ILIAS Project Integrated large infrastru

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Information about ILIAS Project Integrated large infrastru
Travel-Nature

Published on March 14, 2008

Author: Elena

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Slide1:  The ILIAS Project as a whole Roberto Tartaglia LNGS Prevention and Protection Service (SPP-Safety Group) on behalf of the ILAS W2-N2 Group 6th International High-Energy Physics International Technical Safety Forum RAL, Oxfordshire UK September 18 – 22, 2006 Slide2:  Before beginning… many thanks to…. .. To the Local Organising Committee Jim Wells and his Collaborators .. To all of You participants .. To the ITSF Organising Committee Jim Wells, F. O’Neil, B. Rudge, K. Schuh, S. Schrader, R. Trant Slide3:  * C. Vignoli The ILIAS Project as a whole. * R. Tartaglia Presentation of the Session Session Outline * R. Tartaglia LNGS- Recovering from the 2002 “spillage” Status Report * A.Ortiz The Canfranc Laboratory * R. Tartaglia Conclusion - ILIAS Future activity Slide4:  Speakers * C. Vignoli ICARUS GLIMOS- PhD Physicist- coming from INFN PAVIA - Experience in “risk assessment”, cryogenic hazard * A.Ortiz Technician, electronic, taking care both about the low activity instrumentations and device and about Safety. * R. Tartaglia Prevention and Protection Service Responsible @ LNGS Nuclear Engineer - Slide5:  Members of the N2-WP2 Group * M. Zampaolo, C. Thierry LSM - Modane - France * J. Mulholland, N. Spooner Boulby - United Kingdom * T. Enqvist, Juha CUPP - Pyhäsalmi - Finland * A. Ortiz de Ortolano, J. M. Carmona LSC - Canfranc - Spain * C. Vignoli, R. Tartaglia INFN: Pavia + LNGS The ILIAS PROJECT Integrated Large Infrastructures for Astroparticle Science :  The ILIAS PROJECT Integrated Large Infrastructures for Astroparticle Science From Fundamental Particles and Gravity to Galaxies and the Fabric of the Universe EC 6th Framework Programme ILIAS PROJECT:  ILIAS PROJECT ILIAS: ”Integrated Large Infrastructure for Astroparticle Science” Activity area: in the European Union SIXTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAM (FP6) - Structuring the European Research Area: Research Infrastructures Action Instrument: Integrating Activity implemented as Integrated Infrastructures Initiative EC Contract: R113-CT-2004-506222 Duration: 5 years from 2004 EU Contribution: €7.5 M Participants: 21 contractors from 13 countries; a further 10 countries represented among the associated partners Coordinator: Gilles Gerbier Project Scientist: Geppo Cagnoli ILIAS PROJECT:  ILIAS PROJECT Activities: 1 Trans-national Access activity, 6 Networking activities and 3 Joint Research activities in the fields of Underground Laboratories Dark Matter Searches Neutrino Physics Gravitational Waves ILIAS Participants:  ILIAS Participants CEA, Paris, France CNRS, Paris, France INFN, Frascati, Italy Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain University of Sheffield, UK Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark University of Jyväskylä, Finland Max-Planck-Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg, Germany Technische Universität München, Germany Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Germany Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece IFN-CNR-Sezione di Trento, Italy Joint Resarch Center, Belgium European Gravitational Observatory, Cascina, Italy Leiden University, LION Institute of Physics, Netherlands Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia Cern, Geneva, Switzerland Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey University of Glasgow, UK University College London, UK ILIAS Partners:  ILIAS Partners Yerevan Phy. Inst., U. Wien, U. Aarhus, Nordic Inst. Theo. Physics, U. Helsinki, U. Bonn, Tech. U. Darmstadt, U. Dortmund, U. Frankfurt, DESY, Laser Zent. Hannover, U. Heidelberg, U. Friedrich-Schiller, Inst. für Physik, KFK, FZK, U. Karlsruhe Astro. Inst., U. Wuppertal, Inst. Theor. Phys. & Astro., Würzburg, U. Athens, U. Ioannina, U. Demokritos, Politecnico di Milano, U. Saga, U. Amsterdam, U. Utrecht, Nat. Inst. Nucl. Phys. & High Energy Phys, U. Bergen, U. Oslo, U. Silesia, Henryk Niewodniczanski Inst. Nucl. Phys., Jagiellonian U., U. Cracow, Inst. Maths, Polish Acad. of Sciences, U. Warsaw, Inst. Sup. Técn., Inst. Nucl. Res., Baksan Neutrino Obs., Joint Inst. for Nucl. Res., Inst. Theo. and Expt. Phys. U. Novi Sad, U. Barcelona, U. de les Iles Balears, U. de Santiago de Compostela, U. de Valencia, U. de Madrid, U. Stockholm, U. Bern, U. Geneva, U. Lausanne, U. Sussex, U. Birmingham, U. Cambridge, U. Cardiff, RAL, U. Durham, ICL, U. Oxford, U. Southampton, U. California, U. South Carolina, Idaho Nat. Eng. and Environ. Lab., Mount Holyoke College, Fermilab, SLAC, Brookhaven Nat. Lab., U. Princeton ILIAS PROJECT:  enhance and coordinate the work of Europe’s deep underground physics laboratories. ILIAS PROJECT The main objective of ILIAS is to establish the long term integration of Astroparticle Physics in Europe through a series of research group networks, joint research activities and a Transnational Access action. To achieve this goal, ILIAS focuses on three key questions in the fields of particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology:  Do gravitational waves exist, and what can they tell us about our Universe?  