HYPERSIM Seminar

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Published on February 4, 2014

Author: DarcyLaRonde

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Introduction to OPAL-RT and HYPERSIM

HYPERSIM Introduction to OPAL-RT and HYPERSIM India Seminar, December 2013

About Vincent Lapointe - Master degree in multi-domain simulation Working for OPAL-RT since 1998 Leading the R&D department Second visit in India

OPAL-RT OPAL-RT TECHNOLOGIES in Brief Founded in 1997 • HQ in Montreal • +100 Employees Our main market +500 customers worldwide CEO and Funder Jean Belanger • 25 years of experience at Hydro Quebec Main uses • HIL • RCP • PHIL • Faster simulation

OPAL-RT Offers a Complete Range of Solutions for… Real-Time Simulation of Power Electronics & Power Systems

Helps Engineer in Development Process Desktop Simulation Validation Rapid Control Prototyping Hardware in-the-loop Testing Coding

OPAL-RT Offers a Complete Range of Solutions for… Controller Plant Rapid Control Prototyping Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) Software-in-the-loop Simulation Simulink simulation of • Motor drive control • Power electronic control • FACTS • Protection, PMU • • • • • MMC, HVDC, FACTS PV, Wind Farm, DER Plugin and hybrid vehicle Power electronic converters SCADA, WAM

OPAL-RT Real-Time Power System Simulation Suite Wide Area & Transient Stability Simulation, ePHASORsim Large EMT Power System Simulation , FACTS, HVDC Power System, Power Electronic, Control, Physical Modelling Simulation HYPERSIM eMEGAsim Fast Power Electronic Simulation on FPGA eFPGAsim

Simulate a Wide Range of Applications From wide area studies to detailed power electronic simulations

Typical application time step Application Typical Frequency Typical Time Step 100 Hz 10 ms Robotics / Aircraft simulation 1 000 Hz 1 ms Electromagnetic Transients Simulation (EMT) 20 000 Hz 50 us Low frequency Power Electronics Simulation 100 000 Hz 10 us FEM PMSM Motor with Inverter 2 500 000 Hz 0,4 us High Frequency Power Electronics Simulation 5 000 000 Hz 0.2 us Transient Stability Simulation (PHASOR) Simulation Technology Intel CPU 3.3 Ghz FPGA

One Core Simulation Capability HYPERSIM 25x 3-phase buses (75 nodes at 50us) ePHASORsim 3 wind turbines Detailed switching (50us) 10 000 Nodes With breakers 72-pulses STATCOM (Transient Stability at 10 ms) 3-level (50us) 12 cores MMC Model / HVDC Up to 1500 cells at 25us MMC 1500 cells per FPGA at 500ns Power Electronics Motor Model 128 Nodes per FPGA at 200ns FEA at 250ns on FPGA eFPGAsim

Our products include Test Management and Automation Automation, Data Processing, Reporting Simulation Tools Solvers, Block sets, Advanced models Hardware Simulator Chassis, FPGA and I/O Boards, Protocols, Accessories Services Consulting, Studies, Training, Commissioning, Integration

HYPERSIM Power System Real-Time Simulator

What is HYPERSIM? • • • Real-time simulator for Electro-Magnetic Transient analysis Used for HIL Testing of critical controls connected to grid Offline simulation, fast simulation • Detailed Wind power plant simulation

What is HYPERSIM? Also developpers of: Based on decades of research by Hydro Quebec SimPowerSystems

The Origin of HYPERSIM Hydro-Québec’s Network Simulation Center • HQ developed an analog simulator Motivation: Quebec power network is special • Power generation is very far away from city. • Many long lines. Requires a lot of active compensation. Focus: Real-time network simulation. • Needed to design new 735-kV line and specify the equipment (insulation co-ordination) using statistical technique • Needed to test REAL controllers for an unstable network • The real-network is not available (7 years to built) • Cannot disconnect the real power grid for test purpose!

