Ietp Session 2 June 28

50 %
50 %
Information about Ietp Session 2 June 28

Published on October 10, 2008

Author: FNian

Source: slideshare.net

Indian Economic & Trade Policy Session-1 MBA (IB) – 2006-09

Course Structure & Evaluation 1. Structure of Indian Economy 2. Policy & Execution 3. Sector-specific Issues & Development (Agriculture, Industry & Service) 4. Social Sector Development & Poverty 5. Overview of External Sector 6. Trade Policy 7. FDI – An Indian Perspective 8. Review of the Course

1. Structure of Indian Economy

2. Policy & Execution

3. Sector-specific Issues & Development (Agriculture, Industry & Service)

4. Social Sector Development & Poverty

5. Overview of External Sector

6. Trade Policy

7. FDI – An Indian Perspective

8. Review of the Course

Economic Planning Key Objectives – Growth, Equity & Social Justice Other objectives – Economic Growth Reduction of Inequality Employment Economic Self-Reliance Modernisation of various sectors Redressing regional imbalances How these objectives are related to business?

Key Objectives – Growth, Equity & Social Justice

Other objectives –

Economic Growth

Reduction of Inequality

Employment

Economic Self-Reliance

Modernisation of various sectors

Redressing regional imbalances

How these objectives are related to business?

GROWTH PERFORMANCE IN THE FIVE YEAR PLAN PERIOD 5.54 5.2 Sixth 5.35 6.5 Ninth 6.0 5.6 Eighth 6.02 5.0 Seventh 4.83 4.4 Fifth 2.05 5.7 Fourth 2.72 5.6 Third 4.21 4.5 Second 3.6 2.1 First Actual Target Plan

Indian Economy – Policy & Challenges Post-Independence Focus on large scale industrialization Hindu growth rate Green Revolution (self-sufficiency in food) Anti-poverty development programme Policy shift from control to gradual decontrol Post-1990 Period Broad based reforms & SAP Demand driven growth supported by investment & private consumption Capital inflows & business environment Inclusive growth, sustainable business, CSR

Post-Independence

Focus on large scale industrialization

Hindu growth rate

Green Revolution (self-sufficiency in food)

Anti-poverty development programme

Policy shift from control to gradual decontrol

Post-1990 Period

Broad based reforms & SAP

Demand driven growth supported by investment & private consumption

Capital inflows & business environment

Inclusive growth, sustainable business, CSR

Performance of Indian Economy: Four Phases: I (1951-65), II (1965-81), III(1981-88), IV (1989-2006) Phase-I: 1951-65 (growth 4.1%) Coherent Dev. Strategy – institution building Relatively liberal policy: free import regime, liberal investment licensing, Open to direct foreign investment

Four Phases: I (1951-65), II (1965-81), III(1981-88), IV (1989-2006)

Phase-I: 1951-65 (growth 4.1%)

Coherent Dev. Strategy – institution building

Relatively liberal policy: free import regime,

liberal investment licensing,

Open to direct foreign investment

Performance of Indian Economy: Phase-II: 1965-81 (growth 3.2%) – darkest period Foreign exchange budgeting – tight imports and investments Major policy shift towards state control Nationalization of banks, oil companies, coal mines Restriction on foreign company operation Investment by large firms to core sectors Ceiling on urban land holding Labour laws – firms with more than 100 employees Growth rate declined 2.6% (1966-75) Many restrictions imposed during this period proved politically difficult to undo later

Phase-II: 1965-81 (growth 3.2%) – darkest period

Foreign exchange budgeting – tight imports and investments

Major policy shift towards state control

Nationalization of banks, oil companies, coal mines

Restriction on foreign company operation

Investment by large firms to core sectors

Ceiling on urban land holding

Labour laws – firms with more than 100 employees

Growth rate declined 2.6% (1966-75)

Many restrictions imposed during this period proved politically difficult to undo later

Performance of Indian Economy: Phase-II: 1965-81 contd… Growth rate declined to 2.6 (1965-75) – it was clear that govt. strategy did not work. Strategy to easy up on state controls Administrative measures, capacity expansion, de-licensing select sectors, Import liberalization – open general licensing (1977) & further expansion Major depreciation of rupee to expand exports Expansionary fiscal policy & external borrowing

Phase-II: 1965-81 contd…

Growth rate declined to 2.6 (1965-75) – it was clear that govt. strategy did not work.

