Published on March 8, 2014
1.1 Integrated Building Management Solution 1.1.1 Systems Integration With the integration of all systems to the UPI, the relevant organization will achieve the provision of best practise standard services and value added enhanced services to the inhabitants and visitors of the smart community. This will improve the unique experience of living and visiting a city of the 21st century with all the comfort, enjoyment and security people can imagine and even beyond of this. The measurable effects of integrated systems are immediate and notable in five primary areas: 1. Reduced installation costs Using IELV for new developments, online documentation and recorded current and future changes or additions. 2. Increased information access Including diagnostics and maintenance issues e.g. pro-active maintenance. 3. Information and Integration management Centralises information at single location and combines information for analysis and reporting against energy usage, equipment operation and temperatures. 4. Site-wide user interface Offers single-seat operation, eliminating the costs of duplicated front-end equipment. This increases operator efficiency by simplifying operator access to multiple systems, thus reducing operator training costs. 5. Inter-process Integration How one system effects another creates a smart building. While time schedules might synchronise lights and cooling, ventilation and other building systems, security systems allow entry and can be used for triggering superior systems to turn on HVAC and lights. Furthermore, usage information can be recorded for tenant billing. iBMS is an advancement of building automation control system (BACS), building management systems (BMS) and building security systems (SMS). These components are no longer stand-alone systems. The integration of all systems into one solution provides the basis for optimised building operations with reduced operating costs. In a nutshell, the iBMS solution: • • • • Integrates all systems Monitors and controls building management systems Improves management capability & building efficiencies Reduces costs. An iBMS consists of central control, central communications and remote control systems to monitor and control the following systems (but not limited to): • • • Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. Smoke detection Energy and power management
• • • • • • • • • • • Plumbing systems Building and exterior lighting Fire alarm and detection Intrusion detection and security access Emergency power generator and UPS Power supply CCTV Boiler/ Pool Management System Audio Visual System Elevator Monitoring System Irrigation System. An iBMS approach eliminates silos of data and ensures that all data can be viewed and analysed, enabling important building systems to be centralised for monitoring and control purposes (Figure 1). System integration has the advantage of avoiding wastage and the unnecessary costs associated with the inappropriate deployment of manpower and labour resources to identify and resolve operating problems with plant, equipment and associated building and facilities assets. The implementation of an iBMS can therefore help decrease the number of building operations personnel required as well as lessen the chance of human error in identifying and resolving building operational problems. The reporting functionality of an iBMS enables both clients and facilities managers to obtain accurate and continuous data on the actual running costs of such areas as energy and lighting, and enables pro-active analysis to be carried out to reduce the high costs of a building’s operation.
Figure 1: Intelligent Integrated Building Management Solution iBMS 1.1.2 Command & Control Centre (CCC) The CCC is the central point of integration for all owned or operated or 3rd party operated and interconnected facilities (Figure 2). It provides central integration of building systems, security systems and municipality systems.
Figure 2: Command & Control Centre CCC All systems will be connected to a Control & Command Centre (CCC), which uses remote access to the systems through a standard interface and provides maintenance and security services. From the CCC it will be possible to get a complete view of all the connected buildings, get a summary of data, receive alarms & view all operating parameters relating to life safety, energy consumption and key parameters which are vital to maintain the conditions in the building. The core functions are but not limited to: • Central interface to the SOC (CAFM system), NOC, SCRs and LCRs • Central alarm management • Central monitoring • iBMS related measures • Reporting.
1.1.3 Benefits The benefits of implementing an Integrated System Solution for BMS and Security Services include: Overall benefits: • Integrated technology solutions and support to Facilities Management operations • Single Source Solution & Responsibility for unified monitoring & control of all developments • Build a unified supervision/ control instance of all planned & unscheduled events – 24/7 basis • Build a central supervision and control of decentralised (local, peripheral) buildings and their BMS • To achieve higher efficiency of employees by repeated use of identical technology • To automate workflows, quality assurance, reproducibility • To automate accounting • Enable Effective Energy management • Support Data Centre management • Achieve Operating Cost savings via improved operating efficiencies, reduced head count • Better control & higher service quality • Meaningful & proactive reporting • Improved levels of customer satisfaction of hotel guests, tenants and owners • Capability to provide services and generate additional revenue from other (3rd party) developments. • Connectivity of the iBMS for future Premium Class FM Services to be provided. Operator’s benefits: • Integrate & optimise operational processes (proactive management & reporting) • Enable a proper coordination of different service providers/suppliers/maintenance suppliers • Monitor and control; not just monitoring facilities systems and services • Transparency in cost and processes • Cost optimisation • Resource optimisation User’s / Owner’s benefits: • Reduction in operating expenditure (OPEX) • Greater control of assets & performance • Minimising Risks • Improved service quality • Reduced system downtime • Improved reporting and decision making / analysis functionality • Conservation of building asset value • Focus on core business.
1.1.4 Savings Based on a Centralised Command and Control Centre (CCC) for BMS, FM and Security Services against traditional localised control, an annual saving of 10% of operational costs can be achieved. This equates to approximate savings of $ 1,85m in Year 1 of operation rising to $ 46m in Year 10 and $ 74m in Year 20. The 20-year-period cumulated savings sum up to $ 667m. The integration of the systems into a CCC will result in substantial reductions in the number of operator staff required as it will not be necessary to have operators based at each location. Due to the reduced staff on site, the savings per year in staffing alone would be around $ 4,414,000. In addition to the saving, there would be significant improvement in speed and efficiency and this, combined with fast access to data and trending information, would add up to enormous savings over a 20 year period. The calculation model is based only for standard iBMS/ Security/ Municipality services. There are additional enhanced services that could be delivered to various customers The ramp up of the CCC will be done in 4 steps according the development of GFA during the 20 years period. The first step of the CCC ramp up will be done. Step 1 has duration of two years. This period is used for operation as well as for training and to gain experience with workflow, operational procedures and for optimising daily routines. At the end of Year 2 the second Step of the CCC ramp up will be done. Step 2 also has duration of two years. This period is used for optimised operation and to get well attuned to each other. At the end of Year 4 the third Step of the CCC ramp up will be done. Step 3 has duration of five years. In this period full operation is executed. Control-Room is fully equipped and staffed. At the end of the 9th Year the final Step of the CCC ramp up will be done. This final step guarantees expandability for future operations up to 2030. 1.1.5 Logical Integration of Operations and Control Rooms In terms of a logical integration that enables the different specialised centres to work together it is strongly recommended to interconnect them over the UPI (Figure 3). Then data from one centre will be accessible from the other centres and vice versa. The Organization has the huge opportunity to make these data available to local authorities and governmental departments for their individual use.
Figure 3: Logical Integration of Operations and Control Centres
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