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Human Trafficking Tier

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Information about Human Trafficking Tier

Published on November 15, 2007

Author: tranceking

Source: slideshare.net

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Human Trafficking



Human Trafficking: “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means, such as, force, abduction, fraud, or coercion, for an improper purpose, like forced or coerced labor, servitude, slavery, or sexual exploitation.” Based on the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women. (2000)

“the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by improper means, such as, force, abduction, fraud, or coercion, for an improper purpose, like forced or coerced labor, servitude, slavery, or sexual exploitation.”

Based on the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women. (2000)

Quick Statistics Trafficking is the 3 rd largest international crime. • 700,000 to 4 million women and children are trafficked annually worldwide. 50,000 women and children are trafficked into the U.S. each year for sexual exploitation. 500,000 women are trafficked annually into Western Europe. Criminal groups in Russia net an est. $7 billion (USD) annually from trafficking. Worldwide, trafficking is fastest growing in Eastern Europe. .

Trafficking is the 3 rd largest international crime.

• 700,000 to 4 million women and children are trafficked annually worldwide.

50,000 women and children are trafficked into the U.S. each year for sexual exploitation.

500,000 women are trafficked annually into Western Europe.

Criminal groups in Russia net an est. $7 billion (USD) annually from trafficking.

Worldwide, trafficking is fastest growing in Eastern Europe.

.

Additional Statistics 2/3 of 500,000 women trafficked annually for prostitution worldwide are Eastern European. • In 1992 the Czech Republic reported only 2 cases of trafficking, 8 cases in 1993, and 10 cases in 1994. Since 1994 the reported cases have dramatically increased. • Most of the 20,000 women in Czech brothels were trafficked. • More than 100,000 Ukrainian women, have been trapped and enslaved as prostitutes in Western Europe. • 70% of “pimps” who traffic Ukrainian women are women. In 1989, 378 women from the former Soviet Union entered Japan on entertainment visas. In 1995, 4,763 Russian women entered Japan on entertainment visas.

2/3 of 500,000 women trafficked annually for prostitution worldwide are Eastern European.

• In 1992 the Czech Republic reported only 2 cases of trafficking, 8 cases in 1993, and 10 cases in 1994. Since 1994 the reported cases have dramatically increased.

• Most of the 20,000 women in Czech brothels were trafficked.

• More than 100,000 Ukrainian women, have been trapped and enslaved as prostitutes in Western Europe.

• 70% of “pimps” who traffic Ukrainian women are women.

In 1989, 378 women from the former Soviet Union entered Japan on entertainment visas. In 1995, 4,763 Russian women entered Japan on entertainment visas.

T.I.P. Report Trafficking In Persons Mandated under “Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000” to issue three annual reports 2000, 2001, 2002. The report ranks countries in one of three tiers: Tier 1 = complying with all laws Tier 2 = efforts to combat trafficking Tier 3 = ignoring or promoting trafficking Tier 3 2001 - Afghanistan, Armenia, Bahrain, Belarus, Bosnia, Cambodia, Greece, Indonesia, Iraq, Japan, Kyrgystan, Lebanon, Myanmar, Russia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.   2000 - Albania, Bahrain, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Burma, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Greece, Indonesia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Pakistan, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Sudan, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.    

Mandated under “Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000” to issue three annual reports 2000, 2001, 2002. The report ranks countries in one of three tiers:

Tier 1 = complying with all laws

Tier 2 = efforts to combat trafficking

Tier 3 = ignoring or promoting trafficking

Tier 3

2001 - Afghanistan, Armenia, Bahrain, Belarus, Bosnia, Cambodia, Greece, Indonesia, Iraq, Japan, Kyrgystan, Lebanon, Myanmar, Russia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.

 

2000 - Albania, Bahrain, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Burma, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Greece, Indonesia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Pakistan, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Sudan, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

 

 

T.I.P. Tier Movement Tier Improving Nations from 2000 - 2001 Albania, the Czech Republic, France, Gabon, Israel, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Poland, South Korea, Romania, and Yugoslavia (14) Points of interest • Currently TIP evaluates 89 nations (In 2002, want to evaluate 110). Information gathered from 186 embassies/ consulates. Many nations not included because of lack of substantial information. • 2001 - 89 countries listed as follows: Tier 1 = 18 countries, Tier 2 = 52 countries, Tier 3 = 19 countries. • Two countries from the 2001 Report were not included on the 2000 Report. (Austria and Sweden)

Tier Improving Nations from 2000 - 2001

Albania, the Czech Republic, France, Gabon, Israel, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Poland, South Korea, Romania, and Yugoslavia (14)

Points of interest

• Currently TIP evaluates 89 nations (In 2002, want to evaluate 110). Information gathered from 186 embassies/ consulates. Many nations not included because of lack of substantial information.

• 2001 - 89 countries listed as follows: Tier 1 = 18 countries,

Tier 2 = 52 countries, Tier 3 = 19 countries.

• Two countries from the 2001 Report were not included on the 2000 Report. (Austria and Sweden)

Significant Catalysts Recent Events Contributing to Increased Trafficking Fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 Increased capacity for global migration Increased wealth gap Decline of the Asian Financial Markets (Mid- late 1990’s)

Fall of the Soviet Union in 1991

Increased capacity for global migration

Increased wealth gap

Decline of the Asian Financial Markets

(Mid- late 1990’s)

Policy Trends Advocacy Direct Services Vital Voices, La Strada, UN Foundation, Human Rights Law Group, UNICEF, Safe Horizons, ILO, UNICEF, UN Foundation IOFA, Safe Horizons

Advocacy Direct Services

Vital Voices, La Strada, UN Foundation,

Human Rights Law Group, UNICEF, Safe Horizons, ILO,

UNICEF, UN Foundation IOFA, Safe Horizons

Direct Services Advocacy

Advocacy

Advocacy Lobby for initial legislation at regional, national, and international level. Lobby for greater specificity, enforcement, and implementation of existing laws. Educate lawmakers, law enforcement, other advocates, and the public about trafficking. Prominent Organizations: UNICEF, UN Foundation, Human Rights Law Group, Vital Voices

Lobby for initial legislation at regional, national, and international level.