Strategy to easy up on state controls

Administrative measures, capacity expansion, de-licensing select sectors,

Import liberalization – open general licensing (1977) & further expansion

Major depreciation of rupee to expand exports

Expansionary fiscal policy & external borrowing

Performance of Indian Economy: Phase-III: 1981-88 (growth 4.2%) Acceleration of liberalization and expansionary fiscal policy financed by external borrowing It improved growth up to 7.6% (1988-89) BoP crisis –Gulf war - jump in in Oil prices Growth declined to 1.2% (1991-92)

Phase-III: 1981-88 (growth 4.2%)

Acceleration of liberalization and expansionary fiscal policy financed by external borrowing

It improved growth up to 7.6% (1988-89)

BoP crisis –Gulf war - jump in in Oil prices

Growth declined to 1.2% (1991-92)

Performance of Indian Economy: Phase-IV: 1989- 2006 Policy shift from piecemeal reform to more systematic reforms Dismantle licensing on machinery & raw material imports, lower industrial tariffs, open to foreign investment, Reform in direct & indirect taxes, financial sector Trimming of fiscal deficit Open select sector to private sector – telecom, civil aviation Growth rate up 7.1% (1993-97) Reforms became slow during 1996-1999 - political factor New initiatives in 1999 - Foreign & domestic competition, focus on infrastructure, import licensing on consumer goods, Reduction in tariffs, pvt of public sector, insurance sector, liberal interest rate, freed up several external capital A/c Urban land ceiling Act replaced, Huge highway construction Electricity Act 2003, Amendment of company Act 1956

Phase-IV: 1989- 2006

Policy shift from piecemeal reform to more systematic reforms

Dismantle licensing on machinery & raw material imports, lower industrial tariffs,

open to foreign investment,

Reform in direct & indirect taxes, financial sector

Trimming of fiscal deficit

Open select sector to private sector – telecom, civil aviation

Growth rate up 7.1% (1993-97)

Reforms became slow during 1996-1999 - political factor

New initiatives in 1999 - Foreign & domestic competition, focus on infrastructure, import licensing on consumer goods,

Reduction in tariffs, pvt of public sector, insurance sector, liberal interest rate, freed up several external capital A/c

Urban land ceiling Act replaced, Huge highway construction

Electricity Act 2003, Amendment of company Act 1956

GDP Growth (at factor cost)

 

Sectoral Growth Performance (%) 6.3 7.8 6.8 6.5 3.4 1988-06 4.8 6.5 7.1 6.3 2.1 1981-88 3.2 4.3 3.9 4.0 2.1 1965-81 4.1 4.7 6.6 6.7 2.9 1951-65 Total GDP Service Manf. Industry Agrl & Allied Period

Sectoral Growth – Recent Trend

Sectoral Composition of GDP (%) 100 52 17 27 21 2004-05 100 41 16 26 33 1987-88 100 36 14 24 40 1980-81 100 31 12 21 49 1964-65 100 28 9 15 57 1950-51 Total GDP Service Manf. Industry Agrl & Allied Period

Structural Transformation in India Agrarian rural economy to modern one – by passed industrial growth to service sector growth 90 % workforce in informal sector outside Agr. Slow industrial (Manf.) growth – loss of comp. advantage Stagnation/slow growth of unskilled labour-intensive sectors – apparel, textile, footwear, Organized sector growth limited to capital based (steel, auto) or service based (software, pharma) Trade sector – trade facilitation, high tariffs, export subsidy

Agrarian rural economy to modern one – by passed industrial growth to service sector growth

90 % workforce in informal sector outside Agr.

