Published on February 17, 2014
Nutrition-enhancing food and agricultural systems Per Pinstrup-Andersen ICN2 Technical Preparatory Meeting Session 3 FAO, November 14, 2013
A nutrition-enhancing food and agricultural system What does it mean? Underutilized potential? Why has the potential not been exploited? Not a single sectorial responsibility Conflicts between nutrition and other goals Market signals – behavior of system agents Seek multiple wins - mainstreaming
Key linkages or pathways (1) Food availability Quantity, quality, diversity Source: Farm or value chain Source: Own production or market Incomes Direct and indirect Food or cash
Key linkages or pathways (2) Prices Food price level relative to other prices Relative prices among foods Prices of non-foods Time availability Gender-specific Productivity increases in women’s activities
Key linkages or pathways (3) Behavior of consumers, farmers, processors and traders Compatibility or conflict with other goals Agriculture as producer of raw materials Drivers of diet composition Other factors Water, sanitation, food safety and care
What to do (1)? Interventions are context-specific Likely to be relevant in many contexts: 1. 2. 3. 4. Increase incomes of the poor Reduce unit-costs of production of nutrients Pursue diversity in production and consumption Do not add to women’s total time requirements
What to do (2)? 5. Seek to break the two-way causal link between production and consumption of energy-dense, nutrient-poor processed food Incentives and regulations in the value chain Knowledge sharing focused on consumers 6. Combine interventions for food, water, sanitation and child and health care. Seek break the
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