Ilovepdf gram syll 1.8 bus eng 2

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Information about Ilovepdf gram syll 1.8 bus eng 2

Published on November 4, 2016

Author: EugenioFouz

Source: slideshare.net

1. GRAMMAR%SYLLABUS%ESL%2.%–%introducing%yourself%(I)% ! Introducing!yourself!/!numbers!1510!/!indefinite!articles!a,!an!/!this,!that!/! classroom!language!/!imperatives! ! HELLO,!HOW!ARE!YOU?! GOOD!MORNING!(UP!TO!12!PM)! GOOD!AFTERNOON!(FROM!12!PM!TO!6!PM)! GOOD!EVENING!(FROM!6!PM!ONWARDS)! GOODBYE!! ! CARDINAL!NUMBERS:!ONE,!TWO,!THREE,!FOUR,!FIVE,!SIX,!SEVEN,!EIGHT,!NINE,! TEN! ! INDEFINITE!ARTICLE:!A,!AN!(UN,!UNO,!UNA)!! A!BIRD,!AN!ELEPHANT,!A!GIRL,!A!BOOK! ! DEMONSTRATIVES!! THIS.ESTE,!ESTA,!ESTO! THESE.ESTOS,!ESTAS! ! THAT.ESE,!ESA,!ESO,!AQUEL,!AQUELLA,!AQUELLO! THOSE.ESOS,!ESAS,!AQUELLOS,!AQUELLAS! ! WHAT!TIME!IS!IT,!PLEASE?! HAVE!YOU!GOT!A!NOTEBOOK?5YES,!I!HAVE! ! ! ! IMPERATIVES:!COME!HERE,!PLEASE!!/!SHUT!UP!!/!PASS!ME!YOUR!NOTEBOOK,! PLEASE!! !

2. GRAMMAR%SYLLABUS%ESL%2..%personal%pronouns%(subject)%(II)% Personal)pronouns)of)subject)I,)you)/)lexical)and)auxiliary)verbs)/)conjugation)of)a) lexical)verb)in)the)affirmative)and)negative)(present)simple)tense))/)skeleton)of) verbs)infinitive,)past)) ) PERSONAL)PRONOUNS)(SUBJECT))) I,)YOU,)HE)/)SHE)/)IT) WE,)YOU,)THEY) ) LEXICAL)VERBS)(REGULAR)AND)IRREGULAR)VERBS)) TO)PLAY,)TO)LOOK) TO)SAY,)TO)SPEAK) ) AUXILIARY)VERBS)) (PRIMARY)AUXILIARIES:)TO)BE,)TO)HAVE,)TO)DO)) (MODAL)AUXILIARIES:)CAN,)COULD,)MAY,)MIGHT,)MUST,)WILL,)WOULD,)SHALL,) SHOULD)) ) CONJUGATION)OF)A)LEXICAL)VERB)IN)THE)PRESENT)SIMPLE)TENSE) AFFIRMATIVE:V) I)PLAYVYO)JUEGO) YOU)PLAY) SHE)PLAYS) ...) ) ) SKELETON)OF)A)VERB:)) TO)FORGET)FORGOT)FORGOTTEN)(INFINITIVE,)PAST,)PAST)PARTICIPLE)) )

