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IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

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Published on March 5, 2014

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Learn about the configuration of IBM PowerVC. IBM PowerVC is built on OpenStack that controls large pools of server, storage, and networking resources throughout a data center. IBM Power Virtualization Center provides security services that support a secure environment. Installation requires just 20 minutes to get a virtual machine up and running. For more information on Power Systems, visit http://ibm.co/Lx6hfc.

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Front cover Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm SG24-8199-00 IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration Installation requires just 20 minutes to get a virtual machine up and running Intelligent virtual machine deployment Deep integration with Power Systems Guillermo Corti Sylvain Delabarre Ho Jin Kim Ondrej Plachy Marcos Quezada Gustavo Santos ibm.com/redbooks

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199edno.fm International Technical Support Organization IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration November 2013 SG24-8199-00

8199edno.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Note: Before using this information and the product it supports, read the information in “Notices” on page xvii. First Edition (November 2013) This edition applies to Version 1, Release 2 of IBM PowerVC Standard Edition (5765-VCS) and IBM PowerVC Express Edition (5765-VCX). This document was created or updated on November 20, 2013. © Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2013. All rights reserved. Note to U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights -- Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199edno.fm Note: This book is based on a pre-GA version of a product and may not apply when the product becomes generally available. We recommend that you consult the product documentation or follow-on versions of this redbook for more current information. iii

8199edno.fm iv Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199TOC.fm Contents Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xviii Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xix Now you can become a published author, too! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi Comments welcome. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxi Stay connected to IBM Redbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxii Chapter 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1 IBM PowerVC overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.2 IBM PowerVC Express Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 IBM PowerVC Standard Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.4 OpenStack Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.4.1 The OpenStack foundation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.4.2 OpenStack projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Chapter 2. Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.1 PowerVC positioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2 IBM Power Virtualization Center requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.2.1 Hardware and software requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2.2 IBM Power Virtualization Center Express. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2.3 IBM Power Virtualization Center Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.2.4 Planning Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2.3 IBM PowerVC Storage Access Planning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2.3.1 Storage Connectivity Groups and Tags in IBM PowerVC Standard . 21 2.3.2 Storage Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2.4 Users and groups planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2.4.1 Users management planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 2.4.2 Groups management planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 2.5 Security management planning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2.5.1 Ports used by IBM Power Virtualization Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2.5.2 Providing a certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 © Copyright IBM Corp. 2013. All rights reserved. v

8199TOC.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 2.6 Hosts and clients management planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.6.1 Hardware Management Console Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.6.2 Multiple Virtual I/O Servers planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.7 Storage management planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.7.1 Possible storage configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 2.7.2 Specifying fibre channel ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.7.3 Storage volumes planning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 2.8 Networks management planning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2.8.1 Multiple networks planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 2.8.2 Shared Ethernet Adapter planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 2.9 Templates planning and placement policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 2.9.1 Placement policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 2.9.2 Templates planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Chapter 3. Install . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 3.1 Setting up the IBM Power Virtualization Center Standard environment . . 52 3.1.1 Creating the virtual machine to host PowerVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 3.1.2 Changing Maximum Virtual Adapters in VIOS server . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3.1.3 Downloading the RHEL 6.4 package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3.1.4 Red Hat Linux Base Install . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 3.1.5 Verify SELinux is Permissive or Disabled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 3.1.6 Setting default network interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 3.1.7 Setting DNS, and host name. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 3.1.8 IBM Installation toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 3.2 Installing IBM Power Virtualization Center from media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 3.2.1 Configuring the yum repository for the IBM PowerVC install . . . . . . 56 3.2.2 Installing IBM PowerVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 3.3 Uninstalling IBM Power Virtualization Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3.4 Consideration of installing virtual machines managed by PowerVC . . . . . 59 3.4.1 Linux virtual machines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 3.4.2 AIX virtual machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Chapter 4. IBM PowerVC Set up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 4.1 PowerVC setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 4.1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 4.1.2 Connecting to PowerVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 4.2 Hosts setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 4.3 Storage and SAN Fabric Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 4.3.1 Add storage controller and SAN Fabric to PowerVC . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 4.4 Storage port tags setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 4.5 Storage Connectivity Groups setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 4.6 Networks Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 4.7 Environment verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 vi IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199TOC.fm 4.7.1 Verification report validation categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 4.8 Compute Templates setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 4.9 Storage Templates Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 4.10 Storage Volumes Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 4.11 IBM PowerVC Standard VM setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 4.11.1 Virtual machine onboarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 4.11.2 Virtual machine operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Chapter 5. IBM PowerVC Express Edition specifics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 5.1 Installation and setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 5.1.1 Installing IBM PowerVC Express . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 5.1.2 Setup and preparation of IBM PowerVC Express environment. . . . 156 5.2 Import, capture and deploy ISO images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 5.2.1 Import ISO images for deployments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 5.2.2 Deploy a RHEL ISO image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 5.2.3 Image Capture and deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191 Chapter 6. PowerVC lab environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 6.1 Hardware infrastructure for PowerVC Standard edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 6.2 Hardware Management Console. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 6.3 Power Systems hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 6.4 Storage infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 6.4.1 Storage SAN switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 6.5 Software stack for PowerVC Standard lab environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 6.6 Hardware infrastructure for PowerVC Express edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 6.7 Power Systems hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 6.8 Storage infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 6.8.1 Storage SAN switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 6.9 Software stack for PowerVC Express lab environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 6.10 Lab environment hints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 6.11 IBM PowerVC installation tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 Abbreviations and acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 Related publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 IBM Redbooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 Other publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 Online resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 Help from IBM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 Contents vii