What is HYPERSIM? Venture between OPAL-RT & Hydro Quebec Large scale real-time EMT simulator Validated and proven models

What is HYPERSIM? Automatic Test Control Software Offline and Real-time Display and Data Processing Parallel processing made easy

What is HYPERSIM? ABB SVC Controller Testing with HYPERSIM I/O Rack Workstation Controller under test • Chenier Static Var Compensator (Quebec) • Levis Synchronous Condenser (Quebec) • Langlois Variable Frequency Transformer (Quebec-USA)

What are the Application Domains? Everything related to generation, transmission and distributions power systems EV, HV PV, MicroGrid, PHIL Motor, Load, Generator WindFarm,DER MMC, HVDC, FACTS, SVC, STACOM Relay, PMU, Control Energy storage, FC, capacitor bank Smart Grid, SCADA

What are the Application Domains? Everything related to generation, transmission and distributions power systems • Perform a study of large and complex electrical power networks • • • • • • general AC system operation from generation to distribution; interaction between AC and DC systems; interaction between different power system controllers; fault analysis Do closed-loop testing of control system Develop, improve and assess new protection and control concepts

What are Benefits? EMT simulation and real-time HIL testing has proven to be very cost-effective • • • • • • Testing of Control and Protection Commissioning of interconnections Operating strategies Optimisation and settings Maintenance and training New concepts validation

What are main features? Scalability & Power • Modeling scalability for large networks • More than 2000 x 3-phase buses • Extreme scalability using COTS SGI computers or INTEL motherboard (Supermicro) • Automatic task mapping • I/O scalability • • more than 3500 I/Os for MMC controller certification supports many communication protocols and many devices

What are main features? High Scalability using SGI Computer From 16 to 2048 cores using 4 Racks Two sockets 16 Cores Up to 125 Go Ram 1 IRU 128 Cores 1 TB Memory Two sockets 16 Cores Up to 125 Go Ram + 2 PCIe Slots

What are main features? OP5600 OPAL-RT Real-Time Simulator Great computation power • Powerful real-time target (12 CPU cores 3.46 GHz) • Xilinx FPGA (Spartan 3 or Virtex 6) • Real-time OS (Linux Redhat) • Distributed parallel computation Huge I/O capabilities • Up to 128 analog I/O or 256 digital I/O or a mix of both • Rear D-Sub 37 connectors for external devices • Front I/O monitoring (access to all I/O lines) • Many chassis can be connected together of larger I/O lines amount Connectivity • Up to 4 PCI slots • Embedded hard drive for real-time data logging • Support for 3rd party I/Os and communication protocols (IEC61850, UDP/IP, CAN, ARINC, MIL1553, IRIG-B, DNP3.0, C37.118, etc…)

What are main features? Conviviality • Offline simulation is possible • No need to use dedicated RT simulator • Model recompilation in a few seconds, Task mapping • Breaker sequence interface • ScopeView user friendly software

What are main features? Openness Interface with Simulink & SPS Custom C-Code and library Import EMTP-RV network

What are main features? Models Generator, transfo, line, motor, load Virtual IED and relay library CT , PT models Power electronic and switches

HYPERSIM in Action … CEPRI - State Grid Simulation Center

HYPERSIM in Action … Hydro Quebec Installation at IREQ – HVDC Controller Replica I/O Racks HVDC controllers under test Outaouais HVDC Interconnection, (Quebec-Ontario) Châteauguay HVDC Interconnection (Quebec-USA) Radisson-Nicolet-Boston Multi-terminal HVDC line

HYPERSIM in Action … Static Var Compensator (SVC) model in HYPERSIM

HYPERSIM in Action … Fault analysis using ScopeView and TestView software

HYPERSIM in Action … Built-in component library and editors

HYPERSIM in Action … Proposed Simulation Lab Configuration

RTE Real-Time Simulation Lab Replica to be installed connected to HYPERSIM simulator • 32 cores SGI computer for Protection relays testing • 96 cores SGI computer for HVDC and FACTS studies • 2 Study replica for Alstom Grid SVC & 1 maintenance replica • • • • • 1 HVDC LCC "STUDY" replica from ALSTOM Grid 1 HVDC SVC "STUDY" replica from SIEMENS (INELFE project) 1 HVDC SVC "MAINTENANCE" replica from SIEMENS (INELFE project) 1 SVC "STUDY" replica from SIEMENS (NANTERRE project) 1 SVC "MAINTENANCE" replica from SIEMENS (NANTERRE project)

