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Information about ICAO

Published on April 3, 2008

Author: Sibilla

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  ICAO Last Update: 11 June 2007 Maj Rich Bruce AIS Slide2:  ICAO Slide3:  OVERVIEW ICAO Background Why We Care ICAO Pubs U.S. Pubs Altimetry WGS-84 ICAO Region-Specific Slide4:  1944 Chicago Convention - established ICAO - by 52 nations ICAO Articles ratified 1947 - by 26 Nations Scene from the Chicago Convention:  Scene from the Chicago Convention ICAO Headquarters:  ICAO Headquarters Montreal, Canada 190 member nations as of June 2007 Does ICAO Apply To Me?:  Does ICAO Apply To Me? ICAO Article 3: “... applicable only to civil aircraft, and shall not be applicable to state aircraft” “aircraft used in the military, customs, and police services shall be deemed to be state aircraft”. BUT…. Does ICAO Apply To Me?:  Does ICAO Apply To Me? AFI 11-202 V3, para 1.2.1: The PIC will comply with: National Procedures - in sovereign nation ICAO SARPs - if no national procedures ICAO SARPs - International / Over the High Seas – (routine operations) Does ICAO Apply To Me?:  Does ICAO Apply To Me? A Note On…“National Procedures”:  A Note On…“National Procedures” What Rules Do I Use….?:  What Rules Do I Use….? …. at a U.S. military airfield in foreign country? 1st - Bilateral agreements 2nd - National procedures 3rd - ICAO SARPs ICAO Rules & Regs:  ICAO Rules & Regs “The ICAO Convention” - General Rules 96 Articles SARPs – “Standards And Recommended Practices” 18 Annexes PANS or PANS-OPS – “Procedures for Air Navigation Services” Doc 4444 – Air Traffic Management Doc 8168 – Vols I and II Regional Supplemental Procedures Doc 7030 ICAO Rules & Regs:  ICAO Rules & Regs General Rules - 96 Articles SARPs - 18 Annexes ICAO Rules & Regs:  ICAO Rules & Regs PANS-OPS Doc 7030, Regional Supplement Differences from ICAO Directives:  Differences from ICAO Directives Doc 4444 Differences from ICAO procedures must be published in the country’s aeronautical information ICAO does not need to be notified. Where are differences published? National “Aeronautical Information Publication” (AIP) In search of .... ICAO Pubs:  In search of .... ICAO Pubs You can subscribe to them: http://www.icao.int/ $2100 Per Year OR…… In search of .... ICAO Pubs:  In search of .... ICAO Pubs http://dcaa.slv.dk:8000/icaodocs/ In Search Of…National AIP:  In Search Of…National AIP ICAO Information for U.S. Military:  ICAO Information for U.S. Military AFI 11-202 V3 AFM 11-217 V1 - chap 18 FLIP Foreign Clearance Guide (FCG) Airfield Suitability and Restrictions Report (ASRR) ICAO Information for U.S. Military:  ICAO Information for U.S. Military FLIP General Planning (GP) Area Planning (AP) series (AP/1, AP/2….) Special Use Airspace (AP/1A, AP/2A) Flight Information Handbook (FIH) Enroute Supplements Charts and Approach plates AFI 11-202 V3:  AFI 11-202 V3 “This AFI is a common source of directives including Air Force-specific guidance, the FARs, and the ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs)”. - para 1.1.2 “Specific rules of each individual nation are published in FLIP and FCG”. - para Example….. Can I Exceed 250 kt. Below 10,000’ Outside the U.S.?:  Can I Exceed 250 kt. Below 10,000’ Outside the U.S.? AFI 11-202 V3, para 5.7.3: Outside the NAS. The PIC will not allow the aircraft to exceed 250 KIAS below 10,000 ft. MSL unless: Mission requirements dictate and in international airspace. ICAO or host nation rules permit Necessary to maintain the minimum safe airspeed (aircraft T.O.) Required by ATC and permitted by host nation rules. Answer: Yes AFM 11-217 V1:  AFM 11-217 V1 Chapter 18 - ICAO Procedures Summarizes many ICAO rules: Bank Angle - 25 vs. 30 degrees Established on Course Aircraft Categories Applied to procedures other than final