Slow industrial (Manf.) growth – loss of comp. advantage

Stagnation/slow growth of unskilled labour-intensive sectors – apparel, textile, footwear,

Organized sector growth limited to capital based (steel, auto) or service based (software, pharma)

Trade sector – trade facilitation, high tariffs, export subsidy

ECONOMIC CRISIS, GROWTH & REFORMS Macro Economic Crisis of 1990s – three aspects Fragile BoP situation Inflationary Pressure Fiscal Imbalance

Macro Economic Crisis of 1990s – three aspects

Fragile BoP situation

Inflationary Pressure

Fiscal Imbalance

ECONOMIC REFORMS After 1990 I. Macro Economic Stabilisation Control of Inflation Fiscal Adjustment and Reforms Measure for BoP Improvement (Devaluation) II. Structural Reforms Trade and Capital Flow (External Sector Reforms) Industrial Deregulation Disinvestment Financial Sector Reforms

I. Macro Economic Stabilisation

Control of Inflation

Fiscal Adjustment and Reforms

Measure for BoP Improvement (Devaluation)

II. Structural Reforms

Trade and Capital Flow (External Sector Reforms)

Industrial Deregulation

Disinvestment

Financial Sector Reforms

Reforms for Growth Forex-Market Reforms (Full current A/c convertibility) Reforms in Foreign Investment Regime (Liberalising rules for FDI and allowing FII) Reforms in Infrastructure (PPP) Reforms in the form of EXIM policy (Tariff Rate reduction, QR removal, etc) Allowing Indian companies to invest abroad Challenges and Opportunities ( Threat to SSIs?) Joint Ventures with Foreign Companies in India and Abroad Compatibles with WTO Framework

Forex-Market Reforms (Full current A/c convertibility)

Reforms in Foreign Investment Regime (Liberalising rules for FDI and allowing FII)

Reforms in Infrastructure (PPP)

Reforms in the form of EXIM policy (Tariff Rate reduction, QR removal, etc)

Allowing Indian companies to invest abroad

Challenges and Opportunities ( Threat to SSIs?)

Joint Ventures with Foreign Companies in India and Abroad

Compatibles with WTO Framework

Emerging India– in Trade Perspective (Faster Integrating to World Economy) GDP Growth 13.8% (in real $ terms) 2003-07 Merchandise Export (in current $) 18.1 billion in (1991) doubled in 1999-00 & 102.7 billion in 2005-06 Service Exports increased from 26.9 billion in 2003-4 to 60.6 billion In 2005-06 Trade constitutes 43% of GDP: Export as % of GDP – 7.2% (1991), 11.6% (1999-00) 20.5% (2005-06) FDI - $7.8 billion (2005-6) 16.4 (2006-7) 25 (2007-8) Remittance (Abroad)– highest in in world $17.2 billon (2002-03 to 24.6 billion (2005-06), 27 billion 2007-08

GDP Growth 13.8% (in real $ terms) 2003-07

Merchandise Export (in current $) 18.1 billion in (1991) doubled in 1999-00 & 102.7 billion in 2005-06

Service Exports increased from 26.9 billion in 2003-4 to 60.6 billion In 2005-06

Trade constitutes 43% of GDP: Export as % of GDP – 7.2% (1991), 11.6% (1999-00) 20.5% (2005-06)

FDI - $7.8 billion (2005-6) 16.4 (2006-7) 25 (2007-8)

Remittance (Abroad)– highest in in world $17.2 billon (2002-03 to 24.6 billion (2005-06), 27 billion 2007-08

Investment Scenarios

Growth of Capital Formation

Sectoral Employment Shares by Current Daily Status (CDS Basis)

Employment and Unemployment in million person (by CDS basis)

Employment Growth

Social Sector Issues- Poverty

Growth of MPCEs (monthly per-capita consumption expenditure)

Public Delivery of Social Services Failure of public delivery: health, water, education, social security Health care – 80% of outpatient & 55% of inpatient care provided by private sector –Absenteeism of govt. health workers- 40% Education– high absenteeism, dropout, poor quality, highly govt. controlled higher education Social Security-

Failure of public delivery: health, water, education, social security

Health care – 80% of outpatient & 55% of inpatient care provided by private sector –Absenteeism of govt. health workers- 40%

Education– high absenteeism, dropout, poor quality, highly govt. controlled higher education

Social Security-

Political Economy of India India – the fastest growing democracy in world Good economics is not always to be good politics Fertile land for parties - usually ruled by dynasties Governance: identical agenda across groups, regions, states and parties The wave of reforms started under compulsion and spread across states with uneven impacts. The Challenges - Moving from compulsion-driven reforms to strategy-driven reforms Policy Sluggishness: Political stability v/s policy stability - India’s best economic performance has been in the politically most uncertain decade

India – the fastest growing democracy in world

Good economics is not always to be good politics

Fertile land for parties - usually ruled by dynasties

Governance: identical agenda across groups, regions, states and parties

The wave of reforms started under compulsion and spread across states with uneven impacts.