HYPERSIM in Action … Hydro Quebec HVAC-HVDC network simulated with Hypersim

HYPERSIM in Action … 32 cores configuration example

HYPERSIM in Action … PMU testing PMU, Distance Relay PDC

HYPERSIM in Action … Wind Farm Integration, Control and Protection

Some customers … Power Grid MTDC Project India Replica of the Nanterre SVC project HVDC and FACTS (SVC) control replica and protection relay testing CEPRI HVDC/AC and FACTS studies EPGF Real-time simulator for power systems Protection relay testing Siemens SVC integration

Hardware Simulator Chassis, FPGA and I/O Boards, Protocols, Accessories

Hardware Solutions OPAL-RT Real-Time Simulator OP4500 OP5600 RCP & HIL simulator for power electronic lab Off-the-shelf Hardware-in-the-Loop simulator SGI UV2000 Super computer with 32 to 2048 cores OP7020 OP7000 MMC FPGA-based simulator Next-generation multi-FPGA simulator

Hardware Solutions OPAL-RT Real-Time Simulator Chassis

Hardware Solutions OP5600 - OPAL-RT Real-Time Simulator Great computation power • Powerful real-time target (12 CPU cores 3.46 GHz) • Xilinx FPGA (Spartan 3 or Virtex 6) • Real-time OS (Linux Redhat) • Distributed parallel computation Huge I/O capabilities • Up to 128 analog I/O or 256 digital I/O or a mix of both • Rear D-Sub 37 connectors for external devices • Front I/O monitoring (access to all I/O lines) • Many chassis can be connected together of larger I/O lines amount Connectivity • Up to 4 PCI slots • Embedded hard drive for real-time data logging • Support for 3rd party I/Os and communication protocols (IEC61850, UDP/IP, CAN, ARINC, MIL1553, IRIG-B, DNP3.0, C37.118, etc…)

Hardware Solutions OP5600 - OPAL-RT Real-Time Simulator Top View Front view 1A 2A 3A 4A 1B 2B 3B 4B Monitoring Panel Enables to tap every signals from the front Convenient BNC connectors Interface a scope for monitoring (Isolated interface) Back view 8 Mezzanines Insert the proper analog & digital mezzanines DB37 Connectors Interface I/O signals

Hardware Solutions OP5600 Available I/O Mezzanines ID # OP5340K1 Description Analog Input Card (16 Channels, 16 bits, 2.5 us, ±16V) OP5330K1 Analog Output Card (16 Channels, 16 bits, 1 us, ±16V) OP5353K1 Digital Input Card (32 Channels, Optocoupler, 4.5V to 30V) - 32 Static Input Channels OP5353K3 Digital Input Card (32 Channels Optocoupler, 4.5V to 30V) - 16 PWM Frequency or Time Stamp Digital Input - 16 Static Input Channels Digital Input Card (32 Channels Optocoupler, 4.5V to 30V) - 32 Static or PWM Frequency or Time Stamp Digital Input OP5353K2 OP5354K1 OP5354K3 OP5354K2 Digital Output Card (32 Channels, Push-Pull, galvanic isolation 5V to 30V) - 32 Static Output Channels Digital Output Card (32 channels, Push-Pull, galvanic isolation 5V to 30V) - 16 PWM Frequency or Time Stamp Digital Output - 16 Static Output Channels Digital Output Card (32 channels, Push-Pull, galvan isolation 5V to 30V) - 32 Static or PWM Frequency or Time Stamp Digital Output

