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India Imperialism

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Information about India Imperialism

Published on October 29, 2008

Author: matt

Source: slideshare.net

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India Overview A Supplement to Gandhi

Part 1: Introduction to India

Demographics Over 500,000 villages Over 2000 cities India 80% Hindu, 13% Muslim Today: 1.13 billion people Pakistan 90% Muslim, 2% Hindu Today: 168 million people 1920: 300 million

Over 500,000 villages

Over 2000 cities

India

80% Hindu, 13% Muslim

Today: 1.13 billion people

Pakistan

90% Muslim, 2% Hindu

Today: 168 million people

1920: 300 million

Caste System Hindu society was divided into major castes or classes People are born into a caste and upward mobility is next to impossible – people only married within their caste Caste determined job within community Connected to Hindu belief of reincarnation – live well and follow rules, then you will be reborn into a higher caste

Hindu society was divided into major castes or classes

People are born into a caste and upward mobility is next to impossible – people only married within their caste

Caste determined job within community

Connected to Hindu belief of reincarnation – live well and follow rules, then you will be reborn into a higher caste

Major Hindu Castes Brahmins – Priests and scholars Kshatriyas – Warriors Baishyas – Farmers and merchants Shudras – Laborers and serfs Untouchables – People who were below the caste system and completed the most undesirable of jobs

Brahmins – Priests and scholars

Kshatriyas – Warriors

Baishyas – Farmers and merchants

Shudras – Laborers and serfs

Untouchables – People who were below the caste system and completed the most undesirable of jobs

British East India Company Became leading commercial power by 1757 Exploited Indian indigo, cotton, and tea Ruled India, politically and economically (called raj or "rule")

Became leading commercial power by 1757

Exploited Indian indigo, cotton, and tea

Ruled India, politically and economically (called raj or "rule")

British East India Company Made alliances with different tribes and ethnic groups, employed sepoys (Indian soldiers) Considered the "jewel in the crown" of the British Empire

Made alliances with different tribes and ethnic groups, employed sepoys (Indian soldiers)

Considered the "jewel in the crown" of the British Empire

Direct Control 1857 Sepoy Rebellion takes place Started with misunderstanding that new bullets had animal grease on them (sacred to Hindus and unclean to Muslims) British government saw uprising as a sign that Indians could cause more problems in the future and took direct control of government

1857 Sepoy Rebellion takes place

Started with misunderstanding that new bullets had animal grease on them (sacred to Hindus and unclean to Muslims)

British government saw uprising as a sign that Indians could cause more problems in the future and took direct control of government

Domination English and Western ideas promoted as elite – including education and dress Restricted domestic industries, forced Indians to purchase British goods

English and Western ideas promoted as elite – including education and dress

Restricted domestic industries, forced Indians to purchase British goods

Part 2: Indian National Congress

Indian National Congress 1885 – Met for the first time to bring more Indians into the British controlled government Over then next thirty years they began to push for home rule and then independence

1885 – Met for the first time to bring more Indians into the British controlled government

Over then next thirty years they began to push for home rule and then independence

Indian National Congress Party members generally were English educated and did not represent the 350 million Indians who mostly worked in the fields of rural India Many did not separate the Congress members in their minds from the British because they advocated similar ideas (i.e. industrialization), but under Indian rule

Party members generally were English educated and did not represent the 350 million Indians who mostly worked in the fields of rural India

Many did not separate the Congress members in their minds from the British because they advocated similar ideas (i.e. industrialization), but under Indian rule

Part 3: Hindu / Muslim Tensions

Map of the Muslim World c.A.D.900

Map of the Muslim World c.A.D. 1100

Map of the Muslim World c.A.D. 1500

Muslim Conquests 711 CE – Muslim invaders take Lower Sind 1200 CE - Delhi Sultanate in Northern India 1500 CE – Mughal Empire established 1750 CE – British East India Company begins control

711 CE – Muslim invaders take Lower Sind

1200 CE - Delhi Sultanate in Northern India

1500 CE – Mughal Empire established

1750 CE – British East India Company begins control

Ongoing Conflict Muslim invasions were bloody conflicts Hindu temples razed, Mosques built in place Violent uprisings by Hindus throughout Muslim rule British used differences to help maintain control Bitterness between the two lead to great violence during the independence process

Muslim invasions were bloody conflicts

Hindu temples razed, Mosques built in place

Violent uprisings by Hindus throughout Muslim rule

British used differences to help maintain control

Bitterness between the two lead to great violence during the independence process

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