In the Guise of Security

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Published on September 26, 2007

Author: AATW

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Under the Guise of Security Routing the Separation Barrier to Enable Israeli Settlement Expansion :  Under the Guise of Security Routing the Separation Barrier to Enable Israeli Settlement Expansion B’Tselem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories Bimkom: Planners for Planning Rights Slide2:  The barrier runs through the West Bank Length of the Barrier: 680 kilometers Twice the length of the green line Cost: US$2.5 million per kilometer Total cost = $1.55 billion Population affected: 490,000 Palestinians in 92 Communities directly affected Amount of Land affected: 12.4% of the West Bank Slide3:  The barrier runs through the West Bank Israel: The route is based only on security considerations. Is this the case? Extensive infringement of Palestinian human rights Slide4:  The purpose according to the Cabinet's decision: To reduce the entry of terrorists from Judea and Samaria to carry out attacks in Israel Protection of settlements is not mentioned Slide5:  When the matter was heard in the High Court, the state was compelled to admit: "Indeed, part of the route was planned to also grant protection to Israeli residents living in Judea and Samaria, who are also suffering from terror attacks." And still... The principal justification for the route remains: Preventing entry into Israel Slide6:  Israel: The route is based on two "operational considerations" Creating a buffer zone: An open area in which security forces can capture terrorists who get through the barrier Slide7:  Topographic superiority: Enables protection of army patrols along the barrier and prevents firing on communities. Israel: The route is based on two "operational considerations" Slide8:  Israel: The barrier is a temporary measure Slide9:  The official in charge of planning the route, Col. Dan Tirza: “The fence does not give one centimeter to the settlements. The land for the settlements is determined by other means, in other places, and not by the fence’s route. I have a mission: I have to prevent terrorists from crossing.” (June 2005) Slide11:  In many cases, the barrier runs right alongside the Palestinian built-up area. In most cases, the barrier is hundreds of meters from the houses in the settlements. Slide12:  B'Tselem and Bimkom studied 12 portions of the route: The desire to expand the settlements in the future determined the route. The barrier runs along the borders of the outline plans in each case. Slide13:  The barrier creates permanent facts: Even if it is torn down later, the new "neighborhoods" built as a result of the barrier will remain. Slide14:  A buffer zone is empty space, to chase after terrorists who crossed the barrier. Built-up area is not a buffer zone. Israel intends to fill the empty area with new settlements. Slide15:  More than once, in order to surround the settlement areas planned for construction, an inferior route was chosen. The desire to expand settlements: Slide16:  Road Map: Israel freezes all settlement activity (including natural growth of settlements) Slide17:  The barrier is far from the Green Line. Much Palestinian farmland is situated in the “seam zone.” Thousands of Palestinians receive permits to the “seam zone.” Access from the “seam zone” to Israel is not blocked by the barrier. The result: more Palestinians have access to Israel Slide18:  In setting the route, Israel took into account existing settlements. Israel also took into account future settlements not yet built. Grave violation of Palestinian human rights Even more serious breach of human rights Slide19:  1. Separates Palestinians from their farmland. 2. Facilitates land expropriation. 3. Creates enclaves detached from the rest of the West Bank. 4. Blocks urban development of Palestinian communities. The route: Slide20:  The settlement currently has 200 housing units. Slide21:  The "Nofei Zufin" outline plan calls for another 1,200 housing units. In effect: a new settlement Slide22:  Plan for an industrial and residential areas Slide23:  The barrier surrounds this whole area. Slide24:  70% of Jayus lands remain on the other side of the barrier. Access to the land requires a permit. Residents can cross only through one gate, during the hours it is open. Zufin Jayus a-Nabi Elyas Slide25:  Zufin Qalqiliya Jayus Longer travel time Reduced farm income. Implementation of expansion plans will aggravate the harm. a-Nabi Elyas Slide26:  32,000 people live in the settlement bloc. Kiryat Seffer Slide27:  Expansion plans for the settlements Ganei Modi’in C Ganei Modi’in B Mattityahu North Ne'ot Hapisga Mattityahu East Kiryat Seffer Slide28:  The separation barrier surrounds the area. Ganei Modi’in C Ganei Modi’in B Mattityahu North Ne'ot Hapisga Mattityahu East Kiryat Seffer Slide29:  600 dunams of land owned by residents of Bil’in will become part of Mattityahu East. Fear: the land will be declared “state land” Mattityahu East Slide30:  Qalqiliya Alfe Menashe Ras 'Atiya a-Nabi Elyas Nirit Matan Givat Tal 1,400 housing units Ilanit 240 housing units The barrier surrounds the settlements, creating an enclave between it and the Green Line. Habla “Jewish lands” 1,300 housing units Slide31:  1,200 Palestinians live in the enclave's five villages. Qalqiliya Alfe Menashe Ras 'Atiya a-Nabi Elyas Nirit Matan Habla Slide32:  a-Nabi Elyas Life in the enclaves: Civil Administration permit required Exit and entry only through gates and checkpoints Daily life disrupted: even ambulances need to coordinate entry Livelihood harmed: shepherds are separated from grazing lands Impossible to hold family events Alfe Menashe Slide33:  The Separation Barrier in East Jerusalem. Slide34:  Inside Jerusalem municipality Geva neighborhood 60,000 residents Neve Ya'akov Geva Binyamin (Adam) Hizma a-Ram Beit Hanina Jaba' Barrier “annexes” 1,800 dunams to Jerusalem. Geva is not an expansion of Geva Binyamin. Barrier will block a-Ram’s urban development. Hizma and Jaba’ residents will lose access to grazing lands. 1,200 housing units Slide35:  The settlements: breach international law Acts intended to perpetuate the settlements are illegal. Slide36:  The route separates the settlements from the rest of the West Bank, and creates territorial contiguity between them and Israeli territory. This is the reason for the route, and for this reason also, the barrier's route is illegal. The illegality is much more obvious when the objective is to expand existing settlements and to protect the interests of real estate developers. Legal analysis Slide37:  In order to enable settlement expansion, Israel has created a barrier that: Compromises security, Harms Palestinian rights, Prevents creation of a contiguous Palestinian state. Legal analysis Slide38:  B’Tselem: The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories Bimkom: Planners for Planning Rights Israel has the right to defend itself. If it requires a barrier, it may build it on the Green Line or inside its own territory.

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