Hardware Solutions OP7000- OPAL-RT Real-Time Simulator FPGA-based real-time simulator • Equipped with 1 to 4 FPGA VIRTEX 6 boards • Executes models on FPGA (time step below 500 ns) • Supports eFPGAsim electrical system, floating-point simulation solvers • High-speed interconnection with OP5600 simulators Huge I/O capabilities • Up to 128 analog I/O or 256 digital I/O or a mix of both • Rear I/O connectors (DB37 or BNC) • Front I/O monitoring via BNC (up to 16 I/O lines can be monitored simultaneously) • LED status for each I/O line • Optical fiber for digital lines available

Hardware Solutions Third Party Load Box OP8620 Interconnection Box OP8610 Break-out Box Breat-Out Box Mapping Box Accessories FIU Real-Time Simulator Turnkey HIL Test Bench Load Box Fault Insertion Unit

Firmware-Drivers Solutions OPC FieldBus RS-232 Ethercat RS-422 TCP/IP Control and Automation RS-485 RFM Generic Protocols Communication Protocols DNP3 IRIG-B 1588 C37.118 MMS 61850 Modbus Electric Systems 60870 CAN FlexRay ARINC 429 LIN 1553 Automotive and Aerospace

eMEGAsim Leadership in the Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) Application

eFPGAsim Power Electronic Real-Time Simulator Using the advanced electrical system solvers (eHS)

What is eFPGAsim? • Power electronic real-time simulator • HIL testing • Feasibility studies • Protection and control design • Include an ultra fast solver on FPGA

What are the Application Domains? • • • • • Complex converters PV, Wind farm Microgrid Motor drive Hybrid and electric vehicle

What are the Challenges? Scalability • • High number of switches and I/Os Numerous converters High speed • • • Fast rotating machine Fast switching (PWM frequency is high) Protection - Fast response needed Precision • • Position of the rotor Short lines

What is the eFPGAsim solution? The traditional CPU simulation approach … CPU-Based Simulation ≈ Ts = 25 us I/O only Digital I/O Ethernet ≈ 50 μs Workstation CPU FPGA Analog I/O System Under Test

What is the eFPGAsim solution? … is replaced by FPGA simulation FPGA-Based Simulation Ts = 0.5 us Digital I/O Ethernet ≈ 2 μs Workstation CPU FPGA Analog I/O System Under Test

What is needed? • • • • Low latency High resolution & small time step Non-averaged model Fault capability & transient analysis Circuit Editor Automatic Model Generation FPGA

What are the limitations of FPGA technology? • FPGAs are difficult to program • Generation and flashing is long • • • • Easier to program - schematic editor) Save reprogramming time Save generation time Online parameter modifications

eFPGAsim in Action … 3-Level NPC Converter - PWM at 4kHz

eFPGAsim in Action … PV simulation and interconnection with the grid FPGA - Ts = 500us CPU1 + - + - PV Subsystem Capacitance: DClink_C Resistance: DClink_R + - CPU1 - Ts = 20us g Resistance: Ri Inductance: Li A A A A A A a A A A B B B B B B b B B B B C C C C C C c C C C C Three-Phase Inductance g Inductance: La A A A B B B C C Three-Phase Breaker Three-Phase Resistance Resistance: Rgrid Three-Phase Parallel RL Inductance : Lgrid Resistance : Rdam p_Lgrid C 2-level IGBT/Diode Delta Capacitance : Cf Vgrid Three-Phase Series RL Resistance: Ri Inductance: Li Controllers A CPU2 – Ts = 100us

eFPGAsim in Action … Dual SH-VDQ PMSM Drive with boost converter

Test Automation Automation, Data Processing, Reporting

Test Automation OPAL-RT provides many tools for performing Test Automation ScopeView Offline and Real-Time Waveform Display and Analysis TestDrive Instrumentation software and HMI testing platform TestView Automatic Test Control Software Python Flexible and easy to use scripting API Third party tools TestStand, Diadem, Matlab, …

ScopeView - Offline and Real-time Display and Data Processing SCOPEVIEW let you: COMTRADE Import / Export data & Produce reports Perform data processing Display signals and waveforms … as an analog oscilloscope

ScopeView - Offline and RT Display and Analysis SCOPEVIEW let you: Create, load and save templates … to process data faster!

