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Information about Hungary

Published on March 18, 2008

Author: Hannah


Hungary:  Hungary My country INFORMATION ABOUT HUNGARY:  INFORMATION ABOUT HUNGARY Population: 10 152 000 people Area: 93 036 km2 Currency: Hungarian forint Form of state: Hungarian Republic National language: Hungarian The arms of Hungarian nation: The flag of Hungary: MAP OF THE COUNTRY:  MAP OF THE COUNTRY It’s a country map. The highest mountain is „KÉKES”, it’s 1014 metres. Hungary is situated in a valley in Central Europe, in the Carpathian basin. BUDAPEST-THE CAPITAL CITY:  BUDAPEST-THE CAPITAL CITY The city known as Budapest actually consists of three cities: Óbuda, the oldest section, with Celtic and Roman ruins on the Buda side of the Danube; Buda in the gently rolling hills on the western bank, famous for its historic Castle Hill and beautiful residential area; and bustling Pest with its shopping, government and commercial districts on the flat plain of the east bank. United in 1873, Budapest is renowned as the location of one of the most beautiful World Heritage sites. Exploring the city on foot is the best way to burn off all the calories from the delicious food and wine you will be enjoying. Start by strolling along the winding streets on Castle Hill, where the medieval character of Buda has been preserved. The entire panorama of the two banks of the Danube all the way from Margaret Island - Budapest's green Central Park in the middle of the river - to Gellért Hill and the Castle District has been designated a World Heritage preservation site by UNESCO. The capital's green belt, the Buda hills have memorable places for excursions. The hills and the Budakeszi Game Preserve are all part of the Buda Nature Reserve. For lovers of culture, the only problem is choice. 237 monuments, 223 museums and galleries, 35 theatres, 90 cinemas, 2 opera houses, 12 concert halls and nearly 200 places of amusement offer a wide variety of things to do. Travel agencies organize walks and sight-seeing tours by coach and boat, tailored to your requirements every day of the year. PLACES OF INTEREST IN BUDAPEST:  PLACES OF INTEREST IN BUDAPEST This is the House of Parliament. It’s Matthias Church. Here’s a photo of the Royal Palace. It’s Fisherman’s Bastion Here’s a photo about Margaret Island. It’s City Park. INTERESTING PLACES:  INTERESTING PLACES Here’s a picture of Hévíz. It’s Badacsony. It’s Tihany. It’s the Danube bend. It’s a panorama of Budapest. PLACES IN NOTHERN HUNGARY:  PLACES IN NOTHERN HUNGARY One of the most spectacular holiday resorts in the country, Lillafüred, is on the shore of the Hámori Lake, surrounded by mountains. Lillafüred can be reached from Miskolc by road and by light railway. In summer you can take a light railway excursion on the most popular route through Bükk National Park, the 5-kilometre long, wonderful Szalajka Valley. The railway starts from Szilvásvárad. The train takes you to the amazing Fátyol [Veil] Waterfalls. The nearby Open-air Forest Museum gives an insight into the life of the charcoal manufacturers who lived here in the19th century. The medieval, four-tower Diósgyõr Castle was the dowry of Hungarian queens. Hollókõ is secluded among the ridges of the Cserhát Mountains. It has remarkably preserved its medieval structure. The centre is a living museum village. It was the first village to be included by UNESCO on the World Heritage List of protected heritage sites. Sárospatak used to be a favourite estate of the Honourable Prince Ferenc Rákóczi II, who fought for Hungarian liberty against the Habsburgs. Aggtelek National Park contains one of Europe's largest stalactite caves. The Baradla Cave is a World Heritage site and, according to scientists, is one of the world's most wonderful geographic phenomena. Tours are conducted from the three entrances of the cave. EGER-MY TOWN:  EGER-MY TOWN Eger, the thousand-year-old Episcopal seat, is one of the most beautiful Baroque towns in the country. With an illustrious historical past and a valuable heritage of monuments and buildings, Eger is also known as the `Town of Patriotism`. In 1552, István Dobó, the castle commander, held out for over a month with his tiny company against the Turkish troops. This was a frontier castle during the Turkish era. The Castle contains the István Dobó Castle Museum which displays the history of the town. Other relics from the 150 year-long Turkish occupation are the Minaret and the famous Turkish Bath with its open-air pools. Open all year round, the therapeutic water is recommended for the healing of rheumatic diseases. The classical Cathedral has the largest organ in the country. The late Baroque Lyceum -today a teacher training college- has one of the most beautiful libraries in Hungary. The Spekula Observatory astronomical museum is located in the library tower. The Archiepiscopal Palace contains 250 year-old historical treasures. Széchenyi Street, the town's pedestrian street, has many restaurants, brassieres and terraced confectioneries. Eger is also the town of wine. The excellent red and white wines of the famous historic wine district are sold in cellars which are hundreds of years old. Visit the Szépasszony Valley where cellars are dug into the porous rock. You can also taste the world-famous Bikavér (Bull's Blood) of Eger. The Palóc Folklore Exhibition offers a survey of the ethnography of the region. TRADITIONAL FOOD:  TRADITIONAL FOOD Sauces rich in sour cream, delicacies such as goose liver and an emphasis on meats, including game such as boar and venison, are often on the menu. Fish - especially Lake Balaton Pike, eel stew or a thick and sometimes peppery fish soup - is also quite popular. Other traditional favourites include veal paprika stew and roast chicken with cottage cheese noodles. Fabulous desserts, served with strong espresso, include strudels, tortes and the legendary Gundel pancakes with chocolate rum sauce. While many popular restaurants in Budapest have adapted their cooking to today's lighter style of eating, traditional Hungarian cuisine is for those with hearty appetites.  