8199TOC.fm viii Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199LOF.fm Figures 1-1 IBM PowerVC technology overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1-2 Openstack framework . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2-1 IBM PowerVC Express Storage™ Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2-2 IBM PowerVC Standard Storage Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2-3 Storage Connectivity Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2-4 Storage Connectivity Groups And Tags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2-5 Examples of Storage Groups Deployments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2-6 Storage Template definition - Advanced Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 2-7 Users account view on the IBM PowerVC management host. . . . . . . . . . 28 2-8 Refresh users account view on the IBM PowerVC management host . . . 29 2-9 Detailed user account information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 2-10 View updated user account information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 2-11 Users groups view on the IBM PowerVC management host . . . . . . . . . 34 2-12 Detailed view of viewer users group on management host. . . . . . . . . . . 35 2-13 Memory Region Size view on the HMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 3-1 Processors configuration for PowerVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 3-2 Memory configuration for PowerVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 3-3 Configure maximum virtual adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 4-1 PowerVC login screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 4-2 PowerVC Login . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 4-3 HMC connection info. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 4-4 PowerVC Add hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 4-5 PowerVC -Show managed hosts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 4-6 host information, and the Virtual Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 4-7 IBM PowerVC Standard Add Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 4-8 IBM PowerVC Standard Select Pool. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 4-9 IBM PowerVC standard Add Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 4-10 IIBM PowerVC Standard Add Fabric 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 4-11 PowerVC - Show Storage Providers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 4-12 PowerVC Fibre Channel Port Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 4-13 PowerVC Storage Connectivity Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 4-14 PowerVC Add Member to Storage Connectivity Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 4-15 PowerVC Defining a Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 4-16 IBM PowerVC interface while environment verification in process. . . . . 81 4-17 Verification Results view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 4-18 Example of a validation message for an error status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 4-19 Example of a validation message for a valid status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 4-20 PowerVC Create Compute Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 © Copyright IBM Corp. 2013. All rights reserved. ix

8199LOF.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 4-21 4-22 4-23 4-24 4-25 4-26 4-27 4-28 4-29 4-30 4-31 4-32 4-33 4-34 4-35 4-36 4-37 4-38 4-39 4-40 4-41 4-42 4-43 4-44 4-45 4-46 4-47 4-48 4-49 4-50 4-51 4-52 4-53 4-54 4-55 4-56 4-57 4-58 4-59 4-60 4-61 4-62 4-63 x PowerVC Compute Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 PowerVC Create Storage Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 PowerVC Create Storage Template Advanced. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 PowerVC Storage Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 PowerVC Create Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 PowerVC Storage Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 PowerVC management host web interface login screen . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 PowerVC management host home screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Selecting host view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Selected hosts view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Collapse and expand buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Manage Existing button. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Onboarding existing virtual machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Example of information pop up message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Display existing messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Existing virtual machine view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Virtual machine detailed view with collapsed sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Virtual Machine detailed view of expanded information section . . . . . . 105 Virtual Machine detailed view of expanded specification section . . . . . 107 Virtual Machine detailed view of expanded network section . . . . . . . . . 108 Detailed Network view. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Detailed view of the tree links to move backwards in the views . . . . . . 109 Virtual Machine detailed view of expanded details section . . . . . . . . . . 110 Operations buttons on the virtual machine view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Virtual machine powering on. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Virtual machine powered off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Verify volume screen when pressing Capture button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Information and confirmation window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Entering the name for the capture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Image snapshot in progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Image creation in progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Image view with a finished capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Storage Volumes view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Expanded information section of an image capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Expanded specification section of an image capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 Virtual Machines section of an image capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Image capture selected for deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Information to Deploy an image capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 New virtual machine deployed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Virtual Machine resize. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Virtual Machine resize. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Exceeded value for resizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Virtual machine resize in progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199LOF.fm 4-64 Display and review existing messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 4-65 Migrate selected virtual machine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 4-66 Select target server before migration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 4-67 Virtual machine migration in progress. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 4-68 Virtual machine migration finished . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 4-69 Attaching a new volume to a virtual machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 4-70 Volume attaching in progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 4-71 Attached volumes view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 4-72 Detach volume from a virtual machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 4-73 Confirmation dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 4-74 Virtual machine reset state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 4-75 Reset state confirmation window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 4-76 Image selected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 4-77 Delete an image confirmation dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 4-78 Image deleted message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 4-79 Delete virtual machine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 4-80 Delete virtual machine confirmation window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 4-81 Pop up message after a virtual machine is deleted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 5-1 IBM PowerVC Express Edition login window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157 5-2 PowerVC Home page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 5-3 PowerVC “Add Host” box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 5-4 IBM PowerVC Express Edition after host is added . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 5-5 Add a storage to IBM PowerVC Express Edition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 5-6 SVC Storage Pool choice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 5-7 The new SVC storage provider is successfully added . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 5-8 Add a network to PowerVC configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 5-9 Network is now configured . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 5-10 Verify Environment in progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 5-11 Failed verification caused by SVC compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 5-12 Import an AIX ISO image into IBM PowerVC Express . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167 5-13 Import a RHEL ISO image into IBM PowerVC Express . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 5-14 ISO images are imported to PowerVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 5-15 Status of imported ISO images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 5-16 RHEL ISO image details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 5-17 File list of the glance images directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 5-18 Check storage templates in configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 5-19 SVC default storage template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 5-20 Select the RHEL64 image for deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 5-21 Virtual machine deployment parameters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 5-22 Virtual machine building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 5-23 First active status for virtual machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 5-24 Virtual is shutdown after building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174 5-25 Open the vm’s console from IBM PowerVC Express . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Figures xi