Lobby for greater specificity, enforcement, and implementation of existing laws.

Educate lawmakers, law enforcement, other advocates, and the public about trafficking.

Prominent Organizations:

UNICEF, UN Foundation, Human Rights Law Group, Vital Voices

Direct Services

Direct Services Counseling Medicinal Attention Translation Legal Aid (visa, testimony) Monetary Assistance Housing Reintegration Efforts Prominent Organizations: UNICEF, UN Foundation, La Strada, Safe Horizons

Counseling

Medicinal Attention

Translation

Legal Aid (visa, testimony)

Monetary Assistance

Housing

Reintegration Efforts

Prominent Organizations:

UNICEF, UN Foundation, La Strada, Safe Horizons

Concerned/Interested Parties UNICEF ILO UNDEP State Department IOM Georgetown University Protection Project (Johns Hopkins Univ.) UN Foundation Carnegie Endowment Eurasia Foundation Ford Foundation MacArthur Foundation Mott Foundation Smith Richardson Foundation

UNICEF

ILO

UNDEP

State Department

IOM

Georgetown University

Protection Project (Johns Hopkins Univ.)

UN Foundation

Carnegie Endowment

Eurasia Foundation

Ford Foundation

MacArthur Foundation

Mott Foundation

Smith Richardson Foundation

Assessment Direct Services Moderately successful in aiding victims on a case by case basis. In general direct service organizations excel at specific tasks, i.e., translation services. With this in mind, it is a travesty that these organizations most often fail to coordinate amongst other service providers . This lack of potentially synergistic alliances, contributes to the current situation of mediocre care. Advocacy With UN Protocol as evidence, trafficking advocates largely successful in encouraging trafficking legislation worldwide. Also generally successful in implementing regional and enforcement-oriented supplemental legislation . The present advocacy task of legislation enforcement is an arduous battle. However, all indicators point to a marked increase in trafficking awareness and widespread concern .

Direct Services

Moderately successful in aiding victims on a case by case basis. In general direct service organizations excel at specific tasks, i.e., translation services. With this in mind, it is a travesty that these organizations most often fail to coordinate amongst other service providers . This lack of potentially synergistic alliances, contributes to the current situation of mediocre care.

Advocacy

With UN Protocol as evidence, trafficking advocates largely successful in encouraging trafficking legislation worldwide. Also generally successful in implementing regional and enforcement-oriented supplemental legislation . The present advocacy task of legislation enforcement is an arduous battle. However, all indicators point to a marked increase in trafficking awareness and widespread concern .

Initiative Possibilities 1. Coordinate Foundation/Donor Conference Sponsor Vital Voices Global Leadership Institute (Human Trafficking focus) Create organization coordinator position within La Strada

1. Coordinate Foundation/Donor Conference

Sponsor Vital Voices Global Leadership Institute (Human Trafficking focus)

Create organization coordinator position within La Strada

Host Trafficking Conference Opportunity to create discussion and dialogue. Brainstorm effective methods of involvement. Identify potential future program partners.

Opportunity to create discussion and dialogue.

Brainstorm effective methods of involvement.

Identify potential future program partners.

Sponsor Vital Voices Trafficking Conference Educate regional leaders. Obtain true leverage through empowering individuals with practical skills necessary to engender change. Involve the DC community.

Educate regional leaders.

Obtain true leverage through empowering individuals with practical skills necessary to engender change.

Involve the DC community.

Create Coordinator Position Establish position in the La Strada organization to coordinate activity amongst the La Strada offices. Additionally this coordinator would: • Harmonize reintegration efforts, conferences and advocacy. Generate organized and efficient European anti-trafficking efforts. Facilitate greater U.S. involvement in European anti-trafficking efforts by functioning as an informed contact person.

Establish position in the La Strada organization to coordinate activity amongst the La Strada offices.

Additionally this coordinator would:

• Harmonize reintegration efforts, conferences and advocacy.

Generate organized and efficient European anti-trafficking efforts.

Facilitate greater U.S. involvement in European anti-trafficking efforts by functioning as an informed contact person.

Conclusions Human trafficking is an egregious human rights violation that did not rapidly emerge and will not promptly depart. Thankfully, governments, NGO’s, and foundations are beginning to recognize the necessity of trafficking protection, prosecution, and prevention. However, increased awareness and resources are crucial to successfully eradicate human trafficking. The time is ripe for foundations if properly focused and coordinated to enter the human trafficking arena with confidence that their resources will generate substantial and essential alleviation.

Human trafficking is an egregious human rights violation that did not rapidly emerge and will not promptly depart.

Thankfully, governments, NGO’s, and foundations are beginning to recognize the necessity of trafficking protection, prosecution, and prevention. However, increased awareness and resources are crucial to successfully eradicate human trafficking.

The time is ripe for foundations if properly focused and coordinated to enter the human trafficking arena with confidence that their resources will generate substantial and essential alleviation.

TRAPPED AND NO WAY OUT!

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