The Hungarians are hospitable people, always ready to offer guests delicious food and excellent wines. In the 1996 Chef's Olympics, Hungary's team won the silver medal overall, as well as numerous other honours. Hungary's chefs are rigorously trained through an apprenticeship process dating back to the medieval guild system. Hungarian wines have earned a reputation for high quality, garnering first prizes in a number of international competitions.  The most traditional Hungarian food is GULASH.     WINE AND PAPRIKA:  WINE AND PAPRIKA Wine connoisseurs are familiar with the most famous of Hungary's wines - the sweet white Tokaji Aszú and strong red Bull's Blood (Egri Bikavér). Hungary boasts 20 wine-producing districts which make a wide range of wines, including Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Gris, Merlot, Riesling, Chardonnay, sparkling, rosé and other unique Hungarian varieties. Favourable natural conditions make our country a prime location for the production of smaller quantities of premium wines. Paprika and folk traditions reign supreme in Kalocsa, at the edge of the Puszta near the Danube. This agrarian town is the paprika capital of Hungary, a fact you'll easily discern from the red paprika drying in strings on the eaves of traditional wooden houses, many of which are also graced with flower-ornamented wall paintings.  COSTUMES:  COSTUMES The red and blue Palóc embroidery was and still is occasionally the main decoration of aprons, sheet-ends, fancy towels and kerchiefs presented as gifts. After Sárköz, the most famous among the flourishing embroidery centres of Transdanubia are Rábaköz and Buzsák. The embroidery art of Mezõkövesd (Northern Hungary) developed over the last 150 years. The needle-women cover the whole surface of the material to create the many-coloured, shiny Matyó needlework, as well as the famous Matyó costumes. Another favourite embroidery centre is Kalocsa in the Great Plain region. Originally the old Kalocsa embroidery was white, with open-work. The coloured Kalocsa embroidery of today first appeared after the turn of the century. This branch of folk art is closely connected with the painting and wall-painting style of this part of the country. It’s a costume of Mohács. It’s a costume of Pécs. FOLK ART:  FOLK ART The folk art of Hungary springs from a lively tradition of creativity found in many forms in the countryside. The spontaneous desire to delight and entertain, passed on from one generation to the next, in music, dance, crafts and costume is at the heart of Hungary's culture. And while in some places in the world you will see folk art confined to the museum, in Hungary it is a living tradition. The famous pottery centres of the Great Plain have many special characteristics in their wares. Ochre glazed water jars from Mezõtúr have floral decorations. Brown, green and yellow pitchers are made in Hõdmezövásárhely. Plates with flower, bird and star patterns, which line the walls of rooms, come from Tiszafüred. And, the characteristic 'Miska jugs' and drinking vessels are from Mezõcsát. HUNGARIAN NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS:  HUNGARIAN NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS Physical Nobel Prize winners: Jenő Wigner Dénes Gábor Fülöp Lénárd Physiological and Medical Nobel Prize winners: Róbert Bárány Albert Szent-Györgyi György Békésy Slide14:  Chemical Nobel Prize winners: Richárd Zsigmondy János Polányi György Hevesy György Oláh Economical Nobel Prize winners: Literary Nobel Prize winner: Imre Kertész János Harsányi FAMOUS PEOPLE:  FAMOUS PEOPLE János Arany (1817-1882) poet, translator of Shakespeare, member of HAS Béla Bartók (1881-1945) Composer, pianist, collector of folk music and teacher Ferenc Erkel (1810-1893) pianist, conductor, teacher, greatest Hungarian composer of his age (Bánk bán is permanently in the programme of the Opera House). Composed the Hungarian national anthem in 1844 Alfréd Hajós (1878-1955) architect, sportsman, the first Hungarian Olympic gold medallist (1896, swimming) Zoltán Kodály (1882-1967) composer, folklorist, music professor, President of HAS. Bust in the Artists' Promenade on the Margaret Island Ferenc Kölcsey (1790-1838) poet, politician, critique, member of HAS. Wrote the lyrics of the Hungarian national anthem (1823) Ferenc Liszt (1811-1886) composer, pianist, actively contributed to the establishment of the Academy of Music. Memorial museum, statue in the facade niche of the Opera House, bust in the Artists' Promenade on the Margaret Island Sándor Petõfi (1823-1849) poet, reformer of Hungarian poetry. One of the organisers of the 1848 Revolution in Pest. Fought in the War of Independence, died in the Battle of Segesvár Mihály Vörösmarty (1800-1855) Romantic poet, dramatist, member of HAS. The Szózat, set to music by Béni Egressy, is the national song of Hungarians MADE BY BOGLÁRKA VARGA 2004:  MADE BY BOGLÁRKA VARGA 2004

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