8199LOF.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 5-26 First boot of virtual machine vmlnx02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 5-27 Default vm console choice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 5-28 .Startup banner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 5-29 Select boot option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 5-30 Boot options menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 5-31 Select boot devices menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 5-32 Select the CD-ROM device for boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 5-33 SMS boot mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 5-34 Exit SMS and boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 5-35 The vm boots from the chosen device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 5-36 Boot the Linux installation media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 5-37 Reboot the installed vm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 5-38 Initial start banner after installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182 5-39 Select boot options from SMS menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 5-40 Configure boot device order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 5-41 Configure boot device order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 5-42 Select boot device type menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184 5-43 Select media type menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185 5-44 Select Media Adapter menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 5-45 Select device menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 5-46 Set boot sequence menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 5-47 Exit SMS and boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187 5-48 Confirm boot and exit SMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 5-49 First boot prompt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 5-50 Exit the virtual machine console . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 5-51 vmlnx02 is deployed and active. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190 5-52 Start the vm capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 5-53 Capture a vm based on an ISO image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 5-54 Choose name and capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 5-55 Capture queued . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 5-56 The vm image is ready for deployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194 6-1 Lab environment for PowerVC Standard edition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 6-2 Lab environment for PowerVC Express edition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201 xii IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199LOT.fm Tables 2-1 Power Systems Virtualization Management Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2-2 Hardware and OS requirements for IBM PowerVC Express . . . . . . . . . . 11 2-3 Minimum resource requirements for the IBM PowerVC virtual machine. . 12 2-4 Supported virtualization platforms for IBM PowerVC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2-5 IBM PowerVC-supported network hardware and software . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2-6 IBM PowerVC-supported storage hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2-7 Hardware and operating system support for IBM PowerVC hosts . . . . . . 14 2-8 Minimum resource requirements for the IBM PowerVC virtual machine. . 15 2-9 HMC requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2-10 Supported virtualization platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2-11 Supported network hardware and software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2-12 Supported storage hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2-13 Supported security software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 2-14 Ports used for inbound and outbound communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2-15 Ports used by HMC, IVM and SVC with IBM PowerVCt . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2-16 Additional ports used by IBM PowerVC to connect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 2-17 Processor compatibility Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 4-1 Information section fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 4-2 Specifications section fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 4-3 Details section fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 4-4 Description of the fields on the information section. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 4-5 Description of the fields on the Specifications section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 6-1 HMC requirements used. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 6-2 Hardware test environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196 6-3 Storage switch specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 6-4 Software version and releases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197 6-5 Hardware test environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 6-6 Storage switch specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199 6-7 Software version and releases used on PowerVC Express lab . . . . . . . 200 © Copyright IBM Corp. 2013. All rights reserved. xiii

