps’. It is a festival of lights symbolizing the victory of righteousness and the lifting of spiritual darkness. It celebrates the victory of good over evil - and the glory of light. This festival commemorates Lord Rama's return to his kingdom Ayodhya after completing his 14-year exile. Diwali : 21 Oct-25 Oct 2014 Eid: Eid Eid also called Feast of Breaking the Fast, the Sugar Feast, the Sweet Festival is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. At the end of Ramadan, Muslims celebrate Eid Al-Fitr. The entire community comes together for special prayers and to congratulate each other. The traditional Eid greeting is  Eid Mubarak , and it is frequently followed by a formal embrace. Eid Christmas: Christmas Music : Music & Dance :  Clothing in India varies from region to region depending on the ethnicity, geography, climate and cultural traditions of the people of that region.    Women wear a sari, a long sheet of colourful cloth, (5m to 7m)draped over a fancy blouse Churidar, dupatta, Khara Dupatta, gamchha,  kurta, mundum,  sherwani are among other clothes. Paithani sarees - Handwoven Pure silk saree with golden thread. Bandhani is a type of tie-dye practiced mainly in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat. The technique involves dyeing a fabric which is tied tightly with a thread at several points,thus producing a variety of patterns like Leheriya, Mothra, Ekdali and Shikari depending on the manner in which the cloth is tied: Paithani sarees - Handwoven Pure silk saree with golden thread. Bandhani  is a type of tie-dye practiced mainly in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat. The technique involves dyeing a fabric which is tied tightly with a thread at several points,thus producing a variety of patterns like Leheriya, Mothra, Ekdali and Shikari depending on the manner in which the cloth is tied Essentially, multicultural education is about social change through education. It requires deep and critical thinking, imagination, and commitment to another tomorrow, inclusive of the wealth of all of our stories and peoples.: Essentially, multicultural education is about social change through education. It requires deep and critical thinking, imagination, and commitment to another tomorrow, inclusive of the wealth of all of our stories and peoples . Schools must find ways to respect the diversity of their students as well as help to create a unified nation-state to which all of the nation's citizens have allegiance. Multicultural education is another aspect of the continuous human journey toward justice and pushes us toward the fulfillment of the promises of democracy PowerPoint Presentation: India today is unfolding a story of a billion plus people, or more precisely, one sixth of the world’s population, on a big move as India's large and complex systems rapidly moving top-down and the country emerge as one of the fastest growing economies of the world.   India is probable the only country in the world where people belonging to different religions, castes and creeds, speaking different languages, having different cultures, different modes of living, different clothing, different food habits, worshiping different gods and deity live together in harmony and believe to be the children of one mother-MOTHER INDIA. Jai Hind! Jai Bharat! Thank You References : Banks, J. A. (1997a). Teaching strategies for ethnic studies. (6th edition). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Banks, J. A. (1997b). Multicultural education: Characteristics and goals. Banks, J. A Encyclopedia of diversity in Education Reva Joshee, India, Multicultural Education knowledge.sagepub.com www.wondermondo.com en.wikipedia.org: References : Banks, J. A. (1997a). Teaching strategies for ethnic studies. (6th edition). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Banks, J. A. (1997b). Multicultural education: Characteristics and goals. Banks, J. A Encyclopedia of diversity in Education Reva Joshee , India, Multicultural Education knowledge.sagepub.com www.wondermondo.com en.wikipedia.org

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