TestDrive - HMI for RT testing application Test Drive let you Simplified and integrated scripting using Python. Create rich user interface Connect models with LabView … and takes the best of two tools

TestDrive - HIM for RT testing application Test Drive let you Display very fast waveforms acquired from FPGA with the Virtual Scope

TestView - Automatic Test Control Software • Create complex studies with thousand of tests • Scripts and macros • Play back recorded data Automate test sequences, perform intelligent data management … guaranty results integrity and test reproducibility

TestView - Automatic Test Control Software Perform statistical and Monte Carlo analysis Find non functional condition

TestView - Automatic Test Control Software Define execution flow using conditional steps such as : for, while, if

TestView - Automatic Test Control Software • Incremental, uniform and Gaussian distribution • Relative reference Time • Breaker and switch type • Phase / Command mode Tune parameters and control breaker sequence

TestView - Automatic Test Control Software Perform post-processing and offline analysis using ScopeView

TestView - Automatic Test Control Software Generate reports automatically

Python - Flexible and Easy to Use Scripting API 2 Run script 5 7 3 View & Debug Thread Add Breakpoints View Variables • Start/stop /Restart simulator • Change parameters • 1 Acquire script Edit waveforms • For loop, While, If conditions • Create reports using Excel/Word • Configure simulator Display results in console 6 Interactive command line 4 Execute your sequence using scripts and simulator API

Third party tools MATLAB Use also Matlab to perform numerical computation, visualization, and programming

Third party tools Test Stand Use TestStand to develop automated test using our simulator API and steps

ePHASORsim Real-Time Transient Stability Solver

What is ePHASORsim? Real-time transient stability simulator • Large-scale power systems • Transmission, distribution and generation Phasor domain solution • Nominal frequency • Positive sequence (transmission system) • 3-phases (distribution system) • Time step in the range of few milliseconds

What is ePHASORsim?

What are the Application domains?

What are existing tools? Offline Phasor Tools Real-time EMT Tools time-step: millisecond time-step: microsecond EUROSTAG eMEGAsim Hypersim CYME PSS/e ETAP ePHASORsim RTDS …

ePHASORsim in Action … Simplified HQ Transmission System Simulation

ePHASORsim in Action … Distribution Feeder Simulation interfaced using DNP3 for PDC Testing Commands and measures

ePHASORsim in Action … RTDMS - Phasor Real Time Monitoring Synchrophasor Integration

ePHASORsim in Action … DER Integration and Plugin Vehicle Station

ePHASORsim in Action … Open Source PDC Software Integration

ePHASORsim in Action … Preliminary testing of EMT and Phasor types interconnections

HYPERSIM Power System Applications Examples India Seminar, December 2013

MMC Application Example : Modular Multi-Level Converter Siemens Energy Sector - Power Engineering Guide - Edition 7

What are Applications and Advantages of MMC Converters High Voltage • HVDC such as SIEMENS HVDC-Plus and ABB HVDC-Light Medium Voltage • STATCOM • Motor drives • Grid connection of renewable energies • • • • • • • • Low PWM frequency Reduced switch losses Low ac harmonic content (THD) No need for a filter Continuous currents Fast recovery from short-circuit Reliability Reduce stress on components

What are Advantages and Applications of MMC Converters Pole controller MMC Station Valve controller MMC Valves

How it works? • • • • • • Building Vdc+ is a cell block Two-terminal cells provides a unipolar or bipolar voltage Capacitors in each cell Serial connection of cells to form arms Sum of all SM capacitor voltage in 1 arm equals two times the dc link voltage At any given time, only half SM output their capacitor voltage. Vdc- Vac

What are the MMC characteristics? • • • • DC-link voltage is controlled by switch states (fast) Arm currents are continuous Commutating inductors are in arms Capacitor voltage has to be balanced

What are the challenges? • More components • Design and validation of controller is complex • Need advanced tool for validation • But also more challenge for realtime simulation • Number of switches • Number of I/Os