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Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199LOE.fm Examples 2-1 2-2 2-3 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 3-8 3-9 4-1 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 4-7 Adding admin user account with the useradd command . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Updating admin user account with the usermod command . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Delete an user account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 How to set SELINUX mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 How to set repository . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 yum repolist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 powervc installation command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Accept the agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 installing powervc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 installation completed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 How to install linux in NPIV attachment of SAN volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 RSCT installation in Linux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Original scratchpad.txt file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Edited scratchpad.txt file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Specific device names for the /etc/fstab file. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Default /etc/lilo.conf file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Specific devices names for the /etc/lilo.conf file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Commands to enable activating engine on a previously captured VM . . 118 Output from the /opt/ibm/ae/AE.sh -R command. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 © Copyright IBM Corp. 2013. All rights reserved. xv

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Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199spec.fm Notices This information was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A. IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in other countries. Consult your local IBM representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to an IBM product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product, program, or service that does not infringe any IBM intellectual property right may be used instead. However, it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service. IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document. The furnishing of this document does not grant you any license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in writing, to: IBM Director of Licensing, IBM Corporation, North Castle Drive, Armonk, NY 10504-1785 U.S.A. The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to you. This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice. Any references in this information to non-IBM websites are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those websites. The materials at those websites are not part of the materials for this IBM product and use of those websites is at your own risk. IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. Therefore, the results obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. Some measurements may have been made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally available systems. Furthermore, some measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation. Actual results may vary. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of those products, their published announcements or other publicly available sources. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, compatibility or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. To illustrate them as completely as possible, the examples include the names of individuals, companies, brands, and products. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. COPYRIGHT LICENSE: This information contains sample application programs in source language, which illustrate programming techniques on various operating platforms. You may copy, modify, and distribute these sample programs in any form without payment to IBM, for the purposes of developing, using, marketing or distributing application programs conforming to the application programming interface for the operating platform for which the sample programs are written. These examples have not been thoroughly tested under all conditions. IBM, therefore, cannot guarantee or imply reliability, serviceability, or function of these programs. You may copy, modify, and distribute these sample programs in any form without payment to IBM for the purposes of developing, using, marketing, or distributing application programs conforming to IBM's application programming interfaces. © Copyright IBM Corp. 2013. All rights reserved. xvii

8199spec.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Trademarks IBM, the IBM logo, and ibm.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. These and other IBM trademarked terms are marked on their first occurrence in this information with the appropriate symbol (® or ™), indicating US registered or common law trademarks owned by IBM at the time this information was published. Such trademarks may also be registered or common law trademarks in other countries. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at http://www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml The following terms are trademarks of the International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both: AIX® DB2® Express Storage™ IBM® IBM Flex System™ IBM SmartCloud® POWER® Power Architecture® Power Systems™ POWER6® POWER6+™ POWER7® POWER7+™ PowerLinux™ PowerVM® PureFlex™ Redbooks® Redbooks (logo) Storwize® System Storage® System x® System z® ® The following terms are trademarks of other companies: Intel, Intel logo, Intel Inside logo, and Intel Centrino logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both. Java, and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of others. xviii IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199pref.fm Preface IBM PowerVC is an advanced enterprise virtualization management offering for IBM Power Systems based on the OpenStack technology. This IBM® Redbooks® publication will introduce and position IBM Power Virtualization Center and will help you understand its positioning, planning, installation, and setup. IBM PowerVC is available in two editions, Express Edition to manage small deployments through IVM and Standard Edition to manage larger deployments through the HMC. IBM PowerVC can manage Linux on Power and AIX, running on POWER hardware including Flex System POWER compute nodes. PowerVC editions include the following features and benefits: Virtual Image capture, deployment, and management Policy-based Virtual Machine (VM) placement to improve utilization Targeted VM placement for deployment to reduce complexity Managing real-time optimization and VM resilience to increase productivity VM Mobility with placement policies to reduce burden on IT staff in a simple-to-install and easy-to-use GUI An open and extensible PowerVM management system that enables you to adapt as you need and runs in parallel with existing infrastructure, preserving your investment A management system that manages existing PowerVM deployments You will also find all the details on how we set up the lab environment used in this book. This IBM Redbooks publication is intended for experienced IBM PowerVM® and other virtualization solutions users wanting to understand and implement the next generation of enterprise virtualization management for Power Systems™. Authors This book was produced by a team of specialists from around the world working at the International Technical Support Organization, Poughkeepsie Center. Guillermo Corti is an IT specialist at IBM Argentina. He has been with IBM since 2004, with a 20 years technical background on Power Systems and AIX®. He has a degree in Systems from Moron University. He also has 10 years © Copyright IBM Corp. 2013. All rights reserved. xix