What is the nature of the mysterious dark matter which makes up 30% of all the mass in the Universe?  What is the nature and mass of the neutrino, the most common particle in the Universe? To answer these questions, state of the art experimental facilities are needed. A fourth major focus of ILIAS is therefore to ILIAS: The Deep Underground Laboratories:  ILIAS: The Deep Underground Laboratories One of the scientific poles of ILIAS is “Physics in deep underground laboratories”. The related activities take place in at least one of the following European deep underground laboratories: Laboratori Nazional del Gran Sasso (LNGS), Italy Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane (LSM), France Laboratorio Subterraneo de Canfranc(LSC), Spain Boulby Mine Underground Laboratory (IUS), Great-Britain Pyhäsalmi Mine Underground Laboratory (CUPP), Finland The long-term purpose is to reach a situation where the five European deep underground laboratories will be dealt with as a single entity. The use of such facilities is vital for exploring rare processes, which need a protection from the cosmic muon background and a low level of natural radioactivity (e.g. double-beta decay, dark matter search, solar neutrino detection, proton decay, other fields than physics). Slide13:  Transnational Access T1, Networking Activity N2, Joint Research Project J1 T1: Coordinating experiment approval procedures and access to Europe’s deep underground laboratories, with emphasis on encouraging new users. N2: Networking the labs to share good practice, coordinate scientific activities and public outreach, and enhance collaboration. J1: Enhancing and extending the facilities of the labs by developing new techniques to reduce and monitor background. ILIAS: The Deep Underground Laboratories ILIAS: N2/DUSL networking activity:  ILIAS: N2/DUSL networking activity The “Deep Underground Science Laboratories (N2/DUSL)”, networking activity contribute to coordinate the research programs in the underground laboratories. It aims to providing a mechanism for the joint structuring and co-ordination of the five facilities, to ensure a better service for users with more efficient use of resources. The objectives are: Provision of higher quality environments and operational support to users, via coordination of site assignment and cooperation on basic equipment, technical and logistic support, access and communication, Improve health and safety, via exchange of best practice experience and progress to a common approach on safety procedures specific to underground sites, and Improve scientific coordination and communications to the public, through cooperation on communication initiatives. Within the N2 network a specific Work Package (WP2) on safety aspects is present. The activity is performed by a Working Group (WG), composed by the safety officers and other representatives of each lab. Slide15:  N2-WP2 Report WP2 members: lab safety officers + collaborators Roberto, Chiara (LNGS) Alfonso, José (LSC) Michel, Thierry (LSM) Timo, Juha (CUPP) Jamie, Sean (IUS) Particular lab location Deep underground: confined spaces Boundary conditions: tunnel/mine  strict correlation A Little Bit of History…:  A Little Bit of History… A Little Bit of History… Collection of some short report about each underground labs with the safety measures and prevention and emergency plan Nov - Dec 2004 Jan 2005 Edimburg meeting: the 1st time the WG2 had the chance to meet Sep 2004 Modane meeting: idea to have as soon as possible a comparison table among the different Institution, in order to see common and not common points and to point out the items to be discussed and improved. Visit to LSM lab performed Feb 2005 First draft/release of the comparison table (13 pages .doc) Slide17:  Boulby meeting: safety courses attended. Discussion about the main differences with other labs. Visit to Boulby mine performed Mar 2005 A Little Bit of History… LNGS meeting: safety courses. More detailed discussion as regards plants, installation and safety procedures. Visit to the LNGS underground lab performed. People from Finnish lab first joined WP2group. May 2005 June 2005 Frejus accident: two trucks delivering tyres caught fire just close to the underground lab. There were two dead people (the trucks drivers). Slide18:  A Little Bit of History… July 2005 Sep 2005 Paris meeting: report to the ILIAS Board. Report to EB on WP2 activity & report on the Frejus tunnel fire accident: lesson learned TAUP meeting in Saragoza: focusing our attention on the interferences between labs and “external” entities (motorways, mine, and so on). Visit to the underground installation in Canfranc. Slide19:  A Little Bit of History… and the “future” March 2006 LNGS meeting (annual ILIAS): working group on access rule protocol, safety/teaching management. Specific technical visit to the lab safety installations, lab and motorway control room. April 2006 First Contacts with the High Energy Physics Safety Group. One HEP Forum every 18-20 months. Up to now: CERN 1997, DESY 1999, FNAL 2001, LNGS 2003, SLAC 2005. Goal to