ICT Africa 2008

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Information about ICT Africa 2008
Technology

Published on August 18, 2009

Author: amisproject

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This presentation discusses the issues farmers in Cameroon face . It provides an ICT solution,(SMS) which can be used to inform and educate farmers about pricing, pest outbreaks and farming practices that benefit them and the environment. This is an initiative of AMIS Project presented at the ICT Africa Conference 2008 in Yaounde , Cameroon.

Presentation of the Results of Field Studies carried out in the Localities of Limbe , Buea and Muyuka in Cameroon. Prepared By: Stephen Tabi Eno-Tambe Freelance Translator /Researcher & Harry Agbor Tambe Swedish Graduate Business School, Orebro ICT AFRICA CONFERENCE 2008 YAOUNDE 19-21 DECEMBER

STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE Theme: “Can Education Through SMS Improve Farmers’ Situation and Promote Sustainable Farming Practices?”

Agenda : General Introduction Why invest on Agriculture? Role of SCMB in the Past Decades Presentation of the Problem Purpose of the study Motivation and Study Design Results Conclusion STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

General Introduction

Why invest on Agriculture?

Role of SCMB in the Past Decades

Presentation of the Problem

Purpose of the study

Motivation and Study Design

Results

Conclusion

WHY INVEST IN AGRICULTURE ? Employment Demographics The Population of Cameroon is about 18.000.000 70% of this population practice agriculture 43% of country’s GNP proceeds come from agriculture Limbe , Buea & Muyuka combined have have a population of over 300.000 persons The majority if these populations practice agriculture for a living & supply products to surrounding cities STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Employment Demographics

The Population of Cameroon is about 18.000.000

70% of this population practice agriculture

43% of country’s GNP proceeds come from agriculture

Limbe , Buea & Muyuka combined have have a population of over 300.000 persons

The majority if these populations practice agriculture for a living & supply products to surrounding cities

How did the state provide support to Farmers in The Past? STEPHEN TABI-ENO TAMBE &HARRY AGBOR TAMBE Through the Southern Cameroons Marketing Board (SCMB) which provided agric information to farmers. 2. Through MINAGRI which regulated agricultural activities

Through the Southern Cameroons Marketing Board (SCMB) which provided agric information to farmers.

2. Through MINAGRI which regulated agricultural activities

Role of the Southern Cameroons Marketing Board The SCMB trained farmers on early pest detection, pest management and pest control methods. Strategically SCMB advised on the best periods to plant, spray and rotate crops for optimum output. Financially SCMB advised about access to credits and procedures to obtain them. The SCMB provided valuable information and Markets for Farmers’ Products. STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

The SCMB trained farmers on early pest detection, pest management and pest control methods.

Strategically SCMB advised on the best periods to plant, spray and rotate crops for optimum output.

Financially SCMB advised about access to credits and procedures to obtain them.

The SCMB provided valuable information and Markets for Farmers’ Products.

Presentation of the Problem. Why did the Farming Institution suffer a setback? Gross embezzlement of SCMB reserve funds A bankrupt SCMB could no more support farmers Direct Impact on Farmers No more trainings No more information on Markets No more advice on new farming practices No more credit facilities to acquire agric inputs STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Why did the Farming Institution suffer a setback?

Gross embezzlement of SCMB reserve funds

A bankrupt SCMB could no more support farmers

Direct Impact on Farmers

No more trainings

No more information on Markets

No more advice on new farming practices

No more credit facilities to acquire agric inputs

Consequences of the Fall of the SCMB Farmers began carrying out poor farming practices In their ignorance they destroyed the ecosystems They could not detect or control new pests early enough to save their investment. Their harvests were lean and they became poor They worked long hours but remained Poor STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Farmers began carrying out poor farming practices

In their ignorance they destroyed the ecosystems

They could not detect or control new pests early enough to save their investment.

Their harvests were lean and they became poor

They worked long hours but remained Poor

What is the situation now? Farmers still need information to tackle the problems of pest, market outlets and good farming practices. The Mechanisms in place do not assure the provision of such services in a manner that is fast and efficient. STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Farmers still need information to tackle the problems of pest, market outlets and good farming practices.

The Mechanisms in place do not assure the provision of such services in a manner that is fast and efficient.

Purpose of This Study To investigate if SMS Education is a better replacement for TV, radio and Print Media as informative tools to empower Farmers STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

To investigate if SMS Education is a better replacement for TV, radio and Print Media as informative tools to empower Farmers

Motivation The demographic and statistical information presented for Limbe, Buea and Muyuka is important. Farmers’ problem is real & should be attended to before it degenerates into chaos. Farmers in one region dump produce in markets while consumers in other regions experience scarcity & starvation . Getting farmers to where there is demand for their produce requires information which they lack NOW STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

The demographic and statistical information presented for Limbe, Buea and Muyuka is important.

Farmers’ problem is real & should be attended to before it degenerates into chaos.

Farmers in one region dump produce in markets while consumers in other regions experience scarcity & starvation .

Getting farmers to where there is demand for their produce requires information which they lack NOW

Study Design Survey: pre-test questions & post-test questions Using the PICO model PICO= “Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome” Meeting with farmers Pre-test to determine information needs of Farmers SMS sent out with messages directed to meet the needs Post-test questions to determine : 1) Effectiveness of SMS to deliver information 2) Usability of SMS STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE &HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Survey: pre-test questions & post-test questions

Using the PICO model

PICO= “Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome”

Meeting with farmers

Pre-test to determine information needs of Farmers

SMS sent out with messages directed to meet the needs

Post-test questions to determine :

1) Effectiveness of SMS to deliver information

2) Usability of SMS

Results : Observations : Reception of Information Before Intervention Very few farmers received supportive information after SCMB stopped functioning AT THIS STAGE FARMERS ARE IGNORANT BECAUSE THEY DO NOT RECEIVE ANY INFORMATION STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Consequences: They suffer pest attacks they cannot control FARMERS DO NOT KNOW WHAT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS DESTRUCTION TO THEIR CROPS STEPHEN TABI ENO –TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Observations : Responses on whether the SMS received would have benefited them technically and economically UPWARDS OF 92% RESPONDED SMS WILL BE USEFUL .NONE OF THE RESPONDENTS DISAGREED STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Overall Impression of SMS Channel Farmers agree they learnt more during this intervention compared to information received from Radio, Tv and Newspapers Farmers are willing to pay for this service to enable continuity Farmers suggested that other important informative services like polio vaccine administration should be announced through SMS. Farmers found it easy to use and information arrived to all of them at the same time STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Farmers agree they learnt more during this intervention compared to information received from Radio, Tv and Newspapers

Farmers are willing to pay for this service to enable continuity

Farmers suggested that other important informative services like polio vaccine administration should be announced through SMS.

Farmers found it easy to use and information arrived to all of them at the same time

CONCLUSION Farmers like the system They would recommend others to join the SMS information Network Farmers desire an NGO to take over the transmission of information through SMS Information sent through SMS were timely, and trustworthy NGOs expressed their willingness to invest in this project in future Overall response is one of satisfaction. Thus it is possible to give farmers information that would enable them improve their incomes and carry out sustained agriculture STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

Farmers like the system

They would recommend others to join the SMS information Network

Farmers desire an NGO to take over the transmission of information through SMS

Information sent through SMS were timely, and trustworthy

NGOs expressed their willingness to invest in this project in future

Overall response is one of satisfaction.

Thus it is possible to give farmers information that would enable them improve their incomes and carry out sustained agriculture

Thank you for Listening! STEPHEN TABI ENO-TAMBE & HARRY AGBOR TAMBE

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