8199pref.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm experience working in service delivery on AIX, Virtual I/O Server, and HMC for North American accounts. Sylvain Delabarre is a certified IT Specialist at the IBM Client and Power Systems Linux center in Montpellier, France. He has been with IBM France since 1988. He works as a Power Systems Benchmark Specialist since 2010. He also has 20 years of AIX System Administration and Power Systems experience working in service delivery, AIX, Virtual I/O Server, and HMC support for EMEA. Ho Jin Kim is a senior Power Systems System Service Representative in IBM Korea. He has been with IBM since 2001. He has a Master degree in Management Information Sciences from Hankook University of Foreign Studies. And he has supported Finance Sector accounts for 7 years. He is a Red Hat Certified Engineer, and His areas of expertise include Power Systems solutions, PowerLinux™, AIX, and PowerVM. Ondrej Plachy is an IT System Engineer in Comparex CZ, s.r.o. He has 18 years of experience in the UNIX and storage systems. He holds the Ing. academic degree in computer science from Czech Technical University (CVUT), Prague. He has worked at IBM for nine years in the IBM AIX software services team. Now, he is responsible for HA, DR project design, implementation, and support of large-scale datacenter computer systems in Comparex company. Comparex is IBM business partner in Czech Republic. Marcos Quezada is a Consulting I/T Specialist at IBM Global Techline. He is an IBM Level II Certified I/T Specialist with 15 years of I/T experience performing on several related positions as a Brand Development Manager and IT Specialist for the UNIX sector. He holds a degree in Systems Engineering from Fundación Universidad de Belgrano. His areas of expertise include Product Branding, Competition, Distribution, Marketing Strategy and Channel Enablement. As a Consulting I/T Specialist he leads IBM teams in promoting the cause of I/T, and of POWER® Architecture technologies, in order to achieve buy-in from client's management and I/T communities. He consults on virtualization, cloud computing, high availability, software defined environment solutions and other IT infrastructure offerings running on IBM UNIX Systems. Gustavo Santos is an IT Architect at IBM Delivery Center Argentina. He has been with IBM since 1997. He has 17 years of experience in Power Systems and Unix field. He holds a degree in Systems Engineering from Universidad Abierta Interamericana. He also has 15 years experience working in service delivery on AIX, Virtual I/O Server, and HMC for multiple accounts in US and LA. His areas of expertise include Power Systems, AIX, Virtual I/O Server and Unix. Thanks to the following people for their contributions to this project: xx IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

8199pref.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Dave Archer, Senthil Bakthavachalam, David Bennin, Eric Brown, Rich Conway, Joe Cropper, Rishika Kedia, Yan Koyfman, Samuel D Matzek, John R Niemi, Geraint North, Atul Patel, Jeff Tenner, Drew Thorstensen, and Ramesh Veeramala. International Technical Support Organization, Poughkeepsie Center Now you can become a published author, too! Here’s an opportunity to spotlight your skills, grow your career, and become a published author—all at the same time! Join an ITSO residency project and help write a book in your area of expertise, while honing your experience using leading-edge technologies. Your efforts will help to increase product acceptance and customer satisfaction, as you expand your network of technical contacts and relationships. Residencies run from two to six weeks in length, and you can participate either in person or as a remote resident working from your home base. Find out more about the residency program, browse the residency index, and apply online at: ibm.com/redbooks/residencies.html Comments welcome Your comments are important to us! We want our books to be as helpful as possible. Send us your comments about this book or other IBM Redbooks publications in one of the following ways: Use the online Contact us review Redbooks form found at: ibm.com/redbooks Send your comments in an email to: redbooks@us.ibm.com Mail your comments to: IBM Corporation, International Technical Support Organization Dept. HYTD Mail Station P099 2455 South Road Poughkeepsie, NY 12601-5400 Preface xxi

8199pref.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Stay connected to IBM Redbooks Find us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/IBMRedbooks Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/ibmredbooks Look for us on LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/groups?home=&gid=2130806 Explore new Redbooks publications, residencies, and workshops with the IBM Redbooks weekly newsletter: https://www.redbooks.ibm.com/Redbooks.nsf/subscribe?OpenForm Stay current on recent Redbooks publications with RSS Feeds: http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/rss.html xxii IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199ch01.fm 1 Chapter 1. Introduction IBM PowerVC is the next generation of enterprise virtualization management for Power Systems. With a powerful yet simple and intuitive graphical user interface (GUI) and a deep integration with IBM PowerVM virtualization technologies, IBM PowerVC enables virtualization without limits for the Power Systems family of servers running PowerLinux, IBM AIX and IBM i operating systems. Before you continue you should be familiar and have some practical experience with the contents included in the following IBM Redbooks publications: IBM PowerVM Virtualization Introduction and Configuration, SG24-7940, and IBM PowerVM Virtualization Managing and Monitoring, SG24-7590. This book provides introduction and configuration information on IBM PowerVC. You can go through the pages starting right here or just jump to whatever is that you are interested in. The following is a list of chapters describing IBM PowerVC overview, positioning, planning, installation, and setup, including a lab environment installation of the product: IBM PowerVC overview IBM PowerVC positioning and planning IBM PowerVC installation IBM PowerVC setup © Copyright IBM Corp. 2013. All rights reserved. 1