create a link among the two different network (common problems, common strategies, common solution?) Goal to create a link among the two different networks (common problems, common strategies and solutions?). Slide20:  A Little Bit of History… and the “future” April 2006 Visit to the Finnish lab and working meeting Autumn 2006 6th HEP Forum @ RAL Establishing a link through the two different networks ...next steps Autumn 2006 Report of the activity to the ILIAS board and to the EC End of 2006 First joint training course at LNGS for the lab safety officers Slide21:  A Little Bit of History… and Future HEP Network CERN DESY FERMILAB BNL SLAC LNGS RAL Working in similar condition: - confined area - access rules - companies control - similar apparatus - gas mixtures use - cryo - fluids Slide22:  A Little Bit of History… and Future ILIAS Network Canfranc Boulby Modane Pyhäsalmi LNGS Working in similar condition: - confined area - access rules - companies control - similar apparatus - gas mixtures use - cryo - fluids Interference with other Entities: - motorways - mines Slide23:  Items discussed: 1 Joint training strategy 2 Joint safety strategy 3 Relation with the High Energy Physic Safety Group 4 Safety Auditing Group 5 N2 - WP2 Web Page Working Group Activity Joint training strategy:  Joint training strategy The 5 labs have very similar safety aspects for both their confined location and the experimental plants hosted inside. interesting to proceed toward a joint training strategy. In particular for the specific boundary conditions it is useful to subdivide the five labs into 2 groups in order to even more specialize the training approach as regard access protocol, evacuation and emergency procedures: the 3 “tunnel” labs (LSM, LSC, LNGS) the 2 “mine” labs (IUS and CUPP) We start with the foreseen safety courses in each lab and successively try to organize dedicated joint training courses (only for safety officers and Glimos). Proposal of involvement of tunnel/mine operators. Joint training strategy:  Joint training strategy At the moment the LNGS Safety course (a course in English organized once per month) seems the most general and even the most detailed course among the 5 labs. The course foresees the projection of a film of a simulation of an emergency situation (car and bus crash in the motorway tunnel near the lab entrance) in which lab staff, tunnel personnel and fire brigades took part. We decided to attend the LNGS Safety course by the end of 2006. People from the other laboratories will give a presentation of their lab too and in particular Michel will give a presentation of the lesson learned by LSM from Fréjus Tunnel accident of the last year. Joint safety strategy:  Joint safety strategy As most of us have completed the 5 lab visit with Pyhäsalmi lab, now we have a complete scenario of the different characteristics and safety aspects of the various labs Discussion and comment on the lab Comparison and upgrade of the lab comparison table As a result of this discussion we started the work towards the report on strengths and weaknesses of the various safety policies (which is one of our deliverables). A list of weak points of each lab was prepared. List of weak points (1):  List of weak points (1) LNGS The civil works ongoing have greatly increased lab safety quality, highly improved lab infrastructures and enhanced reliability of utilities (in particular creating redundancy for all the important systems/utilities). The most important weak point is the absence of an independent evacuation tunnel. No communication via radio during the travel from the external labs and inside, portable phone inactive inside. LSC It is not possible to evaluate the safety quality of the lab at the present stage as it is near to the definitive start-up. At the moment there is lab organization and management. No emergency plan at the moment too. As lab is a new construction the safety quality will be very presumably as high as possible. But no redundancy is present in the ventilation system, safety controls, etc. No filtration of water. List of weak points (2):  List of weak points (2) LSM No identification of people in the lab (an electronic device will be installed soon). No radio to keep in contact with the tunnel at the moment (under development). Independent safety/access tunnel is under preparation. IUS Size of equipment that can be fitted into shafts. Full scale fire evacuation to be completed in the future. CUPP No air conditioning in the upper level of the mine, also for radon. Suggestion to improve DPI (a torch plus durable battery for each person). Slide29:  A Little Bit of History… and Future ILIAS Network Canfranc Boulby Modane Pyhasalmi LNGS HEP Network CERN DESY FERMILAB BNL SLAC LNGS RAL Slide30:  Reasons to keep in touch with HEP - Forum There are several experts from all over the world in different fields: - risk assessment - safety audits - Experimental Collaboration (Physicists) attitude and people - electrical plants, and/or liquid scintillators and/or cryogenic fluids - environmental monitoring and control - operational training - safety briefings. Safety Auditing Group:  Safety Auditing Group Discussion on the possibility to elect