India - Physical Features

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Information about India - Physical Features
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Published on December 6, 2009

Author: arvindtirkey

Source: authorstream.com

Slide 1: NATURAL BOUNDARIES SEPARATING THE CONTINENT FROM REST OF ASIA NORTH – Hindu Kush, Karakoram, Himalayas. WEST – Highlands of Iran & Afghanistan. EAST – Arakan Yoma. SOUTH – Indian Ocean. Slide 2: SOUTH ASIA – THE PHYSICAL FEATURES The Indian Subcontinent divided into – The Northern Mountain Wall. The Northern Plains. The Peninsular Plateau. The Coastal Plains. The Islands. Slide 3: THE NORTHERN MOUNTAINS A series of mountain ranges of Himalayas separating the subcontinent on the north from Central Asia Continuous wall of 2,400 km long and 160 to 450 km wide stretching from Kashmir to Assam. Originate from Pamir Knot. Karakoram range towards southeast with Ladakh and Zaskar as parallel ranges. Hindu Kush towards south – westward. Kunlun towards south – eastward. Sulaiman Range parallel along with the border of the Indian subcontinent. The Eastern Hills i.e. Arakan Yoma, Patkai and Naga – Mizo Hills along the eastern border of the subcontinent. THE GREAT MOUNTAIN WALL OF THE NORTH : THE GREAT MOUNTAIN WALL OF THE NORTH KARAKORAM RANGE SULAIMAN RANGE KIRTHAR RANGE HIMALAYAN RANGE THE KARAKORAM RANGE : THE KARAKORAM RANGE Stretch from Indus River to Pamir Plateau. Very High Mountains. Mt. K2 (Godwin Austin). Several Glaicers like Battoro. The Karakoram Pass links the subcontinent to China and Central Asia. The Ladakh and Zaskar ranges run parallel to the Karakoram range. THE SULAIMAN & KIRTHAR RANGE : THE SULAIMAN & KIRTHAR RANGE Sulaiman Range runs southwestwards from the Pamir Knot. Separate Pakistan from Afghanistan and Indus Valley from Baluchistan. It is not a continuous range. At Sibi (Pakistan) it turns towards south and continue as Kirthar Range. Chagai hill & Sinkai hills etc. The Sulaiman Continued….. : The Sulaiman Continued….. KHYBER PASS – Associated with Kabul river. GOMAL PASS – Associated with a small river and is towards south of the Khyber Pass. BOLAN PASS – Associated with a Bolan river and lies between Sulaiman and Kirthar ranges. THE HIMALAYAN RANGES : THE HIMALAYAN RANGES THE HIMADRI (The Great / Inner Himalayas) THE HIMACHAL (The Middle or Lesser) THE SHIWALIK Ranges distinguished on the basis of HEIGHT The Great Himalayas : The Great Himalayas Average height of 6,000 mts. It forms backbone of Himalayas. Covered with snow throughout the year. Mt. Everest, 8848 mts., Kanchenjunga, 8598 mts., Dhaulagiri 8172 mts. & Nanga Parbat 8126 mts. Etc. To the north lies Plateau of Tibet, the highest plateau in the world. Many glaciers decend the Himadri – largest – Siachen. Others are Gangotri and Jamnotri; perennial source of water for Ganga and Yamuna. Other rivers having source in Himadri are – Sharda, Ghagra, Kosi and Gandak rivers. The Himachal : The Himachal Average height of 4,500 mts. Runs parallel to the Himadri and lies to its south. Intricate system of ranges, which are 60 – 80 km wide. Include many ranges like Pir Panjal, the Mussoorie Range and the Mahabharat Lekh etc. Most hill stations are located on the southern slopes of the Himachal. These are Mussoorie, Nainatal, Chakarata and Ranikhet. Many glaciers decend the Himadri – largest – Siachen. Others are Gangotri and Jamnotri; perennial source of water for Ganga and Yamuna. Other rivers having source in Himadri are – Sharda, Ghagra, Kosi and Gandak rivers.

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