Ilovepdf bus eng2 fl ef

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Information about Ilovepdf bus eng2 fl ef

Published on November 1, 2016

Author: EugenioFouz


1. Functional language.-ESL 2 (2.1) Introducing yourself and greeting people Can I introduce myself?.¿puedo presentarme? Can I introduce you to …? Hello, how are you?.Hola, ¿qué tal? / Fine, thanks!.Bien, ¡gracias! Nice to meet you!.¡encantado de conocerle! How do you do!.¿cómo está usted? / How do you do!.¿hola, cómo está usted? ** What do you do?.¿en qué trabaja usted? I am a policeman / a lawyer. What about you?.¿y usted? What about having something to drink?. Shall we have a coffee?.¿tomamos un café? Asking to speak to somebody on the phone A: Good afternoon! John Clarks speaking.John Clarks al habla How can I help you?. B: Good afternoon! This is Samantha Smith. Could I speak to Mr.Roberts, please?.¿podría hablar con el sr. Roberts, por favor? I´m phoning to.llamo para … I´m calling about. A: I´m sorry but Mr. Roberts is not in at the moment. B: Could I leave a message?.¿podría dejar un mensaje? A: Of course! Hold on, please!.¡desde luego! ¡no cuelgue, por favor! * Who´s calling, please?.¿quién llama, por favor? Thanks for calling. Bibl.-Grant, David.Business result. -pre intermediate (Oxford)

2. Functional language.-ESL 2 (2.2) Asking for opinion What do you think?.¿qué opina usted? Do you agree with her? / No, I don ́, no estoy de acuerdo I think we should... I don ́t think we should...yo no creo que debamos ... I think so.creo que sí / I don ́t think so. I think you are right.creo que tienes razón I don ́t estoy de acuerdo / I disagree. ** {in italics.en cursiva /i/; in bold type.en negrita; prompt.apunte} ** Small talk (charla trivial) How was your journey?.¿qué tal fue el viaje? Did you have a good flight?.¿tuvo un buen vuelo? Did you see the match last night? Is this your first time in Madrid / Berlin / Lisbon? Have you been here before?.¿ha estado aquí antes? Nice weather, isn ́t it?.un buen tiempo, ¿no es cierto? What a terrible weather, don ́t you think?.¡qué tiempo más horrible, ¿no cree? ** Do you like reading novels in your free time? Do you often go abroad on business?.¿suele viajar al extranjero por negocios? Are you interested in tennis / football / old books? What kind of food do you like? Bibl.-Grant, David.Business result. -pre intermediate (Oxford)

3. Functional language. ESL 2 (2.3) Asking for advice I ´ve got a headache. What do you suggest? : tengo dolor de cabeza ¿Qué me sugieres que haga? I have failed English language. What should I do? : My friend is really angry with me. What´s your advice?: mi amiga está enfadada conmigo de verdad ¿Cuál es tu consejo? What would you do if you were me?: Do you have any advice on studying vocabulary?: Could you suggest any place to go this evening?: Giving advice You should take an aspirin: deberías tomar una aspirina I don´t think you should do that: You ought not to talk so much in class: no deberías hablar tanto en clase You had better read more books and study harder: Why don´t you do some physical exercise?: If I were you, I would phone her: si yo fuera tú, la llamaría por teléfono You ought to attend classes: deberías asistir a clase If you take my advice, you´ll talk to her:

4. Functional language ESL 2 (2.4) Sometimes you need to say no when someone makes a suggestion, offers something or asks you to do something for them. Of course, saying just 'no' can be rather rude. Here are some of the most common ways to say 'no' nicely - or at least not rudely. Would you like to see a film tonight? I'm afraid I can't go out tonight. I've got a test tomorrow. Why don't we have some Chinese food? Sorry, but I don't particularly like Chinese food. How about taking a nice walk? I'd really rather not take a walk this afternoon. Would you like to come to the museum with us? Thank you, but it's not my idea of a fun afternoon out. Let's go for a drive Sorry, I'm not really fond of driving for the fun of it. Why don't you stay the night? That's very kind of you, but I really have to get back to the city. NOTE: Notice how we often say 'thank you' in some way before refusing the offer. When someone makes an offer it is polite to first thank that person and then say no, often offering an excuse for not wanting or being able to do something. Just saying 'no' is considered very rude behavior indeed! By Kenneth Beare on