8199ch01.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Note: IBM plans to support IBM Power Virtualization Center (PowerVC) to manage systems running the IBM i operating system. 2 IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199ch01.fm 1.1 IBM PowerVC overview IBM Power Virtualization Center (PowerVC) is designed to simplify the management of virtual resources in your Power Systems environment. Once the product code is laid out, IBM PowerVC’s no-menus interface will guide you through three simple configuration steps to register physical hosts, storage providers, and network resources to start capturing and intelligently deploying your virtual machines among other tasks shown in the following list: Create virtual machines and then resize and attach volumes to them. Import existing virtual machines and volumes so they can be managed by IBM PowerVC. Monitor the utilization of the resources that are in your environment. Migrate virtual machines while they are running (hot migration). Deploy images quickly to create new virtual machines that meet the demands of your ever-changing business needs. IBM PowerVC is built on OpenStack. OpenStack is an open source software that controls large pools of server, storage, and networking resources throughout a datacenter. IBM PowerVC leverages IBM Platform Enterprise Grid Orchestrator (EGO) to extend OpenStack set of technologies into Power Systems environments with enhanced security, intelligent placement of virtual machines and other advanced policy-based features required on enterprise clouds. EGO is a proven technology used in Grid and scaled out environments by over 2000 clients. Its open, extensible architecture supports policies such as reservations, energy-aware, and over-subscription, as well as user-defined policies. IBM PowerVC is available in two editions: IBM Power Virtualization Center Express Edition and IBM Power Virtualization Center Standard Edition. Figure 1-1 on page 4 shows a graphic representation for IBM Power Virtualization Center technology overview. Chapter 1. Introduction 3

8199ch01.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm PowerVC System Admin Console Nova API Cinder API Quantum API Keystone API Glance API REST Image Registry Policy Engine REST Server s Allocations Images User/Roles AMQP Message Broker QPID Platform EGO AM QP QP AM No va C omp ute H MC D rive r No va C omp ute IVM Dri ver /etc/config Data Management Controlling System Security Devices Scheduler C inder D rive rs C in de r Dri vers Qua ntum Se rvice VM VM VM VM VM VM P ow er SSP* EMC* Pow erVM Pow er VM Po we rVM Pow er Syste ms Pow er Sys te ms Po we r Sy ste ms Ne tw or k SVC Managed System CLI HMC SAN S witch Key R esource Man ag ers Kernel Applications *Planned Figure 1-1 IBM PowerVC technology overview 1.2 IBM PowerVC Express Edition IBM PowerVC Express Edition is intended for entry environments where virtual machine hosts are POWER7® and POWER7+™ based IBM Power Systems Express servers managed by the Integrated Virtualization Manager (IVM). As a result only a single Virtual I/O Server per host is supported to access storage that can be deployed as storage area networks, local storage or a combination. Supported hardware include: IBM Storwize® V3700 IBM Storwize V7000 IBM SAN Volume Controller IBM Integrated Virtualization Manager local storage 4 IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199ch01.fm 1.3 IBM PowerVC Standard Edition IBM PowerVC is available in two editions: IBM Power Virtualization Center Express Edition and IBM Power Virtualization Center Standard Edition. IBM PowerVC Standard Edition is aimed for enterprise class virtualization environments where virtual machine hosts are POWER6®, POWER7 and POWER7+ based IBM Power Systems servers managed by the Hardware Management Console. Dual Virtual I/O Server per host are supported to access storage and network. Virtual machines can also use NPIV attached storage. Supported hardware include: IBM Storwize V3700 IBM Storwize V7000 IBM SAN Volume Controller 1.4 OpenStack Overview PowerVC is based on the OpenStack initiative. Before we actually go into the heart and details of PowerVC, we would like to provide a high level of understanding about OpenStack. 1.4.1 The OpenStack foundation OpenStack is an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) solution applied to the cloud computing domain, lead by the OpenStack Foundation. The OpenStack Foundation is a non-commercial organization, which purpose is to promote the OpenStack project and, help the developers within the OpenStack community. Many major information technology companies and actors do contribute to the OpenStack Foundation. You can find further information about the OpenStack foundation at: http://www.openstack.org/foundation/ IBM is a major actor in the OpenStack community. Multiple IBM divisions have a key role as a member of the OpenStack Foundation. Chapter 1. Introduction 5

