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imarest presentation naruse ver3

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Education

Published on April 8, 2008

Author: Vittoria

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  IMarEST Sustainable Shipping… Progress in a changing world February 2, 2004 Ship recycling - an initiative to recycle-oriented maritime society Takeshi Naruse, Kazuyoshi Matsuoka, Shinya Hayashi National Maritime Research Institute, Japan Yuichi Sunagawa Solutions and Systems Technologies Inc., Japan Slide2:  Sustainability and Recycle-Oriented Society Sustainability: Meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (Brundtland Commission, 1987) Recycle (Recycling)-Oriented Society: A recycling-oriented society is one that conserves natural resources and reduces environment impacts by: (1) Preventing waste generation (2) Fostering the recycling of recyclable resources (3) Ensuring proper disposal of wastes (Basic law for promoting the creation of a recycling-oriented society, Japan, 2000) Slide3:  Policies and Legislations “to Create a Recycle-Oriented Society” Europe - IPP (Integrated Product Policy) IPP is an approach which seeks to reduce the life cycle environmental impacts of products throughout their life cycle. (Green paper, the European Commission, 2001) EU Directives (specific waste recycling) - WEEE (2002/96/EC, waste electrical and electronic equipment) - RoHS (2002/95/EC, restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment) - ELV (2000/53/EC, end of life vehicles) Slide4:  Basic Law for Promoting the Creation of a Recycling-Oriented Society (2001) - Containers and Packaging Recycling Law (2000) - Home Appliances Recycling Law (2001) - Construction Materials Recycling Law (2001) Food Recycling Law (2002) - Automobile Recycling Law (2005) - Laws for Specific waste recycling - Basic framework Policies and Legislations “to Create a Recycle-Oriented Society” Japan Slide5:  Initiatives “to Create a Recycle-Oriented Society” Toyota achieved ahead of schedule the Japanese automobile industry’s new voluntary goal of “reducing lead usage in models launched in 2006 and after to 1/10 or less of 1996 level” in five out of six vehicle series of models that were new or underwent complete redesign in FY2003. Status of Lead Reduction in Toyota Vehicles Reduction of Substances of Concern Automobile Industry “Toyota’s Example” Source: Environmental & Social Report 2004, TOYOTA Slide6:  Initiatives “to Create a Recycle-Oriented Society” Automobile Industry “Toyota’s Example” Source: Environmental & Social Report 2004, TOYOTA Wire harnesses can be removed reliably and quickly Toyota established the Automobile Recycle Technical Center in April 2001, within Toyota Metal, and has been promoting research on dismantlability improvement. Development of Recycling Technologies Slide7:  Initiatives “to Create a Recycle-Oriented Society” Electrical & Electronic Equipment Industry “Sony’s Example” Source: CSR Report 2004, SONY New DVD players manufactured in Asia, Europe and China in fiscal 2003 use 100% lead-free solder, including parts and terminals. Sony has been strenuously promoting the use of lead-free solder in order to achieve their goal of eliminating lead from products, except for a few uses, by the end of March 2005. Management of Chemical Substances in Products Slide8:  Initiatives “to Create a Recycle-Oriented Society” Electrical & Electronic Equipment Industry “Sony’s Example” Source: CSR Report 2004, SONY Resources Recycled from Televisions (April 1, 2003 to March 31, 2004) Sony recycled 84% of CRTs in fiscal 2003, while the Home Appliance Recycling Law requires more than 55%. Product Recycling A total of approximately 490,000 Sony-manufactured televisions were recycled in fiscal 2003. Slide9:  Ship Recycling By the way, what’s going on in Ship Recycling? (1) Present situation of ship recycling (2) Policies and Legislations - Discussion in IMO (3) Initiatives “Japan’s Example” - Research project on Ship Material Traceability System (SMATS) Slide10:  Present situation of ship recycling Most of ships are recycled in developing countries under poor facilities and environmental management. Ship recycling industry cannot exist in developed countries because of high labor cost and poor demand of recycled materials. Hazardous waste (i.e. asbestos, PCB etc.) can be generated when aged ships are recycled. World recycling capacity may be insufficient because of the acceleration of tanker replacement . Recycling yard in a developing country Slide11:  Construction Operation Recycling Minimization of hazardous substances used in the construction of new ships Update inventory list Preparation of a ship for recycling Policies and Legislations “Discussion in IMO” The Guidelines show the requirements for such stakeholders as shipbuilders, shipowners, recycling facilities, etc. to take actions at various stages from construction to recycling. IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling (adopted in December 2003) Develop inventory list Selection of recycling facilities in compliance with the standard Disposal at well equipped facilities and by appropriate method Slide12:  Construction Operation Recycling Policies and Legislations “Discussion in IMO” Prohibit/Restrict/Minimize the use of hazardous materials Shipbuilders to provide