Incorporating Green Logistics in Haulage Transport operations in

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Published on May 9, 2014

Author: Chinengundu

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Incorporating Green Logistics in Haulage Transport operations in Zimbabwe: Incorporating Green Logistics in Haulage Transport operations in Zimbabwe A Presentation by; CHINENGUNDU NYASHA INTRODUCTION: INTRODUCTION The issue of environmental sustainability have been perceived by various stakeholders differently, with some agitatedly concerned with the health, well-being and economic benefits that the development brings, while others negligently engrave their environmental impacts in their day-to-day business activities. PowerPoint Presentation: Various theoretical debates have been put forward by academics and scholars contesting and supporting the increasing importance of environmental sustainability as a result of global climate change, scarcity of critical resources and land degradation. The recent economic crisis has accelerated the need for sustainable growth (especially in Less Developed Countries) where more efficient and effective use of natural resources is a prerequisite for developing a sustainable economy. As such, most governments today are greatly concerned with the fauna and flora and had put in place regulatory boards as well as private institutions that govern, monitor and promote environmental sustainability in their countries, a phenomenon known as “ Green Business ” or “ Greening the Economy ”. ..cont’: .. cont ’ Contrary, transport services have a crucial role in economic development as it support the increasing mobility demands for passengers and freight services ranging from local to international trade. This had resulted in growing levels of motorization posing some serious environmental concerns in the form of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions and Hydro Carbons such as Lead (PB), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrogen Oxide (NOX), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), Chlorofluoro Carbons (CFC’s), Benzene (BTX), Silicone tetra Fluoride (SF6), particulate matters such as Zinc, Chrome and Copper. Investment in transport thus requires an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) by the relevant regulatory board to ascertain the impacts of transport operations to the environment linked to climate change, air quality, noise, water quality, soil quality, biodiversity and land take. ..cont’: .. cont ’ This study therefore focuses on establishing challenges that are faced by Zimbabwean haulage trucking companies in incorporating green logistics in their business activities with specific reference to Sabot Haulage Company. Environmental impacts due to their operation are going be explored, transport operators’ prerequisites to environmental sustainability as well as government and other stakeholders’ participation, key research questions as well as the justification of the study. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY: BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY In recent years a number of trends have affected the transportation and logistics service industry, creating challenges and opportunities for companies in this industry. Supply chains have become more and more complex due to globalization and have resulted in the concomitant development of more international supply chain configurations. This has resulted in a transition of transportation activities from a narrow focus to a model based, and pivotal role in the design and execution of wider supply chains, while the provision of value-added services and environmental sustainability has become an important point of differentiation. These supply chains are typically longer in distance as well as time and comprise a large number of inter-firm relationships that pose a massacre effect to the environment. ..Cont’: .. Cont ’ In the case of Zimbabwe, soon after independence in 1980 the transportation industry had been characterised by an intermodal transport mechanism that saw most bulk consignments being ferried by the National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ), with the haulage trucks mainly making the final destination to companies that did not have railway sidings. However, as we progressed into the 21 st Century, this transportation mechanism and configurations changed as the prominently used and cost effective rail mode of transport faced numerous challenges that include financial and technological constrains, stiff completion from road transport and also vandalism. This had been fuelled by the economic recession that followed resulting from the economic sanctions that the country faced. To date, the rail sector is hardly operational (African Development Bank 2012). ..cont’: .. cont ’ This development forced companies and individuals to switch from using the railway to road transport in ferrying their consignments within and across the borders. This evidently resulted in another evolution and era of “the haulage trucking system” that comprise of modern heavy vehicles and abnormal load carriers across the borders. In addition, Brian J. Nickerson (Environmental Laws of Zimbabwe, Volume 14) pointed out that the various regional economic and political integrations pioneered by the multilateral trading system of the World Trading Organization (WTO), such as the SADC, EAC and COMESA had eliminated trade barriers and thus made trade easier and more predictable. This had also increased the volumes of in-transit haulage trucking systems across all Zimbabwean borders. This increase in volume had culminated the environmental impacts that come as a result of the operation of heavy vehicles and abnormal load carriers. ..cont’: .. cont ’ In most G-32 countries especially Europe, a variety of environmentally focused transport mechanism had been put in place in an effort to reduce the adverse effects that prevail as a result of freight operations. These include but not limited to various road transport regulations, internationally recognized authorizations and road permits for all haulers rating above 3.5 tonnes such as Standards International Operator License (SIO) and ADR Training certificate. Other environmentally focused initiatives include advanced online services such as “ Eco-Haulage” , a state-of-the art exchange website that uniquely create an intrinsic network between all haulage companies, commercial businesses and freight forwarders in the EU. The website allows subscribers to calculate, monitor and display their level of emissions-something which is sure to be a big draw for blue chip companies and other eco-conscious businesses when choosing a transporter. …cont’: … cont ’ In South Africa, a National Vehicle Management system and industry-led self-regulation scheme kwon as Road Transport Management System (RTMS) was implemented and effected on the 7 th of June 2006, a system that encouraged consignees, consignors and transport operators engaged in road logistics value chain to practice and adopt to an environmentally concerned vehicle management system that preserves road infrastructure, improves road safety and increase the productivity of the value chain. This management system is aimed at addressing problems affecting road logistics that include infrastructure deterioration due to inter alia, overloading and accidents attributed to heavy vehicles. The system also replaced the old-poor compliance to eco-transport regulations by operators by creating rules for the industry which support principles of good corporate governance and green logistics focusing on adherence to environmental sustainability, load optimization, eco-driver training and wellness, eco-vehicle maintenance and productivity. …cont’: … cont ’ In Zimbabwe, environmental policies, regulations and compliances targeted at motorists are outlined in the Environmental Management Act, chapter 9 subsections 64 under “Emissions by motor vehicles and other conveyances”. The Act requires motorists especially heavy vehicle operators to undergo an Environmental Impact Assessment procedure before commencing any transportation business and as well meet other specified regulations, requirements and licensing before plying any routes. These regulatory requirements are monitored and managed by the Environmental Management Agency set by the government under the provisions of the Environmental Management Act 20:27, subsection 9. This agency reports to the National Environmental Council established in terms of the Environmental Management Act 20:27, subsection 7. This National Council reports to the minister of Environment and Natural resources, who in turn reports and present all environmental concern to the parliament. ..cont’: .. cont ’ Zimbabwe is a Less Economically Developed country which is a bit backward considering modern environmental stewardship, environmental regulations, environmental information systems and internet technologies compared to other developed countries in the EU and NAFTA regions. The country’s economy had also been greatly suppressed by the economic sanctions between early 2000 to date, that were imposed by Western countries, which weakened and diverted the government’s focus from any other considerations other than that of striving to secure food and other basic commodities to the citizens. However, of the late as the economic sanctions tend to loosen, the country had been able to re-vitalize many of the governmental branches and ministries with the inclusion of the ministry of Environment and Natural resources that saw the establishment of the Environmental Management Agency (EMA) in 2003 from the then department of Natural resources. Considering the above challenges, both the environment ministry as well as its various departments and the transport sector in question are striving to collaborate and incorporate green logistics or eco-business practices towards developing an environmentally sustainable economy. …cont’: … cont ’ This study therefore seeks to reveal environmental impacts resulting from the day-to-day operation of haulage trucks and investigate the challenges that are faced by these companies in their efforts to incorporate green logistics in their business activities, with specific reference to Sabot Haulage Company. The study also takes into account mitigating measures put in place by local authorities, government and other stakeholders’ participation in minimising the environmental impacts. STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM: STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM In light of the current “green business” era, haulage transport companies in Zimbabwe are striving to incorporate environmentally sustainable practises in their day-to-day