8199ch01.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm IBM contributes on a large number of levels to the OpenStack ecosystem and projects via code contributions, governance and support within its products. OpenStack is a free and open-source software released under the terms of the Apache License. 1.4.2 OpenStack projects OpenStack has a modular architecture based on various components and projects. The current major components listed below are part of a non fixed and continuously extending list. The major projects for OpenStack are listed below. Nova Manages the lifecycle and operations of hosts and compute resources. Swift This is the OpenStack project for object oriented storage. It is meant for distributed and high availability in virtual containers. Cinder This is the project for the management for block storage within OpenStack (Such as Storwize or San Virtual Controller in the IBM storage offering). Glance Is the image service which provides discovery, registration, and delivery services for virtual disk images. Horizon Dashboard project, Horizon is the web service management and user interface to integrate the various OpenStack services. Neutron Neutron is the network management service for OpenStack. Formerly named Quantum, Neutron includes various aspects such has IP addresses management. You can find a complete description of the main OpenStack projects on: https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Main_Page Other very important projects from OpenStack implemented in PowerVC are listed below. Keystone ceilometer 6 Security, identity, and authentication services. The ceilometer project is meant for metering, to provide measurement and billing across all OpenStack components. IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

8199ch01.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Figure 1-2 is an outlook of the OpenStack framework and main components. Applicati ons APIs Horizon (Dashboard) Nova (Compute) Glance (Image Service) Neutron (Networking) Swift (Object Storage) Cinder (Block Storage) OpenStack Shar ed Servi ces HARDWARE Figure 1-2 Openstack framework Chapter 1. Introduction 7

8199ch01.fm 8 IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm

Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm 8199ch02.fm 2 Chapter 2. Plan 2.1 PowerVC positioning Why IBM PowerVC? Why is there another virtualization management offering? When more than 70% of IT budgets are spent on operations and maintenance, there are must be new development efforts to reduce this cost and unleash innovation within IT departments around the world. IBM is introducing Power Virtualization Center to give Power Systems customers out of the box virtualization management that accepts most all pre-existing virtualization configurations as the starting point. IBM PowerVC joins the PowerVM set of enterprise virtualization technologies to provide a virtualization management solution that is deeply integrated with Power Systems, is based on open standards and will be the building block of IBM Infrastructure as a Service offerings based on Power Systems. IBM Power Virtualization Center sits right between the Hardware Management Console and IBM SmartCloud® Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offerings, to provide a systems management product that our enterprise customers require to effectively manage the advanced features offered by our premium hardware, drive up resource utilization and manage workloads for performance and availability. © Copyright IBM Corp. 2013. All rights reserved. 9

8199ch02.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Table 2-1 shows the ultimate set of platform and virtualization management solutions for Power Systems used as the foundation for IBM SmartCloud solutions that integrate PowerVM. Table 2-1 Power Systems Virtualization Management Solutions Offering Solution Functions SmartCloud Cloud management End-user self-service provisioning Service catalog with virtual systems and applications Subscriber and account management (multi-tenancy) Delivered as IBM SmartCloud Entry, IBM SmartCloud Provisioning and IBM SmartCloud Orchestrator solutions PowerVC Power Systems virtualization management Leadership solution for PowerVM Intelligent virtual image management and deployment Resource pooling and dynamic virtual management placement On-going optimization and virtual machine resilience HMC Power Systems platform management PowerVM configuration and virtualization setup Hardware and firmware configuration and controls Service, support and update management 2.2 IBM Power Virtualization Center requirements In this section we describe the hardware and software necessary for the IBM Power Virtualization Center on UNIX AIX and LINUX platforms. The following are key prerequisites for IBM Power Virtualization Center installation and configuration. PowerVM Standard edition (5765-PVS); basic function PowerVM Enterprise edition (5765-PVE); full function IBM PowerVC will be available as two editions, Express and Standard. Express will support IVM managed hosts for small deployments and Standard will support 10 IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

8199ch02.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm HMC managed hosts for larger deployments. IBM PowerVC can manage Linux on Power and AIX, running on Power hardware including Flex System POWER compute nodes. IBM PowerVC (version 1.2.0) does not allow management of IVM and HMC managed hosts in a single installation. 2.2.1 Hardware and software requirements We describe the hardware and software and minimum requirements for the IBM Power Virtualization Center Express and Standard Editions. 2.2.2 IBM Power Virtualization Center Express. The following information provides a consolidated view of the hardware and software requirements for your IBM Power Virtualization Center Express environment. IBM PowerVC management and managed hosts Table 2-2 and Table 2-3 on page 12 describe the hardware, software and minimum requirements for IBM PowerVC Express edition. Table 2-2 Hardware and OS requirements for IBM PowerVC Express Host type Supported hardware Supported Operating Systems (OS) IBM PowerVC management host IBM Power processor-based models: IBM PowerLinux 7R1 and 7R2 servers IBM POWER7 and POWER7+ servers. IBM System x® servers that meet the following minimum requirements: Processors - Intel or AMD x64 processors with 2 or more logical cores and a speed of 2 Gigahertz. Memory 10 Gigabytes. Hard disk - 40 Gigabytes. Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), version 6.4 for IBM Power or x86_64. Chapter 2. Plan 11