approach ICAO Aircraft Categories:  ICAO Aircraft Categories ICAO Doc 8168, Vol I, Part III, Chap. 1 ICAO Aircraft Categories:  ICAO Aircraft Categories - ICAO Doc 8168, Vol I, Part II, Chap. 2 - also in AFM 11-217 V1, Table 18.1 AFM 11-217 V1:  AFM 11-217 V1 Screen Height Standard 16 ft above DER (but how do you know?) Departures 3.3 % climb gradient instead of U.S. 24% ROC Approach Names LLZ Many variations Altimetry More on this later AFM 11-217 V1:  AFM 11-217 V1 Low Altitude Approaches 45/180 and 80/260 Base Turn Racetrack Entry Rules 30 degree Entry Sector Exception: Arrival Routing STAR, feeder routing, or arrival airway Blended into the reversal procedure Protected airspace is provided to allow the turn onto the outbound reversal track. - AFM 11-217 V1, para FLIP:  FLIP FLIP Theaters :  FLIP Theaters General Planning GP - General Planning:  GP - General Planning Chapter 4 – Flight Plans (1801) Chapter 6 – Pilot Procedures Has some ICAO-specific stuff Chapter 7 - ICAO procedures Companion to AFM 11-217 V1, Chap 18 Chapter 8 – Operations & Firings Over the High Seas GP - General Planning:  GP - General Planning FIR / UIR – (Flight / Upper) Information Region Information service, and Air Traffic Control ?? UIR - similar to FIR – just bigger and higher May overlay several FIRs CTA / UTA – (Control / Upper Control) Area Air Traffic Control Often combined with FIRs UTA – similar to CTA May overlay several CTAs GP - General Planning, Chap 8:  GP - General Planning, Chap 8 Oceanic Procedures Generally – follow ICAO procedures When not – Due Regard Territorial Airspace U.S. recognizes 12 miles Foreign ADIZ With / Without entering Territorial Airspace International Straights / Archepelagic Lanes AP – Area Planning series:  AP – Area Planning series Example – AP/4:  Example – AP/4 AP – Area Planning series:  AP – Area Planning series Example – AP/4:  Example – AP/4 AP – Area Planning series:  AP – Area Planning series Arrangement of Info (1) Regional/National Procedures (2) Visual Flight Rules (3) Instrument Flight Rules (4) Operational Air Traffic (5) Flight Planning (6) Flight Hazards (7) Enroute (8) Terminal (9) Aerial Refueling (10) Bird Hazard Data (11) Additional Information Example - AP/2 - Regions:  Example - AP/2 - Regions Chapter 2 Section A – Africa / Indian Ocean Section B – European Section C – Middle East / Asia Section D – North Atlantic AP / “A” Series:  AP / “A” Series Special Use Airspace Includes: AP/1A AP/2A AP/3A AP/4A MOAs, Restricted Areas See AP/2A:  See AP/2A Special Use Airspace Flight Information Handbook:  Flight Information Handbook Lost Comm procedures ICAO Distress and Urgency signals Oceanic VHF frequencies USAF Global HF program RVSM contingency procedures Conversion Tables Flight Information Handbook:  Flight Information Handbook Emergency Procedures Visual Signals Comm Failure FAA ICAO Europe Bahrain Denmark France Germany Hong Kong Ireland Israel Italy Japan Norway Oman Philippines Syria UK Distress Signals Meteorology Sources Meteorology Services METAR/TAF Codes PIREP Format Conversions FLIP/NOTAM Abbreviations Interception Signals Algeria Cuba Lebanon and Malta South Africa Russia Sweden Taiwan Serbia Position Reports FAA ICAO Oceanic Africa Central & South America FSS Phone Numbers RCR equivalents USN/USMC Wave Off Lighting Pilot Controlled Lighting Airfield Lighting (31 systems) HF Global Comm System RVSM Contingencies Frequency Pairings Time Zones Time Hacks Temperature Corrections Enroute Supplement:  Enroute Supplement Section B Airport/Facility Directory Section C Theater Data / Procedures Some Supps are combined with Approach Books Example – Eastern Europe & Asia Example – Eastern Europe & Asia:  Example – Eastern Europe & Asia FIR / UIR / CTA:  FIR / UIR / CTA Enroute Charts Area Planning series (AP/1, AP/2….) Chapter 3 – National Procedures