What are the challenges? Control Objectives • • • • • • Active and reactive power regulation Capacitor voltage in SM to 1 p.u. Dc link voltage to 1 p.u. Capacitor voltage in all SMs is balanced Minimize circulating current Minimize zero sequence current injecting into the grid

What are the challenges? Control objectives Phase currents (Ia) • Equal upper & lower power contribution • Minimizing zero-sequence current Arm currents (Iupa) • Equal 3-phase power contribution • Minimizing zero-sequence current • Minimizing circulating current DC currents (Idc) • Equal 3-phase power contribution • Minimizing zero-sequence current

What is our solution? Detailed MMC model for HIL and RCP and various topologies Versatile I/O interface • Thousands of analog and digital channels • Customized Ethernet protocol (Aurora – Gigabit) • Using massive optical fibers • Precise IGBT I/O firing signals Advanced valve and pole controllers Strong capability of fault simulation

What is our solution? CPU Models • Supporting MMC 1P and 2P • Unlimited number of cell per arm • Taking several CPU cores to calculate the models • 1 CPU can solve 300 cell at a time step of 25 us • Providing Vcell-cap debugging mode to help user developing their controller

What is our solution? FPGA Models • • • • • • • • Support MMC 1P (will support MMC 2P at request) For 1 FPGA VIRTEX 6 (OP7000 system) up to 500 cell/arm * 3 arm, or 1000 cell/arm. VIRTEX 7 FPGA: 1500 cells with OP7020 system Support multiple FPGAs. no CPU resources to calculate the models, MMC block calculates at a time step of 250 ns or 500 ns PWM generation and capacitor voltage balancing algorithm embedded in FPGA • Providing Vcell-cap debugging mode to help user developing their controller

MMC in Action… Pole & Valves Controller in the Loop

Some MMC customers … HIL test controller 8*6/2 terminal Fast simulation : 100*6 / 2 CSG Simulation a 3-terminal MMC HVDC project and validation its controller 200*6/3 Simulation of a 3-terminal MMC HVDC project : 500*6/2 HIL Testing, Simulation of a 5 terminal MMC HVDC project : 220*6/5 XJ Group SPERI Rapid Control Prototyping : ?*?/5

Protection Application Example : Protection and Relay Testing http://www.dacom.ro/en/home-15-11-46.html

The traditional relay testing approach … This is a good and proven method for most “traditional” and “easy” cases Replay offline simulation Omicron, Megger, Doble Test Sets Recorded data from field Relay under test Limitations • Open loop • Fixed V/I (ramp, constant, …) • Close to operating point

… is enhanced by a real-time simulator! Relay under test Real-Time Simulator Advantages Real-time simulator are used by advanced testing laboratories for • Closed loop complex cases and developing/testing new relay algorithms using new • Detailed EMT simulation • Complex protection schemes technologies… • See effect of the relay on grid

What are the New Challenges? New and more complex applications DNP3 IRIG-B C37.118 MMS 61850 OPC UA 1588 Interoperability and new communication protocols Increased number of relay functionalities Merging Unit OIT PDC WAM PMU New type of equipment and large scale system

What are the New Challenges? Security

What is our solution? Power electronic converters Virtual IED and relay library CT , PT models Rich model library Generator, transfo, line, motor, load

What is our solution? Custom C-Code and library Broad spectrum of drivers and protocols Import EMTP-RV network DNP3 C37.118 MMS Versatility and Flexibility Interface with Simulink controls IRIG-B 61850 OPC 1588 User

What is our solution? Apparatus internal fault Simultaneous events Communication failure Loss of packets Corrupted data Data overflow etc. Fault and disturbance Fault location, type and interception angle

What is our solution? TestView ScopeView Analysis Scripts and macros Play back recorded data from field Perform Monte Carlo analysis Generate reports automatically Save results in a database with full documentation for future test auditing Test Automation and DB Intelligent data management Various export format COMTRADE