3. GRAMMAR%SYLLABUS%ESL%2..%personal%pronouns%(object)%(III)% ! Personal!pronouns!of!object!me,!you!/!have!you!got...?!/!auxiliaries!in!the!present! can,!can'!t!/!parts!of!a!house!/!ordinal!numbers!first>!sixteenth!! ! PERSONAL!PRONOUNS!(OBJECT)! ME,!YOU,!HIM!/HER!/!IT! US,!YOU,!THEM! ! SHE!LOVES!ME,!THAT!BOOK!IS!FOR!HIM!(FOR!JOHN)! ! HAVE!YOU!GOT!A!PEN?!! HAVE!YOU!GOT!A!DICTIONARY?! HAS!YOUR!COMPANION!GOT!ANY!PAPERS?! ! YOUR!BROTHER!CAN´T!READ!BOOKS!IN!FRENCH! CAN!YOU!SWIM?! MY!BROTHER!CAN!TYPE! ! GARAGE,!HALL,!BEDROOM,!KITCHEN,!BATH,!GARDEN,!BALCONY! WALLS,!BEDS,!WARDROBE,!CHAIRS,!TABLE,!BOOKS,!TV!SET! PICTURES,!WINDOWS,!DOOR,!CARPETS,!SOFAS,!LAMPS! ! ORDINAL!NUMBERS:!FIRST,!SECOND,!THIRD,!FOURTH,!FIFTH! SIXTH,!SEVENTH,!EIGHTH,!NINTH,!TENTH! ELEVENTH,!TWELFTH,!THIRTEENTH,!FOURTEENTH,!FIFTEENTH,!SIXTEENTH!

4. Grammar%syllabus%ESL%2%%/%(IV)% ! Conjugation!of!a!lexical!verb!in!the!interrogative!form!do!you!understand?!/! prepositions!of!time!on,!in,!at!/!daily!activities!get!up,!have!lunch! ! ! Lexical!verb=!conjugation!in!the!present!simple!tense=!INTERROGATIVE!FORM! Do!I!play?! Do!you!play?! Does!she!play?=¿juega!ella?! Do!we!play?! Do!you!play?! Do!they!play?! **! Do!I!understand?! Do!you!understand?! Does!she!understand?! Do!we!understand?! Do!you!understand?! Do!they!understand?=¿entienden!ellos?! ! On!Monday,!on!Thursday,!on!Sunday!evening,!on!the!23rd!of!May/!in!the!morning,! in!the!afternoon,!in!June,!in!August,!in!1984,!in!2014!/!at!night,!at!Christmas,!at! Easter,!at!5:!55!pm! ! Get!up,!go!to!work,!go!to!school,!have!lunch,!read!the!newspaper,!do!the! housework,!do!the!washing!up,!do!the!ironing,!have!a!siesta,!cook,!sleep! ! ! !

5. Grammar syllabus ESL 2 (V) Clothes / there is and there are / transport / present continuous at the moment, now / postcards, emails A pair of shoes, two pairs of boots, a pair of trousers, some shirts, a jersey, a blouse, a skirt, two coats, a scarf, a pair of gloves, underwear, a T-shirt, stockings, a pair of pijamas There is a new pupil in our class / there are twenty chairs in here / is there anyone here? / there aren t any bottles of wine Travel by bus, travel by train, go on foot, drive a car, ride a bike Present progressive / continuous: actions happening now, at the moment I am reading Anne s novel now She is not doing her homework at the moment We are watching the news Postcards, mailbox, post office, stamp, coins, envelopes, address Email, from to !

6. Grammar syllabus ESL 2.- telephoning (VI) Telephoning / some and any / please and thank you ! Telephoning:!! to!call.llamar! to!give!somebody!a!ring/call.llamar!a!alguien! to!hang!up.colgar!el!teléfono! to!lift!the!receiver.levantar!el!teléfono! to!make!a!call.hacer!una!llamada! to!phone.telefonear! ! directory.guía!telefónica! out!of!order.fuera!de!servicio! phone!booth.cabina!telefónica! wrong!number.número!equivocado! ! the!line!is!engaged.la!línea!está!ocupada! hold!the!line,!please.no!corte,!por!favor! ! **! some!&!any!(vía!aulafacil.com)! Ambos!adjetivos!se!traducen!por!"algo!de",!"algunos".! Regla&general:& "Some":!se!utiliza!en!oraciones!afirmativas.! "Any":!se!utiliza!en!oraciones!negativas!o!interrogativas.! ! "Some"!se!utiliza!a!veces!en!preguntas:! a)!Que!suponen!ofrecimiento.! Do!you!want!some!wine?! Can!I!give!you!some!advice?! b)!Cuando!se!espera!casi!con!toda!seguridad!una!respuesta!afirmativa.! Can!I!have!some!biscuits?! ! "Any"!se!utiliza!a!veces:! a)!En!oraciones!afirmativas!con!el!significado!de!"cualquiera".! You!can!pick!any!of!these!books! You!can!go!anywhere!you!want! b)!En!oraciones!condicionales!con!el!significado!de!"alguien,!algo,!alguna!cosa".! If!anyone!ask!for!me,!please!tell!them!I!will!be!back!soon! If!anything!happens,!please!call!me!immediately! ! **! please!and!thank!you! ! please.!por!favor! thank!you!/!thanks.!gracias! thank!you!very!much.muchas!gracias! not!at!all!/!you´re!welcome.de!nada!!