5. Functional language ESL 2 (2.5) Asking for information Could you tell me...?: Do you know...?: Do you happen to know...?: ¿sabe usted por casualidad…? I'd like to know... : me gustaría saber … I'm interested in... : I'm looking for… Thanking Thanks / thank you so much: gracias / muchas gracias That’s very kind of you: You shouldn’t have: no tenía que hacerlo (gracias) I really appreciate that!: se lo agradezco mucho Replying to thanks You’re welcome: de nada Not at all: de nada Anytime: en cualquier momento / cuando haga falta Offering Can I help?: Do you want me to...?: Would you like (me to)...?: Responding to offers Yes, please: Sí, por favor That would be lovely: That´s okay, I think I can manage: está bien, creo que me arreglo yo solo Thanks for the offer, but…: [cf. Alex Case, Using English com]

6. Functional language ESL 2 (2.6) Complaining Unfortunately,...: desafortunadamente,... I’m afraid...: I’m not very satisfied...: Could you do something about this?: ¿podría hacer algo al respecto? Responding to complaints Actually: de hecho... To compensate you, we’d like to offer: It won’t happen again: Apologising Sorry / I am terribly sorry: lo siento / lo siento mucho I do apologise: le pido disculpas I’m afraid...: me temo que … Responding to apologies Don’t worry about it: no se preocupe Oh well, no damage done: oh, no se preocupe, no ha sido nada Just make sure that it doesn’t happen again: I’m sorry, that really isn’t good enough: Ending conversations I really have to go: tengo que irme I really must be going: [cf. Alex Case, Using English com]

7. Functional language.-ESL 2 (2.7) How to interrupt somebody politely I'm sorry to interrupt, but… Sorry, I didn't catch that, is it possible to repeat the last point… Excuse me (name), may I add to that...? I don't mean to quiero interrumpir … Can I just say something here? Sorry, but I think … How to avoid interruption politely Can I finish?.¿puedo terminar? Sorry, I won't be long… Please, let me finish.por favor, déjeme acabar ** Making suggestions We could have a meeting in five minutes… How about reading that letter now?.¿qué tal si leemos esa carta ahora? Why don´t you explain it to us?.¿por qué no nos lo explicas? Why don´t we start the translation? Shall we open the windows?.¿abrimos las ventanas? I suggest we finish this task first. Do you agree? Accepting suggestions Fine! Oh, good idea That´s OK.Está bien Yes, I think we should do it That´s a great idea!.¡es una idea genial! Let´s go! / Let´s have a rest, then! Rejecting suggestions I´m not sure about estoy seguro sobre eso I don´t think that will work I´m afraid I can´t / I´m afraid I won´ temo que no puedo

8. Functional language.-ESL 2 (2.8) Inviting Would you like to have a coffee with us?: Would you like to go for a walk with me?: Would you like a tea or something to drink?: What do you fancy doing?: ¿qué te apetece hacer? Are you free tomorrow afternoon?: Are you doing anything next weekend?: ¿vas a hacer algo el próximo fin de semana? Accepting I´d love to, thanks: me encantaría, gracias That´s very kind of you, thanks: That sounds good: eso suena bien Sure! I´d love to: Declining I´d love to, but actually I´m doing something else on Friday: I´m afraid I can´t: me temo que no puedo Maybe another time? / Maybe next time?: ¿quizás en otra ocasión? Oh, thank you, but I´m really busy this weekend: Bibl.-English at home com

9. Functional language. ESL 2 (2.9) Extremely useful phrases (II) yep.sipi (sí) / nope.nope (no) cheers!.gracias / adiós so so.así así / más o menos more or less. watch out!.¡cuidado! freeze!.no te muevas engaged!.ocupado (en el aseo) may I speak to …, please?. thank you!. / you´re welcome!. excuse me.disculpe (pedir permiso para interrumpir una conversación) sorry!. what do you mean?. really?.¿en serio? that´s very kind of you!. I´m afraid I can´ temo que no puedo roger.recibido (comunicación por radio) well done!. you are right.tiene usted razón / you are wrong. Extremely useful abbreviations (II) a.m. et al.and the others meridiem (after noon) después de las 12 del mediodía o 12:00 pm ff.following (y siguientes) [see 234 ff: ver página 234 y siguientes] VIP. Ibid.ibidem (en el mismo libro u obra citada) CV.curriculum vitae (curso de la vida) scriptum (post data en una carta) op.cit. opere citato (obra citada) viz.videlicet (a saber) vs. E.Fouz.-200316

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