a Safety Auditing Group and its role. It could be very interesting and useful for all the labs as this group could be involved in general lab safety/training aspects and risk analysis but also in specific topics connected for example with the proposal of new experimental plants and lab utility and systems upgrades. LNGS people referred some examples This point has to be discussed with each lab Director as it could be a delicate issue. In each lab it is present a safety management structure together with a Scientific Committee and the outcome of the auditing group could be different and also in contradiction with the lab internal approach. For this reason the target activity of the Auditing Group has to be discussed in details with all the labs and formalized. List of auditing topics:  8) Access control Vehicle People Security 9) External interactions Utilities, Supply of 10) Geological/Seismic Risks Faults Mine/tunnel closure rates Seismic activity 11) Health and Safety Training Quality Frequency 12) User Awareness What are they up to? Cryogenic equipment/storage Oxygen deficency Spillage containment 2) Flammable/toxic chemicals use/storage 3) Confined space – working in. 4) Evacuation procedures/plans/training 5) Fire Risk assessment Material selection 6) Environmental factors Spillage control Monitoring/gas etc Waste management Radon 7) Ventilation issues Plans Radon etc List of auditing topics N2 - WP2 Web Page:  N2 - WP2 Web Page We discussed the organization of a Web Page of our working group with a general part and a restricted area in which we can share documentation (lab safety documents, flow chart of the lab management structure, list of materials with related information, list of the experimental plants with related risk assessment information, …) for our activity and a list of our meetings, minutes, picture gallery, reports, list of the foreseen safety training courses and so on. The goal is to improve as much as possible the information exchange and study and focus common strategies This page will probably be organized by the LNGS group with the help of LSC group and located in the LNGS web site. Slide35:  We are here Slide36:  LSC Slide37:  LSM Future needs for medium-large underground experiments (incomplete and personal):  Future needs for medium-large underground experiments (incomplete and personal) Dark Matter signature (directional) TPC : few 1 000 m3 bb : Super NEMO style : 15 * 15 * 100 m : 20 000 m3 Neutrino « classic » : from 100 000 to 1 000 000 m3 Neutrino « coherent » (keV threshold) for SN (galactic to extragalatic) : 1 000 m3 to 10 000 m3 ?? Opportunities for new excavations at LSM Towards a Large International Underground Laboratory ?:  Neutrino properties, proton decay, supernovae Towards a Large International Underground Laboratory ? Neutrinos from CERN SPL, beta beam (few 100 MeV) NNN05 workshop in Aussois april 7-9th Approval of the excavation of the safety gallery (summer 2006) Slide41:  Boulby Slide42:  Boulby Slide43:  Boulby Slide44:  Boulby Slide45:  Boulby Slide46:  Boulby Slide47:  Boulby Slide48:  Boulby Slide49:  Boulby Slide50:  CUPP Slide51:  CUPP Slide52:  CUPP Slide53:  CUPP Slide54:  CUPP Slide55:  CUPP Slide56:  CUPP Pyhäsalmi lab visit report: June 5th and 6th, 2006:  Pyhäsalmi lab visit report: June 5th and 6th, 2006 Visit to the mine and underground laboratory Eleven persons attended the visit (with two cars). The visit took about three and half hours in total and about 22 kilometres were driven underground We first went to see the rescue area at the depth of 65 metres. From this area there is the access to the surface level by lift or on foot The next stop was at the depth of 85 metres where the EMMA experiment (an instrument for cosmic-ray studies) is under construction. The next stop was at the depth of 660 metres. Here there are many small and one large cavern that can be used for experiments. The size of the cavern (supernova neutrino experiment??) is about 30x10x8m, but it can be also increased if needed. The last place of visit was at the main level of the mine, at the depth of 1425 metres. At this level there is also a canteen where we had a coffee break. After that we visited the rescue area of the main level and walked around. Large halls are present in the main level (a couple of halls of about 30 m x 10 m x 10 m). At the moment there are no experiment at this depth but it is possible to build small-size experiments also there (about 10 m x 10 m x 10 m). Going underground by car (22 km to the bottom level, ≈ 50’):  Going underground by car (22 km to the bottom level, ≈ 50’) Exercitation At the 65 m level (rescue area):  At the 65 m level (rescue area) At the main level (1425 m):  At the main level (1425 m) Slide61:  At the main level (1425 m): coffe @ cantine ILIAS Conclusion @ RAL:  ILIAS Conclusion @ RAL ILIAS is a good project. Most of the activity is starting from scratch... there’s a lot to do!! We are trying to focus on training. Next week there will be the 1st meeting for the participation to the 7th EC Framework Programme. Thanks a lot for Your attention and co-operation!!!!! Email: Roberto.Tartaglia@lngs.infn.it

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