FCG - Foreign Clearance Guide:  FCG - Foreign Clearance Guide www.fcg.pentagon.mil General Information Booklet Geographic Area Books Classified Supplement SIPRnet only FCG - Foreign Clearance Guide:  FCG - Foreign Clearance Guide FCG – General Info Book:  FCG – General Info Book FCG - Foreign Clearance Guide:  FCG - Foreign Clearance Guide General Information Booklet General Procedural information Obtaining Clearances: Aircraft, Blanket, and Personnel International Airspace, International Straits, and Archipelagic Sea Lanes Airports of Entry FCG - Foreign Clearance Guide:  FCG - Foreign Clearance Guide Geographic Area Books FCG “Areas” - different than FLIP and ICAO Each book starts with general information for that entire “area”. Divided into Five Sections: General Entry Requirements Aircraft Entrance Requirements Personnel Entrance Requirements Travel Information Miscellaneous “Due Regard”:  “Due Regard” GP, chap 8 FCG Operational situations that do not lend themselves to ICAO procedures: Military contingencies, classified, politically sensitive Prerogative of military aircraft PICs operate with “Due Regard for the safety of navigation of civil air traffic” Translation: You are responsible to avoid a midair. “Due Regard”:  “Due Regard” Proper terms - “Due Regard” or “Operational” (Ref. 7110.65, para 1-2-1) “Tactical” is not the same - although “Tactical” is often used over land and when “required” by ATC. Can only be accomplished in international airspace !!! Reference GP, Chapter 8 (Operations and Firings Over the High Seas) and the Foreign Clearance Guide (Definitions). “Due Regard”:  “Due Regard” To declare “Due Regard” or “Operational”: Must operate under one or more of the following: 1. VMC; or 2. Within radar and radio coverage of a surface radar facility; or 3. Have airborne radar sufficient to provide separation between the aircraft and others; or Outside controlled airspace. - International airspace only. “Due Regard”:  “Due Regard” FAA adds: The appropriate military authority assumes responsibility for Search and Rescue. ICAO Mission Plan Checklist:  ICAO Mission Plan Checklist Altimetry:  Altimetry TRANSITION LAYER:  FL 40 Transition Level Transition Altitude TRANSITION LAYER Not normally used as a cruise altitude by ATC Transition Layer:  Transition Layer Can ATC assign you an altitude here? Can aircraft cruise or level off here? No ICAO document directly addresses these questions. No USAF or FLIP document does, either. AFI 11-217 V1: Aircraft are not normally assigned altitudes within the Transition Layer Transition Layer:  Transition Layer ICAO Doc 4444: Transition Level shall be the lowest flight level available for use above the Transition Altitude. Except when authorized, cruising levels below the minimum flight altitudes shall not be assigned. Transition Altitude:  Transition Altitude Transition Altitude and Level:  Transition Altitude and Level Altimetry:  Altimetry 3 Altimeter Units: Inches of Mercury (in) Millibars (mb) or Hectopascals (hPa) Millimeters (mm) Altimetry:  Altimetry 3 Altimeter Settings: QNH – altitude above MSL QFE – height above airport or TH elevation QNE – flight level Standard datum: 29.92 in 1013 mb 760 mm Altimetry:  Altimetry 2 Altitude Units: Feet Meters Weird Altimetry:  Weird Altimetry Altitudes in meters: China Russia and FSU Altimeter Units in millimeters: Russia and FSU Altimeter Setting in QFE: Russia and FSU United Kingdom Weird Altimetry:  Weird Altimetry How do you deal with it? Convert! FIH tables – Section D Israel:  Israel “Altitudes” when flying over land “Flight Levels” when over the water North is Even South is Odd Slide73:  Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Altitudes below the TLV will be given in meters More Vertical Separation:  More Vertical Separation Havana -- North is Even, South is Odd