new ships with a “Green Passport” Update Green Passport Ship Recyclers to be “licensed” Shipowner to develop “Green Passport, Part 1” for existing ships Shipowners to deliver “Green Passport” to recycling facility Reporting Prepare for recycling (Ship recycling Plan, Marking, Gas free certificate) Shipowners required to use “approval/licensed” recycling facilities Possible mandatory items IMO/MEPC52 held in October 2004 agreed to start the work of developing mandatory requirements for appropriate elements of the Guidelines. Slide13:  Initiatives “Japan’s Example” Purpose Development of a system that facilitate the preparation of the Green Passport and contribute to minimize hazardous substances used in the construction of new ships Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System National Maritime Research Institute has been conducting a research project on Ship Material Traceability System (SMATS) by request of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Japan. *Green Passport: Document providing information of potentially hazardous materials utilizing in the construction of the ship, its equipment and system. Slide14:  Survey of Hazardous Substances Assumed Problem The first step is to identify any potentially hazardous materials which might be incorporated, as a matter of routine, in the structure of ships and their equipment. A ship consist of a large number of equipment which also consists of a large number of parts. Big impact to the supply chain Image of survey of hazardous substances Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System Slide15:  - Use of a common electronic data form Solution Advantages - help suppliers’ quick response - enable easy construction of a database Image of the utilization of a common electronic data form Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System Slide16:  Further Consideration Maintenance of the Green Passport Assumed Problem This (the Green Passport) should accompany the ship throughout its operating life. Successive owners of the ship should maintain the accuracy of the Green Passport…. (paragraph 5.1 of the IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling). Updating of the Green Passport of a ship will be needed if new substances are specified as hazardous after the ship is constructed. Traceability System Solution The system needs functions to trace equipment and materials in ships, including newly identified hazardous substances Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System Slide17:  Traceability System Definition: Example: Traceability is the ability to trace the production history, use, or localization of an entity by means of recorded identifications. Meat Traceability in Japan, which was constructed to prevent bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) Image of the traceability Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System Slide18:  Ground Design of the Ship Material Traceability System (SMATS) Slide19:  Progress of the Research 1. A trial to use a common electronic data form 2. Development of a prototype of the traceability system Ground design of the Ship Material Traceability System (SMATS) Slide20:  1. A Trial to Use a Common Electronic Data Form Purpose The Model Ship to clarify problems and difficulties to use a common electronic data form throughout an attempt to identify all the substances contained in the “real” ship. a Panamax Bulk Carrier (built in 2004) No. of Purchases: 3096 (Steel), 6689 (Others) No. of Primary Suppliers: 117 (include 1 foreign supplier) Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System Slide21:  Survey Items in the data form Information of Surveying and Surveyed Company Product Information Chemical Substances contained in the product Material Composition of the product 1. A Trial to Use a Common Electronic Data Form Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System The data form was sent to all the domestic suppliers (116 companies) in July 2004. - The result of the trial will be summarized in March 2005. Schedule Slide22:  2. Development of a prototype of the traceability system Composition of the prototype system Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System Slide23:  Functions Function 1: Function 2: Identify the ships which include a certain equipment and material. This would enable users to trace ships which have equipment and materials including newly identified hazardous substances. Output the list of hazardous materials by inputting the ship’s number, name and owner. 2. Development of a prototype of the traceability system Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System Slide24:  The prototype can perform the two functions with 48,000 existing equipment and materials being input into the forms as hypothetical data. 2. Development of a prototype of the traceability system Research Project on Ship Material Traceability System Slide25:  Conclusion NMRI in Japan has been conducting a research project on the Ship Material Traceability System (SMATS) . 1. A trial to use a common electronic data form 2. Development of a prototype of the traceability system Wider cooperation of maritime industry is indispensable for developing the system and creating a Recycle-Oriented “Maritime” Society. Thank you for your attention.

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