The Challenges - Moving from compulsion-driven reforms to strategy-driven reforms

Policy Sluggishness: Political stability v/s policy stability - India’s best economic performance has been in the politically most uncertain decade

Positive Trends Re-enforcing Efficiency – Globalisation has made Indian economy efficient Regionalisation has made federation of India effective and efficient Predominance of local issues will make our utilities efficient Removing restrictions to leverage the benefits of comparative advantage

Re-enforcing Efficiency –

Globalisation has made Indian economy efficient

Regionalisation has made federation of India effective and efficient

Predominance of local issues will make our utilities efficient

Removing restrictions to leverage the benefits of comparative advantage

Positive Trends Driving Forces: Market & Technology Economic openness, reduction and uniform tariff levels Movement of capital & investment. Strategy of Go Global, Grow Global - grow beyond national boundaries

Driving Forces: Market & Technology

Economic openness, reduction and uniform tariff levels

Movement of capital & investment.

Strategy of Go Global, Grow Global - grow beyond national boundaries

Challenges Ahead GLOBALISING Indian Economy REGIONALISING Indian Governance LOCALISING Indian Society Supply side challenges Effective Centre-State partnership Dismantling of unproductive and regressive state functionary Nationally Acceptable Common Minimum Programme (NACMP) for all

GLOBALISING Indian Economy

REGIONALISING Indian Governance

LOCALISING Indian Society

Supply side challenges

Effective Centre-State partnership

Dismantling of unproductive and regressive state functionary

Nationally Acceptable Common Minimum Programme (NACMP) for all

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Session 2 - June 28 - July 2, 2015 - Camp Frontier Summer ...

Session 2 - June 28 - July 2, 2015 - Camp Frontier Summer Camp ... Session 4 - Week 2, 2014 - Duration: 4:09. CampFrontierFlorida 243 views. 4:09
Read more

PCBE: Transcripts (June 28, 2007):Session 2: The ...

Thursday, June 28, 2007. Session 2: The Professions in Contemporary America: Promise and Peril. William M. Sullivan, Ph.D. Senior Scholar
Read more

SESSION 2: JUNE 18-28, 2012 - Indiana University Bloomington

SESSION 2: JUNE 18-28, ... 1 Introduction to Water Skills 2 Fundamental Aquatic Skills 3 Stroke ... the sessions below are only offered ...
Read more

June 28, 2014 Girishbhai session 2 Karma ni Gati Nyari ...

June 28, 2014 Girishbhai session 2 Karma ni Gati Nyari ... Standard YouTube License; ... June 28, 2014 Girishbhai session 1 Karma ni Gati Nyari ...
Read more

Sunday June 28 - Session 2 - QORF - QORF - Live Life Outdoors

Sunday June 28 – Session 2. Activities . Fishing; Outdoor Activities; Songs & Poems; Bushwalking; Camping; Nature Play QLD; For Kids; Links & Resources ...
Read more

Session 1: June 21-25 Session 2: June 28-July 2 Session 3 ...

Site & # of camp tents Pack Tents Pack Tents Pack Tents Pack Tents Pack Tents 109 ... June 21-25 Session 2: June 28-July 2 Session 3: July 5-9 Session 4 ...
Read more

Session 1: June 1 - June 14 Session 2: June 15 - June 28 ...

Session 1: June 1 - June 14 Session 2: June 15 - June 28 ... Session 4: July 20 - August 2 Join our 2015 archaeological research team in Blue Creek, Belize ...
Read more

Summer Chaps—Session 2 Music Mania - June 28-July 2

Music Mania - June 28-July 2 Mailing address: 2617 NW Savier St Portland, OR 97210 ... ’s registration in “Music Mania,” Session 2 of Summer Chaps.
Read more

Session(s) desired: 1: June 24 – June 28 (ALL AGES 6-17 ...

Session 1 June 24 – June 28 (ALL AGES 6-17) *Session 2* July *8 – 12* *Session 3* July *15 – 19* ... NOT ALLOWED TO ATTEND SESSIONS 2-5. This
Read more