8199ch02.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Host type Supported hardware Managed hosts IBM PowerLinux 7R1 and 7R2 servers. IBM POWER7 and POWER7+ servers. Notes: The hosts you manage should be IBM PowerLinux, POWER6, or POWER7 and POWER7+ models and not a combination. Supported Operating Systems (OS) Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.9 and 6.4 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES), version 11 SP3 AIX, version 6.1 TL9 and AIX 7.1 TL3 Table 2-3 Minimum resource requirements for the IBM PowerVC virtual machine System resource Amount Processors Minimum: An uncapped shared processor virtual machine with 1.0 processor unit of entitled processing capacity and 2 virtual processors. Recommended (one of the following): An uncapped shared processor virtual machine with a minimum of 2.0 processor units of entitled processing capacity and 2 virtual processors. A virtual machine with 2 dedicated processors. Memory 10 Gigabytes Hard disk 40 Gigabytes if you are using SAN storage 60 Gigabytes if you are using local storage Tip: You must temporarily store ISO images before you import them into IBM PowerVC. If you plan to store them temporarily on your IBM PowerVC virtual machine, then you may need to create the virtual machine with more than the minimum 40 or 60 GB of hard disk space. Choose the size based on the number and size of the ISO images that you plan to import. In addition, all hosts need to have Fibre Channel cards that are suitable for connecting to the SAN switches. Virtualization platform Table 2-4 on page 13 includes the virtualization platform version requirement for IBM PowerVC Express edition. 12 IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

8199ch02.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Table 2-4 Supported virtualization platforms for IBM PowerVC Platform Requirement Virtual I/O Server (VIOS) Version 2.2.2.1 or later Network resources Table 2-5 describes the network infrastructure supported by IBM PowerVC Express edition. Table 2-5 IBM PowerVC-supported network hardware and software Item Requirement Network switches that are supported by IBM PowerVC Any entry-level IBM or Cisco switch that supports VLAN tagging Note: IBM PowerVC does not manage network switches. Storage providers Table 2-6 shows hardware supported by IBM powerVC Express edition. Table 2-6 IBM PowerVC-supported storage hardware Item Requirement Storage systems that can be managed by IBM PowerVC. Version 6.4 or higher of IBM Storwize V3500 (China only), V3700, and V7000, and SAN Volume Controller (SVC). Storage area network (SAN) switches that are supported by IBM PowerVC IBM System Networking SAN24B-5 Note: IBM PowerVC Express Edition does not manage network switches, but supports network configurations that use VLAN-capable switches. Standard Edition supports management of SAN switches. 2.2.3 IBM Power Virtualization Center Standard The following information provides a consolidated view of the hardware and software requirements for IBM Power Virtualization Center Standard version. Any IBM system that includes an IBM POWER6, POWER7, or POWER7+ processor on a Power Server or PureFlex™ Foundation (build to order) that is managed through HMC. Chapter 2. Plan 13

8199ch02.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm IBM PowerVC management and managed hosts Table 2-7 and Table 2-8 on page 15 describe the hardware, software, and minimum requirements for IBM PowerVC Standard edition. Table 2-7 Hardware and operating system support for IBM PowerVC hosts Host type Supported hardware Supported operating systems IBM PowerVC management host IBM Power processor-based models: IBM POWER7 and POWER7+ processor-based blades. IBM Flex System™ Power Architecture® compute nodes. IBM System x servers that meet the following minimum requirements: Processors: Intel or AMD x64 processors with 2 or more logical cores and a speed of 2 Gigahertz. Memory: 10 Gigabytes. Hard disk: 40 Gigabytes. Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), version 6.4 for IBM Power or x86_64 Managed hosts IBM POWER6, POWER6+™, POWER7, and POWER7+ processor-based servers. IBM POWER6 and POWER7 processor-based blades. IBM Flex System Power Architecture compute nodes. Red Hat Enterprise Linux5.9 and 6.4 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES), version 11SP3 AIX, version 6.1 TL9 and 7.1 TL3 Tip: The IBM PowerVC management host will recommend to have at least 200 Maximum Virtual Adapters configured on each VIO server. 14 IBM PowerVC Introduction and Configuration

8199ch02.fm Draft Document for Review November 20, 2013 5:11 pm Table 2-8 Minimum resource requirements for the IBM PowerVC virtual machine System resource Power Systems System x Processors Minimum: An uncapped shared processor virtual machine with 1.0 processor unit of entitled processing capacity and 2 virtual processors. Recommend

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