New Zealand -- North is Odd, South is Even Chile -- 030 to 209: Odd 210 to 029: Even Brunei, India, UK:  Brunei, India, UK Altitudes by Quadrant: 000 to 089: Odd 090 to 179: Odd + 500’ 180 to 269: Even 270 to 359: Even + 500’ FSU and China:  FSU and China Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan: East 30 49 69 89 108 128 148 167 187 207 226 246 266 299 331 364 397 West 39 59 79 98 118 138 157 177 197 217 236 256 282 315 348 381 430 China East 30 49 69 89 108 128 148 167 187 207 226 246 266 295 335 374 etc West 20 39 59 79 98 118 138 157 177 197 217 236 256 276 315 354 394 etc United Kingdom:  United Kingdom The Transition Altitude is 3000’ except in: Aberdeen CTR 6000 Belfast CTR 6000 Birmingham CTR 4000 Cardiff CTR 4000 East Midlands CTR 4000 Edinburgh CTR 6000 Glasgow CTR 6000 Leeds Bradford CTR 5000 London TMA 6000 Manchester TMA 5000 Scottish TMA 6000 Solent CTA 4000* Sumburgh CTR 6000* Teesside CTR 6000* * outside normal operating hours, the TA is 3000’ The World Beyond:  The World Beyond Mogadishu airfield:  Mogadishu airfield Closed to all operations due to potential armed conflict. Safety of aircraft, cargo, and personnel cannot be assured. – AP/2, chap 3 Madagascar:  Madagascar Madagascar Gov’t has issued a threat to shoot down any aircraft that enters Madagascar airspace without authorization. – AP/2, chap 3 Austria:  Austria Within some agricultural districts (May to October) in thunderstorms, anti-hail rockets might be fired up to 7000’ MSL. Details by NOTAM. – AP/2, chap 3 North/South Korea - DMZ:  North/South Korea - DMZ Extreme caution must be exercised to prevent overflight of this area. The majority of aircraft which have penetrated the DMZ area in the past have been fired upon. Europe:  Europe Exercise extreme caution when using ADF navaids in the European / Mediterranean Region. May get positive station ID and have the ADF needles point to an entirely different station, due to similar frequencies and differing output strengths. Japan:  Japan At all Japanese military bases you can expect to have quiet hour lunch time delay from 1100-1200L daily. During that period you will not be allowed to takeoff, land, nor run your engines. ICAO Differences:  ICAO Differences ICAO DIFFERENCES ICAO Holding Speeds:  ICAO Holding Speeds Doc 8168, Vol 1, Part IV, Chap 1 Slide87:  The Procedure Turn in 22 Different Languages Reversal Entry Procedures:  Reversal Entry Procedures Must be entered from a track within +/- 30 degrees of the outbound track. Exception: Arrival routing: STAR, terminal routing, airway 45/180 vs. 80/260:  45/180 vs. 80/260 PANS-OPS states that the 80/260 procedure turn is an alternative to the 45/180 unless specifically excluded. ICAO 45/180 vs. 80/260:  ICAO 45/180 vs. 80/260 PANS-OPS 8168, Vol 1, Part III, Chap 3, para (a) …. the 45/180 procedure turn is an alternative to the 80/260 procedure turn, unless specifically excluded. (b) …. the 80/260 procedure turn is an alternative to the 45/180 procedure turn, unless specifically excluded. ICAO 45/180 vs. 80/260:  ICAO 45/180 vs. 80/260 AFM 11-217 V1, para 18.1.5: Approaches may be designed using U.S. criteria, PANS-OPS criteria, or host nation criteria that are different from PANS-OPS. Aircraft executing maneuvers other than those intended by the host nation approach design could exceed the boundaries of the protected airspace or may cause overflight of unauthorized areas. All ICAO procedures must be flown as they are depicted. Slide92:  What’s Out There Approach Names:  Approach Names Slide94:  Note the SUA Slide101:  Same approach – note visual lead-in lights from MAP Slide102:  Descend in holding, then visual to runway Slide103:  Same thing – except…. Slide105:  Glideslope brings you in short of the runway Slide106:  That’s All, Folks

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