transportation activities that enhance sustainable economic development. It is to this regard that the researcher seeks to explore environmental impacts that come as a result of transport operations, and establish challenges that are faced by haulage transport companies in incorporating “eco/green-conscious” practises in their operations. PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY: PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY The purpose of this study is to ascertain all environmental impacts caused by the operation of haulage and heavy vehicle trucks and establish challenges that are faced by these transport companies in incorporating green logistics. This study will also take into consideration current and on-going environmental sustainable practises on an international level, government and other concerned organizations’ environmental obligations, regulations, monitoring and management issues concerning the transport industry. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: RESEARCH OBJECTIVES The major objectives of this study are to: Identify environmental impacts caused by the operation of haulage and heavy vehicle trucks Establish internationally recognised and domestic rules and obligations of transport operators pertaining to environmental sustainability Explore government, concerned boards/organizations and other stakeholders’ participation towards developing an environmentally sustainable economy regarding transport operations Establish challenges that are currently faced by Haulage and Trucking companies in Zimbabwe in their efforts to incorporate “green logistics” in their operations Recommend ways of improving “eco/green-conscious” business practises in the transport industry RESEARCH QUESTIONS: RESEARCH QUESTIONS What type and extent of environmental impacts are caused due to the operation of haulage trucks and other abnormal load carrier vehicles What are the operational obligations, rules and other regularities that govern the operation of haulage trucks and abnormal load carriers concerning environmental sustainability both locally and internationally What is the government, concerned organizations/boards and other stakeholders doing, and what should they do to improve environmental sustainability regarding transport operations What challenges are currently being faced by haulage transport operators in Zimbabwe in their efforts to incorporate green-business in their operations Are there any other ways or means of reducing the environmental impacts that come as a result of transport operations, and any recommended ways of improving green logistics in the transport industry. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The study is intended to benefit the researcher to qualify for the attainment of a bachelor of technology (honours) degree in international purchasing, logistics and transport, and improve his research expertise, analytical, conceptual and professional skills in the logistics and supply chain field. ..Cont’: .. Cont ’ The study can also help to reveal the adverse environmental impacts of transport operations and the extent of their effects to the environment, changing climate, health and economic development. The study thus enables motorists especially trucking companies to administer and develop modern and state-of-the-art eco- business practises that reduce their impacts to the environment and avoid sinister as well as negligently-driven activities that destroy the environment. The study will also help the government and environmental regulatory boards/organizations to craft and formulate policies and regulations that reduce transport externalities to the environment, and develop monitoring and management practises that promote green-business, safer and sustainable environment. …Cont’: … Cont ’ Scholars and other researchers in the same or related field will also benefit from the provisions of this study in integrating, developing or inventing advanced or cutting-edge solutions to the subject area of study that will further benefit the public at large. DEFINITION OF TERMS: DEFINITION OF TERMS Logistics - time related positioning/flow of information, material resources and funds from point A to point B, either upstream or downstream the supply chain. Haulage - business of transporting bulky or heavy materials or goods by road or rail for companies or one‘s own company such as oil, coal, waste, minerals and other supplies. …Cont’: … Cont ’ Green logistics - describes all the attempts to measure, monitor and minimise the ecological or environmental impact of both forward and reverse logistics activities. Eco-business - is a term based on the view that capital or wealth exists in nature as “natural capital”, hence ecological-based government policy instruments should be used to resolve environmental problems, and explore the various ways to add “green” to both all ways of doing business. …Cont’: … Cont ’ NAFTA region - North America Free Trade Area WTO - World Trade Organization LEDC - Less Economically Developed Countries SADC - Southern Africa Development Community COMESA - Common Market for Southern Africa EAC - East Africa Community PowerPoint Presentation: For contact/ more information on the writer and presenter, please use the following details: E-mail: nyashac90@gmail.com +263776553177/+263777126959 <<<THE END>>>

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