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Imitation, rule learning, and correction

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Information about Imitation, rule learning, and correction
Education

Published on February 23, 2014

Author: KhansaThamir

Source: slideshare.net

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Khansa AL-Qudaimi

   Do children acquire the language by imitation? Does learning a language involve learning a set of rules? Does correcting children’s errors assist their language learning?

 Do children acquire the language by imitation?

- - - - How do children produce novel utterances? Why do children generalize some of the grammatical rules as the plural “s”, the past tense “ed”? Why do children generate some ungrammatical sentences in forming negation and question? What aspects of language do children acquire by imitation?

 The process of decoding the speech signal in order to understand the spoken message. This process involves complex physiological and psychological mechanisms. (McAllister,  The process of encoding the intended message into a linguistic form by involving complex physiological and psychological mechanisms. (Hickok, 2012) 2003, p. 177) Speech Comprehension Speech Production

Acoustic input phonemes Syllables words

Concept Words Structure Articulatory level

 Does learning a language involve learning a set of rules?

(Chomsky, 1972, p.26)

 We holded rabbits. (Onnis, Roberts & Chater, 2002)

   Suzy: Don’t make me lost it. Father: No, don’t make me lose it. Suzy: No, not lose … losed !

 No heavy

  Is I can do that? Is you should eat the apple? These sentences are formed on the basis of sentences like:   Is uncle getting dinner ready? Is daddy staying out tonight?

 Does correcting children’s mistakes assist their language learning?

           Child: Want other one spoon, Daddy. Father: you mean, you want the other spoon. Child: yes, I want other one spoon, please Daddy. Father: Can you say “the other spoon”? Child: Other … one … spoon. Father: Say “other”. Child: Other. Father: “Spoon”. Child: Spoon. Father: “Other spoon”. Child: Other spoon. Now, give me other one spoon.

  Correction of children speech typically takes the form of a corrected repetition of the child’s utterance. When parents try to correct their children’s speech, the results are often fruitless and frustrating.

 It’s quite a burden for a child to correct some mistakes because s/he has to: 1. Note the difference between her own utterances with that of her parents. 2. Determine what the nature of the error is. 3. Figure out a way to permanently change her grammar or strategies so that it yields the parents utterances in the future.

 This is not the case with older children who will be able to correct their mistakes.

       Demirezen, M. (1988). Behaviourist theory and language learning. Hacettepe Vniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 135140. Hickok, G. (2012). Computational neuroanatomy of speech production. Nature Reviews Neuroscience , 135-145. Hickok, G. (2009). The functional neuroanatomy of language. Physics of Life Reviews , 121-143. Lanir, L. (2012, 12 7). First language acquisition theories: Nature vs. nurture. Retrieved from Decoded Science: http://www.decodedscience.com McAllister, R. (2003). A speech comprehension measurement tool: Normalization and measurement of perceptual foreign accent. PHONUM , 177-180. Onnis, L., Roberts, M., & Nick, C. (n.d.). Simplicity: A cure for overgeneralizations in language acquisition? Williamson, G. (2009, 10 7). Phonetics. Retrieved from speech therapy information and resources: http://www.speech-therapyinformation-and-resources.com/phonetics.html

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