Typical relay configuration Using IEC 61850 • Sampled values (V/I) • and Goose (Trip Command) Using amplifier or low voltage interface • Analog out (V/I) • Digital I/O (Trip/Command)

Advanced Protection Functionnalities Development and testing of the performance of a «Local Instability Detector» (LID)

Relay Design Methodology Loss of synchronism (RPS) Stage 3 – Simulink Implementation Code Generation Stages 4, 5 – Industrialization • Proof of concept • New industrial product RPS acceptance tests • Real-time homologetion tests (10988 tests) using Hypersim

Wide-Area Control System (WACS) Vision Combined remote and local data to take better decision Actions << 200 ms

WACS Simulation on HYPERSIM PDC SSU - Local Controls C37.118 Digital IEC61850 C37.118 C37.118 PT/CT - V/I PMU HYPERSIM Substation Synchronous Unit (SSU) Multiband Power System Stabilizer (MBPSS)

HYPERSIM in Action … PMU testing PMU, Distance Relay PDC

OPAL-RT Offers a Complete Range of Solutions for Engineers … PMU/PDC Power Grid Design, improve, asses PMU and PDC Rapid Control Prototyping Hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) Software-in-the-loop Simulation PMU & PDC validation WAMPAC testing

WAMS HIL Testing with HYPERSIM Network control center C37.118 PDC Simulated PMU C37.118 PMU SCADA + Operator AIO/SV Power System Power System

WACS HIL Testing with HYPERSIM Network control center C37.118 Control Substation Actions << 200 ms C37.118 PDC SPDC Relay, IED Relay, IED SSU PMU DIO/SV Simulated PMU / PDC SCADA + Operator SVC PSS Power System WACS Tasks • Generator load dropping • Reactive power switching MODBUS, DNP3, 60870, 61850 • TCSC/SVC Modulation • TAP Changing • … Power System AVR

Some RCP and HIL Applications Monitoring • • • • State estimation Date historian, data mining and data archiver Faut location estimator Oscillation monitoring Control & Protection • • • • • • • • Generator dropping / load shelding Reactive power switching TCSC/SVC modulation TAP changing Voltage, frequency and rotor angle stability Thermal overload remedial event based remedial action Optimal PMU placement

Supported Protocols for WAMPACs

C37.118 Protocol Some features • Master / slave mode • 10-120 frames / seconds • GPS Time synchronization • IEEE Std C37.118. 2005-2011 – Classes P & M • Multiple PMU/PDC • Multiple streams I/O • Configuration auto-detection for not reachable device Useful tool : Wireshark, PMUConnectionTester, OpenPDC

Timing & Synchronization Spectracom TSync-PCIe (Slave) • Support PTP IEEE-1588, 1PPS, IRIG-B, GPS • Provide simulator time stamp & time step synchronization Satellite-Synchronized Clock (Master) • GPS-locked SEL-2401 driven with IRIG-B

HYPERSIM in Action … KTH Royal Institute of Technology – WAMPAC Laboratory GPS Antenna Arbiter Master GPS Subs. Clock SEL421 - PMU SEL3373 - PDC ABB – Line Distance - PMU Network Switch Megger V/I Amplifiers OP5600 eMEGAsim Opnet, Synchrowave Communication Server

Typical WAMPAC configuration Simulator WAMS WAPS WACS

Demos Example MICOM P644 – Distance relay using Hypersim • IEC 61850 Sampled values (V/I) and Goose (Trip)

Simple Example

Simple Example

Wind Power Application Example : Wind Power

Why using a simulator for WPP? • • • Perform large-scale WP integration studies (real-time or off-line) Control prototyping Model validation « While traditional synchronous generation modeling relies on physics, Wind Generation modeling is all about controls…»

Modeling the Wind Turbine Grid and Collector DFIG Model • Detailed converter • Controller • Integration of manufacturer models • User defined models • Simulink, C Nacelle, Gear Box, Wind code Generator Control • Power train model • Wind model with Kalman filters