7. ! GRAMMAR%SYLLABUS%ESL%2..%FUTURE%SIMPLE%VS%FUTURE%GOING%TO%(vii)% ! future%simple..%I%will%get%it%/%future%of%intention%..%going%to%/%emergency%services% ! ! **! We!use!the!simple!future!for:! A!decision!at!the!moment!of!speaking:! A:!'I'm!cold'.! B:!'I'll!close!the!window'.! ! Prediction!based!on!opinion:! I!think!the!Conservatives!will!win!the!next!election.! ! A!future!fact:! The!sun!will!rise!at!7am.! ! Promises!/!requests!/!refusal!/!willingness:! I'll!help!you!with!your!homework.! Will!you!give!me!a!hand?! I!will!give!up!smoking!! ! In!the!same!way!as!the!future!continuous,!but!with!state!verbs:! I'll!be!at!the!station!when!you!arrive.! 'Shall'!is!used!mainly!in!the!forms!'shall!I!?'!and!'shall!we?'!in!British!English.!These! forms!are!used!when!you!want!to!get!someone's!opinion,!especially!for!offers!and! suggestions:! Shall!I!open!the!window?!(=do!you!want!me!to!open!the!window).! Where!shall!we!go!tonight?!(=what's!your!opinion?).! ! ! We!use!'be!going!to'!+!infinitive!for:! Future!plans!made!before!the!moment!of!speaking:! A:!'We've!run!out!of!milk.'! B:!'I!know,!I'm!going!to!buy!some.'! ! Prediction!based!on!present!evidence:! Look!at!those!boys!playing!football!!They're!going!to!break!the!window.! ! ! **! Emercency!Services! United!Kingdom!

8. 999!is!the!historic!emergency!number!for!the!United!Kingdom,!but!calls!are!also! accepted!on!the!European!Union!emergency!number,!112.!All!calls!are!answered!by! 999!operators.!Calls!are!always!free.! ! !

9. GRAMMAR%SYLLABUS%ESL%2..%POSSESSIVE%ADJECTIVES%(VIII)% ! Possessive!Adjectives!-!Adjetivos!Posesivos! ! Se!utilizan!para!indicar!a!quién!pertenece!el!sujeto!u!objeto!de!la!oración.!Van! seguidos!de!un!sustantivo!(o!una!cláusula!nominal).! ! Possessive!Adjectives! my! mi!/!mis! your! tu!/!tus! his! su!/!sus! her! su!/!sus! its! su!/!sus! our! nuestro/a/os/as! your! vuestro/a/os/as! their! su!/!sus! !! ! Como!se!puede!observar,!son!muchos!menos!que!en!español,!ya!que!no!se! diferencian!en!singular!o!plural.!Por!ejemplo:! ! my!car!mi!auto;!my!cars!mis!autos! ! Sin!embargo,!debe!prestar!atención!cuando!se!refiere!a!la!tercera!persona,!ya!que! en!castellano!se!usa!"su"!en!todos!los!casos,!mientras!que!en!inglés!varían!según!la! persona.! ! Nota!además!que!"your"!puede!referirse!al!singular!(tu)!o!al!plural!(vuestro).! ! my!house! your!house! his!house! her!house! its!house! our!house! your!house! their!house! ! I!like!my!job.! Me!gusta!mi!trabajo.! ! Is!your!brother!coming?! ¿Viene!tu!hermano?!

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