Modeling the Wind Power Plant with all Turbines • • • Fault current contribution of WT/WPP Impact of individual control and protection Situation where only few turbines trip 3 phases fault 1 phase fault • • • • • Control interaction, Resonance, Harmonic/inter-harmonic emissions, Voltage flickers Inertial response

Modeling Large Scale WP Integration • • • • Resonance Stability analysis Operation strategies Interaction with SSR • Use the aggregation techniques of wind power plant

Some customers … HIL testing of MMC controller used for grid-connected wind farms Real-time simulation of large-scale wind farms integrated into the electric grid HIL test of the controllers of DFIG drives used for grid-connected wind turbine RCP of DFIG drives used for gridconnected wind turbine

Real-Time Laboratory HIL/RCP Laboratory for Study and Test Power Electronic Controls

What is our HIL/RCP Laboratory? Conduct experiments in the fields of - Electrical machinery, Power converters and Wind energy generation. Study, design and test - Power electronics controls Validation of model against experimental results Integration of renewable energy sources into the grid System behavior under nominal and extreme condition

What is our HIL/RCP Laboratory? - Design control strategies using RT-LAB and Simulink/SPS/Stateflow Total integration of Lab-Volt laboratory with OPALRT chassis and conditioning module Step-by step tutorial and operational demonstration

What is our solution ? It is composed of : Signal conditioning interface Lab-Volt hardware kit (0.2-kW or 2-kW). Real-time simulator

What is our solution ? Lab-Volt Hardware - test multiple control algorithms on - 0.2-kW PMSM BLDC and Induction Generator DFIG, Electromechanical Training System

What is our solution? Lab-Volt Hardware - More realistic and efficient generators - Suite for micro grid applications - Four quadrant dynamometer (torque, speed control) - Emulate wind variation. 2-kW DFIG Lab-Volt’s “Renewable Energy” System - Design control algorithms to optimize the amount of active power pushed to the grid. - Different types of generators available

Our Laboratory in Action … IGBT learning experiment

FACTS Application Example : FACTS Testing Rte real-time simulation laboratory "MAINTENANCE" replica provided with its own simulator

RTE Real-Time Simulation Lab Replica to be installed connected to HYPERSIM simulator • 32 cores SGI computer for Protection relays testing • 96 cores SGI computer for HVDC and FACTS studies • 2 Study replica for Alstom Grid SVC & 1 maintenance replica • • • • • 1 HVDC LCC "STUDY" replica from ALSTOM Grid 1 HVDC SVC "STUDY" replica from SIEMENS (INELFE project) 1 HVDC SVC "MAINTENANCE" replica from SIEMENS (INELFE project) 1 SVC "STUDY" replica from SIEMENS (NANTERRE project) 1 SVC "MAINTENANCE" replica from SIEMENS (NANTERRE project)

HVDC Application Example : HVDC Testing

MULTI-TERMINAL HVDC SYSTEMS SV SV SV SV SV SV C C C C • • • • • • C 8 x 12-pulse AC-DC Converters and Controllers 6 SVCs and Controllers Several AC Filters 24 DC Filter Banks and DC Lines Several AC Machines and Controls 50 micros, 6 CPUs for Power System (XEON 2.3 GHz) C

Thank you! Visit our website: www.opal-rt.com

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Seminars, Workshops and Conferences. May 19 - June 13, ... May 23, 2003: Fast Simulation Model for Grid Scheduling Using Hypersim Seminar. The seminar, ...
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UNCC and OPAL-RT Joint Seminar | Energy Production ...

UNCC has acquired a 32-Core HYPERSIM simulator that enables to run up to 800 3-phase buses system in real-time. In this 2-day seminar, you will learn from ...
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UNC Charlotte and OPAL-RT Joint Seminar | Energy ...

Register now for the UNC Charlotte and OPAL-RT Joint Seminar UNCC has acquired a 32-Core HYPERSIM simulator that enables to run up to 800 3-phase buses ...
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HYPERSIM Power System Real-Time Digital Simulator - rt-lab.com

HYPERSIM is the only real-time digital simulator with the power to simulate and analyze very large-scale